Age of Enlightenment Study Guide



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Age of Enlightenment Study Guide


  1. By what other name was the Age of Enlightenment known as?




  1. On what continent did the Age of Enlightenment take place?




  1. During this time, what were thinkers called?




  1. What did these thinkers begin to use to try and better understand how the world worked?




  1. What ideas originated during the Enlightenment? (Name at least 5, there are 9 that we talked about)




  1. What events were catalysts for the Enlightenment?




  1. Who is the father of rationalism? He is famous for the quote, “I think, therefore I am”




  1. What is the Scientific Method?




  1. What scientist developed the Scientific Method?




  1. What scientist was the first to realize that natural laws can be discovered?




  1. What was the Scientific Revolution?




  1. What did scientists in the Scientific Revolution begin to question for the first time?




  1. Who was Nicholas Copernicus?




  1. What is the Heliocentric model?




  1. What are the three Laws of Motion? Who developed them?




  1. How did the Scientific Revolution lead to the Age of Enlightenment?




  1. What two entities were emphasized during the Age of Enlightenment?




  1. What location was the hotbed of Enlightenment as well as Absolutism?




  1. What three men were the leaders on the debate on the role of government?




  1. Who was John Locke? What were his beliefs?




  1. What three things did Locke believe men were entitled to?




  1. Why did John Locke appeal to rich, white, educated men?




  1. What did Locke believe was the role of government?




  1. Who was Jean Jacque Rousseau? What were his beliefs?




  1. What three things did Rousseau believe that men were entitled to?




  1. Why did Rousseau appeal to women and poor commoners?




  1. What did Rousseau believe was the role of government?




  1. What is the “Social Contract”?




  1. What two revolutions did the Age of Enlightenment inspire?




  1. Who was Voltaire? What two things did he advocate for?




  1. Who was Adam Smith? What did he advocate for and believe in?




  1. What does “laissez-faire” mean?




  1. Who was David Hume? What did he question? How did he justify his belief?




  1. What is Deism? What are the beliefs of deism?




  1. What theory is Deism compared to?




  1. In what ways was the Declaration of Independence influenced by the “Social Contract”?




  1. Who was Fredrick the Great? Where did he rule?




  1. Who was Catherine the Great? Where did she rule?




  1. How did she try to link Russia to the west?




  1. Who were the two leaders of the Hapsburg Empire (Austria)?



Essay:
In 5 paragraphs, describe 3 ways that the Age of Enlightenment influenced the founding of the United States of America.


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