|Unit III: The Birth of Modern Europe
1. What expanded the circulation of literary works during the Renaissance?
A Improved advertising
B The printing press _
C Unity in Europe
D The support of the church
2. The bubonic plague affected economic development in medieval times by
(1) encouraging the introduction of new types of crops
(2) causing production to decline and prices to rise
(3) sparking the ideas of socialism and reform
(4) destroying the guild system
3. One reason the Renaissance began in Italy was that Italian city-states
(1) defeated the Spanish Armada
(2) were unified as a nation under the Pope
(3) were unaffected by the Commercial Revolution
(4) dominated key Mediterranean trade routes
4. In The Prince, Machiavelli advises rulers to
(1) seek the approval of the people
(2) establish and maintain power
(3) promote openness in government
(4) learn and follow the commandments of the Church
5. During the European Middle Ages, guilds were created to
(1) obtain better working conditions in factories
(2) standardize goods and prices
(3) regulate the money supply
(4) increase competition
6. Which action is linked to the spread of the Black Death to Europe during the 14th century?
(1) trade with Asia
(2) conquest of Japan
(3) trade across the Sahara
(4) exploration of the Western Hemisphere
7. What was one ideal of Renaissance humanism?
(1) training as a knight and practicing chivalry
(2) obeying divine right monarchs and the church
(3) living apart from the world and taking monastic vows
(4) investigating areas of interest and fulfilling one’s potential
8. Which geographic factor contributed to the rise of the Renaissance in Italian city-states?
(1) mountainous terrain of the Alps
(2) location near the coast of the Mediterranean Sea
(3) navigable waters of the Danube River
(4) ease of travel on the Northern European Plain
9. Which period in European history is most closely associated with these statements?
• Classical Greco-Roman ideas were revived.
• Wealthy patrons supported the arts and education.
• Humanism spread throughout western Europe.
(1) Early Middle Ages (3) Renaissance
(2) Industrial Revolution (4) Hellenistic Period
10. One similarity between Martin Luther and Henry VIII is that they
(1) argued against the establishment of a theocratic state
(2) protested against the ideas of the Enlightenment
(3) died during the Reign of Terror
(4) challenged the teachings of the Catholic Church
11. Which innovation led directly to these developments?
• Literacy rates rise.
• Shakespeare’s sonnets circulated.
• Secular ideas spread.
(1) printing press (3) paper currency
(2) astrolabe (4) caravel
12. • Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe.
• England defeated the Spanish Armada.
• William Shakespeare wrote his play Richard III.
These events occurred during the reign of
(2) Elizabeth I
(3) Peter the Great
(4) Suleiman the Magnificent
Base your answer to question 13 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.
. . . I conclude, therefore, with regard to being feared and loved, that men love at their own free
will, but fear at the will of the prince, and that a wise prince must rely on what is in his power and
not on what is in the power of others, and he must only contrive to avoid incurring hatred, as has
been explained. . . .
13 This passage is most closely associated with the ideas of
(1) Pope Urban II (3) John Calvin
(2) Niccolò Machiavelli (4) Thomas Malthus
14 What was one cause of the Protestant Reformation?
(1) revolt by the Moors in Spain
(2) passage of the Act of Supremacy in England
(3) call for the Council of Trent by Pope Paul III
(4) corruption among high officials of the Catholic Church
15 Humanism during the Italian Renaissance was focused on
(1) the affairs of the church
(3) the importance of the individual
(4) political theories
16. Which individual’s work had the greatest impact on the spread of Martin Luther’s ideas?
(1) Galileo Galilei
(2) Niccolò Machiavelli
(3) William Shakespeare
(4) Johannes Gutenberg
17 An important effect of the Protestant Reformation in Europe was that it strengthened the
(1) power of monarchies
(2) power of the pope
(3) belief in polytheism
(4) unity of Europe
18 What is meant by Machiavelli’s belief that “the end justifies the means”?
(1) Leaders may use any method to achieve what is best for the state.
(2) The general public always acts in its own best interest.
(3) Pleasing all of the people at any given time is possible.
(4) Leaders must always act for the common good.
19 Prior to the Protestant Reformation, the medieval church in western Europe was criticized for
(1) sponsoring explorations to the Middle East
(2) allowing the Bible to be printed and distributed to the people
(3) being too concerned with worldly power and riches
(4) refusing to sell indulgences to peasants
20 In western Europe, Martin Luther’s Ninety-five Theses and Henry VIII’s Act of Supremacy led to
(1) an end to Christian unity
(2) a strengthening of economic unity
(3) better relations between peasants and merchants
(4) fewer violent outbreaks between ethnic groups
21 Which period is associated with these statements?
• Leonardo DaVinci used movement and perspective in his work.
