Alleviating Poverty through Profit with the Development of Enterprise and Enterprise through Development



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Sprouting magnifies the nutritional value of the seed. It boosts the B-vitamin content, triples the amount of vitamin A and increases vitamin C by a factor of 5 to 6 times. Starches are converted to simple sugars, making sprouts very easily digestible. You can have them fresh all year round, even when fresh vegetables are hard to find. It's easier than planting a garden outside and they're ready much quicker. You can even grow them when the ground outside is frozen solid. And the best part is that you can grow the freshest, tastiest sprouts right in the comfort of your own kitchen. It takes less than 2 minutes a day and they are ready in 3 to 7 days, depending on the variety.
You can sprout seeds, beans, grains and nuts. Some of the most popular varieties are alfalfa, broccoli, Mung beans, lentils, soy, garbanzo beans and peas.
Alfalfa sprouts are what people typically think of when you mention sprouts. They are the ones you commonly see at a salad bar. Rich in phytochemicals, they protect against cancer, heart disease, osteoporosis and fibrocystic breast disease. They stimulate natural killer cell activity, which strengthens the immune system. What's more, they are beneficial in reducing symptoms of PMS and menopause, including hot flashes. Furthermore, they contain high concentrations of antioxidants, the body's defense against the destruction of DNA which is the cause of aging. Alfalfa sprouts are abundant sources of vitamins A, B, C, E and K, the minerals calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and zinc. Also carotene, chlorophyll, amino acids and trace elements. They contain 35% protein. (We cannot afford to ignore this fact!) One pound of alfalfa seed produces 10-14 pounds of sprouts. Alfalfa is one of the most complete and rich of all foods. In addition to its high content of vitamins and minerals, it is also high in proteins. Furthermore, it also contains every essential amino acid. Its detoxification surpasses most of other food tested. Higher resistance to disease and prevention of exhaustion were also reported in tests. Another study showed that Alfalfa contains eight essential enzymes that are important for food digestion. Being more technical, Alfalfa contains vitamin A, D, E, K, U, C, B1, B2, B6, B12, Niacin, Panthothanic acid, Inocitole, Biotin, and Folic acid. In the mineral range, it contains Phosphorus, Calcium, Potassium, Sodium, Chlorine, Sulfur, Magnesium, Copper, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Boron, and Molybdenum. It also contains fiber, Proteins, and trace elements such as Nickel, Lead, Strontium and Palladium. Therefore, it can be safely assumed that with few daily cups of combined Mung Beans and Alfalfa, as a supplement to your food; can make a world of difference. While fresh fruits and vegetables provide enzymes, sprouts are far more concentrated and should be eaten in the summer with every large meal even when you have your own vegetables and fruits. In the winter and spring, when your own vegetable and fruits are not available, sprouts are doubly important. Sprouts should become an integral part of your diet year-round.
But you need to make your own sprouts for highest food value. Sprouts are living food. They need to be fresh. Freshly picked from your own sprout garden, they contain the highest level of enzymes and vitamins. If they are immediately refrigerated, the "life force" will stay in the seed as they remain fresh and slowly continue to grow.
”What's amazing is that so much high quality fresh food can be grown so fast in so little space. In addition to bountiful harvests any day of the year, there's personal satisfaction in being able to do something about the quality and cost of food” says Joseph Feigelson, eco-preneur and inventor of Kitchen Garden, a micro indoor hydroponic home food production system. With the launch of Kitchen Garden in 2003, Kitchen Garden became the purveyor of the largest variety of seeds for human consumption in Africa and Europe.
"Sprouts become sources of complete protein, able to sustain human life without recourse to other foods. They contain the most assimilable vitamins available because they come wrapped with all the minerals, enzymes and still-unknown factors so necessary to the full utilization of our food. When they are added to other foods, they make the nutrients in these foods more useable to the body." All physical life energy begins with the sun. Solar energy is what plants use for photosynthesis. This light/chemical process is what creates the life power of enzymes that all animal life on earth depends on. This is why seed sprouts, raw salads, and raw fruit and vegetable juices are an essential element for health Now that we know what sprouts are and how easy and economical it is to grow your very own, there is no viable reason why malnutrition is so widespread. Armed with knowledge, education, seeds and water, malnutrition, hunger and starvation could soon be relegated to the history books.
