American History II review Questions Multiple Choice



Download 458.74 Kb.
Page2/3
Date conversion29.04.2016
Size458.74 Kb.
1   2   3

Truman Doctrine
I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted [conquest] by armed minorities or by outside pressures.

President Harry Truman, 1947




a.

The United States must keep current alliances with foreign nations.

c.

The United States must support rebels fighting for freedom in foreign nations.

b.

The United States must help protect independent nations from communist aggression.

d.

The United States must avoid establishing alliances with foreign nations.

____ 76. Which U.S. initiative was designed to provide financial aid for war-torn European countries after the Second World War?



a.

the Marshall Plan

c.

the NATO Alliance

b.

the Warsaw Pact

d.

the United Nations

____ 77. Which government agency was developed in response to Cold War confrontation?



a.

Federal Bureau of Investigation

c.

Central Intelligence Agency

b.

Immigration Naturalization Service

d.

Department of Homeland Security

____ 78. What was one purpose of President Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress?



a.

to create treaties with Latin America

c.

to promote free election in Berlin

b.

to provide economic aid to Latin America

d.

to reduce nuclear arms in Panama

____ 79. Which policy did the U.S. government use to respond to the Cold War tensions of the 1950s?



a.

isolationism

c.

imperialism

b.

globalization

d.

containment

____ 80. Which political trend characterized the era of McCarthyism?



a.

the effort to end the welfare system and remove regulations on U.S. businesses

c.

the effort to transform the United States into a society based on civil equality

b.

the willingness to provide political asylum to persecuted people worldwide

d.

the use of false accusation of communism as a weapon against political opponents

____ 81. What strategy did Martin Luther King Jr., Gandhi, and Cesar Chavez use to achieve social change?



a.

led nonviolent boycotts

c.

organized labor unions

b.

started riots

d.

created militant demonstrations

____ 82. At the end of World War II, the Allies split control of what city?



a.

Paris

c.

Rome

b.

Berlin

d.

Moscow

____ 83. This policy stated that the U.S. would try to stop the spread of communism?



a.

Monroe Doctrine

c.

Truman Doctrine

b.

Roosevelt Corollary

d.

Teller Amendment

____ 84. What organization was created by Western Allies to oppose the Soviets?



a.

United Nations

c.

Alliance for Progress

b.

Warsaw Pact

d.

NATO

____ 85. The Cold War refers to tensions between



a.

China and Japan

c.

Britain and Germany

b.

Egypt and Israel

d.

Soviet Union and the United States

____ 86. As a result of World War II, the nations of Eastern Europe



a.

came under Soviet control

c.

ended Communist rule in the area

b.

joined NATO

d.

proposed the policy of massive retaliation

____ 87. The Soviet Union eventually ended the blockade of West Berlin because the U.S.



a.

withdrew all nations from Germany

c.

formed the Warsaw Pact

b.

agreed to postpone the unification of Germany

d.

continued a successful airlifting of supplies

____ 88. “...an iron curtain has descended across the continent” - Winston Churchill


What was the above statement made by Prime Minister Winston Churchill referring to?

a.

the nuclear arms race and potential destruction he believed it would inevitably bring

c.

the Berlin wall being built in East Germany

b.

the division that now existed in Europe between the pro-democratic west and communist controlled eastern nations

d.

Europe’s reaction to the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Hitler within weeks of each other

____ 89. Why is the Cuban Missile Crisis considered a part of the Cold War?



a.

It occurred in Latin America and thus was covered under the Roosevelt Corollary.

c.

The United States feared a nuclear attack from the Soviets so they issued a preemptive strike.

b.

It represents a conflict between the U.S. and Soviet Union even though neither side fought directly

d.

The U.S. and Soviet Union came close to fighting each other with nuclear weapons

____ 90. Which action taken by President Harry S. Truman represents an attempt to respond to civil rights concerns?



a.

desegregating schools

c.

outlawing segregation in federal buildings

b.

desegregating the military

d.

outlawing segregation in public transportation

____ 91. “We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently equal.”

This quotation expresses the Supreme Court decision in the case of

a.

Plessy v. Ferguson

c.

Gibbons v. Ogden

b.

Dred Scott v. Sanford

d.

Brown v. Board of Education

____ 92. The Marshall Plan was designed to



a.

force Soviet Union to withdraw from Eastern Europe

c.

Halt the economies of the Allies only

b.

Rebuild the economies of the Allies only

d.

