A. P. World history annotated rubric



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A.P. WORLD HISTORY ANNOTATED RUBRIC


CHANGE AND CONTINUITY OVER TIME

Prompt: Analyze continuities and changes in the ways ONE of the following regions participated in interregional trade during the period circa 1500 to 1750.

  • Latin America, including the Caribbean

  • Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Southeast Asia

  1. THESIS: 1 POINT

Generic Description Checklist/Commentary

Examples and Commentary

TWHAP 3:

  • Time Period

  • Region

  • What is the Question Asking

  • Themes Listed

  • Specific Change and

Specific Continuity

  • One Point



  • Must specify both changes and continuities in the global issue of interregional trade.

  • Must be about the participation of interregional trade during the given time period

  • Stated at the beginning and the end of the essay, but may not be split into multiple sentences

  • Cannot count (“double-dip”) for any other rubric points.

Unacceptable

-There were many changes and continuities in the participation of interregional trade as seen in Latin America and the Caribbean from 1500 - 1750. This merely repeats the question, contains no themes and does not specify themes that changed and stayed the same



-From 1500 - 1750 there was a growth in interregional trade in the region of Latin America and the Carribbean as New Spain continued to import slaves from Haiti whereas a change was seen in the use of silver currency between Spanish merchants and Chinese markets. Most of this information is true, however, trade between New Spain and Haiti does not constitute interregional trade and the thesis only includes one continuity and one change rather than a combination of continuities/changes to equal three categories.

Acceptable

-There are many changes and continuities in Latin America and the Caribbean between 1500 – 1750 in the area of interregional trade. The African slave trade to the region fueled change as did the growth of material export products. Regardless of these changes, Spain and Western Europe remained a constant supplier of luxury goods.

Excellent

-During the time period between circa 1500 to 1750 the participation of Latin America and the Caribbean in interregional trade changed as the region became a hub for slaves from Africa and changed the goods they deported, however, despite these changes Latin American merchants still relied on Spain and the remainder of Western Europe for luxury and finished goods.

Student Response






  1. FIRST PARAGRAPH

Generic Description Checklist/Commentary

Examples and Commentary

Paragraph Structure

  • Mini – Thesis: Rephrase the Thesis That Addresses The Prompt/One sentence/ Contains all themes

  • Meant to state the condition of each theme at the beginning of the time period

  • Each theme addressed with evidence

  • Global Connection



  • Must specify the beginning date the condition of each theme

  • The writing must show a need for continuity/change without stating what will change or stay the same

  • Contain a minimum of 4-5 pieces of appropriate evidence

Unacceptable

At the beginning of the time period, there were many changes and continuities in Latin America and the Caribbean. Stuff like gold and silver were brought to the nations of the world because of the slavery of Indians. This was a major deal because it cut down on the amount of African slaves used in the New World as time went on. Imported goods like tobacco and sugar to the New Spain were essential things that Spain supplied her colonies across the ocean for trade. Words such as “stuff” and “things” are highly discouraged in AP writing and demonstrate simplistic writing abilities on the part of the student. There is no date marker and the student has reversed the movement of cash crops from Latin America to Europe.

Excellent

Initially at the beginning of the 16th century in Latin America and the Caribbean, interregional trade was in its infancy with respect to African slave trade, exported goods and imported finished products from Spain and Western Europe. Native slavery in the region was not effective as Indians like the Taino and Aztecs suffered greatly at the hands of the Europeans and all but vanished as a result of Spanish and Portuguese slavery and deadly disease. Mineral goods such as gold and silver, taken from mines like Potosi, were exported from the region and sent back to Spain. The most important import good of European merchants to the region were African slaves who were brought by Spanish traders to replace the dwindling Indian slave population. Silver mined by the Spanish in Latin America was minted as “pesos de ocho” currency which was used extensively in China by European merchants to buy Chinese silks and spices. Student demonstrates extensive knowledge of evidence based conditions of each theme/shows analytical ability in the all but vanished as a result of statement. Sets up the change/continuity in paragraphs 2&3


Student Response







  1. SECOND AND THIRD PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE



Generic Description Checklist/Commentary

Examples and Commentary

Paragraph Structure

  • Mini – Thesis: Rephrase the Thesis That Addresses The Prompt/One sentence/ Contains all themes

  • Meant to state the condition of each theme at the beginning of the time period

  • Each theme addressed with evidence



  • Must specify the beginning date the condition of each theme

  • The writing must show the change and continuity over time between the time periods specified

  • Answer the question in each sentence with “trade”or “interregional trade”

