852 The year when the timeline of the Primary Chronicle starts



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Putin becomes acting president.

2000 Jan 3, In Beirut, Lebanon, assailants fired rocket-propelled grenades at the Russian Embassy.

  • Jan 7, Russia announced a suspension of aerial bombardment in Grozny to allow civilians to escape.

  • Jan 9, In Chechnya rebels attacked Russian positions in Argun, Shali and Gudermes as Russia continued bombing halt for Orthodox Christmas.

  • Jan 16, In Chechnya Russian warplanes bombarded the area around Grozny and federal forces reported 120 rebels killed.

  • Jan 17, Russian aircraft and artillery bombed Grozny with a record number of attacks.

  • Jan 18, In Chechnya Russian troops began moving through the streets of Grozny in the most intense ground attack in 4 months.

  • Jan 18, In Chechnya Russian Gen. Mikhail Malofeyev went missing in Grozny following an ambush

  • Jan 23, In Chechnya rebels ambushed Russian troops in Staraya Sunzha village and 8 soldiers were killed.

Feb 4, Russians forces began bombing Katyr Yurt after Chechen rebels arrived from Grozny.

  • Feb 13, Vladimir Putin signed a decree to re-establish the "special departments" (FSB) to seek out political disloyalty in the military.

  • Feb 14, In Chechnya Russian commanders ordered Grozny sealed and its population evacuated in order to clear bombs and booby-traps

  • Feb 17, Russia was accused by human rights groups and refugees of brutality toward Chechens in camps.

  • Feb 18, In Chechnya rebels shot down a Russian helicopter and 15 men were killed.

  • Feb 25, Journalist Andrei Babitsky turned up alive in Dagestan. He was held by Russians in a detention center in Makhachkala.

  • Feb 29, In Chechnya 84 Russian paratroopers were killed after rebels attacked a guard post near Ulus Kert.

  • Mar 2, In Chechnya rebels ambushed Russian troops outside Grozny and killed at least 20 police commandos.

  • Mar 6, In Chechnya some 30 rebels held positions at Komsomolskoye's mosque under Russian shelling.

  • Mar 12, Russian agents captured Salman Raduyev, a Chechen warlord.

  • March 26 Russian presidential election, 2000: Putin was elected president with 53 percent of the vote.

  • Mar 26, In Chechnya Russian Col. Yuri Budanov and 3 soldiers seized Elza (Heda) Kungayeva (18) and strangled her to death following a pummeling and sexual assault.

  • Mar 29, In Chechnya rebels ambushed Russian troops and left 4 dead and 18 wounded. 27 men were missing.

  • Apr 1, In Chechnya Russian soldiers found 33 of their missing comrades. 32 were dead and booby-trapped from the Mar 30 rebel attack.

  • Apr 17, In England Russia’s Pres. Putin met with Tony Blair and promised to implement economic reforms and root out corruption.

  • Apr 22, In Chechnya guerrillas attacked a Russian convoy and killed 15 soldiers near Serzhen-Yurt.

  • Apr 26, In Chechnya Russian troops were ambushed near Serzhen-Yurt. 17 rebels and 10 Russians were reported killed.

  • May 3, In Chechnya Russian troops ambushed a rebel band and killed at least 18 men.

  • May 7, Putin was inaugurated.

  • May 12, Igor Domnikov (42), a reporter for Russia’s Novaya Gazeta, Murdered.

  • May 12, In Chechnya Russian forces staged two ambush attacks on rebels and claimed 41 killed.

  • May 13, Pres. Putin divided Russia’s 89 regions into 7 federal districts headed by a Kremlin representative.

  • May, Pres. Putin declared direct rule over Chechnya from Moscow.

  • Jun 3, Pres. Clinton met with Russia’s Pres. Putin in Moscow and began discussions on trade and arms control.

  • Jun 5, Pres. Putin traveled to Italy and met with Prime Minister Giuliano Amato. Putin then met with Pope John Paul II.

