ALFRED HAYWOOD – A BIOGRAPHY
David S. Corbett
A RESEARCH PAPER
History 300 Armstrong State College
Dr. Roger K. Warlick July 31, 1976
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 Biography of Alfred Haywood I
2 Notes 5
I bibliography 8
II Associations, Board Positions, Civic Activities,
Organizations and Societies 10
III Property Holdings (Partial Listing) 12
IV Genealogical Chart
181? - 1893
Alfred Hay-wood was a successful businessman and public servant who lived, worked, and served in the city of Savannah for almost half a cen— ±i,rv. Mr. Haywood not only made his mark in the local business world, but also, through civic participation, made a significant contribution to the growth and development of the city. Born in Oxford, England, in the year 1817, the son of Ebenezor and Elizabeth Haywood, he married Nary Fagan, a native of Ireland, in Liverpool, February 2, 183a. They irrnigrated to New York soon thereafter. While living in New York with his father, two
children were born to the couple, a daughter Margaret, in 1836, and a son Ebenezer, in 1837.1
In 1845 Mr. Hay-wood arrived in Savannah with his family,2 joining his brother Joseph who had preceded him in 1841) Starting out in the grocery businesS,4 he quickly showed his business acumen and by 1861 was well established in the ice business, having entered into a partnership with Mr Charles 0. Gage of Massachusetts.5 Haywood and Gage flourished, but because of the Civil War and the subsequent suspension of ice shipments from the North, the firm was forced to close in 1862.6 Reopening as Haywood, Gage and Company7 after the war, the firm quickly reestablished itself and by 1868 had the ice monopoly in Savannah.8 In 1865 Mr. Haywood entered into business with Mr. Adrian V. LaRoche of Savannah for the purpose of manufacturing bricks, but the partnership lasted only two years, and in 186? the backyard was sold.9 Mr. Hay-wood stayed active in the ice industry until 1883 when he sold the majority in the company to Mr. Gage. In 1889 he severed all ties with Hay-wood, Gage and Company.’0
In 1869 Mr. Hay-wood was elected to the city council as an alderman from the 3rd District, serving for three terms.11 The last two terms he served as Chairman and in November 1871 became Acting Nay-or for a short period of time.12 In the election race for his last term he was elected by the largest vote in the history of the city.13 During his terms on the council Mr. Hay-wood chaired many important committees, including the prestigious Market, and Street and Lanes committees.14 In these positions of influence he was instrumental in effecting the completion of the city Sewage system15 and on many occasions officiated at public functions, including the laying of the cornerstone for the City Market. a project
he had personally- supervised. His service to the community also manifested itself in other ways. As President of the Coast Line Railroad, for example, he officiated at the opening of the Broughton Street line in September 1874,17 and as a representative of Zerubbabel Lodge #15 F. and A.N., of which he was a member for over thirty- years, helped lay the cornerstones for new buildings at Bethesda Boys Home.16 Mr. Hay-wood also served on many company boards, both as a director and an officer (see APPENDIX II). A long time member of St. John’s Episcopal Church, he participated in the parochial functions both as a vestry-man and a warden, and on several occasions represented the church at state meetings
Mr. Hay-wood’s first wife, Mary. died on 24 October, 1852, of consumption.20 On January 16, 1857, his son, Ebenezer, died from injuries received in21 Two years later, his daughter, Margaret, died of a lung hemorrhage at the age of 22 years.22 On August 25, 1859, he married Georgianna Trenholm of Beaufort, s.c.,23 and of this union had six children, five surviving him.24 On November 11, 1878, he legally adopted his granddaughter, Mary Elizabeth Doherty, changing her name to Hay-wood.25 Georgianna died in New York on June 1, 1877,26 and two years later, on June 10, 1879, Mr. Hay-wood married Harriott Guerard of Charleston, s.o.27 There were no children born of this marriage.
