Bullock, Charles. 1976. Motivations for U.S. Congressional Committee Preferences: Freshmen of the 92nd Congress. Legislative Studies Quarterly 1: 201–12.
Burns, James MacGregor. 1963. The Deadlock of Democracy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Burstein, Paul. 1979. Public Opinion, Demonstrations, and the Passage of Antidiscrimination Legisalation. Public Opinion Quartlerly 43, 2 (Summer): 157–172.
Burstein, Paul, and Marie Bricher. 1997. Problem Definition and Public Policy: Congressional Committees Confront Work, Family, and Gender, 1945–90. Social Forces 76: 135–78.
Burstein, Paul, Marie Bricher and Rachel Einwohner. 1995. Policy Alternatives and Political Change: Work, Family and Gender on the Congressional Agenda, 1945–90. American Sociological Review 60: 67–84.
Burstein, Paul, and William Freudenburg. 1978. Changing Public Policy: The Impact of Public Opinion, Antiwar Demonstrations, and War Costs on Senate Voting on Vietnam War Motions. American Journal of Sociology 84, 1 (July) 99–122.
Burstein, Paul, and April Linton. 2002. The Impact of Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Social Movement Organizations on Public Policy: Some Recent Evidence and Theoretical Concerns. Social Forces 82, 2 (December): 381–408.
Bush, George, and Brent Scowcroft. 1998. A World Transformed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Calavita, Kitty. 1994. U.S. Immigration and Policy Responses: The Limits of Legislation. In Wayne Cornelius, Philip L. Martin and James F. Hollifield, eds., Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Calavita, Kitty. 1996. The New Politics of Immigration: “Balanced-Budget Conservatism” and the Symbolism of Proposition 187. Social Problems 43 (3): 284–306.
Caldeira, Gregory A., and John R. Wright. 1988. Organized Interests and Agenda-Setting in the U.S. Supreme Court. American Political Science Review 82: 1109–27.
Caldeira, Gregory A., and John R. Wright. 1990. Amici Curiae before the Supreme Court: Who Participates, When, and How Much? Journal of Politics 52: 782–806.
Cameron, Charles, William Howell, Scott Adler, and Charles Riemann. 1997. Divided Government and the Legislative Productivity of Congress, 1945–1994. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington.
Campbell, Andrea L. 2005. How Policies Make Citizens: Senior Political Activism and the American Welfare State. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Campbell, John, Andrew Lo, and A. Craig MacKinlay. 1997. The Econometrics of Financial Markets. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Canon, David and Martin Sweet. 1998. Informational and Demand-Side Theories of Congressional Committees: Evidence from the Senate, 1816–1993. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, MA.
Canon, David, Garrison Nelson and Charles Stewart. 1994. Committees in the United States Congress, 1946–94. Data File. University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Caraley, Demetrios. 1992. Washington Abandons the Cities. Political Science Quarterly 107: 1–30.
Carmines, Edward, and James A. Stimson. 1989. Issue Evolution: Race and the Transformation of American Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Carpenter, Daniel P. 1996. Adaptive Signal Processing, Hierarchy, and Budgetary Control in Federal Regulations. American Political Science Review 90: 283–302.
Carpenter, Daniel P., Kevin M. Esterling, and David M. Lazer. 1998. The Strength of Weak Ties in Lobbying Networks. Journal of Theoretical Politics 10 (4): 417–444.
Carter, James E. 1980. State of the Union Address. Current Policy. No. 132.
Casper, Jonathan. 1972. The Politics of Civil Liberties. New York: Harper and Row.
Cater, Douglass. 1964. Power in Washington. New York: Random House.
Cefis, Elena, Matteo Ciccarelli and Luigi Orsenigo. 2001. The Growth of Firms: From Gibrat’s Legacy to Gibrat’s Fallacy. European Pharmaceuticals Regulation and Innovation System Working Paper.
Chaffee, Steve H., and D. G. Wilson. 1977. Media Rich, Media Poor: Two Studies of Diversity in Agenda-Holding. Journalism Quarterly 54: 466–76.
Chamberlin, John. 1974. Provision of Collective Goods as a Function of Group Size. American Political Science Review 68: 707–16.
Chappell, Henry W. Jr. 1981. Campaign Contributions and Voting on the Cargo Preference Bill: A Comparison of Simultaneous Models. Public Choice 36: 301–12.
