Activities of the Hifsverein in the Field of Emigration



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Galaab Gandaria

IDS 2213.004



Dr. Jennifer Dilley

Analyzing the Holocaust WC 2 Data Analysis

Activities of the Hifsverein in the Field of Emigration- The German Jews feel an inner bond with their Fatherland, and they wish to remain in their Homeland, whose fate they see as their own. The Aid Association has to prepare [emigration] and to help those who have made the grave decision to leave their Fatherland and establish a new life

Evian Conference-Many refuges wanted to flee but were discriminated against on certain places that they wanted to go to. Americans believed that Jewish refugees would compete for jobs and overburden social programs. In a meeting in 1938 delegates from 32 countries met and would rise to the refugees aid, except the U.S and Britain.

Decisions Taken at the Evian Conference on Jewish Refugees- Various protocols and rules to the migration of Jewish refugees. Gives examples to the guidelines that refugees have to meet in order to be let into a country.

German Paper Ridicules Evian Conference- German Jews were not wanted by any country and the World Jewish Congress was the only organization fighting for them. England and France were the only countries coming to the refugee’s aid.

Guenther Plaut of Jewish Immigration in the US- German Jews are being allowed into America through neighboring countries. Refugees are to aid in the economic prosperity of the U.S. Different jobs and wages are explained and offer a glimpse into the opportunities of America.

Hull Note to the French Ambassador on the Refugee Problem in France- Article implies that France is aggravated by the recent emigration of many German Jews. They express their unhappiness with having to take care of many immigrants.

Immigration Policies- The immigration policies by different countries are expressed by having Jews being denied entry into countries and many being killed. Different countries had different policies about their acceptance of Jews.

Newspaper Applauds Rejection of Wedgwood’s Call for Admission and Naturalization of Refugees-The excerpts are from various British newspapers applauding the House of Commons' rejection of the motion filed by Colonel Josiah Wedgwood, MP, calling for the wholesale admission and naturalization of refugees from mainland Europe.

Roosevelt Statement on Refugees in Palestine- President Roosevelt expresses his approval of many refugees being admitted into Palestine. It states that many children and young people will primarily be the focus.

Swiss Immigration Policy-Article states that all Swiss police are to deny entry to all German Jews into Switzerland. However It is difficult to see the difference between Aryan whites and Jews. So passports and visas would have to be checked and marked by the Swiss consulate so entry is permitted.

Country

Population in 1933

Death Toll

% of pop. killed

Austria-Central

250,000

50,000

20%

Bohemia/Moravia -Central

250,000

78,150

31.3%

Germany -Central

565,000

141,500

25%

Slovakia -Central

357,000

71,000

19.9%

Hungary-Central

445,000

569,000

78%

Italy -Southern

48,000

7,680

16%

Yugoslavia -Southern

70,000

63,300

90.4%

Bulgaria-Southern

50,000

0

0%

Greece-Southern

100,000

67,000

67%

Belgium-Northern

60,000

8,900

14.8%

Luxemburg-Northern

2,200

1,950

88.6%

Netherlands -Northern

160,000

100,000

62.5%

Denmark-Northern

6,000

60

1%

Norway-Northern

1,500

762

50.8%

France-Northern

225,000

7

.003%

Finland-Northern

1,800

7

.38%

Latvia-Eastern

95,000

71,500

75.3%

Lithuania-Eastern

155,000

143,000

95.3%

Estonia-Eastern

5,000

2,000

40%

Poland-Eastern

3,000,000

3,000,000

100%

Romania -Eastern

980,000

287,000

29.3%

Soviet Union-Eastern

2,525,000

1,100,000

43.6%

(Part 2) 1c.

The lowest percentage of people killed was in the Southern region, with the exception of Yugoslavia. The highest numbers are in the Eastern region. The percentage fluctuates in the Northern and Central regions.



2. As a German I would migrate to the Netherlands because the had a 62.5% of Jews killed and their death toll was 100,000. Poland on the other hand, had a 100% of population killed and their death toll was 3 million.

3. The information I would like to have access to would be what areas Nazis less populate. A document presenting the number of Nazis soldiers in the area.


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