A series of lessons incorporating literacy strategies for Mt Diablo Unified School District



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Teaching

American History

For All

A series of lessons incorporating literacy strategies for



Mt Diablo Unified School District

5th, 8th, and 11th grade teachers,

in partnership with

University Of California- Berkeley

History-Social Science Project

5th Grade Lesson: Causes of the American Revolution

The Boston Tea Party”


Kay Lunine, UCBH-SSP 5th Grade Teacher Leader

Lauren Weaver, MDUSD Grant Coordinator

Teaching American History for All

MDUSD/UCB H-SSP

5th Grade Lesson: Causes of the American Revolution “Boston Tea Party”

Developed by: Kay Lunine and Lauren Weaver
Teaching American History Grant Focus Question:

How did definitions of citizenship change from the 17th century to the 20th century?


5th Grade Yearlong Focus Question:

How did Americans change from being colonial subjects to American citizens?


Unit Focus Question:

How did British policies towards the thirteen colonies lead to the American War for Independence?

OR

How did the British laws and acts of the 1760s and 1770s influence the colonists?


Unit Working Thesis:

Anger over the British policies led most of the colonists to demand representation in

Parliament and protest what they thought of as unfair laws and taxation, which ultimately led them to push for independence.

OR

Anger over the British policies led most of the separate colonies to unite and protest what they thought were unfair laws and taxation. The resentment towards Britain led the colonists to come together and form Committees of Correspondence to respond; these actions ultimately led the colonists to push for their independence.


Lesson Focus Question/Writing Prompt:

What were the results in the colonies of the Tea Act?


Lesson Working Thesis:

The Boston Tea Party showed that some colonists were so angry about the Tea Act that they would protest by boycotting tea and destroying it.


Reading Strategy:

The Boston Tea Party,” Textbook – Harcourt, The United States: Making a New



Nation. Unit 4, The American Revolution, pg. 336.
Writing Activity:

Cause and effect sentence practice. (Write names and date on paper.) Students will

decide if sentence is a cause and effect one and write yes or no for the question. Next

they will break cause and effect sentences into two parts: the cause = Because…

followed by the effect.


Suggested Amount of Time:

45 minutes



Textbook:

The United States: Making a New Nation, Reflection Series, Harcourt School Publishers, 2007,

p336
Lesson Plan Procedure:



  • Introduction: guest teacher, lesson, and Grant. (Teacher from Berkeley working with the History Project at UCB, TAHG. Here today to work with you using reading strategies with your textbook. Our goal is to develop strategies to make your text easier to read and understand.)

  • Brief review of British acts leading up to Boston Tea Party. (What have the British done so far that has caused conflicts with the colonies? Why, after 150 years, are the colonists becoming angry? THINK/PAIR/SHARE – have students write on back of reading page what acts/ policies they know.

  • Students share -teacher transcribes on transparency followed by a brief discussion to set the stage.

  • Reading Strategy: “The Boston Tea Party,” Textbook – Harcourt, The United States: Making a New Nation. Unit 4, The American Revolution, pg. 336.

    • Read passage as a class. Note there are 2 copies of same paragraph on same page. (Teacher will read the paragraph, and students will participate by saying the words out loud that the teacher leaves out as s/he is reading the paragraph.)

    • Vocabulary: using the first paragraph, students will read passage silently and underline words they have questions about. Teacher will list and class will clarify vocabulary.

    • Teacher will demonstrate circling subject nouns and underlining verb phrases for 2-3 sentences in 2nd copy of reading. Next 2 sentences will be shared practice and last 2 independent.

    • Teacher will review the headers on sentence deconstruction sheet and then model how to complete 1-2 sentences with subjects left out. Note implied subjects. Students participate by doing 1-2 with teacher and by completing the remainder with a partner.

    • Review the completed sentences, look at actors and who did what.

  • ­Revisit lesson focus question: What were the results of the Tea Act in the American Colonies? (partner pair/share as oral practice before writing)

  • Writing Activity: Using the sentence chart we completed, student will independently complete the sentence starters.




  • Class Discussion - share answers with partner. Share out- present partner’s idea with the sentence starter: My partner ( give partner’s name) shared with me that_________________________.


History-Social Science Content Standards:

5.5 Students explain the causes of the American Revolution
Historical and Social Sciences Analysis Skills:

Chronological and Spatial Thinking


  1. Students place key events and people of the historical era they are studying in a chronological sequence and within a spatial context; they interpret time lines.

