Acm techNews Wednesday, December 15, 2004



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Michael Dolinsky

От: TechNews [technews@HQ.ACM.ORG]

Отправлено: 15 декабря 2004 г. 21:01

Кому: TECHNEWS@LISTSERV.ACM.ORG

Тема: ACM TechNews - Wednesday, December 15, 2004

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ACM TechNews
December 15, 2004
Dear ACM TechNews Subscriber:
Welcome to the December 15, 2004 edition of ACM TechNews, providing timely information for IT professionals three times a week. For instructions on how to unsubscribe from this service, please see below.
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HEADLINES AT A GLANCE:




  • Google Is Adding Major Libraries to Its Database



  • Security Research Suggests Linux Has Fewer Flaws



  • Looking to Wireless for Growth, Tech Giants Seek More Spectrum



  • A Plea for Support of Innovation



  • Building Thinking Robotics for the Real World



  • New Method Ranks Impact of Computer and Information Science Funding Agencies, Institutions and Individuals



  • Physics Model Predicts Book Sales



  • Pointsmart Mouse Software Helps Children, Adults With Disabilities 'Point and Click'



  • University Jaume I Researchers at Work on EU Project to Improve Video Game Realism



  • NIST Demonstrates Data 'Repair Kit' for Quantum Computers



  • An Adventurous Thinker



  • Ecobot Eats Dead Flies for Fuel



  • The Semantics of Fighting Financial Fraud Online



  • E-Voting Still Expensive, Fraught With Security Issues



  • Apps to Die For



  • The WLAN Standards Alphabet Keeps Growing



  • New Paradigms in Enterprise Video



  • Information Technology Is Key to Air Force 2020



  • R&D 2004







Google Is Adding Major Libraries to Its Database


Google today is expected to announce a deal to digitize the contents of major U.S. research libraries and Oxford University, and make the material freely searchable over the Internet as part of Google's regular Web service. Involved parties estimate a $10 cost for digitizing each of the ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item1> to the top
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Security Research Suggests Linux Has Fewer Flaws


The Linux operating system has far fewer flaws than average commercial software, concludes a Dec. 14 report from Coverity. The report is the end result of a four-year project that uncovered 985 bugs in the 5.7 million lines of code comprising Linux kernel version 2.6. Carnegie Mellon ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item2> to the top
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Looking to Wireless for Growth, Tech Giants Seek More Spectrum


Technology firms have stepped up lobbying efforts aimed at freeing more wireless spectrum, and the Bush administration and Congress are responding. Wireless technology is seen as a foundation for a new round of technology growth and innovation, but the old way of allocating spectrum has left much ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item3> to the top
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A Plea for Support of Innovation


A Dec. 15 report from the Council on Competitiveness warns that the United States' global economic leadership will flag unless government and industry take action designed to spur innovation. The council's 15-month National Innovation Initiative study concludes that "the capacity for innovation is ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item4> to the top
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Building Thinking Robotics for the Real World


Researchers at the IST program-sponsored Bayesian Inspired Brain and Artifacts (BIBA) project are uniquely applying Bayesian reasoning to the design of engineered artifacts that can learn to behave in a rational manner with incomplete data. Bayesian reasoning, which states that future ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item5> to the top
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New Method Ranks Impact of Computer and Information Science Funding Agencies, Institutions and Individuals


Researchers at Penn State's School of Information Sciences and Technology (IST) have devised a technique for automatically extracting and ranking the impact of funding agencies, institutions, and individuals from documents available on the Net and on the CiteSeer public digital library and search ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item6> to the top
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Physics Model Predicts Book Sales


Complex systems such as consumer markets, financial markets, or a population's health all respond in a similar manner when a significant event occurs, according to UCLA researchers. UCLA physics professor Didier Sornette found sales of his stock market-analysis book peaked sharply after ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item7> to the top
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Pointsmart Mouse Software Helps Children, Adults With Disabilities 'Point and Click'


A soon-to-be-released software application developed by Infogrip and the University at Buffalo Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Technology Transfer (T2RERC) promises to make using the computer mouse less aggravating for children and adults with limited fine motor skills. ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item8> to the top
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University Jaume I Researchers at Work on EU Project to Improve Video Game Realism


The European Commission is backing a 33-month multi-institutional project to improve the realism of video games by designing software that can simplify the creation of credible environments without requiring programmers to develop their own algorithms. "Our idea is to develop the ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item9> to the top
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NIST Demonstrates Data 'Repair Kit' for Quantum Computers


National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) researchers have developed a scalable error-correcting scheme for quantum computers, as described in the Dec. 2 issue of the journal Nature. Quantum computing uses the quantum states of particles as the basis for computation, but ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item10> to the top
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An Adventurous Thinker


Technology innovator and author Ray Kurzweil says we are on track to fulfill the visions he predicted in his 1999 book, "The Age of Spiritual Machines." In it, he prophesied that by 2009 computers would be incorporated into apparel, most mundane business transactions would be ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item11> to the top
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Ecobot Eats Dead Flies for Fuel


The Ecobot II robot developed by University of the West of England professors Chris Melhuish and John Greenman uses microbial fuel cells (MFCs) to convert organic matter--specifically, dead flies and rotten apples--into electricity. Machines such as Ecobot II are an early step ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item12> to the top
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The Semantics of Fighting Financial Fraud Online


The IST program-funded FF POIROT project will investigate the use of multilingual semantic Web-based ontology languages for the purpose of detecting and preventing online financial fraud, according to Dr. Gang Zhao from the Free University of Brussels' STARLab. This will form the basis of ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item13> to the top
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E-Voting Still Expensive, Fraught With Security Issues


Canadian director of Election Systems & Software Jonathon Hollins reports that Canada's enthusiasm to adopt e-voting solutions is not as strong as in the United States; he points out that, for one thing, Canadian elections are less frequent than U.S. elections. Meanwhile, Delvinia Interactive ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item14> to the top
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Apps to Die For


Service-oriented architectures currently under construction are the likely launchpads for future killer apps, according to industry insiders and analysts. Though oft-mentioned killer apps include search, speech recognition, and autonomic security, the value of those functions is ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item15> to the top
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The WLAN Standards Alphabet Keeps Growing


IEEE technical standards for wireless LANs (WLANs), which set up common WLAN creation, monitoring, and management methodologies to serve as platforms on top of which vendors can put differentiating features and functions, are expanding. The promotion of 802.11 WLANs is handled by the ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item16> to the top
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New Paradigms in Enterprise Video


Image quality, high operating costs, endpoint management, difficult interfaces, and other issues limiting videoconferencing to niche markets have been largely resolved by vendors in room-based video systems, while the spread of IP-based enterprise networks and increasingly popular ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item17> to the top
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Information Technology Is Key to Air Force 2020


Though the emphasis of the Air Force 2020 roadmap has shifted from weaponry to information superiority and network-centric warfare in the wake of 9/11 and other developments, the roadmap's key enablement capabilities--global reach, authoritative air power, and reliable knowledge of allied and ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item18> to the top
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R&D 2004


The movement of corporate research projects out of the lab and into commercial real-world applications is not always smooth and is heavily influenced by business, legal, and financial variables, as demonstrated in initiatives from Philips Electronics, Texas Instruments, and Nokia. Texas ...
[read more] <http://www.acm.org/technews/articles/2004-6/1215w.html#item19> to the top
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