6th grade World Cultural Languages 3 week program spanish agenda objectives



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6th grade World Cultural Languages

3 week program

SPANISH Agenda
OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to discuss Spanish eating customs, the Semana Santa, and the Running of the Bulls. If time permits, Tomatina will also be included.
Day 1: Vocabulary introduction and Spanish foods

  • Vocabulary list handout

  • Article on eating customs

  • Agree/Disagree worksheet


Day 2: Semana Santa

  • Article on Holy Week in Spain

  • Comprehension worksheet


Day 3: Running of the Bulls

  • Article on this yearly tradition

  • Comprehension worksheet


Day 4: Semana Santa Petal Project

  • Rubric handout


Day 5: Assessment (Vocabulary and content information)

  • Short assessment of Spanish week

6th Grade World Cultural Languages Spanish Vocabulary
Spanish culture will include learning about Spanish eating customs, Semana Santa, the Running of the Bulls, Tomatina * and common Spanish vocabulary words which go with each topic. You will be held accountable for learning the following words:
Food:

1. desayuno (day-sigh-oo-no) = breakfast

2. comida (coh-me-dah) = lunch or meal

3 .cena (say-nah) = dinner


Semana Santa:

4. alfombra = (al-foam-brah) = carpet

5. semana (say-mah-nah) = week

6. santa (sahn-tah) = saint

7. banda (ban-dah) = band

8. música (moo-see-cah) = music


Running of the Bulls:

9. toro (tor-oh) = bull

10. España (es-pan-yah) = Spain
* Tomatina (if time)

(Extra credit) tomate (toe-mah-tay) = tomato




Spanish Eating Customs: Meals

In the United States, a normal day's breakfast, or desayuno, typically consists merely of a cup of coffee, although it's also commonplace to accompany your steaming café con leche, milk, with a croissant or other pastry. While an American traditional breakfast has pancakes, bacon, and eggs, the Spanish "traditional" breakfast consists of the vastly popular churros, served sprinkled with sugar or dunked in hot chocolate.

Spaniards eat their lunch, or comida, between 2:00 and 4:00 in the afternoon. Serving as the day's main meal, it is traditionally quite a bit larger than the dinner meal, or cena. A typical lunch will have several courses. The first course is the lighter part of the meal, usually consisting of a salad or soup, while the second course is normally your typical fish or meat dish. A dessert can be a simple piece of fruit, a typical Spanish flan, or a sweet pastry or cake.

While there are, of course, many people who eat full meals, the Spanish dinner (cena) is traditionally much smaller than the midday comida. It often consists of something lighter like a salad, a sandwich, or a selection of tapas. Spaniards eat late for this final meal of the day, even more so on weekends and during the summer, sitting down to eat anytime from 9:00 until 11:00 in the evening.
Spanish Eating Customs: Sobremesa

The name says it all. The word sobremesa literally means "over the table" and refers to the art of conversation after a meal. Instead of taking the last bite and leaving, Spaniards often stay at the table talking, enjoying each other's company, and perhaps sharing a drink. If good conversation continues, one can stay for hours!



Spanish Eating Customs: Siesta

No, it's not a myth. Yes, the siesta really does exist. It began long ago as after eating the large mid-day meal, farm workers needed to rest and digest their food before going back out to work in the fields. While this daily break doesn't necessarily include a nap, businesses and stores do shut down for about two hours, and many people return home to eat with their families.



Spanish Eating Customs: Wine

Whether out at a restaurant or in the home with the family, it is very typical to drink wine along with a meal. It is so common, in fact, that restaurants offering a menú almost always include wine in the advertised price.



Spanish Eating Customs: Coffee

Coffee is quite the Spanish phenomenon. Many Spaniards drink several cups of their favorite caffeinated beverage in the course of a single day. Coffee also traditionally follows a Spanish meal and is served after the dessert. To fit in with the locals, ask for a café con leche (coffee with milk), a café solo (coffee without milk), or a café cortado (coffee with some milk).


Spanish Eating Customs: Tipping

While its practice is completely voluntary, many restaurant patrons choose to leave a modest tip of around 5-10% after a meal.



Spanish Eating Customs: Tapas and their History

Tapas are a very important part of Spanish eating and these small snacks or appetizers vary from region to region and can be served hot or cold. Since many Spaniards don’t eat lunch until late in the day, eating tapas is a good way to stave off hunger pains or they can become a meal of their own!