For more information please visit www.kitchengarden.co.za Or contact Joseph Feigelson at Kitchen Garden on 082 820-9646
As demonstrated, these two projects namely n’Kozi Homes and Kitchen Garden represent partial solutions to the problem of poverty through employment and entrepreneurial opportunities. The major solution affecting the alleviation of poverty lies within the introduction of a cash crop for subsistence and emerging farmers especially in rural areas and this crop is Hemp also known as Cannabis sativa.
Now in order to understand hemp, what it is and what it can do, one needs to understand the history thereof so that we can view it within the perspective that we have in our lifetime.
Hemp
Because one acre of hemp produces as much cellulose fiber pulp as 4.1 acres of trees,* hemp is the perfect material to replace trees for pressed board, particle board, and for concrete construction molds.

Dewey & Merrill, Bulletin #404, United States Dept. of Agriculture, 1916.


Hemp is the longest, strongest fiber known to man except for spider web.
HEMP- A SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL BUILDING MATERIAL
Practical, inexpensive fire-resistant construction material, with excellent thermal and sound-insulating qualities, is made by heating and compressing plant fibers to create strong construction paneling, replacing dry wall and plywood.
How it Began
Like all good stories this one has a near death experience and a Pauline conversion: France Périer was a conventional chemist until she developed skin cancer and began searching for a cure. Hemp oil proved to be especially effective and thereafter she dedicated her life to researching the wondrous properties of the healing herb that had kept her in the game. Along the way she came upon a bridge which dated from the Metrovingian period (that's the Romans, in case you're wondering). This led to investigations into the uses of hemp in construction, and from there the new product, Isochanvre, was created using a secret and carefully guarded formula which the good lady refuses to divulge. Isochanvre, a rediscovered French building material made from hemp hurds mixed with lime, actually petrifies into a mineral state and lasts for many centuries. Archeologists have found a bridge in the south of France, from the Merovingian period (500-751 C.E.), built with this process.
Isochanvre is flame-proof, non-toxic, 1/9 the weight of cement, retains heat in winter, is cool in the summer and is unpalatable to rats, insects, or termites. Because of its flexibility and strength it is the ideal material for building in areas susceptible to earthquakes, tornadoes and hurricanes; and over time the plant elements bind with the minerals to make the building stronger and more valuable as it ages. Small wonder, then, that advocates extol it as the nearest we will get to perfection: a totally sustainable, non-toxic alternative to bricks and concrete capable of producing the kind of energy efficient, environmentally friendly buildings which most governments insist they want to see built as a matter of course. Getting Stoned
The process of turning hemp into houses is not at all complex. Isochanvre uses natural lime and water as binding agents to create a creamy mix which can be poured directly onto the ground or into wooden frames. The mixture sets in a matter of hours and replaces all of the materials currently used in construction: bricks and cement, plaster board, and insulation. Although the process results in 'petrification' (turning to stone) Isochanvre retains some of the qualities of plant matter: the resulting material is a light brown colour with a texture reminiscent of cork. It provides both sonic and thermal insulation and can be produced with a rough or smooth finish and decorated in the usual way with whitewash, paint or wallpaper.
The first house built using the material was finished in 1989 and won France Périer a prize for innovation. Ten years on it's as solid as ever and contracts have been won for the creation of public housing in France as well as for commercial buildings and housing elsewhere in Europe. The material is also used in the renovation of old buildings - it can be trowelled on like plaster or set in casts
ADVANTAGES
• It is environmentally safe with no toxic by-products. It uses no chemical products during construction and is a one hundred per cent "eco-product."
• It is non-flammable and can resist temperatures up to 1800-2000 c hence it produces no toxic smoke.