• Machiavelli’s The Prince advised rulers on how to gain and maintain power.
• Humanist scholars examined worldly subjects and classical culture.
(1) French Revolution (3) Early Middle Ages
(2) Renaissance (4) Enlightenment
Unit IV: Reason and Revolution
Unit V: Nationalism, Industrialization, and Imperialism
1. A primary purpose for building the Suez Canal was to
2. Which is an accurate statement about the partitioning of Africa by European imperialist nations during the 1800’s?
3. The 19th century term “White Man’s Burden” reflects the idea that
4. The Sepoy Mutiny in India, the Boxer Rebellion in China, and the Islamic Revolution in Iran were similar in that they
5. In the past, European nations have conquered other lands, made them into colonies, and controlled their economies.
This statement describes a situation that resulted from the
6. Throughout the 1800’s, an increased need for both raw materials and new markets for manufactured goods led various European nations to pursue policies of
7. During the 18th and 19th centuries, increased contact between European and the continents of Africa, Asia, and South America resulted in
8. An analysis of the Russo-Japanese War and the Boer War shows that one reason nations go to war is to
9. “Compared to other peoples of the world we have the greatest (largest) population and our civilization is four thousand years old…Today we are the poorest and weakest nation in the world and occupy the lowest position in international affairs. Other men are the carving knife and serving dish, we are the fish and the meat. As a consequence…we are being transformed everywhere into a colony of the foreign powers.”
Which events formed the basis for the ideas expressed in this early 1900’s passage?
10. Which quotation best reflects a feeling of nationalism?
11.The best example of the success of nationalism in Europe is the
12. A main idea of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles’ Communist Manifesto is that the proletariat
Unit VI: The World in Crisis
1. Which factor led to the rise of communist revolutions in Russia and in China?
(1) increase in agricultural production around the world
(2) onset of the global depression that restricted trade
(3) scarcity of workers for available jobs
(4) unequal distribution of wealth between social classes
Base your answer to question 2 on the posters below and on your knowledge of social studies.
Source: Fairchild Memorial Gallery, Lauinger Library, Georgetown University
2. Which concept is represented in these World War I recruiting posters?
(1) justice (3) nationalism
(2) diversity (4) humanism
Base your answer to question 3 on the excerpt below and on your knowledge of social studies.
. . . “No one in this country [Great Britain] who examines carefully the terms under which Hitler’s
troops begin their march into Czecho-Slovakia to-day can feel other than unhappy. Certainly the
Czechs will hardly appreciate Mr. Chamberlain’s phrase that it is “peace with honour.”. . .
— “Return from Munich,” Guardian, October 1, 1938
3. The author of this excerpt is reacting to Prime Minister Chamberlain’s policy of
(1) self-determination (3) containment
(2) ethnic segregation (4) appeasement
4. Which action is associated with Joseph Stalin?
(1) expanding privatization
(2) establishing five-year plans
(3) encouraging glasnost
(4) promoting détente
5. Which characteristic is most closely associated with both Pol Pot’s government in Cambodia and
Slobodan Milosevic’s government in Yugoslavia?
(1) use of terror to achieve political goals
(2) support for freedom of speech
(3) establishment of a theocratic system
(4) respect for ethnic minorities
6. Which event is considered the immediate cause of World War I?
(1) signing of the Treaty of Versailles
(2) invasion of Poland by Germany
(3) assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand
(4) use of unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany
7. Which political leader gained power as a result of the failing economy of the Weimar Republic?
(1) Adolf Hitler (3) Benito Mussolini
(2) Francisco Franco (4) Charles de Gaulle
8. What is one reason for Japan’s involvement in the first Sino-Japanese War and the annexation of Korea?
(1) pursuit of imperialistic goals
(2) reaction to foreign invasions
(3) institution of five-year plans
(4) need for a warm-water port
9. The rise of fascism in Germany between World War I and World War II is often associated with the
(1) promotion of ethnic diversity
(2) appeal of the doctrine of nonviolence
(3) establishment of a strong parliamentary system
(4) impact of the global economic depression
Base your answer to question 10 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
10. Based on the information provided by this map, how did adopting the policy of appeasement at the Munich Conference in September 1938 change Europe?
(1) The Rhineland was occupied by France.
(2) The Sudetenland was given to Germany.
(3) Germany transferred control of Memel to Lithuania.
(4) Austria became an independent state.
