2. 2: An English Settlement at Jamestown

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2.2: An English Settlement at Jamestown

1. Identify the obstacles facing the first English settlers in North America.

2. Understand the factors that helped Jamestown to flourish.
3. Contrast English and Spanish patterns of conquest.
4. Describe the economic and social inequities that triggered Bacon's rebellion.
John Smith –

joint-stock companies –

Jamestown –

Powhatan –

headright system –

indentured servant –

royal colony –

Nathaniel Bacon –

2.3: Puritan New England

1. Identify the motives that led the Puritans to New England.

2. Summarize the principles of government established by the dissenters who fled to Rhode Island.

3. Explain the conflicts between the English colonists and the Pequot and Wampanoag.

Puritans –

John Winthrop –

separatist –

Plymouth Colony –

Massachusetts Bay Colony –

Roger Williams –

Anne Hutchinson –

Pequot War –

Metacom –

King Phillip's War –

2.4: Settlement of the Middle Colonies
1. Describe daily life in New Netherlands.

2. Explain reasons for the social and religious diversity of colonial Pennsylvania.

William Penn –

New Netherland –

proprietor –

Quakers –

3.1: England and Its Colonies

1. Explain the economic relationship between England and its American colonies.

2. Describe how tensions arose between England and the colonies.
3. Summarize how salutary neglect of the colonies after 1688 planted the seeds of self-government.

mercantilism –

Parliament –

Navigation Acts –

Dominion of New England –

Sir Edmund Andros –

Glorious Revolution –

salutary neglect –

3.2: The Agricultural South

1. Trace the development of a plantation economy in the American South.

2. Explain the way of life in the Southern colonies.

3. Describe the slave trade and the role of slavery in the plantation economy.

4. Describe life for colonial slaves.

cash crop –

slave –

triangular trade –

middle passage –

Stono Rebellion –

3.3: The Commercial North

1. Trace the development of a varied and thriving economy in the North.

2. Explain the diverse society of the North and the tensions that led to witchcraft trials in Salem.
3. Summarize the influence of the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening.

Enlightenment –

Benjamin Franklin –

Jonathan Edwards –

Great Awakening –

3.4: The French and Indian War

1. Trace the development of the French-British colonial rivalry.

2. Summarize the French and Indian War.
3. Explain the war's effect on the relationship between Britain and its colonies.

New France –

George Washington –

French and Indian War –

William Pitt –

Pontiac –

Proclamation of 1763 –

George Grenville –

Sugar Act –

4.1: The Stirrings of Rebellion

1. Summarize colonial resistance to British taxation.

2. Trace the mounting tension in Massachusetts.
3. Summarize the battles of Lexington and Concord.

Stamp Act –

Samuel Adams –

Townshend Acts –

Boston Massacre –

committees of correspondence –

Boston Tea Party –

King George III –

Intolerable Acts –

martial law –

minutemen –

4.2: Ideas Help Start a Revolution

1. Examine efforts made to avoid bloodshed as the colonies hovered between war and peace.

2. Summarize the philosophical and political ideas of the Declaration of Independence.

3. Contrast the attitudes of Loyalists and Patriots.

Second Continental Congress –

Olive Branch Petition –

Common Sense

Thomas Jefferson –

Declaration of Independence –

Patriots –

Loyalists –

4.3: Struggling Toward Saratoga

1. Trace the progress of the war through the turning point at Saratoga and winter a Valley Forge.

2. Examine the colonial economy and civilian life during the Revolution.

Valley Forge –

Trenton –

Saratoga –

inflation –

profiteering –

4.4: Winning the War

1. Describe the war contributions of European allies.

2. Trace the Revolution in the Southern colonies.
3. Summarize the British surrender at Yorktown.
4. Recognize the symbolic value of the Revolution.

Yorktown –

Friedrich von Steuben –

Marquis de Lafayette –

Charles Cornwallis –

Treaty of Paris –

egalitarianism –

5.1: Experimenting with Confederation

1. Explain the differing ideas of republicanism.

2. Identify three basic issues debated in drafting the Articles of Confederation.

3. Describe the political and economic problems faced by the Confederation.

republic –

republicanism –

Articles of Confederation –

confederation –

Land Ordinance of 1785 –

Northwest Ordinance of 1787 –

5.2: Drafting the Constitution

1. Identify events that led nationalist leaders to call for a convention to strengthen the government.

2. Summarize the key conflicts at the Constitutional Convention and explain how they were resolved.
3. Describe the form of government established by the Constitution.

