1920's exam (Chapters 15-16) Multiple Choice



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1920's EXAM (Chapters 15-16)
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. The purpose of the Volstead Act was to

a.

prohibit lynching.

b.

ban the teaching of evolution.

c.

enforce Prohibition.

d.

limit immigration.

____ 2. Calvin Coolidge became president when



a.

Warren G. Harding was assassinated.

b.

he defeated Robert La Follette.

c.

Warren G. Harding died in office.

d.

he defeated Warren G. Harding.

____ 3. Some members of Congress tried to help farmers by proposing the McNary-Haugen Bill, which called for the government to



a.

place tariffs on foreign agricultural products to protect American farmers from foreign competition.

b.

buy American crop surpluses and use them to feed the military.

c.

buy American crop surpluses and sell them abroad.

d.

set higher prices for agricultural products sold in the United States.

____ 4. Ford’s system for making cars increased efficiency by



a.

dividing the job into simple tasks.

b.

reducing the number of car parts.

c.

assigning a team to each car.

d.

training workers to do every task.

____ 5. The flowering of African American arts in the 1920s became known as the



a.

Great Awakening.

b.

Great Migration.

c.

South Side Renaissance.

d.

Harlem Renaissance.

____ 6. The result of the Dawes Plan was



a.

Europe’s gradual economic recovery.

b.

lower prices for European products sold in the United States.

c.

Europe’s deeper descent into debt.

d.

higher prices for European products sold in the United States.

____ 7. One effect of the Eighteenth Amendment was



a.

a decrease in immigration.

b.

an increase in federal police powers.

c.

the decline of Fundamentalism as a national political force.

d.

an increase in immigration.

____ 8. Warren G. Harding won the presidency by appealing to Americans’ desire to



a.

return to normal life after the war.

b.

repeal Prohibition.

c.

reform society.

d.

become a world power.

____ 9. The Ku Klux Klan began to decline in the late 1920s, largely as a result of



a.

their violent tactics.

b.

the shift away from nativism.

c.

scandals involving Klan leaders.

d.

the arrest of key Klan leaders.

____ 10. The golden age of Hollywood began in 1927 with the release of



a.

the first animated film.

b.

the first motion picture with sound.

c.

the first motion picture.

d.

the first feature-length film.

____ 11. Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover believed that waste could be reduced and costs lowered if trade associations would



a.

voluntarily share information with the Bureau of Standards.

b.

collaborate to set reasonable wage rates for workers in similar jobs.

c.

collaborate to set reasonable prices for similar products.

d.

voluntarily share information with one another.

____ 12. In the Teapot Dome scandal, a government official received bribes for



a.

promising immunity for businessmen who overcharged the U.S. Navy.

b.

allowing private interests to drill for oil in a national park.

c.

allowing private interests to lease lands containing U.S. Navy oil reserves.

d.

allowing lumber companies to cut trees in national forests.

____ 13. An unintended affect of the Fordney-McCumber Act was



a.

a decrease in prices of foreign goods for American consumers.

b.

an increase in prices of foreign goods for American consumers.

c.

a reaction in foreign markets against American agricultural products.

d.

an increase in demand in foreign markets for American agricultural products.

____ 14. Henry Ford’s business philosophy was to increase sales by



a.

lowering the cost per car.

b.

advertising.

c.

providing consumers with a variety of styles and colors.

d.

constantly improving his cars’ mechanical reliability.

____ 15. In the early 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan added to its membership by



a.

holding rallies open to everyone.

b.

opening membership to all whites, regardless of religion.

c.

hiring public relations people to promote the Klan.

d.

publicizing their support of legitimate political goals.

____ 16. The Universal Negro Improvement Association was formed to



a.

promote black pride and unity.

b.

promote integration.

c.

protest the horrors of lynching.

d.

elect African Americans to Congress.

____ 17. One of the NAACP’s greatest political triumphs occurred in 1930 with the



a.

defeat of a racist judge nominated for the Supreme Court.

b.

signing of a law against lynching.

c.

appointment of an African American to the Supreme Court.

d.

signing of a law banning discrimination in federal jobs.

____ 18. John T. Scopes was put on trial for



a.

violating Prohibition laws.

b.

teaching evolution.

c.

being a leader of the Ku Klux Klan.

d.

teaching creationism.

____ 19. Attorney General Harry Daugherty resigned in disgrace after being investigated for taking bribes in exchange for allowing



a.

immunity to wealthy businessmen accused of insider trading.

b.

two powerful corporations to merge.

c.

a private company to drill for oil on public lands.

d.

someone to acquire a valuable German-owned company seized during the war.

____ 20. The NAACP’s lobbying efforts influenced the House of Representatives to pass, in 1922,



a.

equal opportunity legislation.

b.

anti-segregation legislation.

c.

anti-lynching legislation.

d.

legislation supporting African American voting rights.

