A brief History of Communism in Russia Terms: Capitalist System

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A Brief History of Communism in Russia
Capitalist System: free enterprise; if you work hard you can get ahead; you can start your own business and become a millionaire, or lose every penny (United States)
Socialism: a system of society or group living in which there is no private property b: a system or condition of society in which the means of production are owned and controlled by the state
Communist System: Everyone works to his or her ability and receives according to his or her need; total economic equality; no one gets ahead, but no one starves either
Czarist Government: a government ruled by a Czar, who had absolute powers similar to a king
Deported: sent away from a country into exile
Idealistic: overly optimistic thinking
Totalitarianism: the political concept that the citizen should be totally subject to an absolute state authority
A [very] Brief History of Communism in Russia

  • Mid 1800s, capitalism was strong in Europe. No child labor laws, low wages for the common worker.

  • 1847, Karl Marx wrote The Manifesto of the Communist Party.

  • Start of Communism. The goal was total worldwide economic equality. Envisioned worker’s revolt followed by paradise. Each person working according to the definition of communism.

  • Socialists (followers of the idea) split into two groups: one wanted slow change. Communists wanted quick and extreme change.

  • Communists formed the Bolshevik Party, and were led by Nikolai Lenin.

  • Czar Nicholas II ruled Russia. People were poor.

  • In 1917, the Bolshevik Party overthrew the Czar. Other leaders in the Party were Trotsky and Stalin.

  • In 1926, Lenin died. Stalin and Trotsky struggled to take power. Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico. Stalin became a ruthless dictator, killing anyone who disagreed with him. Secret police, executions, etc.

  • The Idealistic goals of Marx turned into a system more terrifying than the rule of the Czars.

  • The Communist Party after 1917 was more Totalitarianism than originally intended to be.

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