|American Cultures - Sample Thesis Statements – Part 1
Fierce opposition from big business slowed the growth of unions and organized labor during the later half of the 19th century.
Despite widespread discrimination, African Americans worked hard to rise above the hatred and to reach high levels of achievement during the era of Jim Crow.
New technology revolutionized the way Americans worked, lived, and conducted business even though workers were paid low wages for laboring long hours in poor conditions.
Political turmoil marked the years from 1876 to 1900 in which each party was concerned with its
own agenda, and neither could capture the loyalty of the people for long.
The United States looked overseas to other markets because American farms and factories
produced more than the nation could consume. ,
President Theodore Roosevelt conducted an aggressive foreign policy that reflected the nation's
new status as world power
A swift American victory in the Spanish-American War confirmed the nation's status as a world power and obliged it to wrestle with how to govern newly acquired territories.
Progressives working at the federal, state, and local level enacted many reform programs.
The Nineteenth Amendment was ratified in 1920, ending a long struggle of American women for enfranchisement.
At the turn of the century.many educated, middle-class Americans began to think that the reforms the nation needed were to great for private efforts.
When war broke out in Europe in 1914, the United States tried to maintain neutrality, even though it began to prepare for the possibility of war.
Because of growing conflict between the two countries, the United States declared war on Germany and it's allies to protect its commercial interests and "make the world safe for democracy."
Americans, serving in Europe in many capacities, helped the Allies to win W.W.I.
In its efforts to maintain order and preparedness during the war, the government took new responsibility for regulating the economy and controlling news and information.
The years immediately following the war were disillusioning for many Americans.
After W.W.I, fear of radicals and communism turned many Americans against progressive ideas of reform.
Feelings of nativism and fear of radicals led to a resurgence of power for the KKK in the early 1920's.
The Jazz Age introduced a variety of new styles, tastes, and manners; and popular media spread the new image.
Population movement and developments in communication and transportation helped to create a national culture as Americans throughout the country began to share the same information and experiences.
American Cultures - Sample Thesis Statements -Part 2
The stock market crash of October 1929 brought about a depression more severe than the country
had ever experienced.
The Great Depression was caused by overproduction, stock speculation, uneven distribution of wealth, buying on credit, and a lack of a concerted government role in the economy.
At first the Depression affected only certain Americans, but gradually it came to change the lives,
and affect the physical and mental health, of almost all citizens.
Life during the Great Depression was an unforgettable hardship, but Americans faced the future with courage and faith.
Republican President Hoover failed to control the Depression, and in 1932, voters elected a Democratic President who changed the concept of American government.
New Deal Programs aided and uplifted millions and attacked the root causes of the Depression.
Critics from all points on the political spectrum noted the FDR's failures or attacked his method hi
regards to his New Deal.
The New Deal did not end the Great Depression, even though many physical, political, and cultural
transformations are still evident today.
After attempting to stay out of direct involvement in the war, the United States entered the war
when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941.
W.W.II was fought on many fronts around the world and success for the Allies required
tremendous organization of people and resources.
African Americans and members of other minority groups in the armed services helped win the war,
although discrimination reduced their effectiveness. '
In an attempt to end the war more quickly and save American lives President Truman authorized the dropping of two atomic bombs on Japan in August 1945.
W.W.II brought an end to the Great Depression as American factories and workers began to produce goods needed to win the war.
Americans on the home front supported the war effort by conserving resources, coping with rationing, and taking the jobs left by men.
The need for workers during WWII temporarily broke down some racial and gender barriers in theUS job market
Japanese Americans were treated with bitter prejudice and many were forced into internment camps.
During the postwar years the United States and USSR began to compete for territory and influence which resulted in a Cold War.
To counter possible-communist influence in Europe President Truman embarked on a foreign policy strategy known as containment.
American Cultures - Sample Thesis Statements - Part 3
The United States launched a cold war at home, embarking on an ugly crusade to root out suspected communists among its own citizens.
The United States participated in the U.N.action know as the Korean War to stop the communist invasion of the South Korea by the North.
During the postwar years, the economy of the United States had one of its greatest periods of expansion, as Americans began families, purchased brand new homes, and spent their wartime savings.
Critics claimed the American Dream of the 1950's encouraged conformity and was sterile.
President Elsenhower believed in more limited Presidential power and attempted to reduce the size and authority of government.
The civil rights movement gained fresh momentum and new victories in the courts and through boycotts and protests.
Young, energetic and popular, President Kennedy proposed a New Frontier for the United States, but was unable to move his program through Congress before his assassination.
The Warren Commission's findings that Oswald acted alone in assassinating JFK has brought forth many conflicting and conspiracy theories regarding the assassination.