____ 21. Unions declined during the 1920s in part because many corporations instituted



a.

supply-side economics.

b.

cooperative individualism.

c.

Sociological Departments.

d.

welfare capitalism.

____ 22. In the 1920s, young people began to look for careers as



a.

entrepreneurs.

b.

business owners.

c.

stockholders.

d.

managers in a corporate bureaucracy.

____ 23. The Twenty-first Amendment



a.

established Prohibition.

b.

guaranteed women the right to vote.

c.

repealed Prohibition.

d.

guaranteed African Americans the right to vote.

____ 24. The federal government began to support the airline industry after



a.

entrepreneurs such as Glenn Curtiss started building practical aircraft.

b.

the Wright brothers’ successful flight at Kitty Hawk.

c.

World War II.

d.

Alexander Graham Bell invented ailerons.

____ 25. The “Sultan of Swat” was the nickname for



a.

Babe Ruth.

b.

Red Grange.

c.

Jack Dempsey.

d.

Bill Tilden.

____ 26. The Butler Act



a.

outlawed the teaching of creationism.

b.

outlawed the teaching of evolution.

c.

enforced the Eighteenth Amendment.

d.

banned the making and sale of liquor.

____ 27. Ernest Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms



a.

portrayed war’s meaningless violence.

b.

exposed the emptiness and superficiality of much of modern society.

c.

glorified war.

d.

portrayed the vitality and freedom of the new morality.

____ 28. The Cotton Club was



a.

a Hollywood nightspot frequented by the stars of the silver screen.

b.

a fictitious Chicago nightclub featured in the famous picture The Jazz Singer.

c.

a Chicago speakeasy where gangsters congregated.

d.

a Harlem nightspot where many African American entertainers got their start.

____ 29. After the Emergency Quota Act was passed, admission to the United States was based on immigrants’



a.

ethnic identity and national origin.

b.

literacy test scores.

c.

job skills.

d.

wealth.

____ 30. Commercial radio began its rise in November 1920, with the news that



a.

World War I was over.

b.

Coolidge had won the election.

c.

an American had flown over the Atlantic.

d.

Harding had won the election.

____ 31. Many people viewed Sacco and Vanzetti with suspicion because they were



a.

German immigrants and socialists.

b.

Italian immigrants and socialists.

c.

German immigrants and anarchists.

d.

Italian immigrants and anarchists.

____ 32. An innovation instituted by International Harvester in 1926 was



a.

an 8-hour workday.

b.

a 5-day workweek.

c.

an annual 2-week paid vacation.

d.

mass production.

____ 33. The National Origins Act of 1924



a.

banned Mexican immigrants from entering the United States.

b.

allotted a small portion of the quota to immigrants from Mexico.

c.

allotted a large portion of the quota to immigrants from Mexico.

d.

exempted Mexicans from the quota system.

____ 34. After World War I, most Americans wanted to avoid future wars by



a.

forbidding Germany to rebuild its armed forces.

b.

excluding Germany from the League of Nations.

c.

joining the League of Nations.

d.

avoiding involvement in European affairs.

____ 35. In 1920 in one of the first commercial radio broadcasts in history, listeners of station KDKA in Pittsburgh heard the



a.

news of Warren G. Harding’s victory in the presidential election.

b.

news of the first successful transatlantic flight.

c.

Amos ‘n’ Andy show.

d.

Dempsey-Tunney title fight.

____ 36. The purpose of Henry Ford’s Sociological Department was to



a.

improve employee relations.

b.

negotiate with the union.

c.

set requirements workers had to meet.

d.

provide a channel for communication.

____ 37. The Ohio Gang was



a.

a group of notorious bank robbers.

b.

a group of Harding’s friends.

c.

a group of Coolidge’s friends.

d.

a powerful crime syndicate.

____ 38. Coolidge believed that government should



a.

become involved in social reform.

b.

not interfere with business.

c.

break up trusts.

d.

regulate business.

____ 39. Calvin Coolidge grew up



a.

on a Midwestern farm.

b.

on a Vermont farm.

c.

on a ranch in Wyoming.

d.

in a wealthy section of Boston.

____ 40. The new morality of the 1920s glorified



a.

work.

b.

promiscuity.

c.

personal freedom.

d.

wealth.



