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Holguin-Veras, Jose and Miguel Jaller. Comprehensive Freight Demand Data Collection Framework for Large Urban Areas, (2012) 18p.

Abstract - The paper analyses the characteristics and unique features of the freight system, the data requirements of the different modeling techniques and the roles of various data collection procedures. The analyses produced a set of findings of relevance to the design of a comprehensive freight data collection framework for large urban areas. The paper builds on these findings to identify a modular data collection framework that would enable transportation agencies to mix and match data collection efforts to match their needs and constraints.

Transportation Research Board 91st Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20120122 EndDate:20120126 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board - Transportation Research Board 91st Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20120122 EndDate:20120126 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board, Cation,



Holguin-Veras, Jose, Miguel Jaller, Ivan Sanchez-Diaz, Jeffrey Wojtowicz, Shama Campbell, Herbert Levinson, Catherine Lawson, Erica Levine Powers and Lorant Tavasszy. "Freight Trip Generation and Land Use." 165p: Transportation Research Board, 2012.
Jin, Thomas G., Mitsuru Saito and Dennis L. Eggett. Developing County-Level Commodity-Flow Models Incorporating Land-Use Characteristics and Economic Factors for Utah. Journal of Urban Planning and Development 138, no. 1 (2012): pp 35-42.

Abstract - Reliably forecasting freight demand has become essential in freight transportation management to systematically plan for future transportation facility needs. Commodity-based freight demand modeling techniques have been in the mainstream because these techniques overcome the weakness of applying a typical four-step demand forecasting modeling process to freight transportation and capture more accurately the fundamental economic mechanisms that drive freight movement. However, none of the existing models actively use commodity-flow data that have become available to public through the Internet in the past decade. The authors used such data and found good correlation between commodity-flow and aggregate land use type in a previous study. However, it was found that aggregate land-use type data were not readily available to public. Instead, data that describe characteristics of particular land-use such as employment data, business pattern data, and wage data were readily available. Hence, models that use land-use characteristics instead of aggregate land-use type data were developed in this study by using the commodity-flow data available from the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey conducted by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau, and by using other data available to the public through the Internet. These models were used to estimate commodity flow in 2007, and their estimates were compared with commodity-flow values found in the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Results of this comparison showed that the models could produce decent estimates of commodity flow at the county level and be of practical use because the model inputs are available free through the Internet. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000093
Kawamura, Kazuya and Daniel Miodonski. Examination of the Relationship between Built Environment Characteristics and Retail Freight Delivery, (2012) 13p.

Abstract - This study examines the relationship between various built environment factors and the amount of freight consumed by final consumers while controlling for socioeconomic variables. Using non-parametric inferential technique and also regression were applied to the survey data from two urban areas in Texas. Tonnage delivered to each Census tract was estimated The analysis found that, in general, stronger associations between the built environment variables and the response variable are observed when commodity weights are measured using the buffer. Also the findings are affected by the statistical method used. The amount of retail goods delivered per person seems to decrease with household density, which may suggest that living in a compact dwelling unit has an effect of reducing goods consumption.

Transportation Research Board 91st Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20120122 EndDate:20120126 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board - Transportation Research Board 91st Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20120122 EndDate:20120126 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board, Cation,


Lawson, Catherine T., José Holguín-Veras, Iván Sánchez-Díaz, Miguel Jaller, Shama Campbell and Erica Levine Powers. Estimated Generation of Freight Trips Based on Land Use. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, no. 2269 (2012): pp 65-72.

Abstract - The effects of land use and business size (quantified as number of employees) on freight trip generation were analyzed. Standard trip generation rates, ordinary least squares, and multiple classification analysis were applied to a New York City data set. Three land use classification codes—the City of New York zoning resolution (NYCZR), the Land-Based Classification Standards (LBCS), and the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) manual—were used. The authors developed models for NYCZR and function and activity of LBCS and used the ITE manual’s trip rates. Root mean square error analysis was used to compare the performance of these models. It was found that models for NYCZR and LBCS land use classification codes provide better alternatives to ITE trip rates because they give more accurate estimates of freight trip attraction, cover a wider range of land use classifications, and are exclusively for freight trip attraction. http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/2269-08
Liedtke, Gernot and Hanno Friedrich. Generation of Logistics Networks in Freight Transportation Models. Transportation: Planning, Policy, Research, Practice 39, no. 6 (2012): pp 1335-1351.

