American History II review Questions Multiple Choice



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American History II Review Questions

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. Which factor contributed most to the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882?

a.

lack of mining jobs

c.

nativism

b.

economic war in Asia

d.

overcrowded neighborhoods

____ 2. Why did many Mormons migrate to the western United States?



a.

to pursue gold mining

c.

to take advantage of cheap farmland

b.

to avoid the slavery conflict

d.

to escape religious persecution

____ 3. What did the Interstate Commerce Act in 1887 provide?



a.

the creation of a commission that would regulate all trade within the U.S.

b.

the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate railroad rates in the name of public interests

c.

the creation of a company that would provide reduced rates for hauling machinery and produce

d.

the creation of a commission to regulate all mining work to prevent the abuse of land

____ 4. Jane Addams is most associated with which reform?



a.

mental health institutions

c.

education reform

b.

settlement houses

d.

ending slavery

____ 5. Which issue led to the organization of the Populist Party?



a.

limited availability of land in the West for use by new farmers

b.

the collapse of the Second Bank of the United States

c.

the desire to lift burden of debt from farmers and other workers

d.

an increase in immigration

____ 6. Refrigerator train cars had which of the following effects on the development of the West?



a.

They made ranching more profitable than farming and ranches took over the West.

b.

They allowed ranchers to butcher their meat before shipping it, increasing their profits.

c.

It allowed cotton farmers to keep their product cool during shipping.

d.

They allowed ranchers to better migrate their land.

____ 7. Which of the following played a major role in construction of the transcontinental railroad?



a.

Chinese and Irish immigrants

b.

slaves brought in from southern plantations

c.

the Buffalo Soldiers

d.

Native Americans who had been taken as prisoners of war

____ 8. What did the inventions of Samuel F.B. Morse and Alexander Graham Bell have in common?



a.

They both allowed factories to stay open after sunset, thereby producing more goods for consumers.

b.

They both were among the first great inventions of the 20th century.

c.

They both enabled individuals and businesses to communicate on a broader scale.

d.

They both helped to make J.P.Morgan one of the richest men in US history.

____ 9. William Jennings Bryan’s “Cross of Gold” speech stated



a.

gold backed currency would crucify the working masses of the country

b.

silver backed currency would weaken the nation’s economy

c.

Democrats favored gold backed currency to support the poor

d.

Bimetallism would only serve to help the wealthy classes

____ 10. Which innovation had the greatest impact on westward migration immediately after the Civil War?



a.

telegraph

c.

steam-powered boats

b.

electricity

d.

transcontinental railroad

____ 11. The Homestead Act of 1862 offered settlers



a.

relief from their debts

c.

loans to expand their farms

b.

free public education

d.

160 acres of western public land

____ 12. The Morrill Land Grant Act aided in the development of federal lands by



a.

setting aside land for states to build public universities

b.

dividing reservation land into 160 acre plots for Native American families

c.

promoting the building of railroads on government property

d.

encouraging a land rush in Oklahoma speculators

____ 13. Which of the following best describes the Dawes Severalty Act?



a.

It granted certain tribes the freedom to govern themselves.

b.

Inspired by A Century of Dishonor, it was passed with the intention of assimilating Native Americans into U.S. culture.

c.

It authorized the enlistment of African-American soldiers to serve in the US army with regiments west of the Mississippi

d.

It stated that the US government could no longer force Native Americans to move off their land unless it was a matter of “national security”

____ 14. The years 1880-1900 saw unlimited immigration and rapid industrialization. What impact did these changes have on urban life?



a.

suburbs disappeared

c.

women’s suffrage

b.

free public education

d.

tenement slums developed

____ 15. How did industrial leaders accumulate wealth during the late 1800s?



a.

by collective bargaining and forming unions

b.

by creating monopolies and establishing trusts

c.

by developing new farming techniques

d.

by selling stock to employees

____ 16. What impact did US governmental policies have on business and industry during the late 1800s?



a.

The US government tried to control public and private utilities and transportation

b.

The US government tried to limit and regulate industrial and business growth

c.

The US government regulated industry for the public good

d.

The US government had little or no influence on business and industry

____ 17. Thomas Nast is most famous for exposing which of the following situations?



a.

The crowded conditions of tenement living

b.

The corruption of the Tammany Hall machine

c.

The “Robber Baron” practices of Big Business

d.

The forceful tactics of labor unions.

____ 18. Which congressional act was passed to end the abuses of the spoils system?



a.

