Alexander hamilton manuscripts



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  • States that he has included details of particular cases, as well as the sources of his information, but has not collected formal evidence, as that would have meant a delay in his response. Says that the formal evidence is as accessible to the Governor as to himself. States that he will supply the aid of “this Department in bringing forward testimony in any cases in which the Governor may specifically desire it.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [location unknown] [June (illegible), 1795]

To Jonathon Burrall, Esq. 1 page, back and front.

Microfilm Reel 21: 707-708.



  • A check made out to Jonathon Burrall, Esquire, Cashier of the Office of Discount of Deposit of Bank of The [illegible] New York for $1880.25. At the upper left, “Cashier of the Bank of The United States”.

  • The back of the check is inscribed “Pay Geo. Simpson [somewhat illegible] Cashier, per order. Jon: Burrall Cashier”




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [location unknown] [November 13, 1795] [Recipient unknown] 2 pp. and a coversheet.

Microfilm 21: 709-711.

  • The heading of the piece is inscribed “Case”. Concerns a sum of stock on the books of the Commissioner of Loans for the State of New York to the credit of [name blanked out], who died intestate. Says that certain heirs or representatives were n [blanked out] and mentioned their attorney [name blanked out]. Their attorney invested LeRoy and Bayard with power to obtain transfer of the stock into the names of the heirs. After transfer of the stock and issuance of new certificates, the Treasury Department deemed the transfer irregular and invalid, and the Commissioner of Loans demands return of the erroneously issued stock certificates.



  • (No. 275 continued)

  • Says the opinion of Counsel was desired as to what course to pursue for the benefit of all concerned. States that his answer is that all parties should surrender the certificates to the Commissioner of Loans, and that LeRoy and Bayard should take out letters of administration to the deceased, and to obtain a transfer into their own names as administrators. Says that the letters of administration should be obtained before surrender of the certificates to the Commissioner.

  • States that the fund must remain with LeRoy and Bayard for a year, liable to whatever debts of the intestate that may arise. After that time, LeRoy and Bayard may distribute whatever is left to the legal representatives of the deceased, governed by the laws of this country.

  • The coversheet is inscribed “Opinion of Alex. Hamilton on stock to credit of [illegible] d’Espagnae, 73.787.35 [illegible]. Entrd in Transfer Book [illegible] 16, 1795.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [location unknown] [July 18, 1797]

To James Monroe, Esq.

1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 712-713.


  • Says that Monroe’s letter of the day before in answer to Hamilton’s letter of the same date was received, and that Hamilton found it unsatisfactory. Says that “the information of Clingman had revived the suspicions which my explanation had removed. This would include the very derogatory suspicions that I had concerted with Reynolds not only the fabrication of all the letters and documents under his hand, but also the forgery of the letters produced as those of Mr. Reynolds – since these last unequivocally contradict the pretence communicated by Clingman. I therefore request you to say whether this inference be intended.” [This letter refers to the Maria Reynolds affair, and the supposed blackmail of Hamilton by Maria Reynolds’ husband.]

  • The envelope is addressed to James Monroe, Esq. at Mr. [illegible] Lawsons, Tenth Street.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [August 9, 1797]

To James Monroe, Esq.

1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 714-715


  • (No. 29 continued)

  • Refers to a letter Hamilton wrote to Monroe on August 4. Says that the intention of that letter was to meet and make “an advance towards a personal interview which it appeared to me had been made by you”. Hamilton says that from the reply he received from Monroe, it was clear to him that Monroe “disfavors the inference”. Says he will take no further steps on his part, as it “would be improper”.

  • The envelope is addressed to James Monroe, Esq., Philadelphia.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [January 25, 1799]

To Theodore Sedgwick, Esq.

Microfilm 21: 716-717



  • Says that he had a cold when the recipient visited him, and that the cold “increased after you left me” and kept him confined to bed. Says that is why he has not replied to the recipient’s letter. States that he has looked at the answer in Chancery, and is of the opinion that “we can at the ensuing term obtain a dissolution of the injunction”. Says that if he changes his mind, he will let the recipient know, but that if he does not, he will make application for the dissolution.

  • There is a note on the side, after the signature of the letter, that says “Circumstances intervened which made me [illegible] of [effecting? Part of word is torn off] what I intimated”.

  • The return address on the envelope is: Gen’l. Hamilton, N.Y. 25 Jan. 1799, Theodore Sedgwick, Esq. The note on the envelope says that the letter was sent to [illegible, a third party] by Theodore Sedgwick, Jr., the grandson of the gentleman to whom it is addressed in [illegible year].




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [March 12, 1799]

To Col. Aaron Ogden, Esq.