Abstract - A logistics network is the set of nodes and transportation connections that is subject to the planning process of an individual firm. This paper examines the concept of a logistics network in the context of behavioral freight transportation modeling. Beginning with the basic definition of networks, the different perceptions of networks in transportation science and logistics are developed. Logistics networks represent a stratum of the real economic system situated between the micro level (commodity flows) and the macro level (vehicle flows) of the transport system, and this micro-macro gap is a main challenge in freight transport modeling. The micro-macro gap is explained by the existence of logistics networks on a meso level. A taxonomy of modeling methods dealing with logistics networks is defined. This taxonomy is based on two characteristics: the changeability of networks within models and the form of cost functions mapped. Different possible modeling methods and their application in existing freight transport models are discussed for each category, especially variable logistics networks. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11116-012-9386-9
Müller, Stephan, Axel Wolfermann and Stefan Huber. A Nation-Wide Macroscopic Freight Traffic Model, (2012),Elsevier Science, pp 221-230.

Abstract - It has long since been recognised that it is insufficient to estimate freight flows as a part of passenger transport models. However, there is still no established standard for dedicated commercial traffic models, like there is in private traffic. A reason can be seen in the complexity of the topic and in the scarcity of representative data. In order to bridge this gap, available data has to be put to its best use. Models which are able to take all the complexity of logistics into account will have to be limited to narrow fields (i.e. a restricted area, one transport mode, one commodity group or such) due to the high expectations towards data quality. Furthermore, a generally applicable model will have to be based on simplified assumptions. This contribution describes a general, scalable, multimodal freight flow model. The model is developed as a 6-Step-Model for the area of Germany for the spatial level of NUTS 1. It also links with all European countries as aggregated traffic zones (NUTS 0). Global trade is connected through seaports and airports. Within the model 60 business branches are distinguished that are related to the transport of 20 type of goods (NST 2007). The multimodal approach allows a choice of 12 means of transport on road, rail or inland waterways. Furthermore, the model also distinguishes between loaded and empty runs. The model is intended to calculate freight flows on a large scale. Scenario techniques can be used to forecast the freight flows based on changes in conditions of all sorts, e.g. economic developments, employment structures, spatial development. This development in modelling extends the knowledge in the use of the existing data, the understanding of them in relation to the description of commercial traffic and is an important step in large scale freight traffic modelling.

15th Meeting of the EURO Working Group on TransportationEuropean Working Group on Transportation (EWGT)Paris,France StartDate:20120910 EndDate:20120913 Sponsors:European Working Group on Transportation (EWGT) - 15th Meeting of the EURO Working Group on TransportationEuropean Working Group on Transportation (EWGT)Paris,France StartDate:20120910 EndDate:20120913 Sponsors:European Working Group on Transportation (EWGT), Cation, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.741



http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042812042036

Munuzuri, Jesus, Pablo Cortes, Luis Onieva and Jose Guadix. Estimation of Daily Vehicle Flows for Urban Freight Deliveries. Journal of Urban Planning and Development 138, no. 1 (2012): pp 43-52.

Abstract - Given its contribution to congestion, pollution, and energy consumption and the complex and changing characteristics of delivery routes, the modeling of urban freight transport is a difficult, highly data-demanding and often unreliable task. Extending other previous works that focused only on the morning peak hour, the authors have developed a trip generation model by using the available data to their maximum extent and adding other parameters that can be found through simple surveys. This trip generation model is then included as part of a four-stage process, with the trip distribution solved through entropy maximization and resulting in the estimation of an origin-destination matrix for freight transport in a city. The application to a case study in the city of Seville and the validation with on-street vehicle counts shows reasonably robust results and provides a simple and effective tool to analyze urban freight deliveries from a macroscopic point of view. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000099
Pan, Qisheng, Peter Gordon, James E. Moore, Harry Richardson, Jiyoung Park, Joongkoo Cho, SooHyun Cho, Sung-Ho Ryu and Eunha Jun. Estimating Effects of Highway Infrastructure Failure on Freight Flows for U.S. Highway Network, (2012) 33p.

Abstract - National highway infrastructures, especially highway bridges and tunnels, are vulnerable to structural deficiency due to time-linked deterioration, natural disasters, or terrorist attacks. The collapse of the Interstate 35W highway bridge during a rush-hour period in Minneapolis in 2007 was a warning to planners and decision makers about the safety of highway bridges and possible negative effects on highway network performance and the local economy. However, it is still a puzzle how the collapse of a link of the highway infrastructure will impact freight flows at both regional and national levels. This study extends the regional freight transportation models for Southern California to analyze interregional and interstate freight flows. It utilizes data from Freight Analysis Framework (FAF) and implements an extended freight model to establish baseline freight flows on the national highway network. It also creates scenarios for two hypothetical bridge failures over the Mississippi River in multiple states, including Louisiana, Iowa, Illinois, Tennessee, Arkansas, and Mississippi, to estimate the economic impacts of highway infrastructure failure as well as a hypothetical tunnel closure in Colorado on freight transportation costs, as measured by increased times and distances.