Help economic recovery and prevent communism

____ 93. Which of the following was the result of expanded highway construction and automobile productions?



a.

the National Highway Act

c.

military industrial complex

b.

National Security Act

d.

HUAC

____ 94. The idea if one country ‘fell’ to communism, they all would fall is known as the



a.

HUAC

c.

domino theory

b.

McCarthyism

d.

Red Scare

____ 95. What precedent was established for U.S. presidents by the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?



a.

the ability to ignore United Nations deliberations

c.

the ability to engage in military activity without a congressional declaration of war

b.

the ability to override international peace treaties

d.

the ability to terminate war without congressional approval

____ 96. Which group represents the counterculture of the 1960s?



a.

baby boomers

c.

yuppies

b.

generation X

d.

hippies

____ 97. How did the war in Vietnam hinder President Lyndon B. Johnson’s effort to create the Great Society?



a.

Most of his top advisors resigned because of the escalation of U.S. forces in Southeast Asia.

c.

The war in Vietnam forced the United States to divert critical funds away from domestic issues.

b.

The war in Vietnam prevented the passage of the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1965.

d.

The war in Vietnam destroyed President Johnson’s election hopes in 1964.

____ 98. The Watergate Scandal is appropriately described by which statement?



a.

It concerned the Nixon administration’s attempt to cover up a burglary at the Democratic National Committee headquarters.

c.

It involved the choice of the Reagan administration to secretly supply aid to the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.

b.

It involved the illegal establishment of government agencies to set and enforce campaign standards.

d.

It concerned the secret leasing of federally-owned oil rigs to western ranches.

____ 99. What impact did Title IX have on educational institutions in the United States?



a.

use of quotas for enrollment

c.

equal funding of men’s and women’s athletics

b.

creation of standardized testing goals

d.

government-funded school vouchers

____ 100. What event during the 1970s resulted in the United States increasing its regulation of nuclear power plants?



a.

the signing of the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

c.

Restrictions created by the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission

b.

North Korea’s announcement that it had nuclear weapons

d.

the incident at Three Mile Island

____ 101. Which U.S. president regarded universal health care as a major issue for the federal government to resolve?



a.

Jimmy Carter

c.

Ronald Reagan

b.

Bill Clinton

d.

George H. Bush

____ 102. What was the main purpose for Operation Desert Storm?



a.

to reduce the number of nuclear weapons in Iraq

c.

to reform the political system in Iraq

b.

to stop civil rights violations in Iraq

d.

to drive Iraq forces out of Kuwait

____ 103. In which country did President Clinton use force in an attempt to bring an end to regional conflicts?



a.

Cuba

c.

China

b.

Israel

d.

Bosnia

____ 104. How has a revival of nativism in the late twentieth century affected recent immigration?



a.

increased support for restricting immigration

c.

increased support for higher-paying work opportunities for immigrants

b.

increased advocacy for unrestricted immigration

d.

increased advocacy for more incentives for businesses to hire non-documented immigrants

____ 105. Why was Sandra Day O’Connor’s appointment to the Supreme Court considered so important?



a.

She became the first conservative ever appointed to the Supreme Court.

c.

She was never a lawyer or judge previous to her appointment.

b.

She became the first woman ever appointed to that office.

d.

She became the first person appointed to the court by President Bush.

____ 106. Which U.S. Supreme Court decision made it illegal to achieve diversity through the use of racial quotas?



a.

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)

c.

Texas v. Johnson (1989)

b.

Swann v. Board of Education of Charlotte-Mecklenburg, North Carolina (1971)

d.

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)

____ 107. Today, the majority of immigration to the United States occurs from which area of the world?



a.

the Middle East

c.

Latin America and Asia

b.

Southern and eastern Europe

d.

Western Europe and Africa

____ 108. One direct result of the Persian Gulf War was that the United States



a.

liberated Kuwait from Iraqi control

c.

brought about peaceful relations between Israel and its neighbors

b.

gained control of oil resources in the Middle East

d.

obtained overseas colonies in the Middle East

____ 109. The launching of the Soviet spaceship Sputnik, which became the first satellite to orbit the Earth, in 1957 led the United States to



a.

invent the personal computer

c.

attack the Soviets in retaliation

b.

explore the growing population problem on Earth

d.

increase emphasis on math and science education

____ 110. The escalating nature of the counter-culture protests in the 1960s and 1970s is best represented by which incident?



a.

My Lai Massacre

c.

Tet Offensive

b.

Kent State Riot

d.

Geneva Accords

____ 111.


1   2   3


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page