1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 718-719


  • States that he is enclosing an order of the day, “constituting a general Court Martial”. Says that he wants as many officers as can be had from Col. Ogden’s regiment to form the Court. Says that there will be trials “of some delicacy”, and that he would like to have Major Shute as a member of the Court, “but in this case there must be no question of rank between him and the President”.

  • The envelope has a return address of “Maj. Genl. Al. Hamilton, March 12, 1799”, and an address of “Aaron Ogden, Esq., Lieut. Col. Commandant, Elizabeth Town, [illegible] Major Shute”.



  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [March 2(?), 1799]

To Aaron Ogden, Esq. 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 720-721



  • Says he is sending 13 sets of rules and regulations for the recruiting service, one for each field officer, and one for each captain of a company. Asks the recipient to fill in the blanks. Asks Ogden to distribute them as quickly as possible so that the officers can study them in order to be prepared to recruit as soon as the order is given to proceed. Says that he feels the order “will not long be delayed”.

  • The envelope is addressed to “Aaron Ogden, Esq., Lieut. Col. Commandant”. The return address is “Genl. Hamilton, March 2[?], 1799”.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] March 23, 1799]

To Aaron Ogden, Esq.

2 pp. and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 722-724


  • On the top of the first page, the word “Circular” is written. Says that since the recruiting service will be beginning shortly, that the regimental staff should be ready to “enter upon their functions”. Says that it is not yet clear how these officers are to be appointed under the new system, and that “it is a question whether the direct sanction of the President be not necessary”. Says it has also thought that those officers should be selected in the “modes heretofore practiced”. Hamilton says that he requests that Col. Ogden “nominate fit characters among the Lieutenants for Quartermaster [illegible] Adjutant”. He further asks that Col. Ogden assemble his officers and “that these by plurality of voices nominate from among the Lieutenants a fit character for Pay Master”. States that the candidate, when confirmed, must give a bond for $5,000.00, with one or more sufficient sureties. Says that the nominations are to be considered only recommendations.

  • States that he is enclosing a list of officers who are to compose the regiments, distributed into companies. Says “they will [rank?] for the present as they are numbered”. Says that Col. Ogden and his Majors may suggest alterations to this plan, accompanied by the reasons for the suggested alterations. Suggests that “to prevent future discontent, it may be best that silence should be observed respecting the alterations which shall be proposed”.




  • (No. 33 continued)

  • The envelope is addressed to “Aaron Ogden, Esq., Lt. Col. Commandant, Elizabeth Town, New Jersey”. The return address is “Genl. Hamilton, March 23, 1799”.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [March 31, 1799]

To Lieut. Col. Commandant Ogden. 2 pp. and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 725-727



  • Says that the state of New Jersey is to “form a circle and to be divided into two Districts and six Subdistricts, according to the plan enclosed”. The state of Delaware is to be added to that, and will itself form a district. Says that the recruiting for this circle is to be for Col. Ogden’s regiment, under Col. Ogden’s “superintendance”. Says it will also include three subdistricts of Pennsylvania, which would be indicated by Colonel Moore, and that the captains are to recruit within those areas. Those 3 subdistricts would be under the supervision of the Major assigned to the western district of New Jersey. Each Major would be assigned to a district, and each Captain to a subdistrict. A specified town within each subdistrict would be the gathering point for the new recruits. The regimental rendezvous would be Brunswick, which would be Col. Ogden’s station, and that of his regimental staff.

  • States that the paymaster would provide clothes and distribute bounty money to the Captain and other officers, for distribution to the soldiers.

  • Notes that Col. Ogden’s regiment would be known as No. 11, which is also the number of the circle under his direction.

  • Asks that Col. Ogden nominate a paymaster, and that the paymaster “give a bond with two sureties”, and that they would be submitted to the Secretary of War. Says that once the nomination is made, and clothing and money are furnished, that recruiting may begin.

  • Adds a postscript, telling Col. Ogden to have the paymaster proceed to Philadelphia to collect the money and clothing for the regiment.

  • The envelope is addressed to: Lieut. Col. Commandant Ogden, Elizabeth Town, New Jersey. On the other side: Genl. Hamilton, March 31, 1799.



  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [April 15, 1799]

To Aaron Ogden, Esq. 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 728-729.



  • Poses the question whether the clothing for the recruits should be distributed among the subdistricts, and then given to the new recruits, or whether all of the clothing should be taken to the regimental rendezvous, or to the rendezvous for each district, and then distributed from there. Says he will leave the decision to Col. Ogden, but that the latter course would be less expensive, as it would avoid the cost of transportation. Says that if the latter course is followed, Col. Ogden could proceed with recruiting as soon as he gets the money, without waiting for the clothing.

