3-6 computing power Name



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Apr. 13

3-6 computing power




Name:______________________________________________

http://computer.howstuffworks.com/computing-power.htm



  1. As it turns out, that's the secret behind computing power. It all comes down to how fast a machine can perform an _____________________________.

  2. Within your computer's CPU is an electronic _______________.

  3. The clock's job is to create a series of electrical pulses at regular_______________________

  4. When you talk about how many gigahertz your processor has, you're really talking about _________ speed

  5. Clock speed refers to how many electrical pulses your CPU sends out each _________________.

  6. A 3.2 gigahertz processor sends out around 3.2 billion pulses each _____________.

  7. While it's possible to push some processors to speeds faster than their advertised limits -- a process called ________________________

  8. As of March 2010, the record for processing power goes to a Cray XT5 computer called Jaguar. The Jaguar supercomputer can process up to 2.3 _______________calculations per second

1. What does CPU stand for?

2. When was the first CPU introduced?

  • 1961

  • 1971

  • 1981

3. Out of what material are computer chips made?



  • Plastic

  • Silicon

  • Olestra

4. The width of the smallest wire on a computer chip is typcially measured in:

  • Millimeters

  • Microns

  • Nanometers

5. Which of the following is not part of a computer chip's job?



6. To what do buses and lines connect in a computer chip?

7. What does ROM stand for?

  • Read-only memory

  • Random-only memory

  • Read-on memory

8. On a PC, what do the BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) instructions do?



9. Computer chip designers create language instructions that the microprocessor reads. What part of the computer can translate the words from the instructions into bit patterns the chip can understand?

10. About how much address space can a 64-bit microprocessor access?




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