  • Jun 27, In Chechnya 2 days of fighting left 12 Russians dead and up to 60 rebels killed according to Russian officials.

  • Jun 30, The lower house voted to give pres. Putin the right to fire any of the nation’s 89 governors for cause.

  • Jul 2, In Chechnya rebels staged 5 suicide attacks against Russian forces.

  • Jul 8, Pres. Putin made his first state of the nation address

  • Jul 9, A bomb attack at a food market in Vladikavkaz in North Ossetia left 5 people dead.

  • Jul 19, In North Korea Russia’s Pres. Putin met with Kim Jong Il.

  • Jul 27, In Chechnya 74 bodies, mostly men, were removed from a mass grave near Tangi-Chu. As many as 80 more remained.

  • Aug 4, Russia reported that Chechen rebels had decapitated 2 Russian colonels, who had been seized earlier in the Vedeno region.

  • Aug 6, Russian officials reported that scores of rebels were killed in weekend artillery attacks outside Grozny, Chechnya, following warnings of a possible rebel offensive. As many as 160 insurgents were reported killed.

  • Aug 7, Chechen rebels claimed 11 Russian soldiers in a military convoy were killed by a remote controlled mine.

  • Aug 8, In Russia a bomb exploded through an underground walkway in Moscow’s Pushkin Square and at least 13 people were killed. Another bomb was found and defused.

  • Aug 12 Russian submarine Kursk explosion: An explosion disabled the Russian submarine K-141 Kursk.

  • Aug 12, A Russian nuclear submarine, the Kursk, became trapped on the floor of the Barents Sea during naval exercises.

  • Aug 18, In Chechnya rebels killed 8 Russian soldiers in several attacks on checkpoints and roadblocks.

  • Aug 24, Fighting from Chechnya spilled into Ingushetia and 100 rebels were reported killed by Russian forces.

  • Nov 1, In Chechnya rebels killed 14 Russian soldiers in a series of raids.

  • Nov 23, In Chechnya 4 Russian soldiers were killed and 18 wounded in a series of rebel attacks.

  • Dec 3, In Chechnya rebels struck numerous check points and at least 13 Russian soldiers were killed.

  • Dec 8, The Duma voted 381-51 to bring back the old Soviet anthem with new, yet to be written lyrics.

  • Dec 13, Russia’s Pres. Putin traveled to Cuba for business and rest. T

  • Dec 16, In Chechnya a series of rebel attacks killed 16 Russian soldiers.

  • Dec 18, In Canada Pres. Putin of Russia met with Prime Minister Chretien and together supported existing nuclear arms accords.

  • Dec 26, Pres. Putin signed laws endorsing the tricolor flag in use since 1991, along with the czarist-era state emblem of a double-headed eagle.

  • Dec 29, In Chechnya 14 Russian soldiers were killed. Russian troops averaged a loss of 200 men per month.

2001 Jan 7, In Russia Pres. Putin pledged to pay all of its Soviet-era int’l. debts.

  • Jan 24, In Chechnya 14 Russian soldiers were killed.

  • Feb 5, A bomb went off in a Moscow subway station and at least 9 people were injured.

  • Feb 18, Robert Philip Hanssen (56), senior FBI agent, was arrested for spying.

  • Feb 21, In Chechnya some 50 bodies began to be uncovered across from a Russian military base at Zdorovye.

  • Mar 18, Chechen rebels killed at least 21 Russian troops.

  • Mar 21, US State Dept. ordered expulsion of 5 suspected Russian spies

  • Apr 10, Germany’s PM Schroeder ended 2 days of talks with Pres. Putin of Russia, but no agreement was reached on Russian debt.

  • Apr 26, In Chechnya rebel fighting killed at least 17 Russian soldiers and wounded 28.

  • May 7, In Chechnya a 2-day fight around Argun left at least 15 Russian soldiers dead.

  • Jun 16, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Putin of Russia in Slovenia.

  • Jun 26, In Chechnya Russian troops claimed to have killed at least 30 rebels near the Georgian border.