Shay's Rebellion –

James Madison –

Roger Sherman –

Great Compromise –

Three-Fifths Compromise –

federalism –

legislative branch –

executive branch –

judicial branch –

checks and balances –

electoral college –
5.3: Ratifying the Constitution

1. Contrast Federalist and Anti-federalist arguments over ratification of the Constitution.

2. Explain how and why the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution.

ratification –

Federalists –

Anti-Federalists –

The Federalist

Bill of Rights –

6.1: Washington Heads the New Government

1. Explain how the United States confronted the difficult task of forming a new government.

2. Show how the political ideas of Hamilton and Jefferson differed.

3. Describe how political differences evolved into a two-party system.

Judiciary Act of 1789 –

Alexander Hamilton –

Cabinet –

Bank of the United States –

Democratic-Republicans –

two-party system –

protective tariff –

excise tax –

6.2: Foreign Affairs Trouble the Nation

1. Summarize the nation's developing foreign policy with France, Great Britain, and Spain.

2. Explain how the United States dealt with Native Americans and with British interests west of the Appalachians.
3. Identify some of the deep divisions between Federalists and Republicans.

neutrality –
Edmond Genet –
Thomas Pinckney –
Little Turtle –
John Jay –
sectionalism –
XYZ Affair –
Alien and Sedition Acts –
nullification –

6.3: Jefferson Alters the Nation's Course

1. Identify some of the significant changes brought about during the early years of Jefferson's presidency.

2. Provide examples of the declining power of the Federalists.
3. Summarize the importance of the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark expedition.

Lewis and Clark –
Aaron Burr –
John Marshall –
Judiciary Act of 1801 –
midnight judges –
Marbury v. Madison
judicial review –
Louisiana Purchase –
Sacajawea –

6.4: The War of 1812

1. Explain the events that led to the War of 1812.

2. Summarize the course of the war.

blockade –
impressment –
embargo –
William Henry Harrison –
Tecumseh –
war hawk –
Andrew Jackson –
Treaty of Ghent –
armistice –

7.1: Regional Economies Create Differences

1. Describe the effects of the Industrial Revolution on the United States.

2. Explain how two different economic systems developed in the North and South.

3. Summarize the American System, a plan devised to unite the country.

Eli Whitney –
interchangeable parts –
mass production –
Industrial Revolution –
cotton gin –
Henry Clay –
National Road –
Erie Canal –
Tariff of 1816 –

7.2: Nationalism at Center Stage

1. Discuss how the federal government assured its jurisdiction over state governments.

2. Explain how foreign affairs were guided by national self-interest.

3. Summarize the issues that divided the country as the United States expanded its borders.

McCulloch v. Maryland
John Quincy Adams –
nationalism –
Adams-Onis Treaty –
Monroe Doctrine –
Missouri Compromise –

7.3: The Age of Jackson

1. Describe the tension between Adams and Jackson.

2. Explain Jackson's spoils system and his appeal to the common citizen.
3. Summarize the effects of the Indian Removal Act of 1830.

Andrew Jackson –
Democratic-Republican Party –
spoils system –
Indian Removal Act –
Trail of Tears –

7.4: States' Rights and the National Bank

1. Explain how the protective tariff laws raised the issue of states' rights.

2. Summarize how Jackson destroyed the Bank of the United States.

3. Identify some of Jackson's economic policies and their impact on his successor.

Daniel Webster –
John C. Calhoun –
Tariff of Abominations –
Bank of the United States –
Whig Party –
Martin Van Buren –
panic of 1837 –
William Henry Harrison –
John Tyler –

8.1: Religion Sparks Reform

1. Describe the new religious movements that swept the United States after 1790.

2. Explain the new philosophy that offered an alternative to traditional religion.

3. Characterize the nature of utopian communities.

4. Describe the reforms demanded in schools, mental hospitals, and prisons.

Charles Grandison Finney –
Second Great Awakening –
Revival –
Ralph Waldo Emerson –
transcendentalism –
Henry David Thoreau –
civil disobedience –
utopian community –
Dorothea Dix –

