Abolition and Women’s Rights Chap. 14 Se



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Abolition and Women’s Rights

Chap. 14 Sec. 4

Notes

Abolitionists Call for Ending Slavery

-Abolition-the movement to end slavery

-1804 most northern state outlawed slavery

-1807 importation of slaves were banned

-David Walker- a free slave in North

-urged slaves to revolt

-died mysteriously

-A few whites in the north fought slavery

-William Lloyd Garrison- The Liberator

-John Quincy Adams read petitions against slavery

-introduced amendment to abolish slavery



Eyewitnesses to Slavery

-Two major abolitionist speakers Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth

-Douglass

-talented public speaker

-people believed that he could never have been a slave

-published autobiography that told of his experience

-feared recapture so left America for two years

-published an anti-slavery paper when he returned



The Underground Railroad

-people helped slaves escaped to the North

-Underground Railroad-an aboveground series of escape routes from the South to the North

-took wagon, boats, trains

-Henry Brown packed in a wooden box and shipped to Philadelphia

-people usually traveled at night

-Douglass his 11 runaways at a time

Harriet Tubman

-Harriet Tubman

-Slave in Maryland

-tried to save another slave from punishment

-overseer fractured Tubman’s skull with a two pound wight

-In 1849 she escaped

-made 19 journeys to free slaves

-40,000 for her capture, she was never caught



Women Reformers Face Barriers

-Elizabeth Cady Stanton

-attended the world Anti Slavery Convention in London in 1840

-was not allowed to enter

-men believed it was not a woman’s place

-William Lloyd Garrison disagreed and sat with the women

-Women the 1800’s had few legal or political right

-could not vote, sit on juries, hold public office

-many laws treated women as children

-Stanton decided to demand equality for women

Seneca Falls Convention

-Held in New York on July 19 and 20 1848

-100-300 men and women showed up

-Declaration of Sentiments stated “stated all men and women are created equal”

-Every resolution won approval except suffrage

-Suffrage-the right to vote

-right to vote would give women political power

-by 1852 the women’s right movement was being mad fun of



Continued Calls for Women’s Rights

-Susan B. Anthony

-skilled organizer

-worked in the temperance and antislavery movements

-built woman’s movement into a national organization

-supported married women to own land

-by 1839 Mississippi pass law, 1848 New York,

-by 1865 29 states had similar laws



-Woman’s suffrage did not come till the 1900’s

-Slavery was not abolished until 1865


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