1. Unit 7 Lesson 2 Notes 1 1 Unit 7 Lesson 2 Notes 1



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Unit 7 Lesson 2 Notes 1

1. Unit 7 Lesson 2 Notes 1

1.1 Unit 7 Lesson 2 Notes 1




Notes:

Unit 7 Lesson 2 Notes 1

Presidential Domestic Policy

1.2 What You Will Learn




Notes:

What You Will Learn



  • Presidents from the 1950s to the 1990s had different plans for the United States.

  • While some of these plans involved foreign policy (events with other nations), many of them involved domestic policy (things that happened here in the United States).


1.3 Let’s Review




Notes:

Let’s Review



  • There were 10 presidents from 1953 to 2009. Each of them had a different plan for the United States.

  • While some of the presidential plans involved foreign policy, many of them involved domestic policy.

  • These presidents were:

  • 1953 - 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • 1961 - 1963 John F. Kennedy

  • 1963 - 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson

  • 1969 - 1974 Richard M. Nixon

  • 1974 - 1977 Gerald R. Ford

  • 1977 - 1981 James E. “Jimmy” Carter

  • 1981 - 1989 Ronald W. Reagan

  • 1989 - 1993 George H. W. Bush

  • 1993 - 2001 William J. “Bill” Clinton

  • 2001 - 2009 George W. Bush

(Presidents in the 20th century established a variety of domestic policies which will be the focus in this lesson.)

1.4 Domestic Policy




Notes:

Domestic Policy



  • Domestic policy refers to things that happen here in the United States and do not involve other countries.

  • Presidents in the 20th century established a variety of domestic policies.


1.5 Dwight D. Eisenhower - 1953-1961




Notes:

Dwight D. Eisenhower



  • Dwight Eisenhower was president from 1953 to 1961.

  • Social Security - Eisenhower expanded the Social Security System in the United States.

  • Federal-Aid Highway Act - Eisenhower supported the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956. This act created the Interstate Highway System using gasoline tax money.

  • Civil Rights - Eisenhower sent troops to Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957 to escort the Little Rock Nine to class thus showing his support for civil rights.


1.6 John F. Kennedy – 1961-1963




Notes:

John F. Kennedy



  • John F. Kennedy was president from 1961 to 1963.

  • New Frontier - Kennedy called his domestic policy program the New Frontier.

  • Kennedy’s plans for this program included money from the federal government for education, medical care for the elderly, and help for rural areas.

  • Civil Rights - Kennedy also wanted to end racial discrimination.

Assassination - Before many of Kennedy’s policies could become law, he was assassinated in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963

1.7 Lyndon B. Johnson – 1963-1969




Notes:

Lyndon B. Johnson



  • Lyndon Johnson was president from 1963 to 1969. (He was Kennedy’s vice president and became president when Kennedy died.)

  • Great Society - Johnson called his domestic policy program the Great Society.

  • It included many of Kennedy’s goals such as money for education and medical care for the elderly called Medicare.

  • It also included medical care for the poor called Medicaid, a “war on poverty,” improvement of urban areas, and crime prevention.

  • Under President Johnson’s Great Society plan, many of President Kennedy’s ideas finally became law.


1.8 Richard M. Nixon – 1969-1974




Notes:

Richard M. Nixon



  • Richard Nixon was president from 1969 to 1974.

  • Foreign Policy - Nixon was more concerned about foreign policy or the United States’ relationships with other nations, but he did push for a domestic program known as New Federalism.

  • New Federalism - New Federalism gave more power to the state governments instead of the federal government. (Remember that the first two political parties debated about this - the Democratic-Republicans wanted stronger state governments while the Federalists wanted a stronger federal government.)

Resignation - Nixon was the only president to ever resign from office. He resigned in 1974 due to the Watergate scandal which involved a break in at the Democratic National Committee Headquarters

1.9 Gerald R. Ford – 1974-1977




Notes:

Gerald R. Ford



  • Gerald Ford was president from 1974 to 1977.

