Activity 1: Hook. Hint: Pre-arrange desks into groups of 4



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Colonialism in Africa DBQ Lesson Plan
Activity 1: Hook. Hint: Pre-arrange desks into groups of 4.

  1. Opening: (5- 10 mins TOPS) Review Middle Eastern Traders and why they were going to Southern and Eastern Asia. Discuss Marco Polo’s diaries sparked European exploration. Explain the EQ (What was the Driving Force Behind European Imperialism in Africa.) Introduce the vocab words Imperialism and Colonialism. (Refer to Anchor chart!)

  2. Give out squares of the political cartoon. Have students get into groups based upon the number on the back of the political cartoon.

  3. Students are to look at their square together. They are to discuss the details of the picture. What do they see? How are they dressed? What are they doing? What do you think the people are thinking about or feeling judging on facial expressions? (include other prompts.) Note: the more political cartoon analysis we do, the less we will have to prompt them. Remember, we are training them now!

  4. Have them go back into their groups and piece their photo together. Have them discuss the political cartoon and the meaning. What is the purpose of drawing the cartoon? What message is the artist trying to convey?

  5. Formative assessment: Have students write 1 paragraph explaining the political cartoon.


Activity 2: Scramble for Africa Simulation. See instructions in the simulation packet on page 3 and 4 (below)
Activity 3: Background essays. Hint: Pre-arrange desks into pairs.

  1. Opening: review the purpose of European exploration and the need to create colonies along the coast. Give directions on reading “Imperialism and Colonialism Pt 1 and 2” and that they need to read the selection, then discuss/answer the questions together.

  2. SAVE the 3rd: “Colonialism: Its Effects on Africa” for later!!!

  3. Formative Assignment: Have students write 1 paragraph on Ethnocentratism and how that influenced how lines were drawn during the Berlin Conference and one paragraph on how Ethnocentratism influenced the attitude and/or treatment of the Africans by the Europeans.


Activity 4: Document Based Documents. Hint: Pre-arrange desks into quads

  1. Opening: Review the economic reasons for colonizing Africa and the “strategies” of European countries claiming the land that they claimed. Give directions on the activity.

  2. Students will receive in their folder cut up paragraphs and documents that they refer to. (The letter on the back of the paragraph refers to document title letter. They are to each read their paragraph to themselves, then to each other, then all read document.

  3. Students are to determine the importance of their paragraph and how it relates to the document.

  4. Students are to answer the questions together. (1 sheet for all group members)

  5. Repeat for other 2 documents.

  6. Formative Assignment: Write 1-2 paragraphs about the economic reasons the Europeans claimed the land they did. Cite (refer to) specific inventions or products and the natural resources that would be needed to create the invention or product. Include the import/export results.


Activity 5: Background Essay: Pros and Cons of Colonialism and wrap up activity. Hint: Put in Pairs

  1. Review all of the positives and negatives of colonization for the Europeans. Create a Pro/con T chart on the board as students give examples.

  2. Give directions for last activity: Students are to read “Colonialism: It’s effects on Africa” independently with “silent questions/notes.”

  3. Students are to use the graphic organizer given with the 8 prompts of what the Europeans brought to Africa. Students are to evaluate and write the positives and negatives for Africans for each.

  4. Formative assignment: Students are to answer the two questions together, then write it down in paragraph form. (1-2 paragraphs)


Summative assignment: The Essay on Colonialism.

Students are to take their paragraphs from the week and create an essay. Students will independently rearrange their paragraphs in an order that makes sense to them and use it as a rough draft. When students are creating their final product, they are to add transition sentences and a conclusion paragraph.