Transportation Research Board 91st Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20120122 EndDate:20120126 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board - Transportation Research Board 91st Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20120122 EndDate:20120126 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board, Cation,


Xia, Xiao-mei and Xiao-dan Ma. A Multimodal Multi-Product Transportation Network Model for Strategic Planning of Freight Flows, (2012) pp 197-202.

Abstract - The prediction of multi-commodity freight which flows over a multimodal network has attracted increased interest in recent years. Methods used to model freight transportation demand can be categorized into two general types: spatial price equilibrium and network equilibrium. With a simplistic representation of the transportation network, spatial price equilibrium methods were used to model interregional freight flows. These models determine the flow between production and consumption regions by using demand and supply functions. The most efficient use of the transportation infrastructure is to transport the freight at least total cost. This paper regards the spatial price equilibrium and network equilibrium as a model based on super network and gives the solution algorithm. The objective is to offer a method to forecast the transportation demand and the freight flows on the transportation network at most profit. As an application, the model is used to analyze freight flow on Wenzhou transportation network with STAN.

Inernational Conference of Logistics Engineering and Management 2012Southwest Jiaotong UniversityAmerican Society of Civil EngineersChengdu,China StartDate:20121008 EndDate:20121010 Sponsors:Southwest Jiaotong University, American Society of Civil Engineers - Inernational Conference of Logistics Engineering and Management 2012Southwest Jiaotong UniversityAmerican Society of Civil EngineersChengdu,China StartDate:20121008 EndDate:20121010 Sponsors:Southwest Jiaotong University, American Society of Civil Engineers, Cation, http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784412602.0032



You, Soyoung Iris and Stephen G. Ritchie. Tour Behavior of Clean Drayage Trucks in Southern California, (2012) 18p.

Abstract - In recent years a Clean Trucks Program (CTP) has been enacted at California's San Pedro Bay Ports (SPBP) of Long Beach and Los Angeles, to help address major environmental issues associated with port operations. "Clean trucks" (meeting 2007 model year emission standards) that utilized public funds to replace older, polluting drayage trucks were required to be fitted with GPS units for compliance monitoring. In late 2010, 94% of cargo moves at SPBP were reportedly made by clean trucks. The study reported in this paper is based on a year of such GPS data for a sample that in December, 2010 comprised 545 clean drayage trucks. Drayage trucks carry port cargo (mostly containers) to and from the ports and intermodal rail and transloading facilities (drayage trucks have at least one trip end on port or intermodal rail facility property). An analytical framework is introduced for processing the GPS data from these trucks to both interpret the trip chaining or tour behavior of clean drayage trucks, and to prepare sufficient tour data for clean truck modeling at the SPBP. It is found that SPBP clean trucks make an average of 3.1-3.9 stops per tour, depending on the open or closed nature of the tour, fuel type and monthly cargo type. Furthermore, newer diesel trucks tend to travel further and longer than liquefied natural gas (LNG) trucks, and monthly cargo volume changes have an effect on clean truck tour behaviors. An important finding is that clean trucks at the SPBP rely on daily-based operations and one day of travel behavior is not necessarily representative of any other day. These insights into clean truck behavior at the SPBP potentially provide more accurate depictions of current conditions and better projections of future conditions for freight related improvement plans and models.

Transportation Research Board 91st Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20120122 EndDate:20120126 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board - Transportation Research Board 91st Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20120122 EndDate:20120126 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board, Cation,


2013 (12)

Anand, Nilesh R., J. H. R. van Duin and Lori A. Tavasszy. Smurfs: Situated Multiagent Urban Freight System, (2013) 14p.

Abstract - Characteristic of urban freight domain such as distributed decision making, dynamic interactions, emergence system behavior as well as weaknesses of current policy making methods demand a new approach to the city logistics domain modeling. It demands an approach which can simulate the details of continuously changing city logistics characteristic in efficient way and coin emergent behaviour of the dynamically changing city logistics activities. This methodology should be able to help understand undergoing changes of system which in turn create knowledge base about the system and its emergent behavioral processes for generating appropriate solutions of the problems associated with distributed decision making. This paper describes the modelling of city logistics covering strategic and tactical decision at logistic level whilst operation decision at distribution level using agent technology. The paper attempts to show the potential of agent technology in evaluating policy measures to reduce negative effects of city logistics domain. The architecture of the model enables the understanding of decentralized decision making of urban freight stakeholders and provides the decision makers with a useful tool to assess holistically the impacts of policies related to urban freight domain. Moreover, with modularity and extendibility it is possible to expand the model for real-life scenario.

Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20130113 EndDate:20130117 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board - Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20130113 EndDate:20130117 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board, Cation,

Chase, Keith M., Patrick Anater and Thomas Phelan. "Freight Demand Modeling and Data Improvement." 90p: Transportation Research Board, 2013.

Chase, Keith M., Patrick Anater and Thomas Phelan. "Freight Demand Modeling and Data Improvement Strategic Plan." 55p: Transportation Research Board, 2013.


de Souza, Cristiane Duarte Ribeiro and Marcio de Almeida D'Agosto. Four-Step Model Applied for Freight Transportation Planning. Journal of Transport Literature 7, no. 2 (2013): pp 207-234.

Abstract - This paper aims to analyze existing studies on freight transport planning that use the four step model, a tool that estimates inter-zonal traffic flows considering trip generation and distribution, modal choice and flow allocation; highlighting its comprehensiveness and usefulness in supporting the country’s socioeconomic development. A literature review was performed in indexed journals, theses, dissertations and technical reports, selecting 44 papers and highlighting 7 papers that fully focus on the four step model. It was verified that this model is versatile and can be used in full or partially; considering mass or vehicle flows, the latter being directly applicable to the design of traffic infrastructure; at all levels of geographical coverage (from municipalities to countries); and without limitations on the type of freight that can be transported by any of the five modes of transport or their combinations. Therefore, this model is a strategic planning tool and a support for the socioeconomic development of the country. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2238-10312013000200011
Lim, Robert, Zhen Qian and H. Michael Zhang. Development of Freight Demand Generation Model: Application to California with Validation, (2013) 23p.

Abstract - The growth in freight transportation demand prompts the development of better tools to evaluate and analyze goods movement. Tools such as freight demand generation models can improve decision-making through the analysis of the types and quantity of goods moved from one point to another. This paper concerns with the disaggregation of the Federal Highway Administration’s Freight Analysis Framework database (version 3.0) on freight origin-destination data and the development of linear regression equations to describe the relationships between commodity-based productions/attractions to specific economic variables. Instead of generating a production/attraction equation for each commodity, the grouping of commodities can simplify model development and application. The authors consider three grouping methods and two model selection criteria (with and without intercepts). Commodity equations with high R2 values were more likely to generate outputs closer to the actual 2007 data in the calibration process. In addition to the discussion of model selection and commodity grouping, the freight generation models are further validated using county-level economic data in California and applied to predict 2015 commodity outputs. This study can be used as a guideline for city, county, metropolitan and state level planning agencies to develop their own customized freight demand generation model.

Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20130113 EndDate:20130117 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board - Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual MeetingTransportation Research BoardWashington,DC,USA StartDate:20130113 EndDate:20130117 Sponsors:Transportation Research Board, Cation,


Mishra, Sabyasachee. An Integrated Framework for Modeling Freight Mode and Route Choice, (2013), 2p.

Abstract - This paper presents a freight choice model, to be used in freight travel demand modeling, that uses only open source databases. Freight Analysis Framework (FAF) was the only open source data available to analyze freight mode choice with limited aggregated commodity flow data. Using the state of Maryland as the study area, the author examined relevant factors for the mode choice, which has implications for freight planning and decision making. A multivariate logistic model was developed with aggregate shipment data to examine the relationship between truck share and origin and destination zone characteristics. The results of the study found that trucks and rail carried more than 95% of the commodities and that truck share is highly influenced by the distance between origin and destination. The author suggests that the model can be applied to estimate the average change of the truck share or other modes, for use in Maryland’s future planning. Notes - (Sabya) http://www.roads.maryland.gov/OPR_Research/MD-13-SP209B4F_An-Integrated-Framework-for-Modeling-Freight-Mode-and-Route-Choice_Report.pdf
Mohammadian, Kouros, Karl Sturm, Zahra Pourabdollahi and Amir Samimi. Goods Movement Study in Illinois: Application to Freight Transportation and Logistics, (2013), 44p.

Abstract - This report details the results generated by a recently completed nationwide online freight establishment study. The survey was assembled with the intention of allowing the formulation or enhancement of new or existing freight-demand microsimulation models. Within this report is an overview of the steps taken in designing and implementing the establishment and shipment questionnaires of the freight survey. Following that is a descriptive analysis of the results of key questions posed in the survey. Over the course of the study, 966 usable establishment surveys and 1,844 shipment forms were collected and assembled in a database, an adequate number for modeling purposes. http://ict.illinois.edu/publications/report%20files/FHWA-ICT-13-010.pdf
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