8.2: Slavery and Abolition

1. Identify some of the key abolitionists.

2. Describe the experience of slaves in rural and urban areas.

3. Summarize the slavery debate in the South.

abolition –
William Lloyd Garrison –
emancipation –
David Walker –
Frederick Douglas –
Nat Turner –
antebellum –
gag rule –

8.3: Women and Reform

1. Explain why women's opportunities were limited in the mid-1800s.

2. Identify the reform movements in which women participated.

3. Describe the progress of the expanding women's rights movement.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton –
Lucretia Mott –
cult of domesticity –
Sarah Grimke –
Angelina Grimke –
temperance movement –
Seneca Falls Convention –
Sojourner Truth –

8.4: The Changing Workplace

1. Demonstrate how new manufacturing techniques shifted the production of goods from home to factory.

2. Describe the conditions female employees endured in factories.
3. Summarize the attempts of factory workers to organize unions.

cottage industry –
master –
journeyman –
apprentice –
strike –
National Trades' Union –

9.1: The Market Revolution

1. Describe how industrialization and capitalism impacted the U.S. economy.

2. Identify the inventions that enhanced people's lives and helped fuel the country's economic growth.
3. Explain how improved transportation and communication systems helped to link America's regions and make them independent.

Samuel F. B. Morse –
specialization –
market revolution –
capitalism –
entrepreneur –
telegraph –
John Deere –
Cyrus McCormick -

9.2: Manifest Destiny

1. Summarize the reasons American settlers headed west during the mid-1800s.

2. Describe the impact of westward expansion on Native Americans.
3. Identify the westward trails and some of the people who used them.

manifest destiny –
Treaty of Fort Laramie –
Santa Fe Trail –
Oregon Trail –
Mormons –
Joseph Smith –
Brigham Young –
"Fifty-Four Forty or Fight!" –

9.3: Expansion in Texas

1. Explain why Mexico encouraged settlers in Texas.

2. Describe how Texas gained its independence.

Stephen F. Austin –
land grant –
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna –
Texas Revolution –
Alamo –
Sam Houston –
Republic of Texas –
annex –

9.4: The War with Mexico

1. Summarize the conflicting attitudes on waging war with Mexico.

2. Describe key battles that helped the U.S. win the war the Mexico.

3. Identify U.S. territories gained from Mexico.

4. Explain the impact of the discovery of gold in California on the development of the West.

James K. Polk –
Zachary Taylor –
Stephen Kearny –
Republic of California –
Winfield Scott –
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo –
Gadsden Purchase –
forty-niners –
gold rush –

10.1: The Divisive Politics of Slavery

1. Describe the growing differences between the North and South in their economies and ways of life.

2. Explain why the Wilmot Proviso failed to pass and why the issue of California statehood became so important.
3. Analyze how the efforts of Clay, Webster, and Douglas produced the Compromise of 1850 and a temporary halt to talk of secession.

Wilmot Proviso –
secession –
Compromise of 1850 –
popular sovereignty –
Stephen A. Douglas –
Millard Fillmore –

10.2: Protest, Resistance, and Violence

1. Describe the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Law and how abolitionists and the Underground Railroad succeeded in defying the law.

2. Explain how Douglas's desire for a northern transcontinental railroad route helped destroy the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850.

3. Describe the violence that occurred in Kansas in the fight over establishing slavery in the territory.

Fugitive Slave Act –
personal liberty laws –
Underground Railroad –
Harriet Tubman –
Harriet Beecher Stowe –
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Kansas-Nebraska Act –
John Brown –
Bleeding Kansas –

10.3: The Birth of the Republican Party

1. Identify the political parties that emerged as the North and South forged new political alliances.

2. Explain the reasons that led voters to align with a particular party and why Buchanan won the election of 1856.

Franklin Pierce –
nativism –
Know-Nothing Party –
Free-Soil Party –
Republican Party –
Horace Greeley –
John C. Fremont –
James Buchanan –

10.4: Slavery and Secession

1. Explain the impact of the Dred Scott decision and the Lecompton Constitution on the political crisis over slavery.

2. Explain why Douglas believed that popular sovereignty was the key to eliminating slavery and why Lincoln believed Free-Soil legislation was required for voters to remove slavery.

