2012 World History Final Exam Review

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2012 World History
Final Exam Review

The following are the course objectives/targets for first semester. The final exam will be made up content questions, map skills, reading skills, and chart/graph/timeline skills.

Read the objectives below and on a separate sheet of paper, complete a minimum 1 sentence explanation or definition for each item listed in the content section.



  • Describe the life of religious figures

    • Mohammed, Jesus, and Buddha

  • Examine the tenets of Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, and Hinduism

Compare and contrast the similarities and differences of these religions


  • Recognize geographic features that positively and negatively affect China

  • Compare and Contrast the different Dynastical Regimes and their effects on China

  • Analyze Chinese philosophies


  • Recognize and recall the geography of Greece and explain its effect on early Greek settlement (Mediterranean, Athens, Sparta, Crete, Corinth, Aegean, Ionian, Ionia, Peloponnesus, Mt Olympus, Thermopylae, Salamis, Marathon)

    • Impact of Mountains and the Impact of Sea

    • Discuss aspects of early Greek culture : Minoan, Mycenaeans, and Dorians

  • Compare and contrast the democracy of Athens and military state of Sparta

    • Government Types/ Military Types/ Education / Roles of Women and Children, Trade

    • Evaluate which city-state’s culture had the greatest impact on modern culture

  • Examine the military strategies of the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars

    • Ionia, Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis

    • Effect of the Delian League

  • Describe Athens’ achievements during the Golden Age of Greece

    • Democracy, Drama, History, Architecture/Sculpture

    • Philosophy/ Socrates, Plato, Aristotle

  • Describe and evaluate the achievements of Alexander the Great

    • Phillip II and Macedon

    • Alexander’s takeover of Macedon


  • Explain the role of geographic location in Rome’s early growth

(Po, Tiber, Carthage, Rome , Mediterranean, Adriatic, Sicily, Zama, Alps, Apennines)

    • Latins, Etruscans, Greeks

    • Map of expansion

  • Identify the Twelve Tables and the important principles of Roman Law

    • Hypothesize the outcome to the conflict between the Plebeians and Patricians

  • Compare the political institutions of the Roman Republic and the United States

  • Assess the impact of the Punic War in the Republic

    • Rome gains control of the Mediterranean, legion, military power

  • Describe the transition from the Republic to Empire

  • Identify problems that led to the decline and fall of Rome

  • Revolts of the German Tribes weakened the Roman Empire, no organized path of succession

  • Evaluate the solutions offered to solve Rome’s problems: Diocletian, Constantine, division of the empire


  • Describe the geographic advantages of Constantinople’s location and the boundaries of the Byzantine Empire

  • Analyze Constantinople’s role as a cultural and political center

  • Compare the role of the Byzantine emperor with the role of the Roman emperor

  • Examine the decline and fall of the Byzantine empire

Middle Ages: Early

  • Appraise how western civilization declined after the collapse of the Roman Empire

  • Discuss feudalism and manor life

  • Explain the influence of the Christian Church in shaping western European civilization

    • Hierarchy of the church, role of church as educator, characteristics of Gothic architecture

The following are people, places, terms, events, etc…that make up the content for the objectives.

Themes of Geography (Location, Place, Region, Movement, Interaction), 5 Key traits of a civilization (writing, advanced technology, complex institutions, skilled workers, growth of cities)

Geography of Greece and Rome (rivers, mountains, seas, cities)

Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism (key names, events, rituals, places, terms)

Homer, Helen, Heinrich Schliemann, Solon, Cleisthenes, Darius, Xerxes, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, King Philip II, Alexander the Great, Minoans, Mycenaean’s, Dorians, Trojans, Helots, Spartans, Athenians, Persians, Tyrants, Hoplites, Mediterranean, Polis, Acropolis, Direct Democracy, Aristocracy, Totalitarian, Phalanx, Long Walls, Philosopher, Hellenism, effects of geography, Trojan War, Olympics, Spartan Society compared to Athenian Society, Persian War, Delian League, Pericles and the Golden Age of Athens - 3 Goals, Parthenon, Peloponnesian War

Romulus and Remus, Palatine Hill, Dictatorship, Plebeians, Patricians, Hannibal, Scipio, Carthage, Cannae, Zama, Rome, Twelve Tables, Mark Antony, Octavian (Augustus), Assembly, Consuls, Senate, 1st , 2nd , & 3rd Punic Wars, The Gracchus Brothers, 1st and 2nd Triumvirate, Julius Caesar, Crassus, Pompey, Brutus and Cassius, Marcus Aurelius, Diocletian, Constantine, Peter, Attila, Pontius Pilate, Paul, Gospels, The Aeneid, The Annals, Virgil, Tacitus, Pax Romana, Greco-Roman, German tribes, Jesus Christ, Christian Epistles, inflation, Constantinople

Byzantium, Constantinople (post Roman Empire), Byzantium, Istanbul, Justinian, Justinian Code, Hagia Sophia,

Hippodrome, patriarch, icons vs iconoclasts, heresy, excommunication, jihad

Nuclear family vs. extended family, purpose of education in traditional and modern China, Dynastical rule, father/son relationship (traditional & modern), mandate of heaven, Confucianism, Taoism

Franks, monastery, secular, Carolingian Dynasty, Charlemagne, Clovis, Charles Martel, Pepin the Short, Pope Gregory I, Feudalism, Lords, Vassals, Knights, Serfs, Free Peasants, Manor, Fief, Investiture, Feudal Pyramid, fallow, three-field system, Tithe, Vikings, chivalry, tournament, troubadour, women’s role in feudal society, clergy, sacrament, canon law, Holy Roman Empire, lay investiture, Pope Gregory I, Pope Leo III, Pope Gregory VIII and Henry IV, Concordant of Worms

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