A. P. United states history choose the most correct answer

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  1. In order for the Constitution of 1787 to be ratified, it needed to be approved by

A. all the state legislature

B. constitutional conventions in nine of the states

C. two-thirds vote of Congress

D. a majority vote in a national referendum

  1. The Whiskey Rebellion revealed the

A. serious divisions within the Federalist Party

B. need for a strong central government

C. futility of government enforcement of excise taxes

D. apathetic attitude of the anti-federalists

E. effective power of the central government

  1. Washington’s Proclamation of Neutrality in 1793 indicated that

A. Jeffersonian pressures had won out

B. he was unconcerned about possible European affects on America

C. the French alliance was to be terminated

D. the President was really Pro-British

E. the nation was too weak to risk war

  1. The XYZ Affair involved French attempts to

A. get a bribe and a loan as a precondition to negotiating with the United States

B. end the Franco-American Alliance of 1778

C. secure direct American involvement in the war against England

D. persuade Vermont to secede from the Union

  1. According to the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, an act of Congress could only be declared unconstitutional by the

A. President

B. Supreme Court

C. member states

D. people through a formal referendum

E. it was constitutionally impossible for any body to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional

  1. Identify the following: "The great rule of conduct for us, in regard to foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations to have with them as little political connection as possible."

A. George Washington, "Farewell Address"

B. Alexander Hamilton, "Report on Manufacturers"

C. Thomas Paine, "Common Sense"

D. Thomas Jefferson, "Notes on the State of Virginia"

E. Ralph Nader, Presidential candidate for the Green Party

  1. When confronted by the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794, Washington

A. did nothing because he lacked the constitutional power to suppress it

B. had legislation introduced into Congress to repeal the tax

C. suppressed it peacefully by a tremendous show of force

D. ignored it until it died out

E. met personally with the leaders and reached a compromise agreement

  1. Alexander Hamilton believed that the United States needed

A. a completely unregulated economy

B. a fresh start in finance by repudiating all government debts connected to the American Revolution

C. a strong national government

D. a political democracy with no restrictions on who could vote and hold public office

E. an agrarian based society

  1. When France indicated a willingness to re-open negotiations to normalize relations with the U.S., President Adams responded by

A. disregarding the French overtures since the Federalists had turned American hostility toward the French into a political opportunity to destroy the Democartic-Republicans

B. playing upon French fears by entering into talks with the British for a possible alliance

C. demanding conquest of the remaining Spanish colonies in North and South America

D. announcing that he would not consider normalization until Talleyrand was removed from all government influence

E. pursuing a policy of cooperation and peace, despite Federalist demands for war

  1. To secure approval for federal assumption of state war debts, Hamilton promised to

A. repay the southern states which had already paid off much of their debt

B. support the location of the nation's permanent capital on the banks of the Potomac

C. work with Jefferson for the ratification of the Bill of Rights

D. drop his proposal for an excise tax on the production of grain alcohol

E. withdraw his name from the presidential race of 1796

  1. As a result of Pinckney’s Treaty, the

A. British evacuated the forts on American soil along the Great Lakes

B. United States gained access to the mouth of the Mississippi River

C. Franco-American Alliance of 1778 was terminated

D. Spanish opened its West Indian ports to American merchants

E. France severed diplomatic relations with the United States

  1. The immediate effect of the American Revolution upon slavery was that

A. slavery was abolished throughout America as inconsistent with the Declaration of Independence

B. northern states moved toward emancipation of their slaves

C. no change of any sort resulted

D. slavery came to be justified as a "positive good"

  1. Which of the amendments in the Bill of Rights was added to satisfy those who feared the states would be destroyed by the powers vested in the new central government?

A. First

B. Fourth

C. Fifth

D. Eighth

E. Tenth

  1. The United States received very favorable terms in the Peace of Paris of l783 because

A. the American commissioners skillfully played rival European powers against each other

B. France insisted that the United States must be a powerful nation

C. rioting and looting in Great Britain by irate citizens convinced Great Britain that she must end the war immediately

D. the United States had not only won the war in America but was also threatening to invade Great Britain

E. the British government was controlled by corrupt men

  1. American military advantages during the American Revolution included all of the following EXCEPT:

A. fighting on familiar terrain

B. foreign assistance

C. good military leadership

D. a totally unified population

E. all of the above were advantages for the Americans

  1. According to the Treaty of Paris of 1783, the western boundary of the United States was the

A. Appalachian Mountains

B. Mississippi River

C. Great Lakes

D. Rocky Mountains

E. Pacific Ocean

  1. The American victory at Saratoga during the American Revolution

A. gave the Americans effective control of the Mississippi

B. was one of Washington’s greatest victories

C. led directly to the Franco-American Alliance of 1778

D. reflected discreditably on Benedict Arnold

E. forced the British to conclude peace

  1. French aid to the United States during the American Revolution was motivated primarily by

A. the longstanding friendship between the French nation and the American colonials

B. careful plans to regain control of large sections of North America

C. a philosophical commitment to the principles of the French Enlightenment

D. a desire for revenge against England

E. the French government’s support of democracy

  1. Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation included all of the following EXCEPT