11. One way in which the conquest of Manchuria by the Japanese (1931) and the annexation of
Czechoslovakia by Germany (1939) are similar is that these actions
(1) marked the end of the aggressive expansion of these nations
(2) demonstrated the weakness of the League of Nations
(3) reestablished the balance of power in the world
(4) led to the Long March
12. During World War II, the importance of the D-Day invasion of 1944 was that it
(1) forced Germany to fight on multiple fronts
(2) made Germany move their military to the Russian front
(3) ended the bombing of Germany
(4) demonstrated German military dominance
Base your answer to question 13 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
13. Which area of Europe was known as the “Powder Keg” of Europe prior to the outbreak
of World War I?
(1) A (3) C
(2) B (4) D
14. Japan’s policy of expansion in the early 20th century was motivated by
(1) a lack of natural resources
(2) a plan to end unequal treaties
(3) the need to increase cultural diffusion
(4) the desire to spread communism
15 The Marshall Plan was designed to stop the spread of communism by providing
(1) government housing to refugees
(2) military assistance to Vietnam
(3) funds for economic recovery in war-torn European nations
(4) nuclear weapons to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) members
16. Five-year plans and collectivization are most closely associated with
(1) Joseph Stalin (3) Adolf Hitler
(2) Mikhail Gorbachev (4) Deng Xiaoping
Base your answers to questions 17 and 18 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
17 Which war is most closely associated with this cartoon?
(1) Boer War (3) World War II
(2) Russo-Japanese War (4) Cold War
18 Which policy is being questioned in this cartoon?
(1) nonalignment (3) militarism
(2) détente (4) isolationism
19 One reason the League of Nations failed as a world organization was that it
(1) supported the rise of fascist states
(2) lacked a military force to settle conflicts
(3) dealt with conflict by establishing naval blockades
(4) encouraged the annexation of territory by Force
Base your answer to question 28 on the graphic organizer below and on your knowledge of social studies.
20 Which ideology best completes this graphic organizer?
(1) socialism (3) capitalism
(2) democracy (4) fascism
21 Which of these groups were the major supporters of 20th-century communist revolutions?
(1) priests and artisans
(2) bourgeoisie and nobility
(3) entrepreneurs and capitalists
(4) workers and peasants
Base your answer to question 22 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.
. . . In his classic defense of freedom of speech in, On Liberty, John Stuart Mill wrote that if a view
is not “fully, frequently, and fearlessly discussed,” it will become “a dead dogma, not a living truth.”
The existence of the Holocaust should remain a living truth, and those who are skeptical about the
enormity of the Nazi atrocities should be confronted with the evidence for it. . . .
— Peter Singer (adapted)
22 Which statement is consistent with the author’s point concerning the Holocaust?
(1) The evils of the past are best ignored and forgotten.
(2) Frequent and full discussion of the historical evidence of certain events is desirable.
(3) All eras of history include individuals that reject existing values.
(4) Every generation must apologize for the failures of earlier generations.
Base your answer to question 23 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.
Observation of a Soldier in World War I
Private Archie Surfleet, February 8th, 1918 —
We have been in camp near the wood at Écurie for some days now and a more miserable
existence it would be hard to imagine. There is nothing but unrest and uncertainty and everyone
here is absolutely fed up to the teeth.
— Malcolm Brown, Tommy Goes to War
23 Which hypothesis can best be supported by this passage?
(1) Allied forces were on the verge of winning the war.
(2) Technology had created a military stalemate.
(3) Revolution in Russia hastened the end of the war.
(4) Conditions contributed to low troop morale
24 Japan’s invasion of China in 1937 and Germany’s attack on Poland in 1939 led directly to
(1) the beginning of World War II in Asia and Europe
(2) a meeting at Yalta between the United States and the Soviet Union
(3) a conference at Munich for European leaders
(4) the withdrawal of Britain and France from European affairs
25 During the late 19th century, Japan’s lack of natural resources was one reason for implementing a policy of
(1) collectivization (3) socialism
(2) free trade (4) imperialism
26 One reason the Bolsheviks gained peasant support during the Russian Revolution was because the Bolsheviks promised to
(1) redistribute land
(2) abolish communes
(3) bring modern technology to Russian farms
(4) maintain an agricultural price-support Program
27 Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points influenced many colonial peoples in Asia and Africa to
(1) create military alliances
(2) seek self-determination
(3) reject terrorism
(4) extend extraterritoriality
28 Joseph Stalin’s policies in Ukraine during the 1930s directly resulted in
(1) widespread starvation
(2) agricultural self-sufficiency
(3) the development of cottage industries
(4) the use of subsistence farming techniques
29 . . . “You should take steps now to cease military resistance. Otherwise, we shall resolutely employ this bomb and all our other superior weapons to promptly and forcefully end the war.” . . .