In 1872 Mr, Hay-wood personally planned and supervised the constructionof the new family residence at 86 NcDonough Street, a home that still stands.28 In addition, he was responsible for the construction of another building located at 217 — 219 Abercorn Street.29 The McDonough Street home remained in the family until it was sold in 1901.30
BIOGRAPHY - 4
Alfred Hay-wood died of paralysis December 8, 1893, a few minutes before midnight. 31 His was a life that had been devoted to his family, his business, and the community. Of him was said, “He was a gentleman of many admirable traits of character and Fopular ins wide circle of acquaintances,”32 and ‘in death, as in life, the merits of Alfred Haywood rest upon a self—reliant, honorable, and unblemished career,”33 Mr. Haywood can certainly be remembered as a distinguished contributor to the history and growth of the city- of Savannah.
1. The Haywood Family Bible, now in the possession of Mrs. Evelyn Nichols of Chapel Hill, N.C., is the only source available for early- genealogical information.
2. Georgia Historical Society
, City Tax Digest 184$
, Section H.
3. Gebrgia Historical Society, City Tax Digest iSkli Savannah, Section H,
and Georgia Historical Society, (microfilm File No. N-5 Savannah Daily
Georgian 1841, Savannah, issue of August 19, 1841, p.3, c. 5.
4. Otto, R.C., Census of Georgia 1850 (Chatham County), published by- B.C.
Otto, 1975, page 46, and Screvon, John, The Savannah Benevolent
, Morning News Print, 1896, page 92.
5, Georgia Historical Society, City Tax Digest 1861
, Savannah, Section H.
6. Screven, p. 92.
7. Georgia Historical Society, Microfilm File No. N-11 Savannah Morning
, Savannah, issue of April 5, 1866, p. 2, c. 4, and
creven, p. 92.
8, ibid., issue of I¶ay- 19, 1868, p. 3, c. 1.
9. ibid., issue of November 27, 1867, p. 3, c. 5, and WPA Project No.
3724, Annals of Savannah, 1850—1937. Savannah, 1937. p. 227.
10. Court of Ordinary, Index to Deeds, etc. F-L, Grantor 1785-1910
(and files). Chatham County-, Book 5H, p. 464, and Georgia Historical
Society, City Tax Digest 1889, Savannah. Section H.
11. GHS, Microfilm File No. N-14 issue of October 14, 1869, p. 3,
c. 2, and Georgia Histcrical Society, Microfilm File N—12. Savannah
Morning N6ws, 1871—1876
. Savannah, issue of October 13, 1871. p. 3, c. 2,
and Screven, 92.
12. GHS, Microfilm File No. N—12
, issue of November 10, 1871, p. 3, c. 2,
Mr. H.H. Nichols, great grandson of Alfred Haywood, 711 E. 48th St,,
Savannah, has in his possession a cane presented to Alfred Hay-wood by
Mayor Screven, inscribed, John Screven to the Hon. Alfred Hay-wood Acting
May-or of Savannah.”
13. ibid., issue of October 13, 1871, p. 3, c. 2, and Screven, p. 93.
14. Screven, p. 92, and OHS, Microfilm File No. N—li. issue of December
27, 1870, p. 3, c. 2, and OHS, Microfilm File No. N-12 issue of June 3,
1871, p. 3, c. 2.
15. Screven; p. 92.
16. OHS, Microfilm File No. N—il. issue of December 27, 1870, p. 3, c. 2.
17. OHS, Microfilm File No. N—12. issue of September i6, 1874
p. 3, c. 3.
18. Zerubbabel Lodge 4is F. & A.M. Records
, Savannah, 1839—1895, and OHS,
Microfilm File No. N—li
, issue of April 26, 1870, p. 3, c. 3.
19. Georgia Historical Society, Microfilm File No. M-2 St. John’s
Episcopal Church (Savannah) Records
20. Bureau of Vital Statistics, Index of Deaths 1803—present (and files)
Chatham County, Section H, 1852,
21. ibid., Section H, 1857
ibid., Section H, 1858.
23. Haywood Family Bible
25. Superior Court
ibid., and Screven, p. 92.
, Civil Minutes Dec 1874—Now 1875
, Chatham County,
Book 3?, page 569.
26. Georgia Historical Society, Microfilm File No. N-13, Savannah Horning News, 1877
- June 30, 1883
, Savannah, issue of June 2, 187?, p.3, c. 2,
27. Court of Ordinary, Index of Marriages, 1806—1957 (and files)
, Chatham County, Hook B, page 150.