  • Jul 3-2001 Jul 4, A Russian roundup operation sent an estimated 26,000 Chechen refugees fleeing to Ingushetia.

  • Jul 15, China’s Pres. Zemin arrived in Russia for a state visit.

  • Aug 3, Kim Jong Il arrived in Moscow following 9-day train ride from North Korea.

  • Sep 25, Pres. Putin issued a 72-hour ultimatum to Chechen rebels to show up for peace talks.

  • Oct 3, In Chechnya rebels killed 9 federal troops in a number of clashes that included 4 dead from land mines. 4 militants were also killed.

  • Oct 24, Chechen leader Akhmed Zakayev called Putin envoy Viktor Kazantsev to meet in Moscow for talks.

  • Nov 3, Sec. of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld met with Pres. Putin in Moscow for talks that included Russian intelligence support.

  • Nov 18, Russia dropped all conditions and opened talks with Chechnya.

  • Nov 22, Talks on Russia-NATO relations began in Moscow.

  • Dec 30, Russian troops mounted an offensive south of Grozny after 6 Russian soldiers were killed by rebels.

2002 Jan 3, Russian forces fought Chechen rebels for a 6th day in a conflict that left 40 dead.

  • Jan 10, In Chechnya Russian troops lifted a weeklong blockade of Argun.

  • Apr 1, The body of journalist Sergei Kalinovsky was found outside Smolensk.

  • Apr 18, In Chechnya rebel explosives killed 21 police officers in Grozny.

  • Apr 30, Russia’s military command said the Chechen commander Shamil Basayev had been killed.

  • May 9, A terrorist bomb killed at least 41 people including 13 children in Kaspiisk, Dagestan.

  • May 14, NATO agreed with Russia on an new framework that would include Russia on a handful of agreed-on issues.

  • May 24, Bush and Putin signed the Treaty of Moscow, an agreement to reduce nuclear stockpiles by two-thirds over the next 10 years.

  • Jun 14, Russia formally withdrew from the START II

  • Aug 23, Pres. Shevardnadze accused Russia of bombing inside Georgia’s border. One person was reported killed.

  • Sep 27, Russian troops used artillery overnight to block suspected rebels from crossing into Chechnya

  • Oct 23, In Moscow 40-50 Chechen separatist guerrillas seized a theater and threatened to shoot or blow up 700 hostages +unless Russia pulled Oct 23 Moscow theater hostage crisis: Chechen rebels seized House of Culture theater in Moscow, taking 700 hostage

  • Oct 25, Russia pledged not to kill Chechen guerrillas holding some 600 hostages in a Moscow theater if they freed all their captives.

  • Oct 26 Moscow theater hostage crisis: The police pumped anesthetic into the building, then stormed it from every entrance.

  • Nov 3, Chechen rebels shot down a Russian military helicopter, killing nine servicemen,

  • Nov 11, Russian troops ambushed Chechen rebels near Grozhny and 6 guerrillas were reported killed. [see Apr 29, 2004]

  • Dec 2, In Beijing Putin and Jiang Zemin signed declaration calling for a "multi-polar" world and peaceful solutions in Iraq and North Korea.

  • Dec 25, In Chechnya 28 guerrillas laid down their weapons in Grozny.

  • Dec 27, Chechen rebel suicide bombers rammed vehicles packed with a ton of explosives into the local government headquarters in Grozny,

  • Dec 30, In Chechnya rebels staged attacks on pro-Moscow forces and killed 4 people in Grozny.

2003 Feb 2, Chechen rebel attacks and mines killed 5 Russian servicemen and wounded 8.

  • Feb 7, Chechen rebel attacks and land mines killed 10 soldiers and police over the last 24 hours.

  • Feb 10, Moscow appointed a new prime minister of Chechnya.

  • Apr 6, Police in Chechnya said they had discovered four graves filled with disfigured bodies, many of them with their heads and arms cut off.

  • Apr 7, In the northern Siberian republic of Yakutia a fire engulfed an old wooden school, killing 21 students and a teacher.

