Advance edited version



Download 137.79 Kb.
Page1/9
Date conversion27.05.2016
Size137.79 Kb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9














Advance edited version

Distr.

GENERAL


A/HRC/6/14

7 December 2007

Original: ENGLISH

HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL


Sixth session
Agenda item 4

HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATIONS THAT REQUIRE THE COUNCIL’S ATTENTION




Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of
human rights in Myanmar, Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, mandated by resolution S-5/1 adopted by the Human Rights Council at its 5th Special Session*

_______________

* The annex to the present report is circulated as received in the language of submission only.

Summary

At its fifth Special Session dedicated to the situation of human rights in Myanmar, the Human Rights Council, by its resolution S-5/1 of 2 October 2007, requested “the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar to assess the current human rights situation and to monitor the implementation of this resolution, including by seeking an urgent visit to Myanmar, and to report to the resumed sixth session of the Human Rights Council” and urged “the Government of Myanmar to cooperate with the Special Rapporteur”. On 19 October 2007, the Government officially extended an invitation to the Special Rapporteur and noted that he will be “accorded full cooperation”. The Special Rapporteur conducted an official mission to Myanmar from 11 to 15 November 2007. He had additional meetings with the diplomatic community, United Nations agencies and civil society organizations in Bangkok from 16 to 17 November 2007.

The present report contains findings gathered by the Special Rapporteur prior to and during his official mission, with a focus on the current human rights situation, including the human rights implications of the crackdown on demonstrations and the severe reprisals. While covering developments from August until the end of the curfew on 20 October 2007, the report focuses in particular on the tragic events that took place in Myanmar from 26 to 29 September 2007. The report finally contains a number of recommendations by the Special Rapporteur.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Paragraphs Page
Introduction…………………………………………………………….. 1-3

I. METHODOLOGY AND ACTIVITIES OF THE

SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR............................................................ 4-13

II. UNDERLYING CAUSES OF THE EVENTS OF



SEPTEMBER AND OCTOBER 2007………………………… 14-15

  1. THE FACTS – CIRCUMSTANCES AND MAJOR

INCIDENTS…………………………………………………… 16-28

    1. The peaceful protests of August 2007………………. 16

    2. The Pakokku incident: a turning point………………. 17-25

    3. The peaceful protests of September 2007

(18-25 September 2007)……………………………… 26

    1. The excessive use of force against peaceful

demonstrators (26-29 September 2007)……………… 7-28

  1. PRELIMINARY FINDINGS……………………………………… 29-62

    1. Excessive use of force against civilians, including

use of unnecessary and disproportionate lethal force… 30-38

    1. Use of non-law enforcement officials………………… 39-40

    2. Arbitrary arrest and detention…………………………. 41-52

    3. Disappearances……………………………………….. 53-54

    4. Death in custody………………………………………. 55

    5. Cruel inhumane and degrading treatment and torture…. 56-57

    6. Severe reprisals against peaceful protesters…………… 58-62

  1. RESPONSIBILITY OF THE STATE AND ITS AGENTS………..63-68

  2. CONCLUSION……………………………………………………..69-75

  3. RECOMMENDATIONS……………………………………………76

Annex: Chronology and facts
Introduction

  1. On 15 August 2007, the Government of Myanmar increased the retail price of fuel by up to 500 per cent. This decision has drastically affected the livelihoods of the people of Myanmar. The population, which has seen its standards of living severely curtailed over the last few years, reacted strongly to this decision and started small peaceful demonstrations throughout August and into early September. On 5 September during a demonstration in Pakokku a number of monks were beaten up. The population and the monks, dissatisfied with this action, continued expressing their discontent over economic living conditions and undertook large peaceful demonstrations from 18 to 26 September across the country including in Yangon, Mandalay, Pakokku and Sittwe.




  1. From 26 to 29 September, the State and its agents cracked down severely on peaceful demonstrators. Through the lens of the international media, the world witnessed killings, severe beatings and mass arrests of people. During the crackdowns, the security forces comprising police and army or riot police (Lone Htein), as well as members of the Union Solidarity and Development Association (USDA) and the Swan Ah Shin (SAS) militia, used excessive force against civilians, including unnecessary and disproportionate lethal force.




  1. Following the crackdowns, several reports of killings, severe beatings and arrests were received as well as allegations of torture, deaths in custody, relatives of people in hiding being taken hostage and lack of access to medical treatment for the wounded. Allegations were also received that the bodies of some of the people reportedly killed during the crackdown had been burnt. The Government of Myanmar provided figures that, for many independent observers, may have underestimated the real impact of the repression.



  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page