28, GHS, Microfilm File No. N—i?
, issue of February 2, 1872, p. 3, c. 6. The address of the house is now 124 McDonough Street. Mr. William Thompson, of the Historic Savannah Foundation
, recalls a conversation with Mrs. Isadore R. Haywood (Alfred Hay-wood’s daughter—in—law) many years ago, during which she told him that the house had been referred to as "Haywood's Folly” because it was one of the first homes in SavAnnah to have indoor plumbing. The building is now listed as EXCEPTIONAL by the Foundation
29, Georgia Historical Society, City Tax Digest 1872
, Savannah, Section H. The building is listed as NOTABLE by the Historic Savannah Foundation.
30, Georgia Historical Society, City Tax Digest 1901
, Savannah, Section H.
31. BVS, Index of Deaths
, Section H, 1893, and Screven, p. 93’ and Haywood Family Bible
32. Georgia Historical Society, Microfilm File No. N—16, Savannah Morning News, June 1,1893—August 31, 189?
, Savannah, issue of December 9
, 1893, p. 3, c. 1.
33. Screven. p. 93.
Agnew. J.L. and Lee, F.D. Historical Record of the City of Savannah
. Savannah, Morning News Press, 189.
. Savannah, Historic Savannah Foundation, Inc., 1968.
Screxen, John. The Savannah Benevolent Association. Savannah, Morning News Print, 1896.
Temple, Sarah B.G. The First One Hundred Years, Short History of Cobb County in Georgia. Atlanta, W.W. Brown Publishing Company, 1935.
City of Savannah. Savannah, John N. Cooper and Company, 1656. (Microfilm)
St. John’s Episcopal Church Records. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. M-2
Federal Population Census. Georgia, 1880. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. C—?.
Savannah Daily Georgian. 18’1. Savannah, Georgia Historical SocietyFile No. N-5
Savannah Morning News. 1850—1863. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No, N—to.
Savannah Morning News, 1866-1870. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N—li.
Savannah Morning News, 1871—1876. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N—12.
Savannah Morning News, 1877—June 30. 1883. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N—13.
Savannah Morning News, July 1. 1883—July 31, 1888. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N—14.
Savannah Morning News, August 1, 1888-May 31. 1893. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N-15.
Savannah Morning News, June 1, 1893—August 31, 1897. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N-16
APFENDIX I -9
(Miscellaneous Reference Documents)
Annals of Savannah, 1850—193?
. Savannah, WPA Project No. 3724, 1937.
. Savannah, various publishers, 1867—1905.
City Tax Digests
. Savannah, 1841—1901.
General Index to Keepers’ Record Books 1852—1938, Laurel Grove Cemetery
. Savannah, WPA Project No. 465—34—3—148, 1939.
Gene’ral Index to Savannah, Georgia, Newspapers
. Savannah, publisher and date of publication not indicated. 1841—1545.
Index of Births 1883—present (and files)
. Chatham County, Bureau of Vital Statistics.
Civil Minutes, Superior Court, Chatham County. Book No, 32. Dec 1874—1675
. Chatham County-, Superior Court.
Index of Deaths 1803—present (and files)
. Chatham County, bureau of Vital Statistics.
Index to Deeds. etc. F—L. Grantor 1785—1910 (and files)
. Chatham County, Court of Ordinary.
Index to Estates A-i, 1742—1955 (and files)
. Chatham County-, Court of Ordinary.
Haywood Family Bible
. Evelyn Nichols, Chapel Hill, S.C.
Index of Marriages 1806-1957 (and files)
. Chathan County, Court of Ordinary.
Otto, Rhea Cumming. Census of Georgia 1850 (Chatham County)
. Savannah, R.C. Otto Publisher, 1975.
Ward Directory, Drown Ward
. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society-, 1975.
Zerubbabel Lodge #15 F. and A.M. Records
. Savannah, 1839—1895.
ASSOCIATIONS, BOARD POSITIONS
CiViC ACTIVITIES CLUBS ORGANIZATIONS AND oOClc,Tiw
During his long business and civic career Alfred Haywood belonged to, and participated in many- civic clubs and organizations, and served on many company boards, both as an officer and a director. Although the list is lengthy. it is not necessarily complete. Except where noted, the information on dates and positions was taken from Annals of Savannah 1850—1937. Savannah, With Project No. 3724, 1937.
