Identify ways to take personal action to protect the environment.
Examples: cleaning up litter, recycling, participating in Earth Day and Arbor Day activities
Discuss civic responsibilities of participating members of a community and state.
Examples: paying taxes, voting
Discussing the meaning of patriotism
Identify roles and responsibilities of leaders within the community and state.
Examples: recognizing the mayor as city leader, recognizing the governor as state government leader
• Recognizing how laws protect rights and property
• Identifying reasons for having rules at home and at school
Identify past and present contributions of a variety of individuals who have overcome difficulties or obstacles to achieve goals.
Examples: Abraham Lincoln rising from poverty and achieving position of President of the United States, Heather Whitestone coping with hearing loss and achieving title of Miss America, Nat "King" Cole struggling with segregation and becoming a world-renowned singer, Arthur George (A. G.) Gaston overcoming lack of completion of high school education and becoming exceptional businessman and developer and owner of one of the largest African-American businesses in the United States, Nelson Mandela confronting apartheid and receiving the Nobel Peace Prize
Discuss historical and current events within the state and the nation that are recorded in a variety of resources.
Examples: interviews with grandparents, Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech, video of Neil Armstrong's walk on the moon, newspaper reports of current elections, video about Sheyann Webb and her involvement in Selma's voting rights
Describe rights and responsibilities of citizens of the United States.
- rights-voting, freedom of speech;
- responsibilities-paying taxes
• Explaining the voting process and the use of results
Example: telling how some national and world issues are settled by voting
• Identifying acts of patriotism and symbols of the United States
- acts-reciting the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag, standing during the national anthem;
- symbols-Statue of Liberty, Liberty Bell
• Describing responsibilities of state, national, and world leaders
Identify significant historical sites in Alabama, including locations of civil rights activities.
- Montgomery-birthplace of the Confederacy, birthplace of the modern Civil Rights Movement;
Describe the role of major civil rights leaders and significant events occurring during the modern Civil Rights Movement.
- civil rights leaders-Rosa Parks; Martin Luther King, Jr.;
- events-Brown versus Board of Education; Montgomery bus boycott; student sit-ins; march on Washington, D.C.; Freedom Rides; Civil Rights Act of 1964; Malcolm X; voter registration efforts; Selma-to-Montgomery march
Identify individual and civic responsibilities of citizens of the United States.
- individual-respect for rights of others, self-discipline, negotiation, compromise;
- civic-respect for the law, patriotism, participation in the political process
• Describing differences in rights, privileges, duties, and responsibilities between citizens and noncitizens
• Explaining how United States citizenship is acquired
• Interpreting an immigration map
• Identifying character traits that are beneficial to individuals and to the republic of the United States
Examples: honesty, courage, compassion, civility
Describe examples of conflict, cooperation, and interdependence of groups, societies, and nations, using past and current events.
• Tracing the political and social impact of the modern Civil Rights Movement from 1954 to the present, including Alabama's role
Describe emerging democracies from the late twentieth century to the present.
• Discussing problems and opportunities involving science, technology, and the environment in the late twentieth century
• Relating economic changes to social changes in countries adopting democratic forms of government
Trace events of the modern Civil Rights Movement from post-World War II to 1970 that resulted in social and economic changes, including the Montgomery bus boycott, the desegregation of Little Rock Central High School, the march on Washington, and the Freedom Rides.
• Tracing the federal government's involvement in the modern Civil Rights Movement, including the abolition of the poll tax, the desegregation of the armed forces, the nationalization of state militias, Brown versus Board of Education, the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965
• Explaining contributions of individuals and groups to the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Martin Luther King, Jr., James Meredith, Medgar Evers, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
• Identifying people and events in Alabama that influenced the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Rosa Parks, Autherine Lucy, John Patterson, George C. Wallace, Vivian Malone, Fred Shuttlesworth, the Children's March, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing, and the Selma-to-Montgomery march
• Describing the development of a Black Power movement, including the change in focus of the SNCC, the rise of Malcolm X, and Stokely Carmichael and the Black Panther Movement
• Describing the impact of African-American entrepreneurs on the modern Civil Rights Movement
Examples: S. B. Fuller, A. G. Gaston
Trace the expansion of suffrage and its effect on the political system of the United States.
Example: suffrage for nonproperty owners, women, African Americans, and persons 18 years of age
• Describing implications of participation of large numbers of minorities and women in parties and campaigns
• Describing the impact of the Selma-to-Montgomery march on the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965