The Spanish practice of going out for tapas, called el tapeo, had its humble beginnings long ago and ironically originally involved empty plates. Widely thought to have gotten its start in Seville, bartenders would cover, or tapar, wine glasses with a small plate in order to protect the drink from fruit flies. Soon, they took to placing a simple slice of ham on top of the glass, an addition which naturally appealed to bar patrons. Seeing the possibility of attracting more customers, the bar-owners began varying the type of tapas adorning the little plates that came with each drink, and the widespread national phenomenon known as tapas got its start.
Tapas Traditions

Going out for tapas is one of the few experiences that doesn't involve a table cloth and a pricey sit-down meal. The way to enjoy tapas is to stand at the bar with a group of friends, share a few different tapas, and wash them down with wine or beer. Afterwards, pick a new bar, a new spread of tapas, and repeat the process. You can easily see why, when the conversation is lively and the tapas are tasty, this advanced art of snacking can certainly become a whole meal.



Typical Tapas

Don't be shy about asking what to order as most bars will suggest that you try their specialties (which usually happens to be the region's specialties as well). Tapas menus undeniably vary as you move through Spain; the best tapas in central Madrid, for example, are sure to be different from the choice tapas along the northern Galician shores. However, regardless of whether you're relaxing along the Mediterranean or enjoying the scenery in La Mancha, you are sure to find some common tapas "classics."

As Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula, and therefore, very nearly surrounded by water, seafood and shellfish naturally play a huge part in Spanish food. A few delicacies of the sea to try are calamares (fried squid), cod fritters, gambas pil-pil (prawns in hot, garlic oil), and boquerones (anchovies). Moving away from seafood, other typical tapas include chorizo (sausage), paella (rice dish), a variety of casserole stews, callos (tripe with chickpeas), jamón serrano (cured ham), albóndigas (meatballs) and the ever classic tortilla española (Spanish potato omelette).



Tortilla Española

You absolutely cannot leave Spain without trying its famous tortilla española (Spanish omelette). Served hot or cold, as a meal or as a tapa, on its own or in a sandwich, the tortilla española is certainly a category of its own. Not to be confused with the tortilla francesa (French omelette), the thick tortilla española is cooked in olive oil and features fried, thinly-sliced potatoes along with the eggs. While the tortilla española is usually kept to the basics of potatoes and eggs, sometimes you can find other vegetables, onions often make an appearance, thrown into the mix for variety.



Churros

The Spanish version of fried dough is called a churro and, unlike its ever-delicious fairground counterpart, it is a commonplace treat for breakfast and a snack. Each morning, you can easily find a churrería- a small shop or street vendor that sells churros, by simply following the mouth-watering smell right back to its source. You can usually buy the fresh, ridged churros by the half-dozen or dozen, either to eat there or to bring home. Whether you sprinkle them with sugar or dunk them in a steaming cup of hot chocolate, be sure to eat them while they're hot and crispy!


History of Spanish Food

The succession of cultures that one-by-one set foot on the Iberian Peninsula have each left a lasting mark on every facet of Spain's culture: language, music, art, architecture and, of course, food. In fact, many people are surprised to learn just how much of a delicious melting pot Spain really is.




Geography of Spanish Food

The basis of the history of Spanish food, of course, has to do with its geographical situation. First of all, the country is located on the Iberian Peninsula and is, therefore, almost entirely surrounded by the waters. Naturally, due to this fortunate location, seafood forms one of the pillars of Spainish food and categorizes the country as having a Mediterranean diet. The rest of Spain is a diverse terrain made up of mountain ranges, lush pastures, fertile farm grounds, extensive coastlines and more, which together provide quite the variety of fresh products. For example, Spain's famous hams are cured high in the mountains, vineyards and olive groves sprawl across the land, and fresh fruits and vegetables hail from throughout the country.


Cultures Throughout the History of Spanish Food

Endless cultures, as they passed through or settled in Spain, have influenced the history of Spanish food. The Phoenicians left their sauces, the Greeks introduced Spain to the wonders of olive oil, and Romans, Carthaginians, and Jews integrated elements of their own cooking into that of Spain. However it was the Moors who, during their centuries of reign, most impacted Spanish food. They introduced fruits and light seasonings into the Iberian diet, as well as combinations of fruits and nuts with meats and fish. Rice, a genuine staple of Spanish food, and therefore, Spain's vast array of rice dishes, come straight from the Moors, as does the use of saffron, cinnamon, and nutmeg. As you eat gazpacho (cold soup) on a hot summer day, thank the talented Moorish culture, as it too comes straight from them. Ironically enough, the foods we consider to be "typically Spanish" would either not exist or would be extremely different without the intervention of so many cultures into the history of Spanish food.



The Americas' Impact on the History of Spanish Food

Along with its obvious historical impact, the discovery of the Americas with Christopher Columbus' famous 1492 voyage resulted in the addition of more important elements to the history of Spanish food. As of 1520, foods from the new lands arrived in Spain and immediately began to integrate themselves into the Spanish diet. Amongst the many products that crossed the Atlantic and arrived on Spanish turf, tomatoes, vanilla, chocolate, various beans, and potatoes, which surprisingly arrived in Spain before arriving in Ireland, are all staples of today's Spanish kitchen.