3. Describe the events at Harpers Ferry and their effect on the North and South.

4. Describe the events that led to Lincoln's election and the establishment of the Confederate States of America.

Dred Scott –

Roger B. Taney –

Abraham Lincoln –

Freeport Doctrine –

Harpers Ferry –

Confederacy –

Jefferson Davis –

11.1: The Civil War Begins

1. Explain how the Civil War started.

2. Explain Northern and Confederate short-sightedness about the duration of the war.

3. Identify the Northern generals and their initial campaigns in the West.

4. Describe new weapons and other changes in warfare.

5. Explain Northern and Southern military tragedies to capture their opponent's capital.

Fort Sumter –

Anaconda Plan –

Bull Run –

Stonewall Jackson –

George McClellan –

Ulysses S. Grant –

Shiloh –

David G. Farragut –

Monitor –


Robert E. Lee –

Antietam –

11.2: The Politics of War

1. Explain why Britain remained neutral.

2. Explain Lincoln's motives for issuing the Emancipation Proclamation and the document's effects.

3. Identify the political dilemmas facing the North and South.

Emancipation Proclamation –

habeas corpus –

Copperhead –

conscription –

11.3: Life During Wartime

1. Explain African American's role in the struggle to end slavery.

2. Explain the decline of the Southern economy and the expansion of the Northern economy.

3. Describe the terrible conditions that Union and Confederate soldiers endured.

Fort Pillow –

income tax –

Clara Barton –

Andersonville –

11.4: The North Takes Charge

1. Describe the battle at Gettysburg and its outcome.

2. Describe Grant's siege of Vicksburg.
3. Summarize the key points of the Gettysburg Address.
4. Summarize the final events of the war leading to the surrender at Appomattox.

Gettysburg –

Chancellorsville –

Vicksburg –

Gettysburg Address –

William Tecumseh Sherman –

Appomattox Court House –

11.5: The Legacy of the War

1. Summarize the key economic, political, technological, and social effects of the Civil War.

2. Explain how the Civil War dramatically changed the lives of individuals, especially African Americans.

National Bank Act –

Thirteenth Amendment –

Red Cross –

John Wilkes Booth –

12.1: The Politics of Reconstruction

1. Summarize President Lincoln's Reconstruction policies.

2. Identify the programs of Johnson's Reconstruction policy.
3. Explain Congressional Reconstruction policies.

Andrew Johnson –
Reconstruction –
Radical Republicans –
Thaddeus Stevens –
Wade-Davis Bill –
Freedmen’s Bureau –
black codes –
Fourteenth Amendment –
impeach –
Fifteenth Amendment –

12.2: Reconstructing Society

1. Summarize the economic problem in the South.

2. Identify differences among members of the Republican Party in the South.

3. Describe efforts of former slaves to improve their lives.

4. Analyze changes in the Southern economy.

scalawag –

carpetbagger –

Hiram Revels –

sharecropping –

tenant farming –

12.3: The Collapse of Reconstruction

1. Summarize violent actions by opponents of Reconstruction.

2. Identify political and economic reasons for the shift of power from the Southern Republicans to the Southern Democrats.
3. Identify reasons for the collapse of Congressional Reconstruction.
4. Explain the achievements and failures of Reconstruction.
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) –

panic of 1873 –

redemption –

Rutherford B. Hayes –

Samuel J. Tilden –

Compromise of 1877 –

home rule –

13.1: Cultures Clash on the Prairie

1. Contrast the cultures of Native Americans and white settlers and explain why white settlers moved west.

2. Identify restrictions imposed by the government on Native Americans and describe the consequences.

3. Identify the government's policy of assimilation as well as continuing conflicts between Native Americans and settlers.

