1. When Franklin Roosevelt assumed the presidency in March 1933



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Semester 2 final

1. When Franklin Roosevelt assumed the presidency in March 1933

2. The Works Progress Administration was a major ____ program of the New Deal; the Public Works Administration was a long-range ____ program; and the Social Security Act was a major ____ program.

3. The Glass-Steagall Act

4. Immediately after taking office, President Roosevelt responded to the banking crisis by

5. Senator Huey P. Long of Louisiana gained a large national following by promising to

6. The National Recovery Administration (NRA) failed largely because

7. The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) proposed to solve the farm problem by

8. All of the following contributed to the Dust Bowl of the 1930s except

9. The Social Security Act of 1935 provided all of the following except

10. The Wagner Act of 1935 proved to be a trailblazing law that

11. By 1938, the New Deal

12. Shortly after Adolf Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union

13. In 1940, in exchange for American destroyers, the British gave the United States

14. Franklin Roosevelt was motivated to run for a third term in 1940 mainly by his

15. When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, the United States

16. The fundamental strategic decision of World War II made by President Roosevelt and the British at the very beginning of the war was to

17. Overall, most ethnic groups in the United States during World War II

18. Japanese Americans were placed in concentration camps during World War II

19. The impact of World War II on many of the New Deal programs launched during the Great Depression was that they

20. Despite the demands of the wartime economy, inflation was kept well in check during the war by

21. By the end of World War II, the heart of the United States' African American community had shifted to

22. The tide of Japanese conquest in the Pacific was turned following the Battle of

25. The American conquest of ____ in 1944 was especially critical, because from there, U.S. aircraft could conduct round-trip bombing raids on the Japanese home islands.

27. Roosevelt's and Churchill's insistence on the absolute and "unconditional surrender" of Germany

28. Hitler's last-ditch attempt to achieve a victory against the Americans and British came in

29. As a result of the Battle of Leyte Gulf

30. The Potsdam conference

31. The unconditional surrender policy toward Japan was finally modified by

32. Many Americans feared that the end of World War II would bring

33. In an effort to forestall an economic downturn, the Truman administration did all of the following except

34. "Planned obsolescence" was a marketing tool invented in the postwar era that

35. The dramatically reduced number of American farms and farmers in the postwar era was accompanied by

36. The continued growth of the suburbs led to

37. Unlike the failed League of Nations, the new United Nations

38. When the Soviet Union denied the United States, Britain, and France access to Berlin in 1948, President Truman responded by

39. The fundamental idea of the containment doctrine, embraced by President Truman, was

40. Under the Truman Doctrine, the United States pledged to

41. President Truman's Marshall Plan called for

42. Which of the following was not among the features of the increasing domestic anticommunist uproar in the late 1940s?

43. The NSC-68 document reflected the American belief

44. The 1963 best-seller The Feminine Mystique

45. In the epochal 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the Supreme Court

46. As a part of his New Look foreign policy, President Eisenhower

47. The basic military strategy of Eisenhower's and Dulles's New Look foreign policy in the 1950s aimed at

48. The Suez crisis marked the last time in history that the United States could

49. In response to the launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in 1957

50. The factor that may well have tipped the electoral scales for John F. Kennedy in the presidential election of 1960 was

51. When he took office in 1961, President Kennedy chose to try to stimulate the sluggish economy through

52. President Kennedy's most bitter confrontation with big business occurred when he

53. The essential purpose of President Kennedy's promise to land a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s was to

54. When the Soviet Union attempted to install nuclear weapons in Cuba, President Kennedy ordered

55. The Cuban missile crisis resulted in all of the following except

56. The Freedom Riders

57. President Kennedy ordered hundreds of federal marshals and thousands of federal troops to force the racial integration of

58. During the 1963 March on Washington, Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his famous "I Have A Dream Speech," in which he proclaimed

59. President Johnson called his package of domestic reform proposals the

60. Besides eliminating segregation and racial discrimination in public facilities and employment, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 included a provision that

61. With the passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

62. The landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964 accomplished all of the following except

63. The common use of poll taxes to inhibit black voters in the South was outlawed by the

64. After the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964, the chief goal of the black civil rights movement in the South became to

65. As a result of the Voting Rights Act of 1965

66. Some advocates of Black Power made the movement the basis for

67. The attempt to nominate an antiwar Democratic candidate for president in 1968 suffered a crippling blow when

68. The 1968 Democratic party convention witnessed

69. Former vice president Richard Nixon essentially won the 1968 presidential election by

70. The three P's that largely explain the cultural upheavals of the 1960s are

71. Lyndon Johnson's insistence on fighting the Vietnam War and funding the Great Society without a tax increase to pay for them led to

72. President Nixon's policy of Vietnamization of the war in Vietnam called for

73. The American armed forces in Vietnam were composed largely of

74. President Nixon's 1970 invasion of Cambodia led to

75. In Griswold v. Connecticut, the Supreme Court upheld a married couple's right to use contraceptives based on

76. The Supreme Court's Miranda and Escobedo decisions came under sharp attack from many conservatives because they

77. The Supreme Court, under Chief Justice Earl Warren, outraged religious conservatives in 1962-1963 when it

78. The Environmental Protection Agency and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration aroused bitter opposition among many business people because

79. George McGovern, the Democratic nominee for the presidency in 1972, alienated the traditional working-class backbone of the Democratic party

80. The 1973 War Powers Act

81. The list of Nixon illegal administration activities uncovered in the Watergate scandal included all of the following except

82. The Helsinki accords, signed by Gerald Ford and leaders of thirty-four other nations,

83. Title IX was passed by Congress in 1972 to

84. The Supreme Court, in the Bakke case, held that

85. The guiding principle of President Carter's foreign policy was

86. The SALT II Treaty between the Soviet Union and the United States died in the Senate when the Soviets

87. The most humiliating failure during the Iran hostage crisis came when

88. In the 1980 national elections

89. The New Right movement that helped to elect Ronald Reagan was spearheaded by

90. Ronald Reagan's essential domestic goal as president was to

91. President Ronald Reagan and the new British prime minister, Margaret Thatcher, shared all of the following goals except

92. Conservative Democrats who helped Ronald Reagan to pass his budget and tax-cutting legislation were called

93. Ronald Reagan's supply side economic advisers assured him that the combination of budgetary discipline and tax reduction would do all of the following except

94. Which of these is NOT a true statement about yuppies?

95. To President Reagan, "the focus of evil in the modern world" was

96. For the Soviet Union's new policies of Glasnost (openness) and Perestroika (restructuring) to work, it was essential that the

97. The Iran-Contra Affair essentially involved

98. In his second term, President Reagan departed from the militantly anti-Soviet stance of his first term by

99. Members of the religious right

100. As one consequence of the demise of the Soviet Union



Essay

Compare and contrast the first two years of the New Deal with the later New Deal after 1934. Account for the differences.


How did World War II affect the role of the national government in American life, the relationship between government and the economy, and minority groups in America?
Why were so many Americans anxious about the economic future of the nation at the conclusion of World War II? Why did these fears prove groundless?
What explains the widespread affluence of the 1950s? What was the specific impact of television on American values and lifestyles?
How did television affect American religion, sports, and politics in the 1950s?
Explain why the civil rights movement became more radical and violent as the 1960s progressed. What changes occurred in the motives, assumptions, and leadership of the movement?
What do you think lay at the root of the Watergate scandal? Who was responsible? Explain why it ballooned into a national crisis.


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