While examining the oral cavity a stomatologist revealed inflammation of papillae on the
border of the median and posterior third of the back of tongue. What papillae are inflamed?
A Papillae vallatae
B Papillae fungiformes
C Papillae foliatae
D Papillae filiformes
E Papillae conicae
Examination of a patient revealed an abscess of pterygopalatine fossa. Where can the
infection spread to unless the disease is managed in time?
A To the orbit
B To the interpterygoid space
C To the frontal sinus
D To the subgaleal temporal space
E To the tympanic cavity
During complicated labour the symphysis pubis ruptured. What organ can be damaged
A Urinary blader
D Uterine tubes
A patient with cholelithiasis fell ill with mechanic jaundice. Examination revealed that the
stone was in the common bile duct. What bile-excreting ducts make up the obturated duct?
A Ductus hepaticus communis et ductus cysticus
B Ductus hepaticus dexter et sinister
C Ductus hepaticus dexter et ductus cysticus
D Ductus hepaticus sinister et ductus cysticus
E Ductus hepaticus communis et ductus choledochus
Neurological examination of a 65 y.o. patient revealed a haemorrhage within the superior
temporal gyrus. In the blood supply area of which artery is it?
A Middle cerebral artery
B Anterior cerebral artery
C Posterior cerebral artery
D Anterior communicating artery
E Basilar artery
A 70 y.o. man has cut an abscess off in the area of mammiform process during shaving. Two
days later he was admitted to the hospital with inflammation of arachnoid membranes. How
did the infection penetrate into the cavity of skull?
A V.emissariaе mastoideaе
The cerebrospinal fluid is being examined for the purpose of diffrential meningitis
diagnostics. At what site is the lumbal puncture safe?
A L III-L IV
B L II-L III
C L I-L II
D Th XII-L I
E L V-S I
While preparing a patient to the operation the heart chambers' pressure was measured. In
one of them the pressure changed during one heart cycle from 0 to 120 mm Hg. What
chamber of heart was it?
A Left ventricle
B Right ventricle
C Right atrium
D Left atrium
Part of alveoles of a preterm infant didn't spread because of enhanced elastic recoil of lungs.
How can this recoil be reduced?
A By surfactant introduction
B By pure oxygene inhalation
C By artificial pulmonary ventilation
D By fluid suction from the respiratory tracts
E By glycose introduction
Preventive examination of a patient revealed an enlarged lymph node of metastatic origin on
the medial wall of the left axillary crease. Specify the most likely localization of the primary
A Mammary gland
B Submandibular salivary gland
E Thyroid gland
A man suffering from osteochondrosis got acute pain in the abdominal muscles (lateral and
anterior). During objective examination a physician diagnosticated increased pain sensitivity
of skin in the hypogastric region. This pain might be caused by affection of the following nerve:
A woman suffering from osteochondrosis felt acute pain in her humeral articulation that
became stronger when she abducted her shoulder. These symptoms might be caused by
damage of the following nerve:
A Axillary nerve
B Subscapular nerve
C Dorsal scapular nerve
D Subclavicular nerve
E Throracodorsal nerve
Pyeloureterography X-ray photo showed a renal pelvis with minor calyces only (major calyces
were absent). What form of urinary tracts of a kidney was revealed?
A patient has a deep cut wound on the posterior surface of his shoulder in its middle third.
What muscle might be injured?
A Triceps muscle of arm
B Biceps muscle of arm
C Anconeus muscle
D Brachial muscle
E Coracobrachial muscle
A patient has pain, edema and reddening of his skin in the anterosuperior area of his thigh
and his foot's thumb. What lymph nodes of his lower extremity responded to the inflammatory
A Superficial inguinal
B Deep inguinal
C Internal longitudinal
D Superficial longitudinal
E General longitudinal
A patient got a craniocerebral trauma that resulted in right-side convergent strabismus.
Damage of which craniocerebral nerve caused such consequences?
In case of a penetrating wound of the anterior abdominal wall the wound tract went above the
lesser curvature of stomach. What peritoneum formation is most likely to be injured?
A Ligamentum hepatogastricum
B Ligamentum gastrocolicum
C Ligamentum hepatoduoduodenale
D Ligamentum hepatorenale
E Ligamentum triangulare sinistrum
After a trauma a patient lost ability of elbow extension. This might have been caused by
dysfunction of the following main muscle:
A m. triceps brachii
B m. subscapularis
C m. teres major
D m. infraspinatus
E m. levator scapulae
A patient has been diagnosed with a compression fracture of a lumbar vertebra. As a result
he has a considerable increase in curvature of the lumbar lordosis. Which ligament damage
can induce such changes in the spine curvature?
A Anterior longitudinal ligament
B Posterior longitudinal ligament
C Yellow ligament
D Iliolumbar ligament
E Interspinous ligament
After a craniocerebral trauma a patient lost the ability to execute learned purposeful
movements (apraxia). The injury is most likely localized in the following region of the cerebral
A Gyrus supramarginalis
B Gyrus angularis
C Gyrus paracentralis
D Gyrus lingualis
E Gyrus parahippocampalis
A patient got an injury of spinal marrow in a road accident that caused loss of tactile
sensation, posture sense, vibration sense. What conduction tracts are damaged?