President Johnson hoped to create a "Great Society," and push an extraordinary number of bills through Congress.
The Cuban missile crisis of October 1962 was the closet the two superpower came to nuclear annihilation.
The civil rights movement was diverse in its tactics but united in its goal of halting segregation.
Not content with limited progress and continuing discrimination, the civil rights movement split on its response to discrimination.
Motivated by the successes of the civil rights movement many American women worked hard to end the discrimination based on gender and experienced considerable success in the early 1970's.
In the 1960's and early 1970's Native Americans worked to gain equality and control over their own lives and land.
The civil rights movement inspired Latino and Asian Americans to work for equality.
Activists in the environmental and consumer movements used tactics introduced by the civil rights movement to bring about changes in public awareness, attitudes and public policy.
When communists threatened to take over South Vietnam in the 1960's Presidents Kennedy and Johnson sent thousands of American troops to fight them, supporting repressive but anti-Communist governments in Indochina.
Students, already primes by activists on behalf of the civil rights and free speech movement, were among the first to protest against the war in Vietnam.
American Cultures - Sample Thesis Statements - Part 4
The anti-war movement finally grew strong enough to persuade the government to find a way out of Vietnam, and in 1973, a cease-fire was proclaimed.
In the 1960's many young Americans rejected the traditional norms of American life in favor of the counterculture, experimenting with alternative lifestyles.
In 1968, events in Vietnam and assassinations at home ripped the nation and the Democrats apart, to which Republicans and Nixon took advantage to win the White House.
Nixon adopted a conservative approach to domestic policies such as crime and race relations in the early 1970's.
Nixon used his credentials as a tough anticommunist to forge new, positive relationships with China and the USSR.
President Nixon's willingness to exploit presidential power for personal political gains led to the Watergate scandal, in which Nixon himself was tainted and forced to resign.
President Ford's presidency was plagued by economic stagflation and an undefined foreign policy.
President Carter had some successes in foreign affairs, but the Iran Hostage Crisis played a central role in his failure to win reelection.
In the 1980 election Ronal Reagan was elected on a wave of Conservatism that took direct aim a liberal government programs and won enormous support.
The ending of the Cold War forced the United States to learn how to operate in the "new world order."
Republican administrations in the 1980's moved to implement more conservative goals, by cutting social welfare programs and widening the cap between the rich and the poor.
Although focused on domestic affairs the Clinton Administration had to find ways to help mitigate crisis in a number of hot spots around the world.
The United States used an world- wide coalition and advanced weaponry to defeat Irag in the Gulf War.
Throughout the 1990's and beyond the United States has had to deal with an internal and external terrorist threat.
The events of September 11. 2001 has forced Americans to confront the trade-off of sacrificing Constitutional rights in exchange for increased security measures.
The impeachment of President Clinton was due to the crime of perjury while giving deposition in the Paula Jones case, not the President's extra-marital affair.
American Cultures – Sample Thesis Statements – Part 5
The formation of the Committee for Industrial Organization (C.I.O.) in 1935 successfully fought to increase the bargaining power of workers in mass production industries, expanded workers’ rights and broadened the basis of social democracy in the United States.
Upton Sinclair’s novel about labor exploitation and unsanitary conditions in the meat packing industry shocked the American public, expedited government reform and made the food supply safer for all Americans.
Immigration legislation in 1921 created a quota system that unfairly favored the nations of northern Europe and Western Europe, exemplified the existence of xenophobia in American society and put an end to the idea of the United States as a melting pot.
The United Nations was created to preserve international peace by means of multicultural diplomacy, address the need for humanitarian aid to economically challenged nations and use collective military action against any state committing an act of aggression.
President Roosevelt’s New Deal policy uplifted millions of Americans from poverty, changed the role of American government in the everyday lives of people and guided a desperate nation through a difficult period.
The stock market crash of 1929 was the result of unrealistic optimism by the common investor, unethical investment practices by the economic elite and a lack of government regulation.
John Muir’s leadership in the conservation movement helped slow the exploitation of natural resources, encouraged the government to pass conservation laws, and created a permanent awareness about the environment.
The impractical social experiment known as Prohibition increased, rather than decreased alcohol consumption, fostered attitudes of disrespect for the law and led to the rapid growth of organized crime in America.
Since its inception, the Internet has had a profound impact on commerce including shopping marketplaces, research with regards newspapers, databases, and search engines, and communication through email and videochatting.
The American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) at the Battle of Belleau Wood proved their effectiveness by breaking through the German trench lines, forcing the Germans to pursue a defensive strategy and providing new hope for the tired Allied campaign.
The publicity surrounding the Triangle Fire tragedy, exposed dangerous working conditions, abusive management practices and made clear the need for labor reform in America.