Alabama Standards of Learning National Park Service Lowndes County Interpretive Center



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Alabama Standards of Learning

National Park Service

Lowndes County Interpretive Center


Grade

Subject Area

Standard

K

Social Studies

Identify historically significant events as they relate to self and family.

Examples: Veterans Day, Independence Day

• Identifying famous individuals associated with holidays and celebrations

Examples:

- Presidents' Day-George Washington, Abraham Lincoln;

- Thanksgiving-Squanto, Pilgrims;

- Black History Month-Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., Booker T. Washington

• Describing personal and family experiences related to holidays and celebrations



1

Social Studies

Describe how primary sources serve as historical records of families and communities.

Examples: oral histories, vacation pictures in scrapbooks, videos, timelines



1

Social Studies

Identify historical events and celebrations in communities and cities throughout Alabama.

Examples: Mardi Gras, Helen Keller Day, National Shrimp Festival, Boll Weevil Festival



1

Social Studies

Identify ways to take personal action to protect the environment.

Examples: cleaning up litter, recycling, participating in Earth Day and Arbor Day activities



1

Social Studies

Discuss civic responsibilities of participating members of a community and state.

Examples: paying taxes, voting

Discussing the meaning of patriotism


1

Social Studies

Identify roles and responsibilities of leaders within the community and state.

Examples: recognizing the mayor as city leader, recognizing the governor as state government leader

• Recognizing how laws protect rights and property

• Identifying reasons for having rules at home and at school



2

Social Studies

Identify past and present contributions of a variety of individuals who have overcome difficulties or obstacles to achieve goals.

Examples: Abraham Lincoln rising from poverty and achieving position of President of the United States, Heather Whitestone coping with hearing loss and achieving title of Miss America, Nat "King" Cole struggling with segregation and becoming a world-renowned singer, Arthur George (A. G.) Gaston overcoming lack of completion of high school education and becoming exceptional businessman and developer and owner of one of the largest African-American businesses in the United States, Nelson Mandela confronting apartheid and receiving the Nobel Peace Prize



2

Social Studies

Discuss historical and current events within the state and the nation that are recorded in a variety of resources.

Examples: interviews with grandparents, Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech, video of Neil Armstrong's walk on the moon, newspaper reports of current elections, video about Sheyann Webb and her involvement in Selma's voting rights



2

Social Studies

Describe rights and responsibilities of citizens of the United States.

Examples:

- rights-voting, freedom of speech;

- responsibilities-paying taxes

• Explaining the voting process and the use of results

Example: telling how some national and world issues are settled by voting

• Identifying acts of patriotism and symbols of the United States

Examples:

- acts-reciting the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag, standing during the national anthem;

- symbols-Statue of Liberty, Liberty Bell

• Describing responsibilities of state, national, and world leaders


3

Social Studies

Identify significant historical sites in Alabama, including locations of civil rights activities.

Examples:

- Montgomery-birthplace of the Confederacy, birthplace of the modern Civil Rights Movement;

- Tuskegee-home of Tuskegee Institute;

- Mobile-site of Fort Morgan and the Battle of Mobile Bay;

- Huntsville-home of the United States Space and Rocket Center;

- Tuscumbia-location of Ivy Green (birthplace of Helen Keller);

- Moundville-location of Moundville Archaeological Park;

- Birmingham-home of Vulcan and Vulcan Park, Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, and Sloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark;

- Selma-site of voting rights activities



4

Social Studies

Describe the social, political, and economic impact of the modern Civil Rights Movement on Alabama.

• Identifying important people and events of the modern Civil Rights Movement

Examples:

- people-Martin Luther King, Jr., George C. Wallace, Rosa Parks;

- events-Montgomery bus boycott, Birmingham church bombing, Selma-to-Montgomery march

• Identifying benefits of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act



4

Social Studies

Describe significant social and educational changes in Alabama during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Examples:

- social-implementation of "separate but equal" court decision (Plessy versus Ferguson), birth of National Association for Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) through Niagara Movement;

- educational-establishment of normal schools and land-grant colleges such as Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical (A & M) University, Auburn University, and Tuskegee University.