  • May 26, China's Pres. Hu Jintao arrived in Moscow for talks with Pres. Putin.

  • May 30, A rebel ambush and other attacks killed five Russian soldiers and wounded 11 others in and around Chechnya.

  • Jun 5, A bomber attacked a bus near a Russian military air base near Chechnya on Thursday, killing herself and at least 16 others.

  • Jun 6, Russia's parliament approved an amnesty for Chechen rebels who agree to disarm.

  • Jun 7, In Chechnya a fierce battle between rebels and Russian troops raged into its second day, six servicemen dead.

  • Jun 24, Pres. Vladimir Putin flew to London

  • Jul 5, In Russia 2 women suicide bombers blew themselves up at a giant rock festival in suburban Moscow, 14 killed.

  • Jul 12, In southern Chechnya rebels ambushed a Russian military vehicle and staged hit-and-run attacks against federal positions,

  • Jul 17, In Russia's Dagestan region a shrapnel-filled bomb exploded near a police station, killing at least four people and injuring 18 others.

  • Aug 1, A suicide bomber rammed a truck packed with explosives through gates of a Russian military hospital near Chechnya,

  • Aug 4, Pres. Putin visited Malaysia

  • Aug 7, Chechen rebels using a shoulder-fired missile shot down a Russian military helicopter in the mountains, killing three of the crew.

  • Aug 7, Gunmen ambushed a Russian military convoy near border with Chechnya, killing six and wounding seven.

  • Aug 10, Eight Russian soldiers and police died in rebel attacks in a day of violence throughout Chechnya.

  • Aug 20, In Chechnya fighting left 8 Russian soldiers and 12 rebels dead.

  • Sep 2, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Abdullah met Russia's Pres. Putin on the first visit to post-Soviet Russia by a Saudi leader,

  • Sep 27, President Bush and Russian Vladimir Putin urged Iran and North Korea to abandon suspected nuclear weapons programs,

  • Oct 25, Secret police arrested YUKOS oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Russia's richest man,

  • Nov 23, Russian special forces killed 17 militants near the Chechen village of Serzhen-Yurt.

  • Nov 29, A Chechen leader wanted in Russia on charges of terrorism and murder has been granted refugee status in Britain.

  • Dec 5, A shrapnel-filled bomb believed strapped to a suicide attacker ripped apart a commuter train near Chechnya,

  • Dec 7, Russia held Duma elections.

  • Dec 9, In Russia a female suicide bomber blew herself up outside the National Hotel across from Moscow's Red Square.

  • Dec 15, At least 25 gunmen crossed from Chechnya into the Russian region of Dagestan, killing at least 3 border guards and seizing hostages

  • Dec 16, Chechen rebels, in Dagestan, released all their hostages and fled, avoiding capture.

  • Dec 20, In Chechnya 10 Russian servicemen were killed in rebel attacks over 24 hours.

2004 Feb 5, Seven Russian servicemen were killed and at least 11 wounded over the last 24 hours in Chechnya.

  • Feb 6, A bomb ripped through a Moscow subway car during rush hour morning, killing 41 people and wounding 134.

  • Mar 1, US turned over seven Russian citizens who were being held at the U.S. detention center at Guantanamo Bay,

  • Mar 2, In Chechnya rebel attacks and land mines killed five Russian soldiers.

  • Mar 14 Russian presidential election, 2004: Putin won re-election to a second term, earning 71 percent of the vote.

  • Mar 26, A Moscow court banned the religious activities of Jehovah's Witnesses from the Russian capital

  • Apr 5, Rebel attacks across Chechnya killed six Russian soldiers.

  • Apr 12, Chechnya rebels killed 10 Russian soldiers, including five whose convoy was shelled while driving through an insurgent stronghold.

  • Apr 22, Russian tax inspectors raided the Yukos head office.

  • May 26, In Russia Pres. Putin gave his state-of–the-union address

  • Jun 7, Russian Putin flew to Mexico for talks with his Pres. Fox,

  • Jun 19, In Chechnya rebel attacks killed seven Russian soldiers and police officers over the last 24 hours.