  • Contain a minimum of 4-5 pieces of appropriate evidence

  • Analysis of ONE change OR continuity

  • Global Connection – how does what is happening in the Latin America directly impact another part of the world

Unacceptable

Latin America and the Caribbean experience changes and continuities in interregional trade between the end of the 16th century and the start of the 17th century because the importation of African slaves changed the amount of cash crops exported to Europe, but they continued to import ever exotic goods from Europe. African slaves worked the sugarcane plantations and cotton fields for abusive masters. Also, cash crops were sent around the around the globe from the New World as the Columbian Exchange increased. New social structures resulted from the importation of European goods and immigrants as peninsulares brought new racial ideas from Europe. Increased trade in African slaves was because of the diseases that Europeans contracted from explorers like Columbus. Evidence must be related to the thesis and answer the question/Columbian Exchange is misplaced evidence and does not fit the time period.

Excellent

Latin America and the Caribbean experienced major changes in interregional trade towards the end of the 16th and at the start of the 17th centuries as the region imported increasingly more African slaves and in the cash crop exports, however, Spain continued to be a major supplier of finished goods. The conquests of Spanish conquistadors such as Cortez continued to rid Latin America of ancient civilizations, extract large gold and silver deposits which left usable land for plantation production of sugar, tobacco and cotton for trade. These cash crops emerged as the new export goods to Europe and changed the favorable balance of trade in the region. This shift required a new labor forced which was supplied in the form of increased importation of African slaves to Latin America and the Caribbean from the West Coast of Africa. Finished goods from Spain such as clothing, textiles, metal goods and weapons continued to be a mainstay of Latin American imports. The increased importation of African slaves to Latin America and the Caribbean was a definite change in interregional trade in the area and was due to the European demand for cash crops supplied by plantations and haciendas. The increase of African slaves being imported to Latin America had an adverse effect on the West Coast of Africa as population decreased significantly and only those tribes directly involved in the trade benefitted from European weapon technology resulting in negative effects on other tribes.

Student Response







POWER WORDS

Analysis Words/Phrases

Change

Continuity

Due to

Resulted in

As a result of

Because (of)

As seen as a result of


Transformed

Evolved

Emerged

Changed

Revolutionized

Varied

Halted

Departed From

Continued

Remained

Persist

Recommenced

Furthermore

Including

Preserve

Uphold



  1. CCOT ESSAY OUTLINE

I. Thesis (One sentence/1 Point) a. Time Period b. Region c. Address What the Question is Asks d. Themes e. Specific Change and Continuity

II. Paragraph Structure – First Paragraph a. Mini-Thesis: Rephrase the thesis that addresses the themes as they appeared in the beginning time period i. Start with words/phrases such as: 1. Initially… 2. To begin with… 3. Originally 4. To start with 5. Beforehand b. Meant to identify and describe the condition of each theme and setting up the change and continuity c. Each theme is addressed with period appropriate evidence which are used to answer the question – (4-5 pieces minimum) d. End the first paragraph with a causal statement i. Though the slave trade would remain the same through the last half of the 17th century, major European political upheavals would turn the tide of interregional trade goods coming to Latin America. e. Make a global connection that shows how the change/continuity in a theme affected another part of the world or was somehow connected

III. Paragraph Structure – Second and Third Paragraph (5 sentences 2-3 points)

a. Mini-Thesis: Rephrase the thesis that addresses the themes as they changed between the first and second time period

i. Start with words/phrases such as: 1. As time progressed to the … 2. Between the … 3. The (time period) witnessed major b. Meant to trace the process of change over time while the prompt is addressed c. Meant to state how and why themes stayed the same – (4-5 pieces of evidence minimum) d. Choose one theme that changed/stayed the same and perform an analysis that shows how (impact) the theme changed and why (initiated the change)

The increased importation of African slaves to Latin America and the Caribbean was a definite change in interregional trade in the area and was due to the European demand for cash crops supplied by plantations and haciendas.

c. Make a global connection that shows how the change/continuity in a theme affected another part of the world or was somehow connected



The increase of African slaves being imported to Latin America had an adverse effect on the West Coast of Africa as population decreased significantly and only those tribes directly involved in the trade benefitted from European weapon technology resulting in negative effects on other tribes.

IV. Conclusion a. Rewrite the thesis with the themes in reverse order

1. Time Period 2. Region 3. Address What the Question is Asks 4. Themes 5. Specific Change and Continuity


Copywrite 2014 @ Joshua M. Hofford

May reproduce for use in classroom only



Adapted From Bill Strickland’s “How to CCOT”



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