Alfred haywood a biography by



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ALFRED HAYWOOD – A BIOGRAPHY

by
David S. Corbett


A RESEARCH PAPER


History 300 Armstrong State College


Dr. Roger K. Warlick July 31, 1976

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION


1 Biography of Alfred Haywood I
2 Notes 5
APPENDIX
I bibliography 8

II Associations, Board Positions, Civic Activities,

Organizations and Societies 10
III Property Holdings (Partial Listing) 12

IV Genealogical Chart






ALFRED HAYWOOD

181? - 1893
Alfred Hay-wood was a successful businessman and public servant who lived, worked, and served in the city of Savannah for almost half a cen— ±i,rv. Mr. Haywood not only made his mark in the local business world, but also, through civic participation, made a significant contribution to the growth and development of the city. Born in Oxford, England, in the year 1817, the son of Ebenezor and Elizabeth Haywood, he married Nary Fagan, a native of Ireland, in Liverpool, February 2, 183a. They irrnigrated to New York soon thereafter. While living in New York with his father, two


BIOGRAPHY 2

children were born to the couple, a daughter Margaret, in 1836, and a son Ebenezer, in 1837.1

In 1845 Mr. Hay-wood arrived in Savannah with his family,2 joining his brother Joseph who had preceded him in 1841) Starting out in the grocery businesS,4 he quickly showed his business acumen and by 1861 was well established in the ice business, having entered into a partnership with Mr Charles 0. Gage of Massachusetts.5 Haywood and Gage flourished, but because of the Civil War and the subsequent suspension of ice shipments from the North, the firm was forced to close in 1862.6 Reopening as Haywood, Gage and Company7 after the war, the firm quickly reestablished itself and by 1868 had the ice monopoly in Savannah.8 In 1865 Mr. Haywood entered into business with Mr. Adrian V. LaRoche of Savannah for the purpose of manufacturing bricks, but the partnership lasted only two years, and in 186? the backyard was sold.9 Mr. Hay-wood stayed active in the ice industry until 1883 when he sold the majority in the company to Mr. Gage. In 1889 he severed all ties with Hay-wood, Gage and Company.’0

In 1869 Mr. Hay-wood was elected to the city council as an alderman from the 3rd District, serving for three terms.11 The last two terms he served as Chairman and in November 1871 became Acting Nay-or for a short period of time.12 In the election race for his last term he was elected by the largest vote in the history of the city.13 During his terms on the council Mr. Hay-wood chaired many important committees, including the prestigious Market, and Street and Lanes committees.14 In these positions of influence he was instrumental in effecting the completion of the city Sewage system15 and on many occasions officiated at public functions, including the laying of the cornerstone for the City Market. a project



BIOGRAPHY 3

he had personally- supervised. His service to the community also manifested itself in other ways. As President of the Coast Line Railroad, for example, he officiated at the opening of the Broughton Street line in September 1874,17 and as a representative of Zerubbabel Lodge #15 F. and A.N., of which he was a member for over thirty- years, helped lay the cornerstones for new buildings at Bethesda Boys Home.16 Mr. Hay-wood also served on many company boards, both as a director and an officer (see APPENDIX II). A long time member of St. John’s Episcopal Church, he participated in the parochial functions both as a vestry-man and a warden, and on several occasions represented the church at state meetings

Mr. Hay-wood’s first wife, Mary. died on 24 October, 1852, of consumption.20 On January 16, 1857, his son, Ebenezer, died from injuries received in21 Two years later, his daughter, Margaret, died of a lung hemorrhage at the age of 22 years.22 On August 25, 1859, he married Georgianna Trenholm of Beaufort, s.c.,23 and of this union had six children, five surviving him.24 On November 11, 1878, he legally adopted his granddaughter, Mary Elizabeth Doherty, changing her name to Hay-wood.25 Georgianna died in New York on June 1, 1877,26 and two years later, on June 10, 1879, Mr. Hay-wood married Harriott Guerard of Charleston, s.o.27 There were no children born of this marriage.

In 1872 Mr, Hay-wood personally planned and supervised the construc­tionof the new family residence at 86 NcDonough Street, a home that still stands.28 In addition, he was responsible for the construction of another building located at 217 — 219 Abercorn Street.29 The McDonough Street home remained in the family until it was sold in 1901.30



BIOGRAPHY - 4
Alfred Hay-wood died of paralysis December 8, 1893, a few minutes before midnight. 31 His was a life that had been devoted to his family, his business, and the community. Of him was said, “He was a gentleman of many admirable traits of character and Fopular ins wide circle of acquaintances,”32 and ‘in death, as in life, the merits of Alfred Haywood rest upon a self—reliant, honorable, and unblemished career,”33 Mr. Haywood can certainly be remembered as a distinguished contributor to the history and growth of the city- of Savannah.