Chappell, Henry W. Jr. 1982. Campaign Contributions and Congressional Voting: A Simultaneous Probit-Tobit Model. Review of Economics and Statistics 62: 77–83.
Chong, Dennis. 1991. Collective Action and the Civil Rights Movement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Christensen, Kim, Leon Danon, Tim Scanlon, and Per Bak. 2002. Unified Scaling Law for Earthquakes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99, 3, Supplement 1 (February 19): 2509–2513.
Chubb, John E. 1983. Interest Groups and the Bureaucracy: The Politics of Energy. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Chubb, John E., and Paul E. Peterson, eds. 1989. Can the Government Govern? Washington: Brookings.
Chung, Kee H., and Raymond A. K. Cox. 1994. A Stochastic Model of Superstardom: An Application of the Yule Distribution. Review of Economics and Statistics 76, 4 (November): 771–775.
Cigler, Allan J. 1991. Interest Groups: A Subfield in Search of an Identity. In William Crotty, ed., Political Science: Looking to the Future (Vol. 4). Evanston, Ill: Northwestern University Press.
Cigler, Allan J. 1994. Research Gaps in the Study of Interest Group Representation. In William Crotty, Mildred A. Schwartz, and John C. Green eds., Representing Interests and Interest Group Representation. Washington: University Press of America.
Cigler, Allan J., and Burdett A. Loomis, eds. 1995. Interest Group Politics. 4th ed. Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
Cigler, Allan J., and Burdett A. Loomis, eds. 1998. Interest Group Politics. 5th ed. Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
Citrin, Jack, Beth Reingold, and Donald P. Green. 1990. American Identity and the Politics of Ethnic Change. Journal of Politics 52: 1124–54.
Clark, Peter B., and James Q. Wilson. 1961. Incentive Systems: A Theory of Organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly 6: 129–66.
Clarke, Richard A. 2004. Against All Enemies: Inside America’s War on Terror. New York: Free Press.
Clausen, Aage R. 1973. How Congressmen Decide. New York: St Martin’s Press.
Cleiber, Dennis, James King, and H.R. Mahood. 1987. PAC Contributions, Constituency Interest and Legislative Voting: Gun Control Legislation in the U.S. Senate. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.
Cleveland, Frederick A. 1913. Organized Democracy. New York: Longmans, Green, and Co.
Clinton, Joshua D., and John S. Lapinski. 2006. Measuring Legislative Accomplishment, 1877–1994. American Journal of Political Science 50, 1 (January): 232–49.
Clymer, Adam. 1996. Senate Kills Bill to Limit Spending in Congress Races. New York Times. June 26.
Cobb, Roger W., and Charles D. Elder. 1983. Participation in American Politics: The Dynamics of Agenda-Building. 2d ed. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Cobb, Roger W., and Marc Howard Ross, eds. 1997. Cultural Strategies of Agenda Denial. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
Cobb, Roger W., Jeannie-Keith Ross, and Marc Howard Ross. 1976. Agenda Building as a Comparative Political Process. American Political Science Review 70 (March): 126–38.
Cobb, Roger, and Marc Howard Ross, eds. 1997. Cultural Strategies of Agenda Denial. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas.
Coen, David. 1997. The Evolution of the Large Firm as a Political Actor in the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy 4 (1): 91–108.
Cohen, Michael D., and Robert Axelrod. 1984. Coping with Complexity: The Adaptive Value of Changing Utility. American Economic Review 74 (March): 30–42.
Cohen, Michael, James G. March, and Johan P. Olsen. 1972. A Garbage Can Theory of Organizational Choice. Administrative Science Quarterly 17: 1–25.
Cohen, Stanley. 2003. The Wrong Men. New York: Carroll and Graf.
Coll, Steve. 1986. The Deal of the Century: The Break-up of AT&T. New York: Atheneum Press.
Collie, Melissa P., and Joseph Cooper. 1989. Multiple Referral and the New Committee System in the House of Representatives. In Lawrence C. Dodd and Bruce I. Oppenheimer, eds., Congress Reconsidered. 4th ed. Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
Commisa, Anne Marie. 1995. Governments as Interest Groups: Intergovernmental Lobbying and the Federal System. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
Congressional Hearings Data Set. 1999. Policy Agendas Project. www.policyagendas.org Computerized data file.
Congressional Information Service, Inc. (CIS). 1947–1994. Annual. CIS/Annual: Abstracts of Congressional Publications and Legislative History Citations. Washington.