• It is a breathing material, which means there is no build up of condensation within the building. This ability to breathe, lends itself to a higher occupancy health level.
• It is fungicidal, antibacterial and water resistant which eliminates damp within the building. Hence no damp proofing is needed.
• It is inedible by rats, mice and other rodents.
• It is an excellent insulator and builds a warm structure. It has a high thermal capacity in that it stores heat and releases it quickly. This reduces heating costs and helps keep the building warmer in the wintertime and cooler in the summer.
• It is a good acoustic insulator, easy to use, strong and light. Physical labour is also reduced.
• It eliminates the need for a number of different products and indeed a number of different tradesmen.
• Its non toxic in use, renewable, non polluting during total life cycle, has low embodied energy, good thermal values and resists decay and infestation.
To understand where we can go with this, it is important to understand how we got here in the first place!!
You will have to understand: The History of the Non-Medical Use of Drugs in the United States.
The following is information is from: A Speech to the California Judges Association 1995 annual conference by Charles Whitebread, Professor of Law, USC Law School derived from The Forbidden Fruit and the Tree of Knowledge: An Inquiry into the Legal History of American Marijuana Prohibition by Professor Richard J. Bonnie & Professor Charles H. Whitebread, II
The Situation in 1900
In 1900 there were far more people addicted to drugs in the USA than there are today. There were between two and five percent of the entire adult population of the United States addicted to drugs in 1900. There were two principal causes of this dramatic level of drug addiction at the turn of the century. • The first cause was the use of morphine and its various derivatives in legitimate medical operations. • The second cause of the high level of addiction at the turn of the century -- the growth and development of what we now call the "patent medicine" industry. What the purveyors of these medicines did not tell their purchasers, was that later, when these patent medicines were tested, many of them proved to be up to fifty percent morphine by volume. So there was this tendency to think "Wow! This stuff works." Down you could go to the general store and get more of it and it could be sold to you directly over the counter. Patent medicines were much more appealing to women than to men and account for the much higher incidence of drug addiction in 1900 among women than among men. There was a lot more addiction in 1900 than there is today and that the people who were addicted are quite a different group than the group we would be thinking of today. If you look at drug addiction in 1900, what's the number one way in which it is different than drug addiction today? Answer: Almost all addiction at the turn of the century was accidental.
The Pure Food and Drug Act
Then the single law which has done the most in the USA to reduce the level of drug addiction is none of the criminal laws they have ever passed. The single law that reduced drug addiction the most was the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act.
The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 did three things: 1). It created the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in Washington that must approve all foods and drugs meant for human consumption. The very first impact of that was that the patent medicines were not approved for human consumption once they were tested. 2) The Pure Food and Drug Act said that certain drugs could only be sold on prescription. 3) The Pure Food and Drug Act, requires that any drug that can be potentially habit-forming say so on it's label. "Warning -- May be habit forming."