Materials for Colonialism Unit

Scramble for Africa Political Cartoon





SIMULATION: SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA

Directions: Divide the class into groups of four students each. Provide each group with one map of Africa, seven colored markers (brown, red, blue, green, orange, purple and yellow) and a 1” X 1/2” rectangle cut from a note card. The markers will be used to color portions of the map as each country claims territory and the rectangle will be used to determine the area acquired. In each group, one student will represent Britain throughout the simulation and will use the red marker. A second student in each group will represent France throughout the simulation and will use the blue marker. The remaining two students will collaborate in representing Portugal in the first two rounds and use the brown marker. These two students will separate during the third round. One will represent Belgium (green marker) and Spain (purple marker) and the other will represent Germany (orange marker) and Italy (yellow marker). The simulation specifies the order in which each country establishes port facilities/colonial claims and the amount of territory to be acquired. The student representing that country will decide the location of the new port/colony and will use the appropriate marker to color the territory.



ROUND 1 - 1500 to 1815 Africa has many powerful kingdoms that would be difficult to conquer and European countries are uninterested in African colonies at this time. The power of the Ottoman Empire (north coast of Africa) and Ethiopia make those areas unavailable for European acquisition.

Portugal - You are the first to explore the coast of Africa. You have little interest in Africa itself because your major interest is trade with Asia. Therefore, you are looking for port locations which will facilitate your ships traveling around Africa to Asia. Place six brown dots on the map to signify the locations where you establish your facilities.

Dutch - The Dutch settlement of the southern tip of Africa has important historical ramifications but is largely irrelevant to this simulation so it has been ignored.

Britain and France - You have little interest in Africa itself because your primary concern is for your American colonies and your trade with India. You see Africa as a trade route to India and as a source for slaves to work on sugar, cotton and tobacco plantations in the Americas. Britain places four red dots and France places 4 blue dots at port locations which will facilitate the collection of slaves or trade with India. Britain and France alternate placing their dots with Britain going first and each can take one Portuguese port if they choose to do so.



ROUND 2 - 1815 to 1875 Africa continues to have many powerful kingdoms but European countries only need to control the coastline and river mouths to have trade access to the natural resources of the interior. The Ottoman Empire (north coast between ports) and Ethiopia continue to be unavailable for European acquisition.

Portugal - You are becoming more interested in trade with Africans so you expand your influence around your ports. Color a 1/2” length of the coast adjacent to four of your ports brown.

Britain and France - You are experiencing the Industrial Revolution so you are now more interested in Africa for its natural resources and as a place to establish settlements. You also have worldwide trade networks and you want to protect your trade routes to Asia. Since you want to avoid diplomatic tension or war in Europe, you will not take territory too close to that of another European country. Britain and France alternate coloring four 1/2 inch strips of coast in their color (red or blue) on the map at locations that secure natural resources, allow for settlement and protect trade routes. This territory could be adjacent to the ports you already have or in new areas. Since France is more interested in European affairs, her territory should come primarily in the northern half of Africa.

ROUND 3 - 1875 to 1895 No restrictions on available territory. Colonial claims must have a port or coast to start from or be extensions of territories already controlled.

Britain - You want to secure the Suez Canal route to India so you take over Egypt. Color a 1” square of red on Egypt.

Belgium - You came into the race late because you are a small country which only got its independence in 1830. However, you are highly industrialized and desirous of African natural resources. Your weakness as a power will restrict you to only one colony but if you act fast you can grab some valuable territory before the major powers catch on. Color an area equal to about 1” square green at one location that is not already claimed.

Germany - You came into the game late because you were not even a unified country until 1871. You have emerged as the major military power in Europe, you are very industrialized and you are interested in developing your world trade. You desire African colonies for their natural resources and for

ports that will support your trade. Your pride as a major power demands that you have colonies like the other major powers and that upstart Belgium has just grabbed a chunk of territory. You had better act fast. Color three areas on the map orange (each area being about 1” by 1/2”) to secure resources and ports.

Britain and France - Whoa! Where did these newcomers come from gobbling up territory. If we don't act fast they will take territory we want and the intense competition could lead to war. We would like to link up our scattered colonies for defensive purposes and to enable us to build railroads which would facilitate the transportation of the natural resources. Britain and France alternate choosing four areas (about 1” by 1/2” each) and coloring them red and blue, respectively.

