5th Grade Declaration of Independence Inquiry Why Do Countries Declare Independence?



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new york state social studies resource toolkit

5th Grade Declaration of Independence Inquiry

Why Do Countries Declare Independence?


istock_000009931570_medium.jpg

Second Continental Congress, The Declaration of Independence, 1776. © istock / © lawcain.



Supporting Questions

1.What are the two big philosophical ideas in the Declaration of Independence?

2.What grievances did the colonists have with King George III?

3.How does the Declaration of Independence make an argument for independence?

4.How do declarations of independence from other places in the Western Hemisphere compare with the United States Declaration of Independence?

5th Grade Declaration of Independence Inquiry


Why Do Countries Declare Independence?

New York State Social Studies Framework Key Ideas & Practices

5.6 GOVERNMENT: The political systems of the Western Hemisphere vary in structure and organization across time and place.

Gathering, Using, and Interpreting Evidence Comparison and Contextualization

Staging the Question

Part 1: Teacher facilitates a breakup letter activity and discussion to introduce the three-part structure of the Declaration of Independence.

Part 2: Students complete pre-read predictions in a think-pair-share activity.






Supporting Question 1




Supporting Question 2




Supporting Question 3




Supporting Question 4

What are the two big philosophical ideas in the Declaration of Independence?




What grievances did the colonists have with King George III?




How does the Declaration of Independence make an argument for independence?




How do declarations of independence from other countries in the Western Hemisphere compare with the United States Declaration of Independence?

Formative
Performance Task





Formative
Performance Task





Formative
Performance Task





Formative
Performance Task


Summarize the two big philosophical ideas of national sovereignty and natural rights as described in part 1 of the Declaration of Independence.




Rank the grievances that colonists described in part 2 of the Declaration of Independence.




Rewrite the argument made by the colonists in the Declaration of Independence.




Compare the approaches used in one or more countries in the Western Hemisphere to declare independence with the approach used in the United States Declaration of Independence.




Understand




Assess







List the grievances of an independence movement happening in the world today.




Make a T-chart with reasons for and against independence in a place seeking independence today.




Featured Sources




Featured Sources




Featured Sources




Featured Sources

Source A: Part 1 of the Declaration of Independence: Preamble




Source A: Part 2 of the Declaration of Independence: Grievances




Source A: Part 3 of the Declaration of Independence: Conclusion




Source A: Table of independence declarations in Latin America

Source B: Source packets: Declarations of independence material for Haiti, Venezuela, and Mexico




Summative Performance Task

ARGUMENT Why do countries declare independence? Construct an argument (e.g., detailed outline, poster, or essay) that addresses the compelling question using specific claims and relevant evidence from historical sources.

EXTENSION Create a comic strip that adapts the argument for why countries declare independence.

Taking Informed Action

ACT Hold an open forum focused on a present-day independence movement.

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