92nd AFA BN HISTORY:
(As it appeared in the July-August 2005 “Brave Cannons” newsletter)
Most of you have heard or read different versions of the history of the 92nd
Artillery Battalion (Brave Cannons). Bill Swan
, HQ Btry 51-52 submitted the 92nd
Unit history he recovered from his Cousin's military files after he had passed away. His cousin had served with the 82nd
Armored Recon Bn. of the 2nd
Armored Division in North Africa, Sicily, Normandy, Germany and Belgium from 1942 to 1945. It reads as follows:
The soldiers of the 1st Battalion
Field Artillery (Brave Cannons), have fought gallantly and with great distinction in three of America's major conflicts, World War II, Korea and Vietnam. The Unit's organization and weapon systems have changed numerous times throughout it's history, but the pride and professionalism of the "Brave Cannoneers" have remained constant. The history of the "Fighting 92nd
" began over fifty years ago with the formation of Battery A
Artillery in October 1933. With the coming of World War II, the Battery was redesignated 92nd
Armored Field Artillery in January 1942 and assigned to the 2nd
Armored Division (Hell On Wheels).
In 1943, the "Niner Deuce" deployed to North Africa, participated in the assault landings in Sicily and fought as part of General Patton's Fifth Army on it's sweep Westward through the island. During the Normandy invasion
, the Battalion entered France over Omaha Beach and provided fire support for the breakout at Saint-Lo. For it's part in the Normandy battles, the "Fighting 92" " was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation. Later, the Battalion supported the sweep through Northern France, including the Falaise Pocket and the race to the Rhine.
During the Battle of the Bulge, the Battalion was hastily thrown into action on the Northern shoulder of Hitler's last major offensive, where it made a major contribution to halting the attack in the area. For its action in Belgium prior to and during the battle, the 92nd was twice cited in the Orders of the Day of the Belgian Army for outstanding service and was awarded the Belgium Fourragere. In the Spring of 1943, the "Brave Cannons" Battalion was one of the first artillery units to cross the Rhine River and it supported the spearhead in the encirclement of the Ruhr Pocket, the last major battle of the war.
After World War II, the Battalion returned to the United States with the "Hell on Wheels" Division and was stationed at Fort Hood. With the start of the Korean War in 1950, the unit was detached from the 2nd Armored Division and deployed to Korea as a separate battalion. It saw combat for the first time as part of the Inchon invasion force and later participated in the X Corps landings and fighting in the vicinity of Hungnam in Northern Korea. For it's gallant service there, the battalion was awarded the Korean Presidential Unit Citation. After U.S. Forces withdrawal from Northern Korea, the 92nd provided fire support in the I and IX Corps sectors of Western Korea until the end of the conflict in 1953. During the war, the "Brave Cannons" participated in ten campaigns.
Editors Note: The 92 was awarded the U.S. Presidential Unit Citation fifty two years later for their action at Chinhung-Ni for providing fire support for the 7th Infantry Div and 1st Marine Div. during their evacuation of the Chosin Reservoir from November 27th to December 11,1950. This award was presented at a reunion of the 92nd veterans at Asheville, N.C. in 2002 by Brig. General Mark T. Kimmitt,
After Vietnam, the battalion returned to the Central Texas hill country of Fort Hood in November 1971 and again became part of the 2nd Armored Division Artillery (Hell's Fires). In October 1983, the battalion was reorganized from an 8-Inch howitzer battalion to become the Army's fourth 8-Inch Howitzer/Multiple Launch Rocket System Composite Battalion. On July 1986, Alpha and Bravo Batteries became a part of the new III Corps Artillery 8-Inch Battalion. Charlie Battery (MLRS) redesignated Alpha Battery, 92nd Field Artillery and served as a separate battery under the 2nd Armored Division Artillery. The MLRS battery carries on the proud tradition of the "Brave Cannons" in the 2nd Armored Division.
Editors Note: This is the end of the text as received from the files of Tech/Sgt. Dan Hamilton, however the 92nd history doesn't end there. Alpha Battery of the battalion went on to serve in Desert Storm. The 92nd colors were retired in February 1996 in a ceremony at Dayton, Ohio, as an Army Reserve Unit.
CAMPAIGNS OF THE BRAVE CANNONS
1. The shield is red to represent the artillery.