  • Jun 22, Russian troops poured into Nazran, Ingushetia, chasing Chechen rebels

  • Aug 31, A woman strapped with explosives blew herself up outside a busy Moscow subway station, killing at least 10.

  • Sep 1 Beslan school hostage crisis: A group of Chechen terrorists took 1300 adults and children hostage at School Number One in Beslan.

  • Sep 3 Beslan school hostage crisis: At one in the afternoon, Russian police and soldiers stormed the school.

  • Sep 13, Pres. Putin announced a series of measures that would enhance Kremlin power.

  • Oct 13, Russia and China settled a dispute over their 2,700-mile border during a visit by Pres. Putin.

  • Oct 29, Duma approved plan to replace direct popular election of regional leaders with nominated by president.

  • Nov 4, Russian Putin signed a bill confirming his country's ratification of the Kyoto Protocol.

  • Dec 13, The Chinese government said China and Russia will hold their first joint military exercise next year.



2005 Jan 16, In Russia protests by retirees against the loss of welfare benefits swept Putin's home city for the second straight day.

  • Jan 17, Russian police stopped angry retirees from blocking traffic, the third day of protests in Putin's hometown against welfare benefit cutoffs.

  • Jan 22, Thousands of poor Russians demonstrated across Russia

  • Jan 29, In Russia thousands of communists, liberals and radical youth activists joined forces to protest against the loss of Soviet-era benefits.

  • Mar, A Russian pro-Kremlin youth group called Nashi (our own) began demonstrations to counter detractors of Putin.

  • Apr 27, Vladimir Putin became the first Kremlin leader to visit Israel,

  • May 9, the 60th anniversary of the Allied victory over Nazi Germany.

  • May 31, A Russian court declared oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky guilty of an array of charges

  • Jun 30, Chinese President Hu Jintao visited Russia

  • Jun 29, A Russian court ordered the radical national Bolshevik Party, led by ultranationalist writer Eduard Limonov, to disband.

  • Jul 1, In Dagestan, Russia, a bomb in Makhachkala killed 10 Russian troops.

2006 Jan 1, Russia's natural gas monopoly halted sales to Ukraine

  • Apr 8, Thousands of Russians came out onto the streets to protest at what they said was the widening gulf between rich and poor.

  • Apr 15, In southern Chechnya rebels killed two Russian soldiers and wounded five others in an ambush.

  • Jun 17, In Chechnya Russian police killed rebel leader Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev in a special police operation in his hometown of Argun.

  • Jul 10, Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev (41) was killed in Ingushetia.

  • Jul 14, In St. Petersburg, Russia, authorities detained more than 200 anti-globalization activists hoping to protest the G-8 summit,

  • Jul 16, President Bush and other Group of Eight world leaders meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia,

  • Jul 28, In Russia Pres. Putin signed a law making slander of a public official a crime.

  • Sep 23, Putin, Jacques Chirac and Chancellor Angela Merkel for a three-way informal summit in a chateau in Compiegne.

  • Nov 23, Alexander Litvinenko, a former KGB agent, died in London.

2007 Jan 11, Oil flowed again from Russia to Europe

  • Jan 15, More than 500 armed militants in Chechnya and other parts of North Caucasus surrendered as part of an amnesty.

  • Jan 21, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met with Pres. Vladimir Putin in the Black Sea resort of Sochi

  • Jan 25, Russian Putin arrived in India,

  • Feb 11, Putin, making the first visit by a Russian leader to Saudi Arabia,

  • Mar 3, Russian police violently broke up an unauthorized opposition rally in St. Petersburg,

  • Mar 13, Russian Putin and Pope Benedict XVI met for the highest-level Kremlin-Vatican talks

  • Mar 26, Chinese President Hu Jintao arrived in Russia on his third visit as national leader,

  • Apr 5, Ramzan Kadyrov was inaugurated as the new president of Chechnya

  • Apr 21, Charles Simonyi, an American billionaire who paid $25 million for a 13-day trip to outer space, returned to Earth

  • Apr 23, Boris Yeltsin (b.1931), former Russian leader (1991-1999), died.