A. inability to levy taxes

B. inability to regulate trade and commerce between the states

C. lack of a standing national army in peacetime

D. lack of control over the western territories

E. lack of a separate executive branch of government at the national level

  1. The Northwest Land Act of 1785 provided for a

A. step by step procedure for admission of territories into the Union

B. mechanism for arbitration of Indian land claims

C. gradual evacuation of British troops from American soil after the Revolution

D. systemic policy of land distribution in the western territories

E. federal funding for canal construction in the Great Lakes region

  1. Immediately after the American struggle for independence, the U.S. experienced a period of

A. strong executive leadership

B. economic depression

C. open civil war

D. general European governmental support

E. intense religious decline

  1. During the Articles of Confederation, the British justified their refusal to withdraw from the forts on American soil along the Great Lakes by claiming that

A. it was better for America to have the British than the Spanish as neighbors

B. they had not actually promised withdrawal in the peace treaty

C. the area was outside the area covered by the peace treaty

D. the United States had failed to live up to its promises in the peace treaty

E. the "upscale" Target store refused to carry products “made in England”

  1. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was highly significant because it

A. provided a funding arrangement for public education

B. prohibited the selling of arms and ammunition to the Indians

C. created the concept of homesteading, by which settlers received free land

D. guaranteed the right to vote to all persons who lived in the territories

E. provided a model for territorial government and the admission of new states into the Union

  1. The Great Compromise of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 dealt with the

A. amount of power allocated to the executive branch of the government

B. issue of slavery

C. legislative representation of large and small states

D. process to be used in choosing the President

E. question of the Supreme Court’s power of judicial review

  1. During the fight over Constitutional ratification, critics of the Constitution charged that it

A. placed too much direct power in the hands of the voters

B. was too difficult to amend

C. vested too much power in the Supreme Court

D. did not contain enough checks and balances within the national government

E. none of the above

  1. Which was NOT a common assumption of most of the delegates to the Philadelphia convention in 1787?

A. there should be a federal system, with power divided between the nation and the states

B. the system of government should be republican, with authority drawn from the people

C. political power should be divided and interests balanced against each other to prevent any one interest from predominating

D. complete democracy should prevail, with no qualifications on who would be able to vote and hold office

  1. It was difficult to amend the Articles of Confederation because amendments had to be approved by

A. unanimous consent of the members of Congress

B. legislatures in three-fourths of the states

C. specially elected conventions in nine of the thirteen states

D. unanimous consent of the states

E. popular referendum

  1. Shays’ Rebellion illustrated the

A. need for an Indian buffer state to the west

B. great strength of the Southern planters

C. lack of power of the central government

D. flexibility of the Articles of Confederation

E. general apathetic attitude of the debtor classes in America

  1. President Washington reacted to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1793 by

A. declaring sympathy for France

B. terminating the Franco-American Alliance of 1778

C. recommending the passage of alien an sedition legislation

D. proclaiming neutrality

E. refusing to recognize the existence of a state of war in Europe

  1. The issue regarding the Three-fifths Compromise at the Constitutional Convention centered on the

A. Rhode Island proposal to amend the taxing power of Articles of Confederation

B. establishment of voting procedures at the Convention

C. question regarding the counting of the slave population in determining representation in the House of Representatives

D. percentage of votes needed to pass legislation through Congress

E. number of states needed to ratify the Constitution

  1. Alexander Hamilton’s funding of the national debt was most applauded by

A. Mrs. Hamilton

B. debtor frontiersmen

C. ardent states’ rights advocates

D. small yeoman farmers

E. commercial and business interests

  1. Which of the following was a result of Jay’s Treaty of 1795?

A. British evacuation of military troops on American soil along the Great Lakes

B. the establishment of the 49th parallel as the boundary between the U.S. and Canada

C. agreement by the British to end impressment

D. demilitarization of the Great Lakes

E. American access to the mouth of the Mississippi River

  1. Which of the following would NOT apply to the Federalist Era?

A. it was a period of economic prosperity

B. there was divided opinion over the French Revolution

C. the two party system emerged

D. Hamilton’s economic policies helped bring about economic stability in government

E. President Washington fashioned a brilliant foreign policy based on strong military alliances with France, Holland, and Spain

  1. Which Revolutionary War battle is recognized as the end of the war

  1. Yorktown

  2. Saratoga

  3. Bellefonte

  4. Trenton

  5. Savannah

  1. Jefferson was the de facto leader of which political party

  1. Birthday

  2. Tea

  3. Democratic Republicans

  4. Federalists

  5. Green

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