Completion

Complete each statement using the word bank of terms provided below.
Flappers Eugenics Scopes Quota Speakeasies

Model T Mass Media Normalcy Jazz Greenwich Village
Harlem Immunity Isolationism Demand Great Migration
Open Shop Business Mass Production Installment Commuters
41. _____________________ was a style of music influenced by Dixieland music and ragtime.
42. A workplace where employees were not required to join a union was called a(n) ____________________.
43. Many artists, writers, and intellectuals of the 1920s moved to Manhattan's _________________________, which they considered a center of creativity, enlightenment, and freedom.
44. Supporters of ____________________ wanted the United States to stay out of entanglements with Europe.
45. Radio, movies, newspapers, and magazines aimed at a broad, popular audience are all examples of ____________________.
46. ____________________ is a pseudo-science that deals with the improvement of hereditary traits.
47. The movement of hundreds of thousands of African Americans from the rural South to industrial cities in the North was called the ____________________.
48. The "Flivver" was one affectionate name for Ford's ____________________ car.
49. In a speech, Calvin Coolidge said, "The chief business of the American people is ____________________."
50. Many consumers in the 1920s began to feel confident that they could buy now and pay later, so many bought everything from radios to cars on the ____________________ plan.
51. A person granted ____________________ would be free from prosecution.
52. The automobile enabled workers to become ____________________, living in suburban communities and driving to work in the city.
53. The New York City neighborhood of ____________________ was the center of the African American artistic and creative outpouring of the 1920s.
54. The ____________________ trial tested a state law that banned the teaching of evolution.
55. Stylish, unconventional American women of the 1920s who dressed in attire considered too revealing by previous generations were called ____________________.
56. Warren G. Harding ran for president on the campaign slogan to return to ____________________.
57. The National Origins Act of 1924 made limits on immigration based on a ____________________ system permanent.
58. ____________________, or large-scale product manufacturing usually by machinery, created more supply and reduced consumer costs.
59. Technological advances enabled farmers to produce more in the 1920s, but higher yields without a corresponding increase in ____________________ meant that farmers received lower prices.
60. During prohibition, people flocked to secret bars called ____________________, where they could purchase alcohol.


Matching
Match the letters in the diagram with the correct statements below.


____ 61. adoption of the assembly line at Ford
____ 62. less time required to build cars
____ 63. lower production costs
____ 64. lower car prices for consumers
Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

Bessie Smith

b.

Marcus Garvey

c.

Charles Lindbergh

d.

Oscar DePriest

e.

William Jennings Bryan

f.

Langston Hughes

g.

Billy Sunday

h.

Duke Ellington

i.

Margaret Mead

j.

Al Capone

____ 65. gangster in Chicago during Prohibition


____ 66. first African American representative elected to Congress from a Northern state
____ 67. singer who seemed to symbolize soul
____ 68. prosecutor at the Scopes trial
____ 69. pilot of the first solo nonstop transatlantic flight
____ 70. composer, pianist, and bandleader whose sound was a blend of improvisation and orchestration
____ 71. former major league baseball player turned evangelical fundamentalist preacher
____ 72. leader of the “back to Africa” movement
____ 73. one of the first woman anthropologists
____ 74. writer who became a leading voice of the African American experience in the United States

Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

bootlegging

b.

evolution

c.

Great Migration

d.

flappers

e.

police powers

f.

mass media

g.

eugenics

h.

Scopes trial

i.

Bohemian

j.

creationism

____ 75. artistic and unconventional lifestyle in the 1920s


____ 76. helped spread the new ideas and attitudes of the 1920s
____ 77. warned against breeding the “unfit” or “inferior”
____ 78. bobbed their hair and drank prohibited liquor
____ 79. God created the world as described in the Bible
____ 80. created powerful African American voting blocs in Northern cities
____ 81. illegal production and distribution of liquor
____ 82. a government’s right to control people and property in the interest of public safety, health, welfare, and morals
____ 83. dramatic dual between fundamentalism and modernism
____ 84. human beings developed from lower forms of life

Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

Calvin Coolidge

b.

Albert B. Fall

c.

Henry Ford

d.

Charles Lindbergh

e.

Charles R. Forbes

f.

Robert La Follette

____ 85. “Four-fifths of all our troubles in this life would disappear if we would only sit down and keep still.”


____ 86. sold medical supplies from veterans’ hospitals
____ 87. first cabinet officer in history to go to prison
____ 88. made first solo transatlantic flight
____ 89. installed the first moving assembly line in 1914
____ 90. presidential nominee of the Progressive Party in 1924

Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

Kellogg-Briand Pact

b.

assembly line

c.

supply-side economics

d.

welfare capitalism

e.

reparations

f.

cooperative individualism

g.

“Tin Lizzie”

h.

Four-Power Treaty

i.

moratorium

j.

commuters

____ 91. growth through lower taxes


____ 92. form trade associations and share information with the federal government
____ 93. enormously increased manufacturing efficiency
____ 94. pause in doing something, such as constructing new warships
____ 95. made possible by affordable cars
____ 96. recognized each country’s island possessions in the Pacific
____ 97. profit sharing, medical care benefits, and pensions
____ 98. attempted to outlaw war
____ 99. payments Germany was required to make as punishment for starting the war
____ 100. Henry Ford’s Model T car


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