All previous words are fair game for this test



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Foushee Test Date: _____________________

E3 October Vocabulary



All previous words are fair game for this test.

Root Word: Ex- “from”, “out of”



Word

Definition

Use in a Sentence

1. excerpt


1.n. A passage selected from a book, a play, piece of music, etc.
2. v. To take a passage from a book, etc.; to quote

Our anthology contains thousands of excerpts from literature around the world.
The students excerpted their favorite numbers from Cats to perform at the variety show.

2. exhilarate

v. to cheer; to stimulate; to enliven.

Her critically acclaimed performance at the opening of the 1961 season of the Metropolitan Opera must have exhilarated Leotyne Price.

3. exonerate

1. v. To free from blame.
2. v. To relieve of a task.

When new evidence exonerated the accused forger, the bank president reinstated him at a higher salary.
As a reward for their hours of babysitting, their parents exonerated them from mowing the lawn.

4. exorbitant

Adj. excessive

The rhinoceros is in danger of becoming extinct because of the exorbitant price poachers receive for the animals’ horns.

Root Word: Pono, Ponere, Posui, Positum- “to place,” “to put”



Word

Definition

Use in a Sentence

5. compound

1. v. to mix together; to combine two or more parts or elements.
2. n. a combination of elements, parts, or substances.

The Kirov Ballet of the former Soviet Union compounded its traditional style with contemporary music and dance from other countries.
Steel is a compound, or alloy, of iron, carbon, and other substances such as copper, cobalt, and silicon.

6. exposition

1. n. A precise statement or explanation
2. n. A public exhibit or show.

With both written text and 1,065 colored illustrations, John James Aububon’s Bird of America, published in 1838, remains a model exposition on the subject,
The first international exposition was held in London’s Crystal Palace in 1851.

7. expound

v. To set forth an explanation or view of something in detail.

The travelers expounded on the animals they saw on their safari in Kenya.


8. impose

1. v. To set up, or to force something (or oneself) on others.

2. v. To take unfair advantage of someone.



Under apartheid, the South African government imposed laws that granted different rights to people based on the color of their skin.
In the play The Man Who Came to Dinner, a guest who breaks his hip when departing imposes on his host for six months.

9.imposter


n. One who deceives by using a false identity.

The wife of Martin Guerre wonders if the man claiming to be Martin is really her husband returning after eight years or an imposter.

10. proponent

n. One who argues in support of something.

Proponents of recycling newsprint, glass, and aluminum have found citizens more willing to cooperate than they expected.

Root Word: Extra- “on the outside”



Word

Definition

Use in a Sentence

11. extraneous

1. Adj. Coming from outside; foreign.

2. Adj. Not essential or vital.



To study a virus, laboratory technicians must remove all extraneous matter.
Our history teacher said, “Keep to the subject; no extraneous details.”

12. extraterrestrial

Adj. Outside or originating outside the limits of the earth’s atmosphere.

According to some scientists, the impact of an extraterrestrial object, such as a comet, caused conditions that led to the extinction of dinosaurs.

13. extrovert

n. A person chiefly interested in things outside themselves, directing thoughts outward rather than inward.

Some extroverts express their social ease with facile talk and colorful clothing.

Root Word: Medius- “middle”



Word

Definition

Use in a Sentence

14. mediate

v. To act as negotiator between opposing sides in a dispute.

During his presidency Jimmy Carter mediated disagreements between Israel and Egypt.

15. mediocrity

n. The condition of being commonplace or ordinary, somewhere in the middle between high and low; a very ordinary person.

Although twice elected prime minister of Great Britain, Sir Winston Churchill was considered an academic mediocrity as a schoolboy.

16. medium

1. n. A substance or element through which something is transmitted.
2. n. A person thought to have communication with spirits of the dead.

For the Watusi, an African ethnic group, cattle are wealth and therefore become a medium of exchange.
Despite her powers as a medium, Madam Arcati cannot control the ghost of a first wife who complicates the lives of her successor and her helpless husband in the play Blithe Spirit.

Root Word: Sequor, Sequi, Sectum- “to follow”



Word

Definition

Use in a Sentence

17. non sequitur

n. A statement that does not follow logically from evidence.

“A person who cries must be sad” is a non sequitur because there are other reasons for tears other than feeling sad: laughing uncontrollably and peeling onions, for example.

18. obsequious

adj. excessively willing to yield to others

The powerful Japanese military dictators known as shoguns expected their followers to be obsequious.

19. subsequent

adj. coming after or later.

After the volcano erupted, geologists carefully monitored subsequent rumblings.

20. sequester

1. v. To go into hiding; to seek solitude.

2. v. To isolate.



Bears sequester themselves during the months of hibernation, sleeping through winter.

Fearful of invasion during World War II, the U. S. government hastily sequestered American citizens of Japanese ancestry behind barbed wire in internment camps, an action now severely criticized.




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