Historical Interpretation


  1. Students summarize the key events of the era they are studying and explain the historical contexts of those events.

3. Students identify and interpret the multiple causes and effects of historical events.
Reading/Language Arts Content Standards:

2.0 Reading Comprehension (focus on informational materials)

2.1 Analyze text that is organized in sequential or chronological order.

2.3 Discern main ideas and concepts presented in texts, identifying and assessing

evidence that supports those ideas.

The Boston Tea Party

Time: December 16, 1773

Place: Boston, Massachusetts


In 1773, Parliament passed the Tea Act, which gave Britain’s East India Company a monopoly on tea. A monopoly is complete control of a good or service in an area, by either a person or a group. As a result of this monopoly, only the East India Company could legally sell tea to the colonies, and it could sell tea for less than colonial merchants could. This meant that colonial merchants could not make money in the tea trade. The British government believed the colonists would choose to buy the cheaper tea- and pay the tax on it. Instead, many colonists decided to boycott tea.
The Boston Tea Party

Time: December 16, 1773

Place: Boston, Massachusetts
In 1773, Parliament passed the Tea Act, which gave Britain’s East India Company a monopoly on tea. A monopoly is complete control of a good or service in an area, by either a person or a group. As a result of this monopoly, only the East India Company could legally sell tea to the colonies, and it could sell tea for less than colonial merchants could. This meant that colonial merchants could not make money in the tea trade. The British government believed the colonists would choose to buy the cheaper tea- and pay the tax on it. Instead, many colonists decided to boycott tea.

NAME___________________________________________

The Boston Tea Party

Lesson question: What were the results in the colonies of the Tea Act ?





Time marker/connector

Who (subject)

Action

(verb phrase)

Who, What, Where

Questions or conclusions

In 1773,




passed

the Tea Act,





which



gave

Britain’s East India Company a

monopoly on tea.













is

complete control of a good or

service in an area by a person or a group.






As a result of this monopoly,



could legally sell

tea in the colonies




and






could sell tea

for less than colonial merchants could.











meant

that colonial merchants could not make money in the tea trade.









believed

The colonists would choose to buy the cheaper tea -





Time marker/connector

Who (subject)

Action

(verb phrase)

Who, What, Where

Questions or conclusions

and




pay

the tax on it.






Instead




decided

to boycott tea.



Did the colonists react in a way different from what the British expected?


WRITING ACTIVITY

Directions: Students will complete the sentences using their chart as needed.
FOCUS QUESTION: What were the results in the colonies of the Tea Act ?
When Parliament passed the Tea Act, it gave ___________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
An East India Company monopoly on tea meant that___________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________
As a result colonial merchants could not________________________________________________________________
because___________________________________________________________________________________________
In the end the colonists______________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________

TEACHER KEY

The Boston Tea Party- Sentence Deconstruction Chart
What were the results in the colonies of the Tea Act?


Time marker/connector

Who (subject)

Action

(verb phrase)

Who, What, Where

Questions or conclusions

In 1773,

Parliament

passed

the Tea Act,


Parliament is the British government.

which

(the Tea Act)

gave

Britain’s East India Company a

monopoly on tea.




Who controls the East India

Company?




A monopoly

is

complete control of a good or

service in an area by a person or a group.



What happens when only one company controls a good or service?

As a result of this monopoly,

only the East India Tea company

could legally sell

tea in the colonies


What does it mean that they could “legally” sell tea?

and



it

(East India Tea Company)



could sell tea

for less than colonial merchants could.








This (monopoly)

meant

that colonial merchants could not make money in the tea trade.


Why were colonial merchants against the monopoly?



The British

government



believed

The colonists would choose to buy the cheaper tea -





TEACHER KEY


Time marker/connector

Who (subject)

Action

(verb phrase)

Who, What, Where

Questions and conclusions

and

(colonists)

pay

the tax on it.






Instead

many colonists

decided

to boycott tea.








WRITING ACTIVITY

Directions: Students will complete the sentences using their chart as needed.
FOCUS QUESTION: What were the results in the colonies of the Tea Act?
When Parliament passed the Tea Act, it gave the East India Company a monopoly on tea.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
An East India Company monopoly on tea meant only it could legally sell tea
and it could sell tea for less that the colonial merchants. _________________________________________________
As a result colonial merchants could not make money selling tea_________________________________________
because the E.I.C. could sell it for less._______________________________________________________
In the end, the colonists decided to boycott tea.____________________________________________________


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