1. The English army consisted of 6000 men. The French army was

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Windows on the Past
1. The English army consisted of 6000 men. The French army was

a. two times larger.

b. about the same size.

c. slightly smaller.

d. four times larger.
2. Which weapon did the English use to kill many French knights?

a. pikes

b. lances

c. archers

d. cannon
3. Knights and nobles who were captured were

a. killed.

b. made to join a monastery.

c. ransomed.

d. dispossessed of their titles and property.
4. The knight who attacked King Henry was

a. killed.

b. driven off.

c. captured.

d. horribly and fatally wounded.
5. The third French battle

a. attacked the English and lost.

b. was slaughtered.

c. defeated Henry.

d. ran away.
Time Line
1. Which of the following events took place first? The

a. Peasants' Revolt in England

b. Battle of Hastings

c. beginning of the First Crusade

d. start of the Hundred Years War
2. Which of the following events took place first?

a. The Black Death strikes Europe.

b. Geoffrey Chaucer completes the Canterbury Tales.

c. Joan of Arc begins her campaign against the English.

d. The Battle of Agincourt is fought.
3. Which of the following events took place last? The

a. Peasants' Revolt in England

b. start of the Hundred Years War

c. Battle of Agincourt

d. Jacquerie in France
4. Which of the following events took place last? The

a. Battle of Hastings

b. Jacquerie in France

c. Black Death strikes Europe

d. start of the First Crusade

5. Which of the following events took place first?

a. Columbus sails across the Atlantic.

b. The Black Death strikes Europe.

c. Geoffrey Chaucer completes the Canterbury Tales.

d. The Battle of Agincourt is fought.

6. Which of the following events took place first? The

a. Jacquerie in France

b. Battle of Agincourt

c. start of the First Crusade

d. Battle of Hastings
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Knights were required to uphold a code of conduct called

a. obligatum feudelum.

b. the way of the warrior.

c. chivalry.

d. courtesy.
2. What did this code not require Knights to do?

a. be brave

b. protect women and children

c. be thrifty

d. be truthful
3. The group which knights were seldom chivalrous towards was

a. other knights.

b. church officials.

c. serfs.

d. their vassals.
4. In order to become a knight, a squire had to

a. undertake a formal ceremony.

b. keep vigil over his armour.

c. purchase his armour.

d. all of these.
5. The Hundred Years' War was fought between France and England

a. as the result of a French invasion of England.

b. to settle a dispute over who should rule Spain.

c. to settle a dispute over who should rule France.

d. to settle a dispute over who should rule England.
6. A military advantage that the English held during this war was

a. mounted knights.

b. pikemen and musketeers.

c. archers.

d. cannons.
7. The word obsolete means

a. old-fashioned.

b. ancient.

c. useless because it is out of date.

d. overweight.
8. The leader who helped the French eventually defeat the English was

a. the Dauphin.

b. Henry V.

c. Joan of Arc.

d. the Holy Roman Emperor.

9. Medieval trading began with

a. the Hanseatic League.

b. regular local markets and fairs.

c. Church encouragement.

d. trading expeditions from Spain.

10. Towns emerged as trading centres because

a. fairs were not held in the winter.

b. travel to fairs was often dangerous.

c. fairs were often located too far away.

d. all of these.
11. Cooperative organizations set up to protect and govern craftspeople were

a. trade unions.

b. craft unions.

c. craft guilds.

d. merchant guilds.
12. Which of the following did guilds not do for their membership?

a. control prices

b. set standards for products

c. eliminate competition

d. provide marketing advice
13. If a member fell ill,

a. he was expelled from the organization.

b. his shop was sold off and the organization kept the profit.

c. his fellow members financially assisted him.

d. he was forced to leave the town.
14. At which stage was a person admitted into a guild?

a. apprentice

b. wage worker

c. journeyman

d. master
15. Which of the following descriptions does not apply to a Medieval town?

a. clean and orderly

b. surrounded by walls with wooden houses

c. smelly and crowded

d. small by today's standards
16. In a Medieval town, persons of different social and economic rank

a. were forbidden to speak with each other.

b. lived in separate parts of town.

c. often lived crowded together.

d. were required to pay the same rate of taxes.
17. Garbage and sewage in a Medieval town was

a. collected by the offal man.

b. flushed down toilets into the sewers.

c. thrown into the streets.

d. buried in peoples' yards.
18. If a serf stayed a certain time in a town, he was considered to be free. The time period was

a. one month.

b. one year.

c. a year and a day.

d. two years.