SECTION 2

NOTES

1. The Haywood Family Bible, now in the possession of Mrs. Evelyn Nichols of Chapel Hill, N.C., is the only source available for early- genealogical information.


2. Georgia Historical Society, City Tax Digest 184$. Savannah, Section H.

3. Gebrgia Historical Society, City Tax Digest iSkli Savannah, Section H,

and Georgia Historical Society, (microfilm File No. N-5 Savannah Daily

Georgian 1841, Savannah, issue of August 19, 1841, p.3, c. 5.
4. Otto, R.C., Census of Georgia 1850 (Chatham County), published by- B.C.

Otto, 1975, page 46, and Screvon, John, The Savannah Benevolent



Association, Morning News Print, 1896, page 92.
5, Georgia Historical Society, City Tax Digest 1861, Savannah, Section H.
6. Screven, p. 92.
7. Georgia Historical Society, Microfilm File No. N-11 Savannah Morning

Nbws 1866—1870, Savannah, issue of April 5, 1866, p. 2, c. 4, and

creven, p. 92.


8, ibid., issue of I¶ay- 19, 1868, p. 3, c. 1.
9. ibid., issue of November 27, 1867, p. 3, c. 5, and WPA Project No.

3724, Annals of Savannah, 1850—1937. Savannah, 1937. p. 227.


10. Court of Ordinary, Index to Deeds, etc. F-L, Grantor 1785-1910

(and files). Chatham County-, Book 5H, p. 464, and Georgia Historical

Society, City Tax Digest 1889, Savannah. Section H.
11. GHS, Microfilm File No. N-14 issue of October 14, 1869, p. 3,

c. 2, and Georgia Histcrical Society, Microfilm File N—12. Savannah



Morning N6ws, 1871—1876. Savannah, issue of October 13, 1871. p. 3, c. 2,

and Screven, 92.



NOTES 6
12. GHS, Microfilm File No. N—12, issue of November 10, 1871, p. 3, c. 2,

Mr. H.H. Nichols, great grandson of Alfred Haywood, 711 E. 48th St,,

Savannah, has in his possession a cane presented to Alfred Hay-wood by

Mayor Screven, inscribed, John Screven to the Hon. Alfred Hay-wood Acting

May-or of Savannah.”
13. ibid., issue of October 13, 1871, p. 3, c. 2, and Screven, p. 93.
14. Screven, p. 92, and OHS, Microfilm File No. N—li. issue of December

27, 1870, p. 3, c. 2, and OHS, Microfilm File No. N-12 issue of June 3,

1871, p. 3, c. 2.
15. Screven; p. 92.
16. OHS, Microfilm File No. N—il. issue of December 27, 1870, p. 3, c. 2.
17. OHS, Microfilm File No. N—12. issue of September i6, 1874

p. 3, c. 3.


18. Zerubbabel Lodge 4is F. & A.M. Records, Savannah, 1839—1895, and OHS,

Microfilm File No. N—li, issue of April 26, 1870, p. 3, c. 3.
19. Georgia Historical Society, Microfilm File No. M-2 St. John’s

Episcopal Church (Savannah) Records.
20. Bureau of Vital Statistics, Index of Deaths 1803—present (and files),

Chatham County, Section H, 1852,


21. ibid., Section H, 1857
22, ibid., Section H, 1858.
23. Haywood Family Bible.


  1. ibid., and Screven, p. 92.


25. Superior Court, Civil Minutes Dec 1874—Now 1875, Chatham County,

Book 3?, page 569.



