1920's Women’s Fashions & Changing Lifestyles
Womens fashions in the early 1920's experienced dramatic changes following the end of the first world war, in a period often referred to as the "roaring 20's", the era of the "flapper".
The passing of bustles and corsets gave clothing designers much greater freedom of expression resulting in innovative styling. Women dressing in the new and colorful fabrics echoed the joy felt by a war weary population following the end of hostilities.
1920's Dresses were lighter (due to less material and new synthetic fabrics) and brighter and shorter than ever before. Fashion designers played with fabric colors, textures and patterns to create totally new styles of dress. Evening dresses, coats and jackets were often trimmed with fur. Hemlines rose for most of the decade but dropped slightly toward the end.
Shoes and stockings assumed a greater prominence now that they were more visible. Silk stockings in all the colors of the rainbow, often with patterns, were designed to match the coordinated outfits of stylish women.
Correspondence schools flourished in the inter-war period as people sought to educate themselves and create a better future for themselves and their families. Dressmaking and millinery courses in particular were embraced by women who wanted the new fashions but couldn't afford retail prices. Others were looking to create full or part-time jobs for themselves.
Many women turned to fashion as a vocation in order to support their fatherless families or to earn extra income to spend on the new luxuries. Working women also embraced the relatively inexpensive ready-made clothes as mass production of contemporary clothing became common.
It didn't matter if there wasn't a department store in your town or city where you could shop for clothes or accessories as all the big department stores had mail-order catalogs where you could order clothes for men, women, and children for delivery by post. This meant country people had easy access to city fashions for the first time.
Pantsuits, hats and canes that gave women a sleek look
without frills and avoiding the fickleness of fashion were
popular for a while. The style was named after the novel
La garçonne by Victor Margueritte. In Europe, this look
featured women with short hair (Bubikopf) for the first time;
in the U.S., "the bob" was reintroduced by actress Louise
Brooks in the late 1920s.
The hairstyles of Hollywood stars were copied by women all over the world and womens magazines carried articles on how to achieve the current look. Hairstyles were much shorter than the previous decade and styles like finger waving, the Marcel wave and permanent waving were in vogue.
Women's underwear changed as a result of this move towards practical clothing, with corsets becoming smaller and more flexible, and modern style bras being introduced. The new bras provided shape and support whereas the older style tended to flatten breasts and constrict the chest.
Flappers, as the trendy young women were called
in the U.S., wore short dresses with a straight loose
silhouette. By 1927 seams had risen to just below
the knee, so that part of the knee could be seen
when dancing the Charleston.
Thus, the Roaring Twenties redefined womanhood :
a new woman evolved; it became more acceptable
to smoke and drink in public, closer body contact in
dancing, shorter hair, make-up, different styles of
dress, and greater participation in the workforce
- all contributed to the new woman.
In your group: Discuss the similarities and differences between 1920s fashion and fashion in 2013. Record your thoughts and findings. Be as thorough and specific as possible.