3a: 7 conscription: australia divided source a



Download 16.04 Kb.
Date conversion06.05.2016
Size16.04 Kb.

3a:7 CONSCRIPTION: AUSTRALIA DIVIDED


SOURCE A

A column graph showing enlistment in the AIF 1915-18


In late 1916, the AIF (Australia’s Imperial Force) was the only force made up entirely of volunteers. The war showed no signs of ending. Australian’s enthusiastic responses to recruitment had decreased as they learned more about battlefront conditions and the high rates of Australian casualties throughout World War One. By June 1916, voluntary enlistment in the AIF was less then half, which was needed to maintain Australia’s fighting capacity. The Australian Prime Minister William ‘Billy’ Hughes proposed a solution – conscription. macintosh hd:users:nathanelliott:dropbox:camera uploads:20150510_093948.jpg


SOURCE QUESTIONS

  1. Use source A and your own knowledge to identify and describe the general trends regarding enlistment over the period 1915-18.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. Why do you think there was a drop in recruitment?

_____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


First referendum 1916

Despite opposition from his own party, Labor Prime Minister Billy Hughes decided to take the issue to the people in a referendum. The nation was asked to grant the government the power to compel citizens to serve overseas during the current war. The referendum provoked furious debate within the Australian community. It was held on 28 October 1916, and the proposal for conscription was narrowly defeated. In the ensuing political fall-out, the Labor Party split and Hughes formed a breakaway party called the Nationalist Party.


Second referendum 1917

Enlistment for the war continued to fall, and in 1917 Hughes called for another referendum on the conscription issue. This conscription campaign was just as heated as the first, with the most prominent anti-conscription activist being the Catholic Archbishop of Melbourne, Rev. Daniel Mannix. On 20 December 1917 the nation again voted no to conscription, this time with a slightly larger majority. Australia and South Africa were the only participating countries not to introduce conscription during the First World War.


People supported conscription for a variety of reasons:

  • Many people viewed conscription as an extension of their loyalty to Britain.

  • Women often saw conscription as a means of supporting those men who were already fighting.

  • Others argued that conscription would ensure that the burden of service was more fairly shared than under a voluntary system.

  • Some people branded those who did not enlist as ‘shameful’


A variety of attitudes motivated anti-conscriptionists:

  • Some anti-conscriptionists argued that conscription was wrong because itself was immoral.

  • Others argued that it was unjust to force someone to go to war.

  • The Working Class would bear the burden of conscription.macintosh hd:private:var:folders:p4:61s3tw7x2691dtkl9zx9pd9h0000gp:t:temporaryitems:kanga.gifmacintosh hd:private:var:folders:p4:61s3tw7x2691dtkl9zx9pd9h0000gp:t:temporaryitems:australia_ww1_amti-conscription_poster.jpg


S0URCE B Conscription Source




S0URCE C Anti-Conscription Source

SOURCE QUESTIONS

  1. What reason does source B provide for supporting a ‘yes’ vote?

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. How does source C provide reason for supporting a ‘no’ vote?

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. What does source C reveal about the role of women and children in the conscription campaigns?

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


SUMMARY QUESTIONS (USING YOUR OWN KNOWLEDGE AND YOUR IPAD)macintosh hd:private:var:folders:p4:61s3tw7x2691dtkl9zx9pd9h0000gp:t:temporaryitems:apple-ipad-003.jpg

  1. Find one conscription source and one anti-conscription source and write down its purpose and justification.

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. Outline why was conscription seen as necessary.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________




  1. Why were the majority of Australia’s population against conscription?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________




  1. What is your personal opinion on conscription?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________


FOR CONTINUED RESEARCH AND UNDERSTANDING:


  • http://billyhughes.moadoph.gov.au/conscription


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page