NOTES —7
26. Georgia Historical Society, Microfilm File No. N-13, Savannah Horning News, 1877 - June 30, 1883, Savannah, issue of June 2, 187?, p.3, c. 2,
27. Court of Ordinary, Index of Marriages, 1806—1957 (and files), Chatham County, Hook B, page 150.
28, GHS, Microfilm File No. N—i?, issue of February 2, 1872, p. 3, c. 6. The address of the house is now 124 McDonough Street. Mr. William Thompson, of the Historic Savannah Foundation, recalls a conversation with Mrs. Isadore R. Haywood (Alfred Hay-wood’s daughter—in—law) many years ago, during which she told him that the house had been referred to as "Haywood's Folly” because it was one of the first homes in SavAnnah to have indoor plumbing. The building is now listed as EXCEPTIONAL by the Foundation
29, Georgia Historical Society, City Tax Digest 1872, Savannah, Section H. The building is listed as NOTABLE by the Historic Savannah Foundation.
30, Georgia Historical Society, City Tax Digest 1901, Savannah, Section H.
31. BVS, Index of Deaths, Section H, 1893, and Screven, p. 93’ and Haywood Family Bible.
32. Georgia Historical Society, Microfilm File No. N—16, Savannah Morning News, June 1,1893—August 31, 189?, Savannah, issue of December 9 , 1893, p. 3, c. 1.
33. Screven. p. 93.

APPENDIX I



BIBLIOGRAPHY
(Books)
Agnew. J.L. and Lee, F.D. Historical Record of the City of Savannah. Savannah, Morning News Press, 189.

Historic Savannah. Savannah, Historic Savannah Foundation, Inc., 1968.

Screxen, John. The Savannah Benevolent Association. Savannah, Morning News Print, 1896.

Temple, Sarah B.G. The First One Hundred Years, Short History of Cobb County in Georgia. Atlanta, W.W. Brown Publishing Company, 1935.
(Maps)
City of Savannah. Savannah, John N. Cooper and Company, 1656. (Microfilm)
St. John’s Episcopal Church Records. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. M-2
Federal Population Census. Georgia, 1880. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. C—?.
Savannah Daily Georgian. 18’1. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society­File No. N-5
Savannah Morning News. 1850—1863. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No, N—to.
Savannah Morning News, 1866-1870. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N—li.
Savannah Morning News, 1871—1876. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N—12.
Savannah Morning News, 1877—June 30. 1883. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N—13.
Savannah Morning News, July 1. 1883—July 31, 1888. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N—14.
Savannah Morning News, August 1, 1888-May 31. 1893. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N-15.
Savannah Morning News, June 1, 1893—August 31, 1897. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society File No. N-16


APFENDIX I -9
(Miscellaneous Reference Documents)

Annals of Savannah, 1850—193?. Savannah, WPA Project No. 3724, 1937.
City Directories. Savannah, various publishers, 1867—1905.
City Tax Digests. Savannah, 1841—1901.
General Index to Keepers’ Record Books 1852—1938, Laurel Grove Cemetery. Savannah, WPA Project No. 465—34—3—148, 1939.
Gene’ral Index to Savannah, Georgia, Newspapers. Savannah, publisher and date of publication not indicated. 1841—1545.
Index of Births 1883—present (and files). Chatham County, Bureau of Vital Statistics.
Civil Minutes, Superior Court, Chatham County. Book No, 32. Dec 1874—1675. Chatham County-, Superior Court.
Index of Deaths 1803—present (and files). Chatham County, bureau of Vital Statistics.
Index to Deeds. etc. F—L. Grantor 1785—1910 (and files). Chatham County, Court of Ordinary.
Index to Estates A-i, 1742—1955 (and files). Chatham County-, Court of Ordinary.
Haywood Family Bible. Evelyn Nichols, Chapel Hill, S.C.
Index of Marriages 1806-1957 (and files). Chathan County, Court of Ordinary.
Otto, Rhea Cumming. Census of Georgia 1850 (Chatham County). Savannah, R.C. Otto Publisher, 1975.
Ward Directory, Drown Ward. Savannah, Georgia Historical Society-, 1975.
Zerubbabel Lodge #15 F. and A.M. Records. Savannah, 1839—1895.

APPENDIX II



ASSOCIATIONS, BOARD POSITIONS

CiViC ACTIVITIES CLUBS ORGANIZATIONS AND oOClc,Tiw

During his long business and civic career Alfred Haywood belonged to, and participated in many- civic clubs and organizations, and served on many company boards, both as an officer and a director. Although the list is lengthy. it is not necessarily complete. Except where noted, the information on dates and positions was taken from Annals of Savannah 1850—1937. Savannah, With Project No. 3724, 1937.

AGRICULTURE AND MECHANICAL ASSOC. OF GEORGIA

Board of Directors 1875 — 1879

Vice—President 1880
CITIZEN’S AUIUAL LOAN ASSOC.

Board of Directors 1874 — 1876


FOREST CITY I4UTUAL LOAN ASSOC.