  • Whip Inflation Now - Ford was very concerned about the economy. He created the Whip Inflation Now (WIN) program. This program asked Americans to reduce their spending.

  • Equal Rights Amendment - Ford also supported the Equal Rights Amendment.


1.10 James E. “Jimmy” Carter – 1977-1981




Notes:

James E. “Jimmy” Carter



  • Jimmy Carter was president from 1977 to 1981.

  • Energy Crisis - While president, Carter had to deal with economic problems and the energy crisis. The energy crisis involved gas shortages and high gas prices.

  • Airline Deregulation Act - President Carter pushed for the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 which got rid of government control of airline fares.


1.11 Ronald W. Reagan – 1981-1989




Notes:

Ronald W. Reagan



  • Ronald Reagan was president from 1981 to 1989.

  • Reganomics (Just like Carter and Ford, Reagan also was worried about the economy.)

  • Reagan’s plan to fix the economy became known as Reaganomics.

  • It decreased inflation (an increase in prices and decrease in the value of money).

  • It also decreased the number of people who were unemployed.

  • War on Drugs - Reagan also declared a War on Drugs and pushed for drug-free schools, treatment for drug addiction, and public awareness of drugs.

  • Deficit - While Ronald Reagan had helped to decrease inflation and increase employment, there was a government deficit at the end of his time in office. A deficit is when the government spends more money than it is making.


1.12 George H.W. Bush – 1989-1993




Notes:

George H.W. Bush



  • George H. W. Bush was president from 1989 to 1993.

  • Deficit - One of the first things Bush had to do was deal with the deficit problem.

  • Space Program - Bush also worked to expand the space program.

  • Americans with Disabilities Act - Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 into law which prohibits discrimination based on disability.


1.13 William J. “Bill” Clinton – 1993-2001




Notes:

William J. “Bill” Clinton



  • Bill Clinton was president from 1993 to 2001.

  • Reform - Two things that Clinton pushed for were welfare reform and healthcare reform.

  • Deficit to Surplus (He also worked to correct the deficit problem that began during Reagan’s time in office.)

  • During the time Clinton was in office, the United States went from having a deficit to a surplus.

  • A surplus is when the government has more money that it needs.

  • Impeachment

  • Congress impeached Bill Clinton in 1998 for perjury or lying under oath. (To impeach means to bring formal charges against a president who is in office. He was only the second President to ever be impeached. Andrew Johnson was the first). After a President is impeached, there is a trial in the Senate and if 2/3 of the Senate find the person guilty, they can be removed from office.

  • Clinton was not removed.


1.14 George W. Bush – 2001-2009




Notes:

George W. Bush



  • George W. Bush was the president from 2001 to 2009. (When he was elected, it was the second time in history that the son of a president became president. The other father-son pair was John Adams and John Quincy Adams.)

  • No Child Left Behind - Bush pushed for the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 which aimed to improve student performance in schools and send money to low-income schools.

  • September 11th Attacks - During his time in office, President Bush also dealt with the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States. (While this was also a foreign policy issue, it did impact domestic policy since the attacks happened here in the US.)

Taxes - Bush also pushed for a decrease in taxes. But, by the time he left office, the country had major economic problems

1.15 Let’s Review




Notes:

Let’s Review



  • · President Eisenhower established the Interstate Highway System.

  • President Kennedy was assassinated before many of his New Frontier ideas could become law, however, many of these ideas became law under President Johnson’s Great Society program.

  • President Nixon wanted more power for state governments under his New Federalism program.

  • President Ford and President Carter both had to deal with many economic problems.

  • President Reagan was able to decrease inflation and unemployment, but when he left office, there was a deficit.

  • President Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act into law.

  • During the time President Clinton was in office, the United States went from a deficit to a surplus. He was also impeached for perjury.

  • President George W. Bush (the first President Bush’s son) pushed for the No Child Left Behind Act and led the country during the September 11, 2001 attacks.


1.16 Image Sources




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