Congressional Information Service. 1994. CIS Index to Unpublished U.S. House of Representatives Committee Hearings, 1955–1958. Bethesda, MD: Congressional Service Information, Inc.
Congressional Information Service. 1995. CIS Index to Unpublished U.S. Senate Committee Hearings, 1969–1972. Bethesda, MD: Congressional Information Service, Inc.
Congressional Quarterly. Serial. Congressional Quarterly Almanac. Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
Conlan, Timothy. 1998. From New Federalism to Devolution: Twenty-Five Years of Intergovernmental Reform. Washington: Brookings.
Converse, Philip E., and Roy Pierce. 1986. Political Representation in France. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Cooper, Joseph and Cheryl D. Young. 1989. Bill Introduction in the Nineteenth Century: A Study of Institutional Change. Legislative Studies Quarterly 14 (February): 67–105.
Cooper, Joseph. 1977. Congress in Organizational Perspective. In Lawrence Dodd and Bruce Oppenheimer, eds., Congress Reconsidered. New York: Praeger. Pp. 140–162.
Cootner, Paul, ed. 1964. The Random Character of Stock Market Prices Cambridge: MIT Press.
Cornelius, Wayne, Philip L. Martin and James F. Hollifield, eds. 1994. Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Correa, Hector, and Ji-Won Kim. 1992. A Causal Analysis of the Defense Expenditures of the USA and the USSR, Journal of Peace Research. 29: 161–174.
Cortner, Richard C. 1968. Strategies and Tactics of Litigants in Constitutional Cases. Journal of Public Law 17: 287–307.
Costain, Anne. 1992. Inviting Women’s Rebellion: A Political Process Interpretation of the Women’s Movement. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
Coughlin, Cletus G. 1985. Domestic Content Legislation: House Voting and the Economic Theory of Regulation. Economic Inquiry 23: 437–48.
Cox, Gary W., and Mathew D. McCubbins. 1993. Legislative Leviathan: Party Government in the House. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Crawford, Kenneth Gale. 1939. The Pressure Boys: The Inside Story of Lobbying in America. New York: J. Messner.
Crenson, Matthew A. 1971. The Unpolitics of Air Pollution. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Crenson, Matthew A. 1987. The Private Stake in Public Goods: Overcoming the Illogic of Collective Action. Policy Sciences 20: 259–76.
Croly, Herbert. 1915. Progressive Democracy. New York: Macmillan.
Crotty, William, Midred A. Schwartz, and John C. Green, eds. 1994. Representing Interests and Interest Group Representation. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Crowley, Jocelyn Elise, and Theda Skocpol. 2001. The Rush to Organize: Explaining Associational Formation in the United States, 1860s–1920s. American Journal of Political Science 45, 4 (October): 813–29.
Culbertson, H. M. 1992. Measuring Agenda Diversity in an Elastic Medium: Candidate Position Papers. Journalism Quarterly 69: 938–46
Culhane, Paul J. 1981. Public Lands Politics: Interest Group Influence on the Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Curtis, James E., Edward G. Grabb, and Douglas E. Baer. 1992. Voluntary Association Membership in Fifteen Countries: A Comparative Analysis. American Sociological Review 57: 129–52.
Curtis, James. 1971. Voluntary Association Joining: A Cross-National Comparative Note. American Sociological Review 36: 872–80.
Cusack, Thomas R. 1992. On the Domestic Political-Economic Sources of American Military Spending. In Alex Mintz, ed., The Political Economy of Military Spending in the United States. London, England: Routledge.
Cusack, Thomas R. , and Michael D. Ward. 1981. Military Spending in the United States, Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China. Journal of Conflict Resolution 25: 429–469.
Cyert, Richard M., and James G. March. 1992. A Behavioral Theory of the Firm. 2nd ed. New York: Blackwell.
Dahl, Robert A. 1956. A Preface to Democratic Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Dahl, Robert A. 1957. The Concept of Power. Behavioral Science 2: 201–15.
Dahl, Robert A. 1961. Who Governs? New Haven: Yale University Press.
Dahl, Robert A. 1966a. Further Reflections on “The Elitist Theory of Democracy.” American Political Science Review 60: 296–305.
Dahl, Robert A., ed. 1966b. Political Oppositions in Western Democracies. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Dalaker, Joseph, and Bernadette Proctor. 2000. Poverty in the United States, 1999. Current Population Reports, Series P60-210. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.