Spain - You have come to Africa later than the other major colonizers because you have spent most of your earlier efforts in Central and South America. You are a weak country which is primarily interested in areas that would be close to Spain. Color two areas (about 1” by 1/2”) not already acquired purple.

Italy - You come into the race last and have to take what is left. Color four areas not already acquired (about 1” by 1/2”) yellow.



CONCLUSIONS

What factors did you consider in acquiring territories?

What factors were totally ignored in your decisions?

Your decisions created colonial boundaries that will eventually become the borders of African countries. What problems have you created in these African countries by dividing up Africa based on European needs and concerns rather than African ones?








Advanced Social Studies

Purpose: A deeper look in colonialism, the 4 types of ruling governments, and how it influenced the governments of Africa today!

Essential Question: How did ethnocentrism and the type of governments the colonist set up in Africa influence many of the problems and issues that African countries are dealing with today?

Standards: CG1: Compare and contrast forms of gov’t: Unitary vs Federal/Autocracy vs oligarchy

H1: Analyze continuity and change: Background leading to issues today, why Europeans colonized,

what resources were they after, why the partitioning.

H1A: Europeans establish boundaries, the consequences of European actions, factors contributing to \

war and conflict.


Step 1: Read Imperialism and Colonialism Pt 1.

  1. Explain how Ethnocentrism played a part in the slavery in the US and the colonization of Africa.

  2. How did this influence how gov’ts were set up/established?

  3. How did this feed to the general treatment of the African people in Africa?

  4. Explain the importance of “Christianizing” the Africans. How did this keep the African’s under European control?

  5. Explain the need for land (Imperialism)

    1. Politically: Territory

    2. Economically:

    3. Culturally

  6. How did this help Europeans and keep them stronger and in control.


Step 2: Read Imperialism and Colonialism Pt 2

Indirect Rule

Direct Rule

Company Rule

Indirect Company Rule

Like Georgia was ruled by a Royal Governor when a colony of Great Britain.

If the US enforces the US laws on a Pacific island. They don’t have their own laws.

What it would be like if Microsoft ruled the US and paid the US gov’t out of it’s profits. Only the gov’t and Microsoft are rich, the general people are low paid employees of Microsoft

If Microsoft went to an island and started ruling. They modeled their gov’t structure after the US’s gov’t structure.

Draw an illustration (like my colonialism poster) demonstrating the division of gov’t, who has the power, and the role of the people.



Indirect Rule

Direct Rule

Company Rule

Indirect Company Rule

7.


8.

9.

10.

11. Explain how Indirect rule is like a Federal Autocracy.

12. Explain how direct rule is like a Unitary Autocracy.

13. Explain how company Rule is like a Unitary Autocracy.

14. Explain how indirect company rule is like a Unitary Oligarchy

15. Explain how the 4 types of colonialism had an influence on the type of governments that most African countries have today!

16. Why do most African countries have trouble establishing democratic gov’ts?
Pt 3: Read Colonialism: Its Effects on Africa

When the Europeans established colonies in Africa, they also brought European modernization to Africa. The Europeans wished to continue their European lifestyle in Africa. They also felt it was their “moral duty” to “civilize” the Africans. Listed below are some of the European effects on Africa. State how European influence could be a positive or a negative. Be prepared to debate if colonialism was a good or bad thing!!!




Event

Positives for Africans

Negatives for Africans

17. Europeans took land and called it their own.







18. Europeans needed human capital (cheap labor)







19. Europeans taxed Africans to pay for WWII damages







20.Europeans established plantations and forced them to plant cash crops








21. Europeans introduced western medicine and healthcare







22. Europeans established roads between towns and villages







23. Europeans started educating the people in math, science, and European languages







24. Europeans built railroads







25. Europeans put in water pipes, sewage systems, and electricity. Eventually telephones







26. Europeans introduced Christianity







27. Created official countries instead of the tribal boundaries that often changed.






28. What would Africa be like today if it were not for the modernizations that the Europeans brought? Explain why you think the way you do…

29. Do you think that colonialism (as bad of a thing it may have been) has led to a better life for Africans today? (Was it a 100% bad thing or did it have some bright spots). Explain why you think the way you do…

30. Compare colonialism of Africa to the Mandate System in the Middle East.



Similarities of Africa and Mandate System in ME.