4. Trace the development of the cattle industry.

5. Describe both the myth and the reality of the American cowboy and explain the end of the open range.

Great Plains –

Treaty of Fort Laramie –

Sitting Bull –

George A. Cluster –

assimilation –

Dawes Act –

Battle of Wounded Knee –

longhorn –

Chisholm Trail –

long drive -

13.2: Settling on the Great Plains

1. Explain the rapid settlement of the Great Plains due to homesteading.

2. Describe how early settlers survived on the plains and transformed them into profitable farm land.

Homestead Act –

exoduster –

soddy –

Morrill Act –

bonanza farm –

13.3: Farmers and the Populist Movement

1. Identify the problems farmers faced and their cooperative efforts to solve them.

2. Explain the rise and fall of the Populist Party.

Oliver Hudson Kelley –

Grange Farmers’ Alliances –

Populism –

bimetallism –

gold standard –

William McKinley –

Williams Jennings Bryan –

14.2: The Age of the Railroads

1. Identify the role of the railroads in unifying the country.

2. List positive and negative effects of railroads on the nation's economy.

3. Summarize reasons for, and outcomes of, the demand for railroad reform.

transcontinental railroad –

George M. Pullman –

Credit Mobilier –

Munn v. Illinois –

Interstate Commerce Act –

14.3: Big Business and Labor

1. Identify management and business strategies that contributed to the success of business tycoons such as Andrew Carnegie.

2. Explain Social Darwinism and its effects on society.
3. Summarize the emergence and growth of unions.
4. Explain the violent reactions of industry and government to union strikes.
Andrew Carnegie –

vertical and horizontal integration –

Social Darwinism –

John D. Rockefeller –

Sherman Antitrust Act –

Samuel Gompers –

American Federation of Labor (AFL) –

Eugene V. Debs –

Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) –

Mary Harris Jones –

15.1: The New Immigrants

1. Identify immigrants' countries of origin.

2. Describe the journey immigrants endured and their experiences at United States immigration stations.

3. Examine the causes and effects of the nativists' anti-immigrant sentiments.

Ellis Island –

Angel Island –

melting pot –

nativism –

Chinese Exclusion Act –

Gentleman’s Agreement –

15.2: The Challenges of Urbanization

1. Describe the movement of immigrants to cities and the opportunities they found there.

2. Explain how cities dealt with housing, transportation, sanitation, and safety issues.

3. Describe some of the organizations and people who offered to help urban immigrants.

urbanization –

Americanization movement –

tenement –

mass transit –

Social Gospel movement –

settlement house –

Jane Addams –

15.3: Politics in the Gilded Age

1. Explain the role of political machines and political bosses.

2. Describe how some politicians' greed and fraud cost taxpayers millions of dollars.
3. Describe the measures taken by President Hayes, Garfield, and Arthur to reform the spoils system.
4. Explain the positions taken by Presidents Cleveland, Harrison, and McKinley on the tariff issue.

political machine –

graft –

Boss Tweed –

patronage –

civil service –

Rutherford B. Hayes –

James A. Garfield –

Chester A. Arthur –

Pendleton Civil Service Act –

Grover Cleveland –

Benjamin Harrison –

16.3: Segregation and Discrimination

1. Trace the historical underpinnings of legalized segregation and the African American struggle against racism in the United States.

2. Summarize turn-of-the-20th-century race relations in the North and South.

3. Identify discrimination against minorities in the American West.

Ida B. Wells –

poll tax –

grandfather clause –

segregation –

Jim Crow laws –

Plessy v. Ferguson –

debt peonage –

17.1: The Origins of Progressivism

1. Explain the four goals of progressivism.

2. Summarize progressive efforts to clean up government.

3 Identify progressive efforts to reform the state’s government, protect workers, and reform elections.

progressive movement –

Florence Kelley –

Prohibition –

muckraker –

scientific management –

Robert M. La Follette –

initiative –

referendum –

recall –

Seventeenth Amendment –

17.2: Women in Public Life

1. Describe the growing presence of women in the workforce at the turn of the 20th century.

2. Identify leaders of the woman suffrage movement.

3. Explain how woman suffrage was achieved.


Suffrage –

Susan B. Anthony –


17.3: Teddy Roosevelt's Square Deal

1. Describe the events of Theodore Roosevelt's presidency.

2. Explain how Roosevelt used the power of the presidency to regulate business.
3. Identify laws passed to protect public health and the environment.
4. Summarize Roosevelt's stand on civil rights.