The Harrison Act
The very first criminal law at the Federal level in the USA to criminalize the non-medical use of drugs came in 1914. It was called the Harrison Act and there are only three things about the Harrison Act that we need to focus on today. Number one is the date. Did you hear the date, 1914? Some of you may be thinking that the criminal law was used to deal with the non-medical use of drugs since the beginning of the Republic or something. That is not true. The entire experiment of using the criminal sanction to deal with the non-medical use of drugs really began in 1914 with the Harrison Act. The second interesting thing about the Harrison Act was the drugs to which it applied, because it applied to almost none of the drugs we would be concerned about today. The Harrison Act applied to only opium, morphine and its various derivatives, and the derivatives of the coca leaf like cocaine. No mention anywhere there of amphetamines, barbiturates, marijuana, hashish, hallucinogenic drugs of any kind. The third and most interesting thing, for you all as “new thinkers,” about the Harrison Act was its structure, because the structure of this law was very peculiar and became the model for every single piece of Federal legislation from 1914 right straight through 1969. And what was that model? It was called the Harrison Tax Act. You know, the drafters of the Harrison Act said very clearly on the floor of Congress what it was they wanted to achieve. They had two goals. They wanted to regulate the medical use of these drugs and they wanted to criminalize the non-medical use of these drugs. They had one problem. Look at the date -- 1914 was probably the high water mark of the constitutional doctrine we today call "states' rights" and, therefore, it was widely thought Congress did not have the power, number one, to regulate a particular profession and number two, that Congress did not have the power to pass what was, and is still known, as a general criminal law. That's why there were so few Federal Crimes until very recently In the face of possible Constitutional opposition to what they wanted to do, the people in Congress who supported the Harrison Act came up with a novel idea. That is, they would masquerade this whole thing as though it were a tax. To show you how it worked, I can use some hypothetical figures to show you how this alleged tax worked? There were two taxes. The first (and again, these figures aren't accurate but they will do to show the idea) tax was paid by doctors. It was a dollar a year and the doctors, in exchange for paying that one dollar tax, got a stamp from the Government that allowed them to prescribe these drugs for their patients so long as they followed the regulations in the statute. Do you see that by the payment of that one dollar tax, they had the doctors regulated? The doctors had to follow the regulations in the statute. And there was a second tax. (and again, these are hypothetical figures but they will show you how it worked.) was a tax of a thousand dollars of every single non-medical exchange of every one of these drugs. Well, since nobody was going to pay a thousand dollars in tax to exchange something which, in 1914, even in large quantities was worth about five dollars, the second tax wasn't a tax either, it was a criminal prohibition. Now just to be sure you readers understand this, and I am sure you do, but just to make sure, let's say that in 1915 somebody was found, let's say, in possession of an ounce of cocaine out here on the street. What would be the Federal crime? Not possession of cocaine, or possession of a controlled substance. What was the crime? Tax evasion. And do you see what a wicked web that is going to be? As a quick preview, where then are we going to put the law enforcement arm for the criminalization of drugs for over forty years -- in what department? The Treasury Department. Why, they are just out there collecting taxes and I will show you how that works in a minute.
If you understand that taxing scheme then you understand why the national marijuana prohibition of 1937 was called the Marihuana Tax Act.
The Early State Marijuana Laws
But before we get to the marihuana prohibition of 1937, we need to look into an analysis of the early state marijuana laws passed in the USA from 1915 to 1937. The first group of states to have marijuana laws in that part of the century were Rocky Mountain and southwestern states. By that, I mean Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Montana. In the period just after 1914, into all of those areas was a substantial migration of Mexicans. They had come across the border in search of better economic conditions, they worked heavily as rural laborers, beet field workers, cotton pickers, things of that sort. And with them, they had brought marijuana. What motivated the marijuana laws in the Rocky mountain and southwestern states? A proponent of Texas first marijuana law. He said on the floor of the Texas Senate, and I quote, "All Mexicans are crazy, and this stuff (referring to marijuana) is what makes them crazy. “ The proponent of Montana's first marijuana law said, (and imagine this on the floor of the state legislature) and I quote, "Give one of these Mexican beet field workers a couple of puffs on a marijuana cigarette and he thinks he is in the bullring at Barcelona." Well, there it was, you didn't have to look another foot as you went from state to state right on the floor of the state legislature. And so what was the genesis for the early state marijuana laws in the Rocky Mountain and southwestern areas of the USA? It wasn't hostility to the drug; it was hostility to the newly arrived Mexican community that used it. A second group of states that had criminal laws against the use of marijuana were in the Northeast, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York - had one and then repealed it and then had one again, and New Jersey. The Northeast has never had, still doesn't really, any substantial Mexican-American population.