President 1869 — 1876


SAVANNAH MUTUAL LOAN ASSOC.

Board of Directors 1866

Treasurer i868
SOUTHERN MUTUAL LOAN ASSOC.

Board of Directors 1879


WORKING MANS RELIEF ASSOC.

Board of Directors 1869 — 1871


ARXWRISHT COTTON MANUFACTURING CO.

Board of Directors 1873 — 1879


SAVANNAH SAVINGS AND LOAN Cu.

Board of Directors 1883


ATLANTIC AND GULP RAILROAD

Board of Directors 1873 — 1877


COAST LINE RAILROAD

President 1874 — 1882


LOUISE KING ORGANIZAT ON (ANIMAL CRUELTY)

Committeeman 1880


SOCIETY FOR PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO CHILDREN

President 1879



APPENDIX II — 11.

GEORGIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY

Member 1873 — 1893

Notation found inside family photograph album belonging to H. H. Nichols, great grandson of Alfred Haywood


ST. GEORGE SOCIETY

Treasurer 1868 — 1871

Vice—President 1872 — 1873

President 1874 — 1876


SAVANNAI-I BENEVOLENT ASSOC..

Member 1873 — 1893

Screven John. The Savannah Benevolent Association. Savannah, Norning News Print, 1896.
ZERUBBABEL LODGE # 15 F. & A.M. (MASONS)

Initiate 1858

Past Ilaster 1861 1862

Treasurer 1863 — 1876

Life Member 1876

Zerubbabel Lodge #15 F. & A.M. Records. Savannah, 1839-1895 )
GEORGIA MASONIC RELIEF ASSOC.

Treasurer 1865


FAIR GROUND ASSOC.

Board of Directors 1876


CITY GOVERNMENT

Alderman 3rd District 1869 — 1870

Alderman 3rd District, Chairman 1871

Acting Mayor 1871 — 1872

Committees: Building, Market, Rules, Streets & Lanes
CIVIC DUTIES

Jury- 1865, 1876

Grand Jury 1859, i866. 186?, 1868, 1875(Foreman)


APPENDIX III
PROPERTY HOLDINGS (PARTIAL LISTING)
This is only a partial listing of property owned by Alfred Haywood The general information provided was primarily extracted from City Tax Digests Savannah, 1841—1901. Any exceptions are noted. Extensive information on his complete holdings, including his business holdings, is available in the Index to Deeds, etc. F-L, Grantor 1785—1910 (and files). Chatham County, Court of Ordinary.
DECKER WARD, Carpenter Tything

Lot #6, east (Bryan & Barnard Streets, N.E. corner lot)

Purchased 1848

Sold 1875


MONTEREY WARD

Lot #30 (Gordon & Dray-ton Streets, 2nd lot West of Dray-ton)

Purchased 1852

Sold 1863


DAVIS WARD (originally known as Garden Lots)

Lot #7


Purchased 1857

Sold 1865


REYNOLDS WARD, 3rd Tything

Lot #7 (Abercorn & Broughton, N.14. corner, 2nd lot West)

Purchased 1857

Sold east 1872

Sold west k 1875
BROWN WARD

Lot #70 (Abercorn & lAcDonough Streets, N.W. corner)

Purchased 1861

Improved 1872 — building still standing at 124 NcDonough Street —listed as EXCEPTIONAL by the Historic Savannah Foundation

Sold 1901
Lot #21 (Abercorn & Hull Streets, N.W. corner)

Purchased 1858

Improved 1672 — building still standing at 217—219 Abercorn Street (including Lot $72) — listed as NOTABIL by the Historic

Savannah Foundation


Sold 1880


APPENDIX III 13

BROWN WARD (Continued)

Lot #72 (north of Lot #71)

Purchased 1868

Improved 1872 (see Lot #71)

Sold 1880


LIBERTY WARD

Lot #23 (York & Montgomery Streets, S.E. corner)

Purchased 1874

Sold 1874


STEPHENS WARD

Lot ti3


Purchased 1375

Sold 1382


MARIETTA. GEORGIA

Lot and home on Atlanta Street

Purchased 1572

Sold 1879

(Temple, Sarah. The First One Hundred Years, Short History of Cobb County in Georgia Atlanta, W.W. Drown Publishing Co., 1935)
DOCLY COUNTY GEORGIA

204 acres in 13th District



(Index to Estates A—Z, 1742—1955, and files. Chatharn County, Court of

Ordinary. File #600)


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