AGRICULTURE AND MECHANICAL ASSOC. OF GEORGIA
Board of Directors 1875 — 1879
CITIZEN’S AUIUAL LOAN ASSOC.
Board of Directors 1874 — 1876
FOREST CITY I4UTUAL LOAN ASSOC.
President 1869 — 1876
SAVANNAH MUTUAL LOAN ASSOC.
Board of Directors 1866
SOUTHERN MUTUAL LOAN ASSOC.
Board of Directors 1879
WORKING MANS RELIEF ASSOC.
Board of Directors 1869 — 1871
ARXWRISHT COTTON MANUFACTURING CO.
Board of Directors 1873 — 1879
SAVANNAH SAVINGS AND LOAN Cu.
Board of Directors 1883
ATLANTIC AND GULP RAILROAD
Board of Directors 1873 — 1877
COAST LINE RAILROAD
President 1874 — 1882
LOUISE KING ORGANIZAT ON (ANIMAL CRUELTY)
SOCIETY FOR PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO CHILDREN
APPENDIX II — 11.
GEORGIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY
Member 1873 — 1893
Notation found inside family photograph album belonging to H. H. Nichols, great grandson of Alfred Haywood
ST. GEORGE SOCIETY
Treasurer 1868 — 1871
Vice—President 1872 — 1873
President 1874 — 1876
SAVANNAI-I BENEVOLENT ASSOC..
Member 1873 — 1893
Screven John. The Savannah Benevolent Association. Savannah, Norning News Print, 1896.
ZERUBBABEL LODGE # 15 F. & A.M. (MASONS)
Past Ilaster 1861 1862
Treasurer 1863 — 1876
Life Member 1876
Zerubbabel Lodge #15 F. & A.M. Records. Savannah, 1839-1895 )
GEORGIA MASONIC RELIEF ASSOC.
FAIR GROUND ASSOC.
Board of Directors 1876
Alderman 3rd District 1869 — 1870
Alderman 3rd District, Chairman 1871
Acting Mayor 1871 — 1872
Committees: Building, Market, Rules, Streets & Lanes
Jury- 1865, 1876
Grand Jury 1859, i866. 186?, 1868, 1875(Foreman)
PROPERTY HOLDINGS (PARTIAL LISTING
This is only a partial listing of property owned by Alfred Haywood The general information provided was primarily extracted from City Tax
Digests Savannah, 1841—1901. Any exceptions are noted. Extensive information on his complete holdings
, including his business holdings, is available in the Index to Deeds, etc. F-L, Grantor 1785—1910 (and files)
. Chatham County, Court of Ordinary.
DECKER WARD, Carpenter Tything
Lot #6, east (Bryan & Barnard Streets, N.E. corner lot)
Lot #30 (Gordon & Dray-ton Streets, 2nd lot West of Dray-ton)
DAVIS WARD (originally known as Garden Lots)
REYNOLDS WARD, 3rd Tything
Lot #7 (Abercorn & Broughton, N.14. corner, 2nd lot West)
Sold east 1872
Sold west k 1875
Lot #70 (Abercorn & lAcDonough Streets, N.W. corner)
Improved 1872 — building still standing at 124 NcDonough Street —listed as EXCEPTIONAL by the Historic Savannah Foundation
Lot #21 (Abercorn & Hull Streets, N.W. corner)
Improved 1672 — building still standing at 217—219 Abercorn Street (including Lot $72) — listed as NOTABIL by the Historic
APPENDIX III 13
BROWN WARD (Continued)
Lot #72 (north of Lot #71)
Improved 1872 (see Lot #71)
Lot #23 (York & Montgomery Streets, S.E. corner)
Lot and home on Atlanta Street
(Temple, Sarah. The First One Hundred Years, Short History of Cobb County in Georgia Atlanta, W.W. Drown Publishing Co., 1935)
DOCLY COUNTY GEORGIA
204 acres in 13th District
(Index to Estates A—Z, 1742—1955, and files. Chatharn County, Court of
Ordinary. File #600)