  • On the envelope is inscribed: Genl. Hamilton, April 15, 1799.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [April 15, 1799]

To Lt. Col. Commandant Aaron Ogden. 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 730-731.



  • This is a duplicate of the preceding letter [Microfilm 21: 728-729]. One of the letters may have been a draft copy, or perhaps Hamilton was writing a second copy for his records.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [April 17, 1799]

[Recipient unknown, but is probably Col. Aaron Ogden, and related to the preceding letter] 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 732-733.



  • Says that there are no military reasons why Elizabeth Town could not be substituted for New Brunswick. Acknowledges that the recipient has made personal sacrifices to take on the command of a regiment, and sees no reason why he cannot be accommodated while he puts his private affairs in order.

  • Agrees with alterations suggested by recipient as to the districts. New Jersey will form one district, supervised by a Major. Delaware, and the three subdistricts of Pennsylvania will form another district, supervised by another Major.

  • Notes that contracts have been formed for the supply of provisions at the rendezvous of Hackensack by John Campbell, at Elizabethtown by John King, at New Brunswick by John Bray, at Trenton by Thomas Atkinson, at Burlington by Thomas [illegible, possibly Hiales]. Says that the contract for one district has not been forwarded, and that recipient is to contact Colonel Rhea.

  • The envelope is inscribed: Genl. Hamilton, April 16, 1799. [Although the letter itself was dated April 17, 1799]


  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [Philadelphia] [April 24, 1799]

To Aaron Ogden, Esq.

1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 734-735


  • Says that the Secretary of War is sending “a competent number of drums and fifes” along with the clothing for Col. Ogden’s regiment. Instructs Col. Ogden to hire temporary drummers and fifers to “be employed in the recruiting service till others can be enlisted”. He is not to give them more than $8.00 per month, and one ration per day, and they are to receive no clothing.

  • Feels that the new recruits should not remain long at their company rendezvous, but should move on quickly to their district or regimental rendezvous.

  • The envelope is inscribed: [illegible] James McHenry, Aaron Ogden, Esq., Lieut. Col. Commandant, Elizabeth Town, New Jersey. On the other side is inscribed: Genl. Hamilton, April 24, 1799.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [May 1, 1799]

To Aaron Ogden, Esq. 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 736-737.



  • Says he received Ogden’s letter of the day before, and has no objection to him appointing Wilmington as the rendezvous for Captain White’s company. Says that the Secretary of War will be requested to instruct the Agent for the War Department to make the contract there.

  • The envelope is inscribed: Aaron Ogden Esquire, Lieut. Col. Commandant, Elizabeth Town, New Jersey. The other side is inscribed: Genl. Hamilton, May 1, 1799. There is a partial circular stamp of May 2 on the envelope.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [May 4, 1799]

To Aaron Ogden, Esq. 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 738-739



  • Says he has no objection to changing the rendezvous, as mentioned by Major Shute. Says that if Ogden decides to do it, he should apply to Colonel Rhea to make a contract for Bridgetown.

  • The envelope is inscribed: Eliz. Town [illegible], Aaron Ogden Esquire, Lieut. Col. Commandant, now at Philada. [Elizabeth Town, New Jersey is crossed out]. On the other side is inscribed: Genl. Hamilton as to changing rendezvous to Bridgetown, May 4, 1799.



  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [May 22, 1799]

To Lt. Col. Aaron Ogden, marked “Circular” at the top. 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 740-741.



  • Notes that in one instance, “the hats sent on for the recruits have been destitute of cockades and loops”. Directs Col. Ogden to “procure the deficiencies”, and says that the cost will be defrayed. He should apply to an agent of the War Department, but should “at all events have it done”. Says he refers only to hats.

  • The envelope is inscribed: Genl. Hamilton, May 22, 1799.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [May 23, 1799]

[Recipient unknown – addressed as “Circular”] 2 pp.

Microfilm 21:742-743.



  • Says that it is important that any vacancies in the regiments be filled as quickly as possible, and that the commandants of the regiments should suggest names of possible replacements to the general under whose command they serve, and that those names should then be considered by the executive. Further states that the executive should “be perfectly free from extrinsic influence of every kind” in the selection of his officers. States that no encouragement should be offered to those recommended, and no pressure should be brought to bear on those to whom they were recommended. No conclusions should be drawn about the person whose case was turned down. Says that other candidates of equal or better qualifications might be presented through other channels.

  • Notes that alterations in subdistricts and their rendezvous points might occur as a result of experience. When that happens, the commandant of the circle will notify the contractor of his circle so that provisions can be made for the supply.