Differences of Africa and Mandate System in ME.





Complete for homework if not finished in class! Be prepared to discuss and debate!!! You will have to defend your position!

Regular Social Studies

Purpose: A deeper look in colonialism, the 4 types of ruling governments, and how it influenced the governments of Africa today!

Essential Question: How did ethnocentrism and the type of governments the colonist set up in Africa influence many of the problems and issues that African countries are dealing with today?

Standards: CG1: Compare and contrast forms of gov’t: Unitary vs Federal/Autocracy vs oligarchy

H1: Analyze continuity and change: Background leading to issues today, why Europeans colonized,

what resources were they after, why the partitioning.

H1A: Europeans establish boundaries, the consequences of European actions, factors contributing to

war and conflict.


Step 1: Read Imperialism and Colonialism Pt 1.

  1. Explain how Ethnocentrism played a part in the slavery in the US and the colonization of Africa.

________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. How did this feed to the general treatment of the African people in Africa? ________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Explain the importance of “Christianizing” the Africans. How did this keep the African’s under European control? _____________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________
Step 2: Read Imperialism and Colonialism Pt 2

Indirect Rule

Direct Rule

Company Rule

Indirect Company Rule

Like Georgia was ruled by a Royal Governor when a colony of Great Britain.

If the US enforces the US laws on a Pacific island. They don’t have their own laws.

What it would be like if Microsoft ruled the US and paid the US gov’t out of it’s profits. Only the gov’t and Microsoft are rich, the general people are low paid employees of Microsoft

If Microsoft went to an island and started ruling. They modeled their gov’t structure after the US’s gov’t structure.

Draw an illustration (like my colonialism poster) demonstrating the division of gov’t, who has the power, and the role of the people.



Indirect Rule

Direct Rule

Company Rule

Indirect Company Rule

7.



8.

9.

10.

11. Explain how Indirect rule is like a Federal Autocracy. ___________________________________________________

12. Explain how direct rule is like a Unitary Autocracy. ____________________________________________________

13. Explain how company Rule is like a Unitary Autocracy. _________________________________________________

14. Explain how indirect company rule is like a Unitary Oligarchy ____________________________________________

15. Explain how the 4 types of colonialism had an influence on the type of governments that most African countries have today! ____________________________________________________________________________________________

16. Why do most African countries have trouble establishing democratic gov’ts? _________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________



Pt 3: Colonialism: Its Effects on Africa

When the Europeans established colonies in Africa, they also brought European modernization to Africa. The Europeans wished to continue their European lifestyle in Africa. They also felt it was their “moral duty” to “civilize” the Africans. Listed below are some of the European effects on Africa. State how European influence could be a positive or a negative. Be prepared to debate if colonialism was a good or bad thing!!!




Event

Positives for Africans

Negatives for Africans

17.Europeans established plantations and forced them to plant cash crops







18. Europeans introduced western medicine and healthcare






19. Europeans established roads between towns and villages







20. Europeans started educating the people in math, science, and European languages





21. Europeans built railroads





22. Europeans put in water pipes, sewage systems, and electricity. Eventually telephones






23. Europeans introduced Christianity






24. Created official countries instead of the tribal boundaries that often changed.





25. What would Africa be like today if it were not for the modernizations that the Europeans brought? Explain why you think the way you do… _____________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

26. Do you think that colonialism (as bad of a thing it may have been) has led to a better life for Africans today? (Was it a 100% bad thing or did it have some bright spots). Explain why you think the way you do… ________________________



_________________________________________________________________________________________________











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