6th Grade World Cultural Languages Spanish Food Article
Objectives:

Students will be able to identify Spanish eating customs, typical foods and their origins, and some of the cultures which influenced Spanish food.


Please follow these directions:
1. Before you read about Spain and its food, read each of the statements in the middle column.

2. In the left column, write whether you “Agree” or “Disagree” with each statement.

3. Next, read the article about Spanish eating customs.

4. After reading the article, write in the right-hand column whether you now agree or

disagree with each statement.

5. If you disagreed, write the correct answer in English.




Before Reading

Statement

After Reading




Dinner, in Spain, is the biggest

meal of the day.









The “siesta” or “nap” use to exist but

it doesn’t any longer.









In Spain, it is very typical to drink mineral

water with a meal.









In Spain, coffee is traditionally served with dessert.







Leaving a tip, after a meal in Spain,

is mandatory.









Tapas are Spanish appetizers.







It is a tradition to go “Tapas hopping”

from one place to another.









Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula.







The Mexicans have had the most

impact on Spanish food.









It is common in Spain to eat “churros” at

local carnivals.





Holy Week in Spain

Semana Santa



The Passion of Christ, or Easter Week, known in Spain as Semana Santa is the most important celebration in the country. The festivities begin with the Domingo de Ramos (Palm Sunday) and end with Lunes de Pascua (Easter Monday). It is a celebration of life itself and the whole country comes alive. The Catholic Church in Spain is passionate about Easter celebrations.




 

Almost every town and city in Spain will have their own Easter celebrations and almost every resident will be involved in some way. In the major cities the processions are of huge proportions, often stretching for miles.







Spain celebrates Easter Week much more than most European countries. During the whole of Semana Santa, (Holy Week), street processions are organized in most Spanish towns each evening, from Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday.

People carry statues of saints around on floats or wooden platforms, and an atmosphere of mourning - which can seem quite oppressive to onlookers - and the Easter week processions end with Easter Sunday, a day full of light and color when church and cathedral bells are heard ringing throughout the country.



In some of the processions, marchers wear clothes that are meant to depict the Nazareños, people from Nazareth. The religious fraternities and brotherhoods are responsible for carrying the statues and organizing the bandas de música. The Nazareños follow the people who carry the floats bearing sculptures and models of biblical scenes.

The people who carry the weight of the floats are called "costaleros" and are expected the carry these "thrones" with solemnity and grace. They use a small cushion, "costal" to protect themselves from getting sores from the wood rubbing against their skin during the long processions.

The most famous Easter celebrations are held in various Andalusian towns, Valladolid, Toledo, Segovia, Burgos, Zamora and Cuenca.


  1. When is Semana Santa celebrated?



  1. What day marks the start of Semana Santa?



  1. What day marks the end of Semana Santa?



  1. List at least 3 major components of a Semana Santa celebration.

Nombre Fecha (date) Clase

Easter Petal Pathways

Semana Santa is not only celebrated in Spain but also in Latin American countries. One such country is Guatemala. In Guatemala, Semana Santa is celebrated with parades, ceremonies and many traditional rituals. One of the most beautiful of these rituals is the creation of alfombras in the street. These street carpets are made with flower petals, pine needles and dyed sawdust.

You will be creating your own alfombra for a celebration of your choosing. Your alfombra must include the following basic components:



  1. A border design

  2. A center design

  3. Flowers and/or flower petals included in some aspect of your design.



Nombre Fecha (date) Clase


Easter Petal Pathways
Rubric

CATEGORY

5

3

1

0

Use of Class Time

Used time well during the class period. Focused on getting the “alfombra” done. Never distracted others.

Used time well during the class period. Usually focused on getting the “alfombra” done and never distracted others.

Used some of the time well during the class period. There was some focus on getting the “alfombra” done but occasionally distracted others.

Did not use class time to focus on the “alfombra” OR often distracted others.

Attractiveness

The “alfombra” is exceptionally attractive in terms of design, layout, and neatness.

The “alfombra” is attractive in terms of design, layout and neatness.

The “alfombra” is acceptably attractive though it may be a bit messy.

The “alfombra” is distractingly messy or very poorly designed. It is not attractive.

Alfombra” Authenticity

The “alfombra” is very similar to pictures that we looked at in class.

The “alfombra” is similar to the pictures we looked at during class.

The “alfombra” has some similarities to those we saw during class.

The “alfombra” is not at all similar to the pictures we looked at during class.

Alfombra” Originality & Completeness

The “alfombra” is very original and creative in its design. The student went above and beyond to create a unique design.

The “alfombra” is very original and creative in its design. The student put a lot thought into their design.

The “alfombra” is original in its design. The student put some thought into their design.

The “alfombra” is not very original in its design. It appears that the student rushed to complete it.


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