1929 Herbert Hoover becomes president; says that Americans “have reached a higher degree of comfort and security than ever existed before.” The stock market crashed on October 29, “Black Tuesday, “ ushering in the depression. 1930



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1929 - Herbert Hoover becomes president; says that Americans “have reached a higher degree of comfort and security than ever existed before.” The stock market crashed on October 29, “Black Tuesday, “ ushering in the depression.

1930 - 3.2 Million Americans are out of work, although Hoover believes the worst is over.

1931 - The Scottsboro trial begins, with nine black teenagers being charged in the rape of two little white girls from Alabama despite a lack of any credible evidence.

1932 - Franklin Deleano Roosevelt wins Democratic nomination for president, pledging a “new deal” for America. The depression has spread world – wide after a 90 percent decline in the stock market since 1929.

1933 – The banking system fundamentally collapses; FDR is inaugurated.

He tells American, “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.” In Germany,

Adolf Hitler becomes dictator. FDR creates the Civilian Conservation Corps,

giving jobs to more than five hundred thousand men. FDR established the National

Recovery Administration, designed to oversee construction of public buildings and roads and to provide jobs for the unemployed. Prohibition is repealed. The United States sees the unemployment rate rise. 25 percent are without jobs.

1934 – FDR promises the government will begin “social insurance,” the precursor to modern Social Security. Great dust storms and drought across the Midwestern and Southern plains begin to jeopardize agriculture.

To create Jobs for the unemployed, FDR founds the Works Progress

Administration under the New Deal. WPA workers build highways, streets, public buildings, airports, utilities, small dams, sewers, parks, libraries, and recreational fields. In addition, arts projects are funded, including concerts and artwork. Social Security is signed into law.



-1935

Jews begin to flee Nazi Germany as Hitler imposes restrictions, FDR is easily elected to a second term. - 1936

The unemployment rate continues to rise - 1937

A terrible hurricane strikes the northeastern part of the United States, claiming over 600 lives and causing $300 million of damage. Meanwhile, the drought in the southern portions of the country rages. - 1938

Germany invades Poland, and England and France declare war on Germany, thus starting World War II. The drought and the era of the Dust Bowl finally end. The U.S. Economy begins to bounce back, boosted by the manufacturing supplies for the countries fighting in the war - 1939

Going Back in Time

1934 –FDR promised the government will begin “social

insurance,” the precursor to modern Social Security. Great dust storms and drought across the Mid-western and Southern plains begin to jeopardize agriculture.




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