A history of the jains



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Sthaviravali of the NandiSutra


A sthaviravali (list of successive pontiffs) is given in the first chapter of the Nandi-Sutra. The Nandi-Sutra sthaviravali agrees with the one given in the Kalpa-Sutra up to Mahagiri and Suhatthi (9), but thereafter it differs completely from the one given in the latter. The Nandi-Sutra sthaviravali is not wel1-known among the Svetambaras, and in fact, except for Mangu (15), there is no legend known at present about any of these other pontiffs mentioned in the list.
The NandiSutra sthaviravali is as follows:
1. Suhamma of Aggivesanam gotta.

2. Jambu of Kasavam gotta.

3. Pabhaba of Kaccayana gotta.

4. Sijjambhava of Vaccha gotta.

5. Jasabhadda of Tungiya gotta.

6. Sambhuya, of Madharam gotta.

7. Bhaddabahu of Pa-innam gotta.

8. Thulabhadda of Goyama gotta.

9. Mahagiri and Suhatthi, of Vaccha gotta.

10. Bahula of Kosiya gotta.

11. Sayam of Hairya gotta.

12. Samajja of Moha-i.gotta.

13. Samdilla of Kosiya gotta.

14. Ajja Samudda.

15. Ajja Mangu.

16. Ajja Dhamma.

17. Bhaddagupta.

18. Ajja Va-ira

19. Ajja Raksita.

20. Ajja Nandila.

21. Ajja Naga-hatti

22. Revati (vai nakkhatta namanam).

23. Bambhaddivaga Sihe.

24. Khandila.

25. Nagajjuna.

26. Nagajjuna.

27. Govinda.

The Pattavali (List of Pontiffs) of the (Shvetambara)


Brihat-Kharataragachchha

The dates of birth (b.) and accession (a.) are given in the Samvat year.

1. Sudharma

2. Jambu

3. Prabhava

4. Sayyambhava

5. Yashobhadra

6. Sambhutavijaya

7. Bhadrabahu

8. Sthulabhadra

9. Mahagiri

10. Suhasti

11. Susthita

12. Indra

13. Dinna

14. Sinhagiri

15. Vajra

16. Vajrasena

17. Chandra

18. Samantabhadra

19. Vriddhadeva

20. Pradyotana

21. Manadeva

22. Manatunga

23. Vira (2)

24. Jayadeva

25. Devananda

26. Vikram

27. Narasinha

28. Samudra

29. Manadeva

30. Vivudhaprabha

31. Jayananda

32. Raviprabha

33. Yasobhadra

34. Vimalacandra

35. Deva

36. Nemichandra

37. Udyotana

Two disiples of Udyotana, viz., Vardhamana and Sarva-deva became heads of gachhhas which were later called Kharataragachchha and Tapagachchha respectively.


38. Vardhamana

39. Jinesvara

40. Jinachandra

41. Abhayadeva

42. Jinavallabha

43. Jinadatta (b. 1132)

44. Jinachandra

45. Jinapati (b 1210. a. 1223)

46. Jinesvara (b.1245, a 1278)

47. Jinaprabodha (b. 1285, a. 1331)

48.Jainchandra (b. 1326 a. 1341)

49. Jainkusala (b. 1337,-a. 1377)

50. Jinapadma

51. Jinalabdhi

52. Jinachandra

53. Jinodaya (b. 1375,

54. Jinodaya (a. 1432)

55. Jinabhadra

(Jinavardhanawho came between 54 and 55 lost his Suri-ship for breaking the fourth vow.)
56. Jinachandra (b. 1487 a, 1514)

57. Jinasamudra (b. 1506, a. 1530)

58. Jinahansa (b.1524, a.1555

59. Jinamanikya (b. 1549, a. 1582)

60. Jinachandra (b. 1595 a 1612)

61. Jinasinha (b. 1615, a. 1670)

62. Jinaraja (b. 1647, a. 1674).

63. Jinaratna (a. 1699)

64. Jinachandra (a. 1711)

65. Jinasaukhva (a. 1763)

66. Jinabhakti (b. 1770, a. 1780

67. Jinalubha (b. 1784, a. 1804)

68. Jinachandra (b.1809,a.1834)

69. Jinaharsha (a. 1856)



REFERENCE
From the Bengali Vishvakosha, article on 'Jain', edited by Narendranath Basu, Calcutta, 1896.

The Pattavali (List of Pontiffs) of the (Digambara)




Sarasvatigachchha

1. Bhadrababu II

2. Guptigupta

3. Maghanadi

4. Jinachandra I

5. Kundakunda

6. Umasvami

7. Lohacharya II

8. Yashahkirti

9. Yashonandi

10. Devanandi

11. Pujyapada

12. Gunanandi I

13. Vajranandi

1 4. Kumaranandi

15. Lokachandra I

16. Prabhachandra

17. Nemichandra

1 8. Bhanunandi


-----------------------------------
84. Padmanandi (Delhi)

85. Subhachandra (Delhi)

86. Prabhachandra (Delhi)

87. Jinachandra Chittor

88. Dharmachandra (Chittor)
After this there were Bhattarakas in Gujarat. Their names with their years of accession in Samvat year in brackets are as belows:
89. Lalitakirti (1603)

90. Chandrakirti (1622)

91. Devendrakirti (1662)

92. Narendrakirti (1691)

93. Surendrakirti (1722)

94. Jagatkirti (1733)

95. Devendrakirti (1770)

96. Mahendrakirti I (1792)

97. Semendrakirti (1815)

98. Surendrakirti (1822)

99. Sukhendrakirti (1852)

100. Nayanakirti (1879)

101. Devendrakirti (1883)

102. Mahendrakirti II (1938)


REFERENCE

(Taken from the Hindi Vishvakosha, Vol. VllI, Calcutta, AD 1924. Pp. 441-443)




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