A Fascicle of Goll and cuneate fascicle
B Anterior spinocerebellar tract
C Rubrospinal tract
D Reticulospinal tract
E Tectospinal tract
Examination of a patient revealed hypertrophy and inflammation of lymphoid tissue, edema of
mucous membrane between palatine arches (acute tonsillitis). What tonsil is normally
situated in this area?
A Tonsilla palatina
B Tonsilla pharyngealis
C Tonsilla tubaria
D Tonsilla lingualis
While performing an operation in the area of axillary crease a surgeon has to define an
arterial vessel surrounded by fascicles of brachial plexus. What artery is it?
C A.transversa colli
D A.profunda brachii
Examination of a patient with impaired blood coagulation revealed thrombosis of a branch of
inferior mesenteric artery. What bowel segment is damaged?
A Colon sigmoideum
D Colon transversum
E Colon ascendens
A patient was admitted to the surgical department with inguinal hernia. During the operation
the surgeon performs plastic surgery on posterior wall of inguinal canal. What structure forms
A Transverse fascia
B Aponeurosis of abdominal external oblique muscle
C Inguinal ligament
D Loose inferior edge of transverse abdominal muscle
A man with an injury of the dorsal area of his neck was admitted to the resuscitation
department. What muscle occupies this area?
C M.latissimus dorsi
D M.rhomboideus minor
E M.scalenus anterior
A patient complains of dizziness and hearing loss. What nerve is damaged?
While palpating mammary gland of a patient a doctor revealed an induration in form of a node
in the inferior medial quadrant. Metastases may extend to the following lymph nodes:
B Posterior mediastinal
C Profound lateral cervical
E Superior diaphragmal
A patient got a trauma that caused dysfunction of motor centres regulating activity of head
muscles. In what parts of cerebral cortex is the respective centre normally localized?
A Inferior part of precentral gyrus
B Superior part of precentral gyrus
C Supramarginal gyrus
D Superior parietal lobule
E Angular gyrus
Examination of a 6-month-old child revealed a delay in closure of the occipital fontanelle.
When should it normally close?
A Until 3 months
B Before the child is born
C Until 6 months
D Until the end of the first year of life
E Until the end of the second year of life
A patient was diagnosed with paralysis of facial and masticatory muscles. The haematoma is
inside the genu of internal capsule. What conduction tract is damaged?
A Tr. cortico-nuclearis
B Tr. cortico-spinalis
C Tr. cortico-thalamicus
D Tr. cortico-fronto-pontinus
E Tr. cortico-temporo-parieto-occipito-pontinus
A patient has lost skin sensitivity in the region of the medial surface of his shoulder. This is
the result of dysfunction of the following nerve:
A Medial brachial cutaneous nerve
B Medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve
C Radial nerve
D Ulnar nerve
E Axillary nerve
A foreign body (a button) closed space of the right superior lobar bronchus. What segments of
the right lung won't be supplied with air?
A Apical, posterior, anterior
B Superior and inferior lingular
C Apical and posterior basal
D Apical and median basal
E Medial and lateral
A patient was diagnosed with bartholinitis (inflammation of greater vulvovaginal glands). In
which organ of urogenital system are these glands localized?
A Large lips of pudendum
B Small lips of pudendum
While performing an inguinal canal operation on account of hernia a surgeon damaged the
canal's contents. What exactly was damaged?
A Funiculus spermaticus
C Lig. teres uteri
D Lig. inguinalе
Ultrasonic examination of a patient revealed aneurism in the area of aortic arch that caused
alteration of vocal function of larynx. What nerve was constricted?
A Recurrent laryngeal
C Superior laryngeal
Surgical approach to the thyroid gland from the transverse (collar) approach involves opening
of interaponeurotic suprasternal space. What anatomic structure localized in this space is
dangerous to be damaged?
A Jugular venous arch
B External jugular vein
C Subclavicular vein
D Inferior thyroid arthery
E Superior thyroid arthery
In course of a small pelvis operation it became necessary to ligate an ovarian artery. What
formation may be accidentally ligated together with it?
B Uterine tube
C Round ligament of uterus
D Internal iliac vein
An injured person was delivered to the hospital with a penetrating wound in the left lateral
region of abdomen. What part of the large intestine is most likely damaged?
A Colon descendens
B Colon ascendens
C Colon transverses
After a road accident a driver was delivered to the hospital with an injury of the medial
epicondyle of humerus. What nerve might be damaged in this case?
A n. Ulnaris
B n. radialis
C n. axillaris
D n. muscolocutaneus
E n. medianus
A patient with a knife wound in the left lumbal part was delivered to the emergency hospital. In
course of operation a surgeon found that internal organs were not damaged but the knife
injured one of muscles of renal pelvis. What muscle is it?
A Greater psoas muscle
B Iliac muscle
C Erector muscle of spine
D Abdominal internal oblique muscle
E Abdominal external oblique muscle
A 25 year old patient was examined by a medical board. Examination revealed pathology of
chest. Transverse dimensions were to small and the sternum was strongly protruding. What
chest type is it?
A Keeled chest
B Funnel chest
C Flat chest
D Cylindrical chest
E Barrel chest
A man with a stab wound in the area of quadrilateral foramen applied to a doctor. Examination
revealed that the patient was unable to draw his arm aside from his body. What nerve is most
Brain tomography revealed a tumour in the region of red nucleus. What part of brain
B Medulla oblongata
E Pons cerebelli