2. How does Madison define a "faction" in The Federalist No. 10?

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Federalist 10: http://www.foundingfathers.info/federalistpapers/

1. What evidence does James Madison give in the Federalist No. 10 that American government has been “tainted” by a “factious spirit?”

2. How does Madison define a “faction” in The Federalist No. 10?

3. What are the two possible methods of removing the causes of faction, according to Madison?

4. Why does Madison reject both of these methods of removing the causes of faction?

5. Why does Madison conclude that the causes of faction cannot be removed?

6. How does a republican form of government control the effects of minority faction, according to Madison?

7. What are the two methods, according to Madison, of controlling the effects of majority faction?

8. How does Madison define a “pure democracy?”

9. How does Madison define a republic?

10. According to Madison, what are the 2 great points of difference between a “pure democracy” and a republic?

11. Why are “pure democracies” prone to the problem of faction?

12. What are the benefits of having a large rather than a small republic, according to Madison?
Federalist 51: http://www.foundingfathers.info/federalistpapers/

1. What is the purpose of separating the powers of government?

2. What is essential for the “preservation of liberty” and how should this “be so constituted”?

3. Why should the departments not be dependent on each other to act?

4. Explain this statement in the context of Madison’s argument: “If men were angels, no government would be necessary”.

5. Since men control the government this creates what difficulty?

6. In a republican government which branch is the strongest?

7. Identify three ways of “remedying this inconveniency”.

8. List the two ways the federal system of the U.S. “places that system in a very interesting point of view”.

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