Mid 1800s, capitalism was strong in Europe. No child labor laws, low wages for the common worker.
1847, Karl Marx wrote The Manifesto of the Communist Party.
Start of Communism. The goal was total worldwide economic equality. Envisioned worker’s revolt followed by paradise. Each person working according to the definition of communism.
Socialists (followers of the idea) split into two groups: one wanted slow change. Communists wanted quick and extreme change.
Communists formed the Bolshevik Party, and were led by Nikolai Lenin.
Czar Nicholas II ruled Russia. People were poor.
In 1917, the Bolshevik Party overthrew the Czar. Other leaders in the Party were Trotsky and Stalin.
In 1926, Lenin died. Stalin and Trotsky struggled to take power. Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico. Stalin became a ruthless dictator, killing anyone who disagreed with him. Secret police, executions, etc.
The Idealistic goals of Marx turned into a system more terrifying than the rule of the Czars.
The Communist Party after 1917 was more Totalitarianism than originally intended to be.