  • Apr 27, Estonia removed a Soviet war memorial from downtown Tallinn under cover of darkness,

  • Jun 28, Putin welcomed Venezuelan leader Hugo Chavez for talks

  • Jun 28, Hundreds of ethnic Georgians confronted Russian peacekeeping forces in the breakaway region of South Ossetia,

  • Jul 1, Russia’s Pres. Putin arrived in Maine for talks with Pres. Bush.

  • Jul 14, Russia suspended its participation in a key European arms control treaty that governs deployment of troops on the continent.

  • Aug 17, Russia’s Putin said that he had ordered the military to resume regular long-range flights of strategic bombers.

  • Aug 23, A shootout in Chechnya's capital left two policemen and a rebel dead.

  • Aug 23, In Dagestan, Russia, gunmen ambushed security forces, killing three people and wounding 17.

  • Oct 13, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, after meeting with human-rights activists in Moscow,

  • Oct 15, In Germany Pres. Putin held talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel

  • Oct 16, In Iran Russian leader Vladimir Putin met his Iranian counterpart

  • Oct 16, A revolt at a Russian prison for minors, swelled into a mass uprising

  • Oct 24, Alexander Pichushkin (33), a Russian former grocery clerk, was found guilty of murdering 48 people in Moscow.

  • Nov 4, Some 5,000 nationalists turned out for the Russian March, held for the third year on National Unity Day,

  • Dec 2, Russians voted in a parliamentary election. Putin's United Russia party swept 70 percent of seats in parliament.

  • Dec 19, Time magazine named Russian Putin its 2007 "Person of the Year."

2008 Feb 17, Kosovo declared itself a nation,

  • March 2 Russian presidential election, 2008: Dmitry Medvedev won, earning 70.5 percent of the vote.

  • Apr 6, In Russia Bush and Putin ended their last face-to-face meeting as heads of state

  • May 7, Dmitry Medvedev was inaugurated as Russia's president,

  • May 8, Vladimir Putin was named prime minister of Russia

  • Jul 21, China and Russia signed an agreement that demarcated their 2,700 mile border ending a long running border dispute.

  • Aug 8-16 Russia defeated Georgia in the South Ossetian war and recognized South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent states

  • Aug 8, Georgian troops launched a major military offensive to regain control of South Ossetia,

  • Aug 9, Russia sent hundreds of tanks and troops into the separatist province of South Ossetia

  • Aug 10, Georgian troops retreated from the breakaway province of South Ossetia

  • Aug 11, Swarms of Russian jets launched new raids on Georgian territory

  • Aug 13, Russian tanks rolled into the crossroads city of Gori

  • Aug 14, Georgian and Russian troops faced off at a checkpoint outside the key city of Gori,

  • Aug 16, Russian forces pulled back from the center of a town not far from Georgia's capital after Russia's president signed a cease-fire deal.

  • Sep 4, Russian troops killed 5 suspected Muslim rebels in Dagestan.

  • Sep 13, Hundreds of Russian forces packed up and withdrew from positions in western Georgia.

  • Nov 4, In Moscow ultranationalists and anti-immigrant activists tossed smoke grenades and scuffled with riot police

  • Nov 19, Georgia and Russia held their first major, mediated talks since their August war.

  • Nov 28, In Cuba Russia's president Medvedev met with Fidel Castro, discussing

2009 Jan 6, A natural gas crisis loomed over Europe, as a contract dispute between Russia and Ukraine shut off Russian gas supplies

  • Jan 20, Russian gas reached Europe via Ukraine for the first time in two weeks

  • Jan 30, Russia moved to rebuild ties with Cold War ally Cuba,

  • Mar 5, NATO foreign ministers agreed to resume high-level formal ties with Russia,

  • April 08 Medvedev signs a historic deal with American President Barack Obama cutting nuclear weapons by a third

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