Danielian, Lucig H., and Benjamin I. Page. 1994. The Heavenly Chorus: Interest Group Voices on TV News. American Journal of Political Science 38: 1056–78.
Danziger, James N. 1998. Understanding the Political World, 4th ed. New York: Longman.
David, Paul A. 1985. Clio and the Economics of QWERTY. American Economic Review 75: 332–37.
Davidson, Roger H. 1981. Subcommittee Government: New Channels for Policy Making. In Thomas E. Mann and Norman J. Ornstein, eds., The New Congress. Washington: American Enterprise Institute.
Davidson, Roger H. 1986. Congressional Committees as Moving Targets. Legislative Studies Quarterly 11 (1): 19–33.
Davidson, Roger H. 1989. Multiple Referral of Legislation in the U.S. Senate. Legislative Studies Quarterly 14: 375–92.
Davidson, Roger H., and Walter J. Oleszek. 1981. Congress and Its Members. 2d ed. Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
Davidson, Roger H., and Walter J. Oleszek. 1992. From Monopoly to Management: Changing Patterns of Committee Deliberation. In Roger Davidson, ed. The Postreform Congress. New York: St, Martin’s Press.
Davidson, Roger H., and Walter J. Oleszek. 1994. Congress and Its Members. 5th ed Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
Davidson, Roger H., and Walter J. Oleszek. 1996. Congress and Its Members. Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
Davidson, Roger H., and Walter J. Oleszek. 1998. Congress and Its Members. 6th ed Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
Davidson, Roger H., Walter J. Oleszek, and Thomas Kephart. 1988. One Bill, Many Committees: Multiple Referrals in the U.S. House of Representatives. Legislative Studies Quarterly 13 (1): 3–28.
Davis, James Allan and Tom W. Smith. 1994. General Social Surveys, 1972–1994: Cumulative Codebook. Chicago: National Opinion Research Center.
Davis, Otto A., M.A.H. Dempster, and Aaron Wildavsky. 1966. A Theory of the Budget Process. American Political Science Review 60: 529–547.
Davis, Otto A., M.A.H. Dempster, and Aaron Wildavsky. 1974. Towards a Predictive Theory of Government Expenditure: US Domestic Appropriations. British Journal of Political Science 4: 419–52.
Dawes, Robyn M., John M. Orbell, Randy T. Simmons, and Alphons J.C. van de Kragt. 1986. Organizing Groups for Collective Action. American Political Science Review 80: 117–85.
DeCarlo, Lawrence T. 1997. On the Meaning and Use of Kurtosis. Psychological Methods, 2 (3): 292–307.
Deering, Christopher J., and Steven S. Smith. 1997. Committees in Congress. 3rd ed. Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
DeGregorio, Christine, and Jack E. Rossotti. 1995. Campaigning for the Court: Interest Group Participation in the Bork and Thomas Confirmation Processes. In Allan J. Cigler and Burdette A. Loomis, eds., Interest Group Politics. 4th ed. Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
DeLeon, Peter. 1999. The Stages Approach to the Policy Process: What Has It Done? Where Is It Going? In Theories of the Policy Process, ed. Paul A. Sabatier, 19–34. Boulder, CO: Westview.
DeNardo, James. 1985. Power in Numbers: The Political Strategy of Protest and Rebellion. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Derthick, Martha, and Paul J. Quirk. 1985. The Politics of Deregulation. Washington: Brookings.
DeSipio, Louis and Rodolfo de la Garza. 1998. Making Americans, Remaking America: Immigration and Immigration Policy. Boulder: Westview.
Dexter, Lewis Anthony. 1969. How Organizations are Represented in Washington. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
Diani, Mario. 1992. The Concept of Social Movement. The Sociological Review 40 (1): 1–25.
Diani, Mario. 2004. Do We Still Need SMOs? Organizations in Civil Society Networks. Paper presented at the ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops, Upssala, Sweden, March 13–18.
Diani,Mario, and Ivano Boson. 2004. Organizations, Coalitions, and Movements. Theory and Society 33: 281–309.
DiMaggio, Paul J., and Walter W. Powell. 1983. The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organizational Fields. American Sociological Review 48 (April): 147–160.
Dion, Douglas. 1997. Turning the Legislative Thumbscrew: Minority Rights and Procedural Change in Legislative Politics. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Dodd, Lawrence C. 1986 A Theory of Congressional Cycles: Solving the Puzzle of Change. In Gerald C. Wright, Jr., Leroy Rieselbach, and Lawrence C. Dodd, eds., Congress and Policy Change. New York: Agathon Press.
