Achievements: Romulus & Remus



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What were the achievements & legacy of the Roman Empire?

Achievements:



  • Romulus & Remus

  • Currency system (money)

  • Built coliseum

  • Augustus was the 1st emperor

  • 12 tables law system

  • Long era of peace called Pax Romana

  • July was named after Julius Caesar

  • Julius Caesar created the calendar

  • Borrowed the Greek Gods and renamed them

  • Extensive trade system & many trade goods.

  • Extensive road system throughout the empire

  • Built aqueducts to move H2O

Legacy:

Legacy= something left behind…an idea, an action, $, way of life, etc.

  • Ideas about laws…all people are equal under the law and innocent until proven guilty

  • Ideas about government…citizens participate in decisions by voting & doing

  • Christianity spread b/c of the Romans

  • English words come from Latin roots & several other languages are Latin based

  • Roman architecture-use domes & columns & concrete which they invented & arches

  • Alphabet

  • Many ancient stories are still studied-literature


What caused the fall of The Roman Empire?

(graphic organizer-boxes & arrows- taped in)

Pg145-146



BOX#1-gov’t issues:

  • Corrupt officials took bribes

  • ++time fighting revolts/uprising rather than solving

  • Poor leadership for 100’s of yrs (22+emperors!) & they fought e@ other constantly

BOX#2-social issues:

  • Inflation=costs rise ++++

  • Law & order broke down

  • Roads left unrepaired slowed down trade, communication & protection

  • Stopped paying taxes

  • Wide-spread famine/starvation

BOX#3-invasions:

  • Soldiers unable to keep out invaders

  • Bad roads=more invasions

  • Soldiers not loyal to Roman Empire

  • Barbarian tribes wanted Rome’s land

BOX#4-capital change

  • Constantine changed the capital city

  • Capital moved from city of Rome to city of Byzantium which was renamed Constantinople, known as Istanbul today

  • Moved the center of power from the W (Latin) to the E (Greek)…weakened the W 1/2

BOX#5-split

  • Theodosius split the empire in two b/c it was too big to rule by himself

  • Split into E & W

  • W capital city=ROME; E capital city =CONSTANTINOPLE

BOX#6-the END

BOX#7-results in the W

  • Latin, Roman laws & Christianity were adopted by barbarians in Europe

  • Split into +++ different Germanic kingdoms who fought e@ other

  • DARK AGES begin= 100’s of yrs of war & civilization sort of stopped for a while

BOX#8-results in the E

  • Became the Byzantine Empire which lasted 1000 yrs

  • Strong central gov’t ruled by one leader


What did I learn from the video, “The Roman Empire?”

  • At one point in its time, the Roman Empire lost all importance and became Hx

  • Wealth is Rome’s undoing b/c it made the empire tempting to invaders

  • Some of Rome’s permanent check points became cities we know today…Paris, France!

  • Nero burned the city of Rome so he could blame the Christians

  • Rome ended Egyptian Empire Hx when it conquered it

  • Barbarians wanted trade w/the Romans

  • Romans took Egyptian art to Rome to show their power over Egypt

  • All roads are straight lines!

Who was Constantine the Great?

  • First Christian Roman Emperor

  • Christianity spread under his reign b/c passed laws that gave more power to Bishops in the gov’t

  • Stopped the persecution of Christians

  • Became a Christian b/c saw a flaming cross in the sky before a battle that said, “By this sign thou shall conquer”…he had soldiers put the sign on their shields…he won! Which convinced him to believe in the Christian God.



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