  • States that some misapprehension has existed among the recruiting officers about the articles that the contractors and their agents are to supply, and that “it will be proper to signify to them that these are only to embrace provisions, quarters, full, straw, stationery and, where there is no surgeon, medical aid and supply”.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [June 6, 1799]

To Col. Aaron Ogden

1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 744-745


  • Notes that he received the recipient’s letter of the 4th, recommending Mr. Anderson to fill the vacancy in Col. Ogden’s regiment. States that he has supported the recommendation.

  • The envelope is addressed to: Aaron Ogden, Lt. Col. Commandant, Elizabeth Town, N. Jersey, Genl. Hamilton, June 6, 1799.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [June 7, 1799]

To Col. Aaron Ogden, Elizabeth Town, N. Jersey, 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 746-747.



  • Says that he does not know where Col. Ogden’s Majors will take their stations. States that a detachment of troops might be ordered to Easton because of the “insurgent spirit in that quarter”. Hamilton would like to give the command of that detachment to Major [Adlum?], if it would not interfere with his recruiting duties.

  • The envelope is addressed to: Col. Aaron Ogden, Elizabeth Town, New Jersey, Genl. Hamilton, June 7, 1799.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [June 8, 1799]

To Col. Aaron Ogden, 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 748-749.



  • Asks Col. Ogden to read this letter and pass it on to Major Adlum, and to share his own observations with the major in relation to the recruiting service. Says that the present destination of the major is “entirely compatible with that object”.

  • The envelope is inscribed: Genl. Hamilton, June 8, 1799.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [June 11, 1799]

To Col. Aaron Ogden, 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21:750-751.



  • Says that he has been told by George West Jr. that an apprentice boy of his, one Matthew Smith, has been enlisted in Captain Charles Morrell’s company, and that he is at Elizabeth Town. Asks Col. Ogden to look into the matter, and if true, to be sure that the boy is discharged.

  • The envelope is inscribed: Aaron Ogden, Esq., Lieut. Col. Commnd. Elizabeth Town, N. Jersey, Genl. Hamilton, June 11, 1799. In the corner is a little note that the letter refers to the discharge of George Smith, an apprentice. [The letter is actually about George West, and his apprentice, Matthew Smith]



  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [June 18, 1799]

To Col. Aaron Ogden, and marked as “Circular”. 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21:752-753.



  • Says that he has heard that more bounty money will be wanted, and that the Secretary of War would want an application for more bounty money accompanied by a report on the progress of the recruiting effort. Says that he knows it will require some effort to get the correct figures, but that he must transmit them. Says that the form of a monthly return will soon be transmitted, and that he expects that it will be regularly made.

  • The envelope is addressed to: Aaron Ogden, Lt. Col. Commandant, Elizabeth Town, N. Jersey. The envelope is marked “On public service, Hamilton”. On the other side is: Genl Hamilton, June 18, 1799.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [June 22, 1799]

To Col. Aaron Ogden, 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 754-755.



  • Says he received a letter from Revill [?] Elton, stating that his apprentice, Charles Bunn has enlisted in Captain Marler’s [somewhat illegible] company at Burlington. Asks Col. Ogden to look into the matter, and if true, to restore the apprentice.

  • The envelope is inscribed: Genl. Hamilton, apprentice Charles Bunn, a soldier, June 22, 1799.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [June 26, 1799]

To Col. Aaron Ogden, 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 756-757.



  • States that it is not within his competency to accept resignations, and that the letter from Col. Ogden relative to the resignation of Lt. Reading has been sent to the Secretary of War, and its acceptance was recommended. He presumes that it will take place.

  • The envelope is inscribed: Aaron Ogden, Lt. Col. Commandant, Elizabeth Town, N. Jersey. A further inscription reads: “On public service, A. Hamilton”, and “Genl. Hamilton, June 26, 1799.




  1. HAMILTON, Alexander [New York] [July 2, 1799]

To Col. Aaron Ogden, 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 21: 758-759.



  • Says he just received a letter from the Secretary of War, notifying him that the resignation of Lt. Reading has been accepted. The vacancy is to be filled by Col. Ogden’s senior second lieutenant.


  • (No. 50 continued)

  • The envelope is inscribed: Aaron Ogden, Lt. Col. Commd., Elizabeth Town, N. Jersey. A further inscription is: “On public service, A. Hamilton”, and in a corner: “Genl. Hamilton, July 2, 1799, informing of the acceptance of Lt. Reading’s resignation”.




  1. Extract of a letter from the Secretary of War, [July 10, 1799]. 1 page.

Microfilm 21: 760.

The letter makes the following points:



  • The contract for supplying clothing for the last year failed because there was not enough white Kersey for vests and overalls.
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