Pendleton Act

c.

Hepburn Act

b.

Sherman Antitrust Act

d.

Foraker Act

____ 19. Which event contributed most to the demise of the Knights of Labor?



a.

Great Chicago Fire

c.

Homestead Strike

b.

Haymarket Square Riot

d.

Pullman Company Strike

____ 20. Which of the following is correctly matched?



a.

Cornelius Vanderbilt – oil

c.

Andrew Carnegie – steel

b.

J.P. Morgan – railroad

d.

John D. Rockefeller – banking

____ 21. Which of the following best describes the Dawes Severalty Act?

a.

It granted certain tribes the freedom to govern themselves.

b.

Inspired by A Century of Dishonor, it was passed with the intention of assimilating Native Americans into U.S. culture.

c.

It authorized the enlistment of African-American soldiers to serve in the US army with regiments west of the Mississippi

d.

It stated that the US government could no longer force Native Americans to move off their land unless it was a matter of “national security”

____ 22. The Bessemer process was



a.

a way to make coal into energy.

b.

A method of braking a heavy train.

c.

A way of changing iron into steel.

d.

A method picking party members for govt. jobs.

____ 23. Which of the following was NOT a "captain of industry".



a.

Ida Tarbell

c.

Andrew Carnegie

b.

John Rockefeller

d.

Cornelius Vanderbilt

____ 24. What Progressive movement was spawned by religious motives?



a.

Social Gospel

c.

Ku Klux Klan

b.

Catholic charities

d.

Anti-Imperialistic

____ 25. What was the fundamental difference in the philosophy of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois?



a.

Washington favored skilled labor training and DuBois favored professional academic achievement.

b.

Washington favored professional academic achievement and DuBois favored skilled labor training.

c.

Washington favored manufacturing and DuBois favored farming.

d.

Washington favored urbanization and DuBois favored agrarianism.

____ 26. How did the role of journalism change during the Progressive Era?



a.

Journalism became the leader in the literacy movement.

b.

Journalism uncovered scandals and evoked people’s emotions.

c.

Journalism helped the captains of industry sell their products.

d.

Journalism opened the door for modern publishing companies.

____ 27. How did passing the Sherman Antitrust Act attempt to reform U.S. business practices in the late 1800s?



a.

The legislation created a bimetallic standard based on gold and silver.

b.

The act prevented U.S. businesses from establishing subsidiaries in foreign countries.

c.

The legislation made business monopolies illegal, though enforcement of the law proved ineffective until later.

d.

The act allowed the federal government the right to seize certain private businesses and place them under public control.

____ 28. A main purpose of President Theodore Roosevelt’s trust-busting policies was to



a.

reduce corruption in government

c.

encourage competition in business

b.

save the nation’s banks

d.

end strikes by labor unions

____ 29. Which event is associated with the outbreak of war between the United States and Spain in 1898?



a.

the sinking of the USS Maine

b.

The Pancho Villa Raids

c.

The sinking of the Lusitania

d.

The announcement of Mexican independence

____ 30. Which of the four reforms was a result of the Populist movement?



a.

grandfather clause

c.

direct election of senators

b.

Prohibition

d.

poll taxes

____ 31. In 1898, William Randolph Hearst reportedly sent a message to his photographer in Cuba that said, “You provide the photographs and I’ll furnish the war.” Which technique was Hearst using?

a.

muckraking

c.

yellow journalism

b.

censorship

d.

transcendentalism

____ 32. The Platt Amendment of 1901 provided for?



a.

the United States’ right to intervene in Cuba to maintain peace and law and order

b.

the construction of the Panama Canal

c.

the leasing of the port of Hong Kong

d.

a large subsidy to the British to compensate for American diplomatic slights.

____ 33. Which of the four reforms would be most associated with Theodore Roosevelt?



a.

How the Other Half Lives

c.

Pure Food and Drug Act

b.

temperance movement

d.

corruption in the cities

____ 34. The main purpose of the Open Door Policy, announced by the United States in 1899, was to



a.

encourage the introduction of a modern government into China

b.

establish United States domination of European affairs

c.

increase United States’ trade with China

d.

provide China with military weapons

____ 35. What was one of the key reasons for U.S. annexation of Hawaii?



a.

the rich cultural tradition of the islands

c.

to Christianize the natives of the island

b.

the potential to build naval bases

d.

to forestall an attack from Liliuokalani

____ 36. Between 1890 and the turn of the century, the United States developed one of the most formidable navies in the world. This was due, in large part, to which of the following men?



a.