• Explaining the development and changing role of industry, trade, and agriculture in Alabama during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, including the rise of populism

• Explaining the impact of the voting rights revision in the Alabama Constitution of 1901, including Jim Crow Laws

Example: restriction of eligible voters

• Identifying Alabamians who made contributions in the fields of science, education, the arts, the military, politics, and business during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries

Examples:

- science-George Washington Carver, William Gorgas, Robert Van de Graff;

- education-Booker T. Washington, Julia Tutwiler, Helen Keller, Maria Fearing;

- arts-William Christopher (W. C.) Handy;

- military-Joe Wheeler, Richmond Pearson Hobson;

- politics-John Tyler Morgan, Patti Ruffner Jacobs, Thomas E. Kilby;

- business-William Pettiford

• Discussing cultural contributions from various regions of Alabama that contributed to the formation of a state heritage

Examples: folklore, folk art, vernacular architecture


5

Social Studies

Identify social, political, and economic changes that occurred during Reconstruction.

• Describing the effects of Reconstruction on women and African Americans

Examples: voting rights for African-American males, women as heads of households, stabilization of the African-American family, role of self-help and mutual aid

• Identifying the impact of Reconstruction on education in the United States

Example: education of African-American children


6

Social Studies

Identify changes in the American home front during World War II.

Examples: rationing, retooling of factories to change from production of consumer items to production of military equipment

• Describing the changing role of women in the society of the United States during World War II

Example: members of workforce, Women's Army Corps (WAC), Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES), and United Service Organization (USO)

• Describing the changing role of African Americans and Japanese Americans in the society of the United States during World War II

Examples: Tuskegee Airmen as a segregated military unit, separation of Japanese Americans into internment camps



6

Social Studies

Describe the role of major civil rights leaders and significant events occurring during the modern Civil Rights Movement.

Examples:

- civil rights leaders-Rosa Parks; Martin Luther King, Jr.;

- events-Brown versus Board of Education; Montgomery bus boycott; student sit-ins; march on Washington, D.C.; Freedom Rides; Civil Rights Act of 1964; Malcolm X; voter registration efforts; Selma-to-Montgomery march



7

Social Studies

Identify individual and civic responsibilities of citizens of the United States.

Examples:

- individual-respect for rights of others, self-discipline, negotiation, compromise;

- civic-respect for the law, patriotism, participation in the political process

• Describing differences in rights, privileges, duties, and responsibilities between citizens and noncitizens

• Explaining how United States citizenship is acquired

• Interpreting an immigration map

• Identifying character traits that are beneficial to individuals and to the republic of the United States

Examples: honesty, courage, compassion, civility


7

Social Studies

Describe examples of conflict, cooperation, and interdependence of groups, societies, and nations, using past and current events.

• Tracing the political and social impact of the modern Civil Rights Movement from 1954 to the present, including Alabama's role



9

Social Studies

Describe emerging democracies from the late twentieth century to the present.

• Discussing problems and opportunities involving science, technology, and the environment in the late twentieth century

Examples: genetic engineering, space exploration

• Identifying problems involving civil liberties and human rights from 1945 to the present and ways they have been addressed

• Relating economic changes to social changes in countries adopting democratic forms of government


11

Social Studies

Trace events of the modern Civil Rights Movement from post-World War II to 1970 that resulted in social and economic changes, including the Montgomery bus boycott, the desegregation of Little Rock Central High School, the march on Washington, and the Freedom Rides.

• Tracing the federal government's involvement in the modern Civil Rights Movement, including the abolition of the poll tax, the desegregation of the armed forces, the nationalization of state militias, Brown versus Board of Education, the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965

• Explaining contributions of individuals and groups to the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Martin Luther King, Jr., James Meredith, Medgar Evers, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)

• Identifying people and events in Alabama that influenced the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Rosa Parks, Autherine Lucy, John Patterson, George C. Wallace, Vivian Malone, Fred Shuttlesworth, the Children's March, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing, and the Selma-to-Montgomery march

• Describing the development of a Black Power movement, including the change in focus of the SNCC, the rise of Malcolm X, and Stokely Carmichael and the Black Panther Movement

• Describing the impact of African-American entrepreneurs on the modern Civil Rights Movement

Examples: S. B. Fuller, A. G. Gaston


12

Social Studies

Trace the expansion of suffrage and its effect on the political system of the United States.

Example: suffrage for nonproperty owners, women, African Americans, and persons 18 years of age

• Describing implications of participation of large numbers of minorities and women in parties and campaigns

• Describing the impact of the Selma-to-Montgomery march on the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965



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