5th Grade History Study Guide Test Date: 4/ 6/2016
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Grade History Study Guide
Test Date: __4/ 6/2016 _____
Be able to label the following capitals on a map: Paris, Oslo, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Berlin, Lisbon, Athens,
Reykjavik, Bern, Rome Be able to identify the following on a map of Europe: Adriatic Sea, Sweden, Rhine River, Sweden, Norway, Finland,
Pyrenees Mtns, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Italy, Switzerland, Baltic Sea
The Rhine River is Europe’s most important inland waterway.
Mont Blanc is the highest peak in France.
Mt. Vesuvius is mainland Europe’s highest active volcano.
The Pyrenees Mtns separate the Iberian Peninsula (Spain & Portugal) from the rest of Europe.
The Strait of Gibraltar separates the Iberian Peninsula from Africa.
The tundra regions are found north of the Arctic Circle in the Frigid Zone
No trees grow in the tundra regions because it is above the timber line
Igloos are temporary snow-blocked shelters the Inuits live in during the winter
Know these facts about Italy
Rome is the capital of Italy.
Sicily is a large island located at the ‘toe of Italy’s boot’
Known as the “Home of the Renaissance”
Leonardo da Vinci was from Italy and painted the Mona Lisa
Michelangelo was an Italian sculptor who sculpted David and Moses.
The Italian explorer, Marco Polo was the first European to travel all the way across Asia.
Galileo was a great scientist from Italy.
Mussolini: an Italian dictator and leader of the Fascists.
Pisa is home of the famous ‘leaning tower’.
Magellan was the first man to sail around the world
Know these facts about Germany:
Berlin was the German city that was divided after World War II.
Bach, Haydn and Beethoven were famous German composers.
Berlin is it’s capital.
Known as the “Home of the Reformation”
Adolf Hitler was the leader of the National Socialist Party in Germany
Adolf Hitler’s desire to conquer led to the beginning of World War II
Germany was reunited in the spring of 1990.
Know these facts about Spain:
Madrid is the capital.
The Tidelands is the large swamp located in southern Spain
Matadors are trained to fight bulls.
It is located on the Iberian Peninsula
Know these facts about France:
Napoleon Bonaparte was the French emperor who wanted to conquer all of the world
Joan of Arc was a young girl who led the French army to victory. She was later captured and burned at the stake.
Paris is it’s capital
Mont Blanc is the highest peak in France
Charles de Gaulle was the World War II hero who became president of the 5 th Republic
John Calvin led the Protestant Reformation in France
Louis Pasteur was a French scientist who taught the world how to protect against germs
The Eiffel Tower is a famous French landmark
Know these facts about Norway:
It is called the “Land of the Midnight Sun”.
Oslo is its capital
Home of fjords, which are long, narrow inlets of the sea with high, rocky banks
Know these facts about Denmark:
Know these facts about Iceland:
Known as the “Land of Fire and Ice” due to all the volcanoes, hot springs and geysers found alongside its glacier
Know these facts about Switzerland:
Alps mountain range Johanna Spyri wrote the book Heidi
It is a neutral nation that is land-locked Founded the International Red Cross
Known for cheese, chocolates, watches and music boxes
William Tell fought for the independence of Switzerland
Know these facts about the Netherlands:
Known for tulips, windmills, and low lands Amsterdam is its capital
Holland was the home of the Pilgrims before the set sail for America
Known for their wooden shoes and dikes
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