John Pershing

c.

Josiah Strong

b.

Franklin Roosevelt

d.

Alfred T. Mahan

____ 37. The Roosevelt Corollary



a.

warned U.S. to stay out of the Western Hemisphere

b.

gave the U.S. the right to take action against any nation in Latin America

c.

gave the U.S. the right to declare war to prevent the spread of communism

d.

warned the U.S. to stay away from foreign entanglements

____ 38. Which statement best describes the American mindset at the beginning of World War One?



a.

America wanted to join the war.

b.

Most Americans supported the Triple Alliance.

c.

Most Americans were not concerned.

d.

Americas wanted to stay out of the war.

____ 39. Which law was passed to assist in the recruitment/drafting of soldiers for the war effort?



a.

Selective Service Act

c.

Platt Amendment

b.

Civil Service Act

d.

Foracker Act

____ 40. What controversial property did the Alien & Sedition Acts and Espionage & Sedition Acts share?



a.

Neither was ever enforced.

b.

Both were popular with foreigners.

c.

Some felt they violated First Amendment rights.

d.

Both upset nativists who protected immigrant rights.

____ 41. Which was a major component to President Wilson’s “14 Points” plan for world peace?



a.

War reparations paid by Germany

c.

Redraw national borders

b.

Adoption of a League of Nations

d.

de-militarize Germany

____ 42. In post World War I America, what was the pervasive mindset of Americans toward immigrants?



a.

They supported foreign diversity.

c.

acceptance of a new national anthem.

b.

An overwhelming renewal of nativism.

d.

a new era of tolerance

____ 43. The Red Scare and the Sacco Vanzetti trial are both examples of

a.

communism

c.

nativism

b.

liberalism

d.

conservatism

____ 44. Which of the following descriptions best depicts the image of a flapper in the 1920s?



a.

a special rudder for a new airplane

c.

the new, more liberated woman

b.

a more conservative woman

d.

an athletic male

____ 45. What became more prevalent as a result of the 18th Amendment?



a.

carpetbaggers appeared in the South

c.

equal opportunities for blacks

b.

the introduction of speakeasies

d.

women voted more often

____ 46. Which event headlined the 1920s religious fundamentalist movement?



a.

John Scopes trial

c.

emergence of Babe Ruth

b.

Lindbergh kidnapping

d.

Amelia Earhart disappearance

____ 47. Which of the following contributors can most be identified with the Harlem Renaissance?



a.

Norman Rockwell

c.

W.E. B. Du Bois

b.

Rosa Parks

d.

Langston Hughes

____ 48. What was the goal of Marcus Garvey in the 1920s black culture?



a.

He wanted to bring more African Americans to the U.S.A.

b.

He sought to return to Africa, the homeland of American blacks.

c.

Fair trade with Africa.

d.

He wanted whites to visit Africa.

____ 49. Which situation helped cause the stock market crash of 1929?



a.

excessive speculation and buying on margin

b.

unwillingness of people to invest in new industries

c.

increased government spending

d.

too much government regulation of business

____ 50. Which of the contributing causes to the Great Depression can MOST be connected to American farmers?



a.

over speculation

c.

installment plans

b.

buying stock on a margin

d.

overproduction of product

____ 51. How did the Bonus Army impact President Hoover’s administration?



a.

increased favor with World War I veterans

b.

put Hoover’s administration in a negative light for being unsympathetic to World War I veterans

c.

It was a major cause of the Great Depression.

d.

The Bonus Army got Hoover re-elected.

____ 52. In the 1930s, shantytowns were often called “Hoovervilles,” because of President Herbert Hoover’s



a.

support for federal programs to provide jobs for the unemployed

b.

refusal to provide direct relief to the poor and indigent

c.

efforts to help the residents return to their farms

d.

emergency relief program to provide food to the poor

____ 53. What led to the illusion of prosperity immediately following World War One?



a.

creating a “run” on a bank

c.

consumer credit and installment plans

b.

rugged individualism

d.

direct relief

____ 54. A reflection of the public perception of Herbert Hoover’s culpability for the Great Depression would be



a.

not re-electing Hoover in 1920

c.

The Glass-Steagall Act

b.

The increase in shantytowns or Hoovervilles

d.

The establishment of Hoovermobiles

____ 55. “Relief, recovery, reform” were three stages of a plan known as



a.

The Great Society

c.

The Square Deal

b.