Dodd, Lawrence C. 1991. Congress, the Presidency, and the American Experience: A Transformational Perspective. In Divided Democracy, ed. James A Thurber. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly.
Dodd, Lawrence C. 1994. Political Learning and Political Change: Understanding Development Across Time. In The Dynamics of American Politics, ed. Lawrence C. Dodd and Calvin Jilson. Boulder: Westview.
Dogan, Mattei, ed. 1975. The Mandarins of Western Europe. New York: Halsted Press.
Dole, Robert. 2000. Great Political Wit. New York: Broadway Books.
Domhoff, G. William. 1967. Who Rules America? Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall.
Dow Jones and Company. 1996. 100 Years of Dow Data. Chichopee, MA: Dow Jones.
Downs, Anthony. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper.
Downs, Anthony. 1972. Up and Down with Ecology: The Issue Attention Cycle. Public Interest 28: 38–50.
Druckman, James N. 2001. On the Limits of Framing Effects: Who Can Frame? Journal of Politics 63, 4 (November): 1041–66.
Druckman, James N. 2001. The Implication of Framing Effects for Citizen Competence. Political Behavior 23 (3): 225–56.
Druckman, James N. 2004. Political Preference Formation: Competition, Deliberation, and the (Ir)relevance of Framing Effects. American Political Science Review 98 (4): 761–86.
Druckman, James N., and Kjersten R. Nelson. 2003. Framing and Deliberation: How Citizens’ Conversations Limit Elite Influence. American Journal of Political Science 47, 4 (October): 729–45.
Dryzek, John S. 1990. Discursive Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Dryzek, John S. 1997. The Politics of the Earth: Environmental Discourses. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dulles, John Foster. 1954. Foreign Policies and National Security. Vital Speeches of the Day (February 1): 232–5.
Durden, Garey C., Jason F. Shogren, and Jonathan I. Silberman. 1991. The Effects of Interest Group Pressure on Coal Strip-Mining Legislation. Social Science Quarterly 72: 237–50.
Eckstein, Harry. 1960. Pressure Group Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Eckstein, Harry. 1966. Division and Cohesion in Democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Edles, L. Peter. 1993. Fundraising: Hands-On Tactics for Nonprofit Groups. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Edwards, George C. III, and B. Dan Wood. 1999. Who Influences Whom? The President, Congress, and the Media. American Political Science Review 93: 327–44.
Edwards, George C. III, Andrew Barrett, and Jeffrey Peake. 1997. The Legislative Impact of Divided Government. American Journal of Political Science 41 (April): 545–563.
Edwards, George C. III. 1989. At the Margins: Presidential Leadership of Congress. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Ehrmann, Henry. 1957. Organized Business in France. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Ehrmann, Henry. 1958. Interest Groups on Four Continents. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Eisenhower, Dwight David. 1953. Atoms for Peace speech before U. N. General Assembly. Available online at http: //www.tamu.edu/scom/pres/speeches/ikeatoms.html [15 February 2000].
Eldridge, Niles, and Stephen J. Gould. 1985 . Punctuated Equilibria: An Alternative to Phyletic Graduation. In Niles Eldredge, Time Frames: The Evolution of Punctuated Equilibrium. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, Appendix, pp. 193–223. [Originally published in Thomas J. M. Schopf, ed., Models in Paleobiology. San Francisco: Freeman, Cooper, pp. 82–115]
Ellsworth P. and S. Gross, 1994. Hardening of the Attitudes: Americans’ Views on the Death Penalty. Journal of Social Issues 50 (2): 19–52.
Entman, Robert M. 1993. Framing: Toward Clarification of a Fractured Paradigm. Journal of Communication 43: 51–58.
Entman, Robert M. 1996. Reporting Environmental Policy Debate: The Real Media Biases. Press/Politics 1: 77–92.
Epstein, Lee, and C. K. Rowland. 1991. Debunking the Myth of Interest Group Invincibility in the Courts. American Political Science Review 85: 205–17.
Epstein, Lee, and Jack Knight. 1998. The Choices Justices Make. Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
Epstein, Lee, and Joseph F. Kobylka. 1992. The Supreme Court and Legal Change. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Epstein, Lee, Jeffrey A. Segal, Harold J. Spaeth, and Thomas G. Walker. 1996. The Supreme Court Compendium: Data, Decisions, and Developments. 2d ed. Washington: Congressional Quarterly.