Upton Sinclair –

The Jungle

Theodore Roosevelt –

Square Deal –

Meat Inspection Act –

Pure Food and Drug Act –

conservation –


17.4: Progressivism Under Taft

1. Summarize the events of the Taft presidency.

2. Explain the division in the Republican Party.

3. Describe the elections of 1912.

Gifford Pinchot –

William Howard Taft –

Payne-Aldrich Tariff –

Bull Moose Party –

Woodrow Wilson –

17.5: Wilson's New Freedom

1. Describe Woodrow Wilson's background and the progressive reforms of his presidency.

2. List the steps leading to woman suffrage.

3. Explain the limits of Wilson's progressivism.

Carrie Chapman Catt –

Clayton Antitrust Act –

Federal Trade Commission (FTC) –

Federal Reserve System –

Nineteenth Amendment –

22.1: The Nation’s Sick Economy

1. Summarize the critical problems threatening the American economy in the late 1920s.

2. Describe the causes of the stock market crash and the Great Depression.

3. Explain how the Great Depression affected the economy in the United States and throughout the world.

price support –

credit –

Al Smith –

Dow Jones Industrial Average –

Speculation –

Buying on the margins –

Black Tuesday –

Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act -

22.2: Hardship and Suffering During the Depression

1. Describe how people struggled to survive during the Depression.

2. Explain how the Depression affected men, women, and children.

shantytown –

soup kitchen –

bread line –

Dust Bowl –

direct relief-

22.3: Hoover Struggles with the Depression

1. Explain Hoover’s initial response to the Depression.

2. Summarize the actions Hoover took to help the economy and the hardship suffered by Americans.

3. Describe the Bonus Army and Hoover’s actions towards it.

Herbert Hoover –

Boulder Dam –

Federal Home Loan Act –

Reconstruction Finance Corporation –

Bonus Army –

23.1: A New Deal Fights the Depression

1. Summarize the initial steps Roosevelt took to reform banking and finance.

2. Describe New Deal work programs.

3. Identify critics of FDR's New Deal.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt –

New Deal –

Glass-Steagall Act –

Federal Securities Act –

Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) –

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) –

National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) –

deficit spending –

Huey Long -

23.2: The Second New Deal Takes Hold

1. Describe the purpose of the Second New Deal.

2. Summarize New Deal programs for farmers.
3. Identify the Second New Deal programs aimed at assisting young people and professionals.
4. Summarize labor and economic reforms carried out under the Second New Deal.

Eleanor Roosevelt –

Works Progress Administration (WPA) –

National Youth Administration –

Wagner Act –

Social Security Act –

23.3 The New Deal Affect Many Groups

1. Analyze the effects of the New Deal programs on women.

2. Describe Roosevelt's attitude toward African Americans.
3. Identify the groups that formed the New Deal coalition.
4. Describe the supporter of FDR's New Deal.

Frances Perkins –

Mary McLeod Bethune –

John Collier –

New Deal coalition –

Congress of Industrial Organization (CIO) –

23.5: The Impact of the New Deal

1. Summarize opinions about the effectiveness of the New Deal.

2. Describe the legacies of the New Deal.

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) –

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) –

National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) –

parity –

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) –

24.1: Dictators Threaten World Peace

1. Identify the types of governments that took power in Russia, Italy, Germany, and Japan after WWI.

2. Describe the details of America's turn to isolationism in the 1930s.

Joseph Stalin –

totalitarian –

Benito Mussolini –

facism –

Adolf Hitler –

Nazism –

Francisco Franco –

Neutrality Acts -

24.2: War in Europe

1. Explain Hitler's motives for expansion and how Britain and France responded.

2. Describe the blitzkrieg tactics that Germany used against Poland.
3. Summarize the first battles of World War II.

Neville Chamberlain –

Winston Churchill –

appeasement –

nonaggression pact –


Charles de Gaulle –

24.3: The Holocaust

1. Explain the reasons behind the Nazis' persecution of the Jews and the problems facing Jewish refugees.

2. Describe the Nazi's "final solution" to the Jewish problem and the horrors of the Holocaust.

3. Identify and describe the profound and lasting effects of the Holocaust on survivors.

Holocaust –


genocide –

ghetto –

concentration camp –

24.5: America Moves Toward War

1. Describe the US response to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939.

2. Explain how Roosevelt assisted Allies without declaring war.
3. Summarize the events that brought the United States into armed conflict with Germany.
4. Describe the American Response to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