Fear of substitution
The New York Times in an editorial in 1919 said, "No one here in New York uses this drug marijuana. We have only just heard about it from down in the Southwest," and here comes the substitution. "But," said the New York Times, "we had better prohibit its use before it gets here. Otherwise" -- here's the substitution concept -- "all the heroin and hard narcotics addicts cut off from their drug by the Harrison Act and all the alcohol drinkers cut off from their drug by 1919 alcohol Prohibition will substitute this new and unknown drug marijuana for the drugs they used to use." This fear of substitution carried, and that accounted for 26 of the 27 states -- that is, either the anti-Mexican sentiment in the Southwest and Rocky Mountain areas or fear of substitution in the Northeast. That accounted for 26 of the 27 states, and there was only one state left over. It was the first state ever to enact a criminal law against the use of marijuana and it was the state of Utah. Now, if you have been hearing this story and you have been playing along with me, you think "Oh, wait a minute,, Utah fits exactly with Colorado, Montana, -- it must have been the Mexicans." Utah didn't have then, and doesn't have now, a really substantial Mexican-American population. So it had to be something else.
Come on folks, if it had to be something else, what do you think it might have been? Are you thinking what I was thinking -- that it must have had something to do with the single thing which makes Utah unique in American history -- its association with the Mormon church. Yes, it was directly connected to the history of Utah and Mormonism and it went like this. Stay tuned here, this gets really interesting!!!!! Do you all know that in 1876, the United States Supreme Court said that Mormons were free to believe what they wanted, but they were not free to practice polygamy in the USA Well, who do you think enforced that ruling of the Supreme Court in 1876?

At the end of the line, who enforces all rulings of the Supreme Court? Answer: the state and local police.


And who were they in Utah then? All Mormons, and so nothing happened for many years. Those who wanted to live polygamously continued to do so. In 1910, the Mormon Church in synod in Salt Lake City decreed polygamy to be a religious mistake and it was banned as a matter of the Mormon religion. Once that happened, there was a crackdown on people who wanted to live in what they called "the traditional way". So, just after 1910, a fairly large number of Mormons left the state of Utah, and indeed left the United States altogether and moved into northwest Mexico. They wrote a lot about what they wanted to accomplish in Mexico. They wanted to set up communities where they were basically going to convert the Indians, the Mexicans, and what they referred to as "the heathen" in the neighborhood to Mormonism. By 1914, they had had very little luck with the heathen, the heathen had a little luck with them. What happened? -- now some of you who may be members of the church know that there are still substantial Mormon communities in northwest Mexico -- most of the Mormons were not happy there, the religion had not done well there, they didn't feel comfortable there, they wanted to go back to Utah where their friends were and after 1914 did. And with them, the Indians had given them marijuana. You know that the Mormon Church has always been opposed to the use of euphoriants of any kind. So, somebody saw them with the marijuana, and in August of 1915 the Church, meeting again in synod in Salt Lake City decreed the use of marijuana contrary to the Mormon religion and then -- in October of 1915, the state legislature met and enacted every religious prohibition as a criminal law and we had the first criminal law in history against the use of marijuana.
In the 1920's and '30s the American public became increasingly concerned about drug addiction-----especially to Morphine and a "miracle drug" that had been introduced by the Bayer Company in 1898 under the brand name "Heroin." By the mid-1920's, there were 20,000 heroin addicts in the U.S. alone.
Most Americans were unaware that smoking hemp was intoxicating; however, until William Randolph Hearst launched a campaign of sensational stories that linked "the killer weed" to everything from Jazz to "Crazed minorities," and even unspeakable crimes. Hearst's papers featured headlines like: MARIJUANA MAKES FIENDS OF BOYS IN 30 DAYS: HASHISH GOADS USERS TO BLOOD LUST and NEW DOPE LURE, MARIJUANA, HAS MANY VICTIMS
In 1930 Hearst was joined in his crusade against hemp by Harry J. Anslinger, commissioner of the newly organized Federal Bureau of Narcotics (FBN). Hearst often quoted Anslinger in his newspaper stories, printing sensational comments like: "If the hideous monster Frankenstein came face to face with the monster marijuana he would drop dead of fright."
In 1937, after two years of secret hearings and based largely on Anslinger's testimony, Congress passed the Marijuana Tax Act, which essentially outlawed marijuana in America.
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