This paragraph from a 1945 Allied leaflet warned the
(1) Czechs of a German invasion
(2) Americans in Hawaii of a Japanese attack
(3) Koreans of a Russian invasion
(4) Japanese civilians of a United States attack
Unit VII-The Cold War
1. Which action is associated with Joseph Stalin?
(1) expanding privatization
(2) establishing five-year plans
(3) encouraging glasnost
(4) promoting détente
2. In the 1950s, what was the status of most countries in Eastern Europe?
(1) members of the Common Market
(2) participants in the Marshall Plan
(3) allies of the United States
(4) satellites of the Soviet Union
Source: Deng Coy Miel, The Straits Times, Singapore, from MindSparks, Highsmith, 1997
3. What is the main idea of this 1997 cartoon?
(1) South Korea has more mineral resources than North Korea.
(2) South Korea has flourished while North Korea is struggling to survive.
(3) North Koreans have chosen to separate themselves from the South Koreans.
(4) North Korea was devastated by the war with South Korea.
4. • Partition of India
• Creation of the State of Israel
• Division of Berlin
Which development directly resulted from each of these events?
(1) Large numbers of people migrated.
(2) Nuclear weapons were developed.
(3) Communist governments were established.
(4) Ethnic tensions decreased.
5. Which title best completes the partial outline below?
A. Berlin blockade
B. Cuban missile crisis
C. Vietnam War
(1) Path to World War I
(2) Victories for Democracy
(3) Cold War Confrontations
(4) Terrorism in the 20th Century
6. During the Cold War, nations that adopted a
policy of nonalignment believed they should
(1) be exempt from United Nations decisions
(2) restrict trade with neighboring countries
(3) reject international environmental treaties
(4) follow a course independent of the superpowers
7. The use of the Marshall Plan in Western Europe
after World War II strengthened the forces of
(1) democracy (3) isolationism
(2) communism (4) autocracy
8. What was a direct result of the Four
Modernizations introduced in China by Deng
(1) Freedom of speech was guaranteed.
(2) Goods and services were evenly distributed.
(3) Economic opportunities were expanded.
(4) Fewer consumer goods were produced.
9. The imaginary line that divided the Western
European countries from the Eastern European
countries after World War II was known as the
(1) prime meridian (3) Iron Curtain
(2) line of demarcation (4) Berlin Wall
Get picture - scan
11. In this cartoon, which region is represented by
the nations that are seeking membership in the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)?
(1) Latin America (3) Southeast Asia
(2) Central Africa (4) Eastern Europe
12. Which leader’s policies included glasnost and
(1) Fidel Castro (3) Mikhail Gorbachev
(2) Nikita Khrushchev (4) Deng Xiaoping
Source: Bill Sanders, Milwaukee Journal, May 21, 1974 (adapted)
13. Which global issue is depicted in this 1974 cartoon?
(2) space exploration
(3) nuclear proliferation
(4) ethnic tension
14. Which question is raised by the way the cartoonist depicted the world leaders in this 1974 cartoon?
(1) Does technology control these leaders?
(2) Are tax revenues being used?
(3) What are the terms of these military alliances?
(4) What settlement was negotiated?
Source: Emmwood, Daily Mail, September 23, 1963 (adapted)
15. Which two countries are represented by the
characters arguing over the border?
(1) the Soviet Union and China
(2) North Korea and Great Britain
(3) China and Great Britain
(4) the Soviet Union and North Korea
16. The tools shown in this cartoon represent
traditional symbols of
(1) manorialism (3) western capitalism
(2) communism (4) national socialism
17. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
was initially formed to
(1) promote religious freedom
(2) defend Western Europe from Sovietaggression
(3) isolate member nations from the rest of theworld
(4) stop the flow
18. What was one social change Mao Zedong
instituted in China after 1949?
(1) granting legal equality for men and women
(2) requiring arranged marriages
(3) adopting the practice of foot binding
(4) mandating Confucianism as the state
19. Which statement about the United Nations is a fact rather than an opinion?
(1) The United Nations has too many committees to be effective.
(2) The United Nations would be more efficient if its headquarters moved to Europe.
(3) The membership of the United Nations has increased since its formation.
(4) The United Nations
20. One way in which Joseph Stalin’s five-year plans and Mao Zedong’s Great Leap Forward are similar is that both plans were
(1) efforts to reduce human rights violations
(2) policies to improve relations with the West
(3) methods used to control population growth
(4) attempts to increase agricultural and industrial production
21. Which Cold War event occurred last?
(1) Cuban missile crisis
(2) Korean War
(3) fall of the Berlin Wall
(4) Soviet invasion of Afghanistan