Axis powers –

Lend-Lease Act –

Atlantic Charter –

Allies –

Hideki Tojo –

25.1: Mobilizing for Defense

1. Explain how the United States expanded its armed forces in World War II.

2. Describe the wartime mobilization of industry, labor, scientists, and the media.

3. Trace the efforts of the US government to control the economy and deal with alleged subversion.

George Marshall –

Women's Auxiliary Army Corp (WAAC) –

A. Philip Randolph -

Manhattan Project –

Office of Price Administration (OPA) –

War Production Board (WPB) –

rationing –

25.2: The War for Europe and North Africa

1. Summarize the Allies' plan for winning the war.

2. Identify events in the war in Europe.

3. Describe the liberation of Europe.

Dwight D. Eisenhower –

D-Day –

Omar Bradley –

George Patton –

Battle of the Bulge –

V-E Day –

Harry S. Truman -

25.3: The War in the Pacific

1. Identify key turning points in the war in the Pacific.

2. Describe the Allied offensive against the Japanese.
3. Explain both the development of the atomic bomb and debates about its use.
4. Describe the challenges faced by the Allies in building a just and lasting peace.

Douglas MacArthur –

Chester Nimitz –

Battle of Midway –

kamikaze –

J. Robert Oppenheimer –

Hiroshima –

25.4: The Home Front

1. Describe the economic and social changes that reshaped American life during WWII.

2. Summarize both the opportunities and the discrimination African Americans and other minorities experienced during the war.

GI Bill of Rights –

James Farmer –

Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) –

internment –

Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) –

26.1: Origins of the Cold War

1. Explain the breakdown in relations between the US and the Soviet Union after WWII.

2. Summarize the steps taken to contain Soviet influence.
3. Describe how the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan defend Cold War tensions.
4. Explain how conflicts over Germany increased fear of Soviet aggression.

United Nations (UN) –

satellite nation –

containment –

iron curtain –

Cold War –

Truman Doctrine –

Marshall Plan –

Berlin airlift –

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) –

26.2: The Cold War Heats Up

1. Explain how Communists came to power in China and how the United States reacted.

2. Summarize the events of the Korean War.

3. Explain the conflict between President Truman and General MacArthur.

Chiang Kai-shek –

Mao Zedong –

Taiwan –

38th parallel –

Korean War –

26.3: The Cold War at Home

1. Describe the government efforts to investigate the loyalty of U.S. citizens.

2. Explain the spy cases of Alger Hiss and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.

3. Describe the effort of Senator Joseph McCarthy to investigate alleged Communist influences in the United States.


Hollywood Ten-


Alger Hiss-

Ethel and Julius Rosenberg-

Joseph McCarthy-


26.4: Two Nations Live on the Edge

1. Explain the policy of brinkmanship.

2. Describe American and Soviet actions that caused the Cold War to spread around the world.

3. Summarize the impact of Sputnik and the U-2 incident on the United States.


Dwight D. Eisenhower-

John Foster Dulles-


Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)-

Warsaw Pact-

Eisenhower Doctrine-

Nikita Khrushchev-

Francis Gary Powers-

U-2 incident-

27.1: Postwar America

1. Identify economic and social problems Americans faced after World War II.

2. Explain how the desire for stability led to political conservatism.

3. Describe the causes and effects of social unrest in the postwar period.

4. Contrast domestic policy under presidents Truman and Eisenhower.

GI Bill of Rights-


Harry S. Truman-


Fair deal-

27.2: The American Dream in the Fifties

1. Explain how changes in business affected workers.

2. Describe the suburban lifestyle of the 1950s.

3. Identify causes and effects of the boom in the automobile industry.

4. Explain the increase in consumerism in the 1950s.



Baby Boom-

Dr. Jonas Salk-


Planned obsolescence-

27.3: Popular Culture

1. Explain how television programs in the 1950s reflected middle class values.

2. Explain how the beat movement and rock ‘n’ roll music clashed with middle class values.

3. Describe ways that African-American entertainers integrated the media in the 1950s.

Mass Media-

Federal Communications Commission (FCC)-

Beat Movement-

Rock ‘N’ Roll-


27.4: The Other America:

1. Explain how the white migration to the suburbs created an urban crisis.

2. Describe the efforts of minorities to gain equal rights and fight poverty.

Urban Renewal-


Termination Policy-

28.1: Kennedy and the Cold War

1. Identify the factors that contributed to Kennedy’s election in 1960.

2. Describe the new military policy of the Kennedy administration.

3. Summarize the crisis that developed over Cuba.\

4. Explain the Cold War symbolism of Berlin in the early 1960s.

John F. Kennedy-

Flexible Response-

Fidel Castro-

Berlin Wall-

Hot Line-

Limited Test Ban Treaty-

28.2: The New Frontier

1. Summarize the New Frontier domestic and foreign agendas.

2. Describe the tragic chain of events surrounding Kennedy’s Assassination.

New Frontier-


Peace Corps-

Alliance for Progress-

Warren Commission-

28.3: The Great Society

1. Describe the political path that led Johnson to the White House.

2. Explain Johnson’s efforts to enact a domestic agenda.

3. Summarize the goals of Johnson’s Great Society.

4. Identify the reforms of the Warren Court.

5. Evaluate the impact of the Great Society programs.

Lyndon Baines Johnson-

Economic Opportunity Act-

Great Society-

Medicare and Medicaid-

Immigration Act of 1965-

Warren Court-


29.1: Taking on Segregation

1. Explain how legalized segregation deprived African-Americans of their rights as citizens.

2. Summarize civil rights legal activity and the response to the Plessy and Brown cases.

3. Trace Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr’s civil rights activities, beginning with the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

4. Describe the Expansion of the civil rights movement.

Thurgood Marshall-

Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka-

Rosa Parks-

Martin Luther King Jr-

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)-

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)-

Sit In-

29.2: The Triumph of a Crusade

1. Identify the goal of the freedom riders.

2. Explain how civil rights activism forced President Kennedy to act against Segregation.

3. State the motives of the 1963 March on Washington.

4. Describe the tactics tried by civil rights organizations to secure passage of the Voting Rights Act.

Freedom Riders-

James Meredith-

Civil Rights act of 1964-

Freedom Summer-

Fannie Lou Hamer-

Voting Rights act of 1965-

29.3: Challenges and Changes in the Movement

1. Compare segregation in the North with segregation in the South.

2. Identify the leaders who shaped the black Power movement.

3. Describe the reaction to the assassination of Martin Luther King Junior.

4. Summarize the accomplishments of the Civil Rights movement.

De Facto Segregation-

De Jure Segregation-

Malcolm X-

Nation of Islam-

Stokely Carmichael-

Black Power-

Black Panthers-


Commission of Civil Rights Act of 1968-

Affirmative Action-

30.1: Moving Toward Conflict

1. Summarize Vietnam’s history as a French colony and its struggle for independence.

3. Examine how the United States became involved in the Vietnam conflict.

3. Describe the expansion of the U.S. military involvement under President Johnson.

Ho Chi Minh-


Domino Theory-

Dien Bien Phu-

Geneva Accords-

Ngo Dinh Diem-


Ho Vhi Minh Trail-

Tonkin Gulf Resolution-

30.2: U.S. Involvement and Escalation:

1. Explain the reason for the escalation of U.S. involvement in Vietnam

2. Describe the military tactics and weapons used by the U.S. forces and the Vietcong.

3. Explain the impact of the war on American Society.

Robert McNamara-

Dean Rusk-

William Westmoreland-

Army of the Republic of Vietnam-


Agent Orange-

Search and Destroy Mission-

Credibility Gap-

30.3: A Nation Divided

1. Explain the draft policies that led to the Vietnam War becoming a working-class war.

2. Trace the roots of opposition to the war.

3. Describe the antiwar movement and the growing divisions in U.S. public opinion about the war.


New Left-

Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)-

Free Speech Movement-



30.4: 1968: A Tumultuous Year

1. Describe the Tet offensive and its effects on the American public.

2. Explain the domestic turbulence of 1968.

3. Describe the 1986 presidential election.

Tet Offensive-

Clark Clifford-

Robert Kennedy-

Eugene McCarthy-

Hubert Humphrey-

George Wallace-

30.5: The End of the War and Its legacy

1. Describe Nixon’s policy of Vietnamization.

2. Explain the public’s reaction to the Vietnam War during Nixon’s presidency.

3. Describe the end of U.S. involvement and the final outcome in Vietnam.

4. Examine the war’s painful legacy in the United States and Southeast Asia.

Richard Nixon-

Henry Kissinger-


Silent Majority-

My Lai-

Kent State University-

Pentagon Papers-

War Powers Act-

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