Alphabet Soup (First and Second New Deal Legislation) key



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Alphabet Soup (First and Second New Deal Legislation) key


Name

Abbreviation

Date of enactment

Description

Relief, Recovery, or Reform

First/Second New Deal

Exists today?

Agricultural Adjustment Act


AAA

1933

Encouraged farmers to cut production in return for a subsidy

Relief/Recovery

First

No

Civilian Conservation Corps


CCC

1933

Provided jobs on conservation projects to young men whose families needed relief

Relief

First

No

Commodity Credit Corp.


CCC

1933

Stabilized, supported, and protected farm income and prices. The CCC is authorized to buy, sell, lend, make payments and engage in other activities for the purpose of increasing production, stabilizing prices, assuring adequate supplies, and facilitating the efficient marketing of agricultural commodities.

Recovery

First




Civil Works Administration


CWA

1933

Provided public-works jobs for many of those needing relief

Relief

First




Drought Relief Service


DRS

1935

Coordinated relief activities in response to the Dust Bowl. It purchased cattle at risk of starvation due to drought.

Relief

Second




Subsistence Homesteads Division


DHS

1933

Intended to give safe residences to urban poor on small plots of land that would allow them to sustain themselves. Unlike subsistence farming, subsistence homesteading is based on a family member or members having PT paid employment

Relief

First




Emergency Banking Act


EBA

1933

Gave federal gov power to reorganize and strengthen banks

Reform/Recovery

First

No

Federal Aviation Admin.


FAA

1933

National aviation authority of the US. An agency of the US Dept. of Transportation, it has authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of American civil aviation. 

Reform

First




Federal Art Project (part of WPA)

FAP

1935

Visual arts arm of the WPA.  Created more than 200,000 separate works, FAP artists created posters, murals and paintings. Some works still stand among the most-significant pieces of public art in the country

Relief

Second

No

Farm Credit Admin.


FCA

1933

Regulates and examines the banks, associations, and related entities of the Farm Credit System, a network of borrower-owned financial institutions that provide credit to farmers, ranchers, and agricultural and rural utility cooperatives.

Reform

First




Federal Communications Commission

FCC

1933

Regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable

Reform

First

Yes

Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.

FDIC

1933

Established an insurance program for deposits in many banks

Reform

First

Yes

Federal Emergency Relief Administration

FERA

1933

Provided grants to states for direct relief to the needy

Relief

First




Federal Housing Admin.


FHA

1934

Encouraged loans for renovating or building homes

Relief/Recovery

First

Yes




Farm Security Admin.

(initially Resettlement Admin.)



FSA

1935

Provided assistance to tenant farmers to help them purchase land or establish cooperatives

Relief

Second




Fair Labor Standards Act


FLSA

1938

Established minimum wages and maximum hours for many workers

Reform

Second

Yes

Federal Music Project

(part of WPA)



FMP

1935

Employed musicians, conductors and composers during the Great Depression. Performed thousands of concerts, hosted music festivals and created 34 new orchestras, employees of the FMP researched American traditional music and folk songs, a practice now called ethnomusicology

Relief

Second

No

Federal Surplus Relief Corp. (now called TEFAP)


FSRC

1933

Food and energy sources (ex: coal) given to local relief organizations (ie: food pantries). Created after outcry of AAA’s methods.

Relief

First

Yes

Federal Theatre Project (Part of WPA)

FTP

1935

Created not as a cultural activity but as a relief measure to employ artists, writers, directors and theater workers. Shaped into a federation of regional theatres that created relevant art, encouraged experimentation in new forms and techniques, and made it possible for millions of Americans to see live theatre for the first time. 

Relief

Second

No

Federal Works Agency


FWA

1939

Administered a number of public construction, building maintenance, and public works relief functions and laws

Relief/Recovery

Second




Federal Writers’ Project (part of WPA)


FWP

1935

Funded written work and supported writers during the Great Depression

Relief

Second

No

Home Owners’ Loan Corp.


HOLC

1933

Refinanced home mortgages currently in default to prevent foreclosure.

Relief

First




National Industrial Recovery Act


NIRA

1933

Encouraged cooperation among businesses in establishing production and labor practices

Reform/Recovery

First




National Labor Relations Act


NLRA

1935

Established the NLRB to enforce labor laws

Reform

Second

Yes

National Labor Relations Board (Wagner Act)


NLRB

1935

Conducted elections for labor union representation and with investigating and remedying unfair labor practices.

Reform

Second

Yes

National Recovery Admin.


NRA

1933

The goal was to eliminate "cut-throat competition" by bringing industry, labor and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices.

Reform

First




National Youth Admin.


NYA

1935

Provided work and education for Americans between the ages of 16 and 25.

Relief

Second




Puerto Rico Reconstruction Admin.


PRRA

1933

Intended not merely immediate relief but permanent reconstruction for the Island of Puerto Rico

Relief/Recovery

First




Public Works Admin.


PWA

1933

Provided public-works jobs for many of those needing relief

Relief/Recovery

First




Resettlement Admin.

(see also Farm Security Admin.)




RA

1935

Relocated struggling urban and rural families to communities planned by the federal government

Relief

Second




Rural Electrification Admin. (now Rural Utilities Service)

REA

1935

Encouraged the delivery of electricity to rural areas

Recovery

Second







Securities and Exchange Commission


SEC

1934

Provided increased gov. regulation of the trading on stock exchanges

Reform

First

Yes

Social Security Act



SSA

1935

Established pensions for retirees, unemployment insurance, and aid for certain groups of low-income or disabled people

Relief

Second

Yes

Social Security Board

(now Social Security Admin.)



SSB

1935

Administers Social Security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits. To qualify for these benefits, most American workers pay Social Security taxes on their earnings

Relief

Second

Yes

Tennessee Valley Authority


TVA

1933

Promoted development projects for the Tennessee River Valley – for example, to improve navigation, produce electricity, and control floods

Recovery

First

Yes

United States Housing Authority


USHA

1937

Lent money to the states or communities for low-cost construction.

Recovery

Second







United States Maritime Commission


USMC

1936

Formulated a merchant shipbuilding program to design and build five hundred modern merchant cargo ships to replace the World War I vintage vessels that comprised the bulk of the US Merchant Marine and to administer a subsidy system authorized by the Act to offset the cost differential between building in the U.S. and operating ships under the American flag. It also formed the US Maritime Service for the training of seagoing ship's officers to man the new fleet.

Recovery

Second

No

Works Progress Admin.


WPA

1935

Provided public-works jobs on a wide range of projects for many of those needing relief

Relief/Recovery

Second





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