Link – USSTRATCOM
STRATCOM is rooted in the imperialist ideology of preserving our hegemonic dominance, at the expense of subjugating the rest of the world. U.S Drive For Hegemonic Security Leads To a Dark Reality Where We Are The Global Tyrants Of The World
Mackay, 03 (Neil Mackay, June 22, 2003, The Sunday Herald, Revealed: US plan to 'own' space;As part of a plan to ensure its total military supremacy, the US is preparing to complete the domination of space - by any means necessary. Neil Mackay explains the terrifying new face of global warfare, l/n, Pg. 21, D:5/2/11, CP)
IT SOUNDS like the stuff of the darkest sci-fi fantasies, but it's not. The Air Force Space Command Strategic Master Plan is a clear statement of the US's intention to dominate the world by turning space into the crucial battlefield of the 21st century.The document details how the US Air Force Space Command is developing exotic new weapons, nuclear warheads and spacecraft to allow the US to hit any target on earth within seconds. It also unashamedly states that the US will not allow any other power to get a foothold in space.The rush to militarise space will also see domestic laws and foreign agreements torn up. As the document warns: "To fully develop and exploit space some US policies and international treaties may need to be reviewed and modified".The Strategic Master Plan (SMP) changes the nature of war. No longer will battles be fought by ships, aircraft and ground forces. Instead the US will use its technology to dominate any theatre of war from space.The document also opens the door for the US to become the only global policeman. Control of space will give it uniquely instantaneous reach, capable of "worldwide military operations."The first page of the document clearly spells out America's agenda. General Lance W Lord, of Air Force Space Command, writes in his foreword: "As guardians of the High Frontier, Air Force Space Command has the vision and the people to ensure the United States achieves space superiority today and in the future." The document also lays the groundwork for the development of "21st century space warriors'' - a new military cadre tasked solely to fight "from and in" space. The SMP says this Space Corps "is just as crucial to the success of our vision as employing new technologies". Air Force Space Command operates from a base in Colorado and its mission is to "defend America through space and intercontinental ballistic missile operations". Its ultimate goal is to "project global reach and global power". Although little is known about Space Command in Europe, it is central to the US military machine and staffed by some 40,000 military and civilians. General Lord says the strategy of the SMP "will enable us to transform space power to provide our nation with diverse options to globally apply force in, from, and through space with modern intercontinental ballistic missiles and new conventional global strike capabilities".In gung-ho language, the foreword reads: "Precision weapons guided to their targets by space-based navigation - instant global communications for commanders and their forces - enemy weapons of mass destruction held at risk by a ready force of intercontinental ballistic missiles - adversary missiles detected within seconds of launch. This is not a vision of the future. This is space today!" Lord adds: "Our space team is building capabilities that provide the President with a range of space power options to discourage aggression or any form of coercion against the United States."The (SMP) says: "Effective use of space-based resources provides a continual and global presence over key areas of the world military forces have always viewed the 'high ground' position as one of dominance. With rare exception, whoever owned the high ground owned the fight. Space is the ultimate high ground of US military operations."Today, control of this high ground means superiority and significant force enhancement. Tomorrow, ownership may mean instant engagement anywhere in the world."The primary goal of the SMP is to give the US military "the capability to deliver attacks from space". The use of "space power" would also let the US deploy military might instantaneously across the face of the earth and completely "bypass adversary defences".In order to "fully exploit and control space", the United States Air Force Space Command says it has to "negate" the ability of foreign powers to develop their own space capabilities. The plan also demands that Space Command "focus on missions carried out by weapons systems operating from or through space for holding terrestrial targets at risk".The document proclaims US aspirations to "global vigilance, reach and power", and Space Command says its vision "looks 25 years into the future and is summed up as follows: space warfighting forces providing continuous deterrence and prompt global engagement for America through the control and exploitation of space".
Link – Satelites
Humanizing space sets the stage for warfare conducted on a grander scale and increases the chance of miscalc
(Peter Dickens, teaches at the Universities of Brighton and Cambridge, UK. His most recent book, co-written with James Ormrod, is Cosmic Society: Towards a Sociology of the Universe (2009). The Humanization of the Cosmos—To What End?, DA:6/21/11, CP)
The 1969 Apollo 11 moon landing is often seen as the high point of society’s relationship with outer space. Nothing quite so dramatic or exotic seems to have happened in outer space since. But nearby, parts of the solar system (including the moon, some asteroids, and Mars) are now being routinely circled and explored and analyzed by robots. Furthermore, President Obama has recently made important announcements regarding a new U.S. space program that involves manned missions to Mars by the mid-2030s. But the NASA-based Constellation program to the moon and Mars has been cancelled. Instead, NASA will undertake a long-term research and development program aimed at supporting future forms of propulsion and exploration programs. Even more significant in the short-term is a proposed $25 billion being allocated to NASA to kick-start commercial manned spaceflight over the next five years. New forms of transport to the International Space Station will be funded, this time using innovative forms of “space taxis” designed by private sector space companies.2 These plans entail new relations between the private and public sectors in the United States. Meanwhile, a presence in outer space is being developed by other societies. This is partly because such a presence is seen as an important symbol of modernization, progress, and social unity. The Indian government has announced a manned mission to the moon in 2013, the European Space Agency envisages projects to the moon and beyond, and the Chinese government is planning a similar project for 2020. This last development has caused some consternation over Obama’s plans. One suggestion is that the United States may after all be the next to send manned missions to the moon, because China’s space project is seen by some as a military threat that needs forestalling.3 Yet among these plans and proposals, it is easy to forget that outer space is already being increasingly humanized. It has now been made an integral part of the way global capitalist society is organized and extended. Satellites, for example, are extremely important elements of contemporary communications systems. These have enabled an increasing number of people to become part of the labor market. Teleworking is the best known example. Satellite-based communications have also facilitated new forms of consumption such as teleshopping. Without satellite-based communications, the global economy in its present form would grind to a halt. Satellites have also been made central to modern warfare. Combined with pilotless Predator drones, they are now being used to observe and attack Taliban and Al-Qaida operatives in Afghanistan and elsewhere. This action is done by remote control from Creech Air Force Base at Indian Springs, Nevada. The 1980s Strategic Defense Initiative, or “Star Wars” program, aimed to intercept incoming missiles while facilitating devastating attacks on supposed enemies. A version of the program is still being developed, with the citizens of the Czech Republic and Poland now under pressure to accept parts of a U.S.-designed “missile defense shield.” This is part of a wider strategy of “Full Spectrum Dominance,” which has for some time been official U.S. Defense Policy.4 Using surveillance and military equipment located in outer space is now seen as the prime means of protecting U.S. economic and military assets both on Earth and in outer space.