12th Grade Summer Reading Requirements Hello, SENIOR!
Very soon, you will embark on your final journey in high school, your senior year! I am thrilled to have the opportunity to work with you on your road to college as your senior English teacher. However, my expectations are high. You will be pushed further academically in my class than you ever have before. I think of senior English as a college course. Therefore, you will read and write… a lot, but you will also have the opportunity to explore and interpret ideas via literary analysis and thought-provoking discussion.
While you have reason to celebrate this important milestone, I want to caution you: Everything you do academically next year can either help or hinder you in your college search. As you begin applying to colleges and universities and looking for scholarships, your grades are extremely important. The decisions you make at the start of your senior year will have a strong impact on the college you attend and the scholarships you receive. With that in mind, this summer is an opportunity to start your senior year on the right foot.
As part of your studies in 12th grade English, you are required to actively read a novel, answer study questions, and complete writing activities in connection with the novel, including two handwritten essays. Your work is due on Monday, August 6 (the third day of school). You will also take a rigorous exam that day. All 12th graders who will attend Williams Prep during the 2012-2013 school year (including those who are currently not yet enrolled at Williams) are required to complete these assignments. Your summer reading packet, essays, and exam are the first grades of your senior year, so strive to start the year off with some high scores!
Heather Hill Cernoch
English Department Chair
12th grade required summer novel:Brave New World by Aldous Huxley
Summary:Brave New World is a darkly satiric vision of a “utopian” future—where humans are genetically bred and pharmaceutically anesthetized to passively serve a ruling order. It is a powerful work of speculative fiction that has enthralled and terrified readers for generations, remaining relevant as both a warning and a thought-provoking work of fiction.
Additional AP requirement: In addition to reading Brave New World, AP students must also choose a work to read from the list below. These are plays and novellas (short novels). You will be required to complete an independent project on your chosen text the second week of school.
The Awakening by Kate Chopin Anthemby Ayn Rand
The Dead by James Joyce (in Dubliners) Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett
A Midsummer Night’s Dream by Shakespeare Animal Farm by George Orwell
How do I get my books? All students are required to purchase their own copies of the novels from Half Price Books, Barnes & Noble, or Amazon.com. You must actively annotate your novels. If you choose to check out your book from the library, you must write annotations (with page numbers) on a separate sheet of paper.
Reminder: Bring your books to school with you August 2-6.
Name: _________________________________________ As you read the novel, please respond to the following questions in complete sentences. This assignment is due on Monday, August 6. If you encounter an unfamiliar word, look it up rather than skipping it.
Utopia: a perfect world
Dystopia: a world that seems perfect on the outside but is actually a hell within
What are the greatest problems facing our state (Texas) right now?
The human race?
Can anything be done about these problems? Is anything being done?
What would have to happen in order to solve these issues? Do you see them being solved?
ALLUSIONS to HISTORICAL FIGURES in BRAVE NEW WORLD
Bernard Marx –
* Karl Marx was a German socialist who believed that the fundamental factor in the development of society is the method of production and exchange----COMMUNISM
Lenina Crowne –
* Nikolai Lenin was a Russian socialist who had tremendous influence in the formation of the U.S.S.R.
*Leon Trotksy – Russian revolutionist and Soviet statesman who was Lenin’s right-hand man
*Henry Ford – American automobile designer; manufacturer of the “Model T” and had the first modern assembly line
What is the motto of the “new world?”
What is the tone of chapter one? How do you feel while reading it?
What three steps are involved in creating a human at the Central London Conditioning and Hatchery? Describe them.
Describe Bokanovsky’s Process. What is its goal? Why?
What is Podsnap’s Technique? What is its goal? Why?
What are the five classes of people?
Why does the brave new world need a caste system?
How are lower-class citizens predestined to enjoy their jobs? What are “things” that are done to embryos to ensure affinity to their jobs?
What is Neo-Pavlovian Conditioning? What is its purpose?
What is wrong with books and flowers?
What does hypnopaedia teach? What does it not teach?
What is Elementary Class Consciousness?
What caste do the students that are taking the tour belong to?
What is the deal with Ford? Who is he? Why is he picked by the author to begin the future?
What are the women discussing? How has Lenina been behaving abnormally?
What are the children doing in the garden?
What is Mustapha Mond discussing in his lecture?
Describe the conversation between Henry Foster and the Assistant Predestinator for the Center.
Describe Bernard Marx’s soliloquy.
How do the men feel about Lenina?
How does Lenina not fit into the society? What does she feel that is different?
Why/How does Lenina embarrass Bernard?
How do Bernard and Lenina’s reactions to the rooftop differ?
Whom is Lenina meeting?
What do you think of Bernard after we are shown a lot of his personality in this chapter?
Why does Bernard feel so self-conscious? Who does he especially feel self-conscious around?
Bernard is not completely conditioned. How do we know this?
Describe Helmholtz Watson. Why are he and Bernard alike?
What does Helmholtz do for a living? What does he want to do?
At the end of the chapter, what does Helmholtz dislike about Bernard?
In your opinion, what are some issues the author, Aldous Huxley is satirizing thus far?
What happens to the members of the Brave New World when they die?
What point do Lenina and Henry make about equality in this scene?