The New Frontier

d.

The New Deal

____ 56. The Glass-Steagall Act helped to establish



a.

a means for limiting production

c.

free automobile, home, and life insurance

b.

insurance on bank deposits (FDIC)

d.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation

____ 57. The New Deal program that helped to establish and maintain state and federal parks and forests was



a.

AAA

c.

CCC

b.

FDIC

d.

TVA

____ 58. Major critics, such as Huey Long, of FDR’s New Deal might claim that his economic program



a.

was powerful and sought to improve the economy

c.

truly improved life of the American citizen

b.

was an effective program for senior citizens

d.

relied on deficit spending to fund the program

____ 59. A major goal of the Tennessee Valley Authority was to



a.

bring electric power to the rural American South

c.

expand parks and forests

b.

bring new banks to the South

d.

bring solar and hydro-power to Tennessee

____ 60. Stalin’s Soviet Union can best be described as



a.

a democratic republic

c.

a totalitarian state

b.

a free society

d.

a fascist state

____ 61. Two leaders who could best be described as having fascist ideologies would be



a.

Franco and Roosevelt

c.

Mussolini and Hitler

b.

Mussolini and Stalin

d.

Hitler and Castro

____ 62. The initial U.S. congressional response to the tension and aggression in Europe was



a.

The Non-Aggression Pact

c.

The Atlantic Charter

b.

Passing of Neutrality Acts

d.

The Blitzkrieg

____ 63. Winston Churchill, the eventual Prime Minister of Great Britain, took exception to Neville Chamberlain’s approach to responding to Hitler’s aggression. Chamberlain’s response could be described as



a.

enabling

c.

aggression

b.

negotiating

d.

appeasement

____ 64. The shocking pact between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany stating mutual agreement to refrain from invading each other was known as



a.

Non-Invasion pact

c.

Non-Adjustment Pact

b.

Non-Aggression pact

d.

Non-Proliferation Pact

____ 65. Hitler’s “lightning war” utilized in the invasion of Poland



a.

blitztactic

c.

fury war

b.

blitzkrieg

d.

sackreight

____ 66. FDR’s means of providing assistance to Allies prior to declaring war on the Axis powers was



a.

Imperialism Pact

c.

The Lend-Lease Act

b.

The Social Security Act

d.

The Land’s End Act

____ 67. U.S. Congress officially entered World War II because of



a.

Hitler’s invasion of the Sudetenland

c.

Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor

b.

The victory in Stalingrad

d.

The German’s attack on Pearl Harbor

____ 68. The turning point in World War II in the European Theatre was



a.

Stalingrad

c.

Gettysburg

b.

Battle of the Bulge

d.

Pearl Harbor

____ 69. The phrase “island hopping” refers to which of the following?



a.

The Japanese strategy for acquiring territory and natural resources in the South Pacific

c.

The allied strategy for defeating the Germans

b.

The U.S. strategy for defeating the Japanese

d.

Rich kids on spring break in the Caribbean

____ 70. Which of the following was a reason why President Truman chose to drop the atomic bomb?



a.

He wanted to force Hitler to surrender

c.

He believed it was necessary to defeat North Korea

b.

He wanted to halt the Soviet’s invasion of Europe

d.

He wanted to force the unconditional surrender of Japan and preserve the lives of American soldiers.

____ 71. What best describes the significance of “Rosie the Riveter” during World War II?



a.

The contribution of many women to the war

c.

U.S. radio propaganda

b.

Advertising for the manufacturers of munitions

d.

A nickname for President Roosevelt.

____ 72. What impact did the bombing of Pearl Harbor eventually have on many Japanese Americans?



a.

It caused many to burst with pride and a desire to help their “homeland” win the war against the United States.

c.

They were rounded up and forced to relocate to detention camps where the government could monitor them.

b.

It had little effect because most of the Japanese-Americans had lived in the U.S. so long that no one identified them with Japan any longer.

d.

It produced great embarrassment so they enlisted with the U.S. to fight against Japan.

____ 73. Which development best reflects the economic prosperity of the United States after the Second World War?



a.

the northern migration

c.

the Beatnik movement of the 1950s

b.

the Civil Rights movement

d.

the growth of suburbia and consumerism

____ 74. What international organization was created immediately after the Second World War to promote world peace and cooperation among nations?



a.

the Atlantic Charter

c.

the United Nations

b.

the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

d.

the League of Nations

____ 75. According to this excerpt, for what was President Truman arguing?


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