What do they do on their date?
In Part 2, Bernard attends his bi-monthly Solidarity Service, the Brave New World’s version of church. In many ways it is like a religious service, but in a few ways it is definitely not. Describe the solidarity service.
What is wrong with Morgana Rothschild? Notice how Bernard obsesses about this!
Read the words of the three hymns. What do they all have in common?
IF you are at all familiar with the Christian sacrament of communion, notice how the attendees of the service eat tablets of soma and drink a cup of it.
Bernard tells two lies in this chapter. What are they?
What happens at the end of the service?
On Bernard’s date with Lenina, what behaviors of his seem extremely odd to her?
After their date, what does Bernard think of Lenina as?
What does Bernard tell Lenina he wants to feel?
When Bernard goes to get his permit signed to go to the New Mexican savage reservation, how does the director treat him at first?
Why and how does this change?
How does the director threaten Bernard?
How does Bernard react to this?
Why is Bernard suddenly panicky as he is waiting to have the reservation permit signed?
Where do Bernard and Lenina go at the start of this chapter?
What doesn’t Lenina like?
Who horrifies her? Why?
How is the aging process prevented in this society?
What offends Lenina that Bernard defends outrageously?
What did the drumbeats remind Lenina of?
Describe the ceremony Lenina and Bernard watched.
What do we learn about the young man as we meet him?
What does Bernard learn about John’s parentage?
What caste had Linda been in?
How does Linda compare life on the reservation to life in the Utopia?
In this chapter, Bernard asks John to recollect his life on the reservation. What does John remember?
Who did John hate as he was growing up?
What book became John’s most important learning tool?
How does John’s developing persona seem to be drawn in different directions?
What had been the ultimate rejection in John’s life?
How does Bernard identify with John?
What did John do as his own “Rite of Manhood?”
Why does John ask Bernard if he is married to Lenina?
What reaction to that question do both Bernard and John have?
CHAPTERS 9, 10, AND 11
What is meant by a “Soma Holiday”?
Early in chapter 9, when is John twice reduced to tears?
What does John do in Lenina’s quarters?
Back in London, why has Tomakin summoned Bernard to the fertilizing room?
In this scene, how does Bernard upset and humiliate Tomakin?
How does London react to Bernard and how does he handle this?
How are Utopian children prepared for death?
What is the reaction of the “Savage” to the “feelies” he and Lenina attend?
Why is Lenina surprised at the end of Chapter 11?
Why does Lenina get so angry with Henry and Fanny?
What advice does Fanny give Lenina concerning John?
How does John’s love confession prove his naiveté to the ways of the world?
Why does John react as he does when Lenina reacts how we would expect her to?
Is there anyway John and Lenina could be together? Why or why not?
How does the treatment of dying “fit” with the morals of the Brave New World?
How are the Delta twins conditioned in regards to death? How is this fitting?
How does John react to the twins?
Linda dies in this chapter. Describe, with as much detail as possible, the atmosphere of the hospital, the actions of the people John encounters there, and John’s feelings and actions.
CHAPTERS 15 AND 16
In Chapter 15, who does John liken to “maggots?”
In the hospital, what does John attempt to do in order to truly establish a “Brave New World?”
When/Why was Bernard standing “in agony of humiliated indecision?”
How did the riot squad calm the crowd?
At the end of the “riot” what, exactly, happens to John, Bernard, and Helmholtz?
What explanation does Mond give for all Utopians not being decanted as Alpha-double-plusses?
What was the Cyprus Experiment?
Why does Mond think that it would not be a punishment to be banished?
CHAPTERS 17 AND 18
Describe the confrontation between Mond and John. What has been sacrificed in the “brave new world?”
John contends that you must have extremes of suffering and delight. Explain his view.
Mond points out that John is claiming the right to old age, senility, disease, poverty, hunger, torment, fear, and pain. What is the Savage’s reaction to this?
Where does John go? Describe his plan of existence.
How is John’s “perfect world” upset?
After John’s recollections of Lenina’s beauty, how does he react?
What happens when the cameraman begins to make a feely film of John’s self-torture?
Describe the way John treats Lenina when she arrives.
How does John repent for his acts?
Analysis Essay Directions: After reading the novel, write a multiple-paragraph, thesis-driven analysis essay that responds to one of the following prompts. In addition to having a strong thesis statement, your essay must use sound reasoning and solid evidence by giving logical reasons and using examples. Write your essays on your own lined paper. It must be at least two pages. (Write the essay number at the top of your paper.)
Essay #1: Identify a character in Brave New World who conforms outwardly but questions inwardly. Then write an essay in which you analyze how this tension between outward conformity and inward questioning contributes to the meaning of the work. Avoid mere plot summary.
OR Essay #2: There are many instances in literature when a character becomes cut off from “home,” whether that home is the character’s birthplace, family, homeland, or other special place. Write an essay in which you analyze how John’s experience of being away from home in Brave New World is both alienating and enriching and how this experience illuminates the meaning of the work as a whole. Do not merely summarize the plot.
OR Essay #3: Many works of literature deal with political or social issues, including Brave New World. Write an essay in which you analyze how Aldous Huxley explores this issue and how the issue contributes to the meaning of the work as a whole. Do not merely summarize the plot.