19. Which of the following were townspeople not free to do?

a. marry whom they pleased

b. make money as they could

c. oppose Church teachings

d. do as they wished

20. Many towns sought guarantees of their rights. These were called

a. obligata civilis.

b. charters.

c. licenses.

d. municipal pledges.
21. The most powerful citizens in a town belonged to the

a. merchant guilds.

b. nobility.

c. craft guilds.

d. army.
22. The women who were most prosperous in the later Middle Ages were

a. peasant women.

b. ordinary townswomen.

c. women who were guild members.

d. servants.
23. Persons who went on long journeys to holy sites were called

a. martyrs.

b. eccentric.

c. monks.

d. pilgrims.
24. The symbol of a pilgrimage to Jerusalem was

a. a clam shell.

b. a mirror.

c. a palm leaf.

d. a piece of Christ's cross.
25. A pilgrimage was done because it was

a. an excuse for a holiday.

b. a way to make up for past sins.

c. a way to be like a martyr.

d. ordered by the Church.
26. Which of the following does not characterize a Gothic cathedral?

a. pointed arches

b. stained glass

c. flying buttresses

d. Roman arches
27. Which of John Wycliffe's teachings most appealed to the nobles?

a. The Bible should be translated from Latin into English.

b. The Church had too much wealth.

c. People could gain salvation through their own consciences.

d. The Pope had no right to tell people what to believe.
28. John Hus was not supported by the nobles in Hungary because they

a. disagreed with his teachings.

b. feared Church reprisals.

c. feared a peasants' revolt.

d. were Muslims.

29. Approximately how many people in Europe died of the Black Death?

a. one quarter

b. one third

c. one half

d. three quarters

30. The group held responsible for the Black Death by many people in the Middle Ages was the

a. Muslims.

b. Flagellants.

c. Jews.

d. doctors.
31. Approximately how many people across Europe died of the Black Death?

a. 20 million

b. 30 million

c. 25 million

d. 15 million
32. These deaths occurred within a span of how many years?

a. three

b. four

c. eight

d. six
33. The Black Death first reached Europe from

a. the Red Sea.

b. the Black Sea.

c. Africa.

d. Chinese traders.
34. The first part of Europe to be affected by the Black Death was

a. Sweden.

b. England.

c. Germany.

d. Italy.
35. Most medieval people thought the plague was

a. carried by rat fleas.

b. caused by the devil.

c. a punishment from God.

d. a type of infectious bacteria.
36. Which region of Europe which was relatively unaffected by the plague?

a. Italy.

b. Spain.

c. Poland.

d. Russia.
37. After the Black Death was over, the cost of labour

a. rose sharply.

b. fell sharply.

c. stayed the same.

d. fell slightly.
38. The Peasants' Revolts in both England and France demanded

a. democracy.

b. that peasants take over manors.

c. better living conditions.

d. the execution of all nobles.

39. In England, the peasants particularly objected to

a. high rents.

b. a poll tax.

c. constant verbal abuse from overseers.

d. an increase in the tithe to 15%.

40. In both France and England, the revolts

a. were suppressed with much brutality.

b. resulted in lower rents.

c. were completely successful.

d. led to the removal of most landlords.
41. Under a poll tax

a. the wealthy pay a higher percentage than do the poor.

b. the poor pay a higher percentage than do the wealthy.

c. all persons pay the same amount of tax.

d. the money collected goes to pay the King's salary.
Short Answer Questions
1. Describe three processes by which a person became a knight.
2. Give two reasons why the Hundred Years' War was fought.
3. Discuss two purposes and two operations of a craft guild.
4. How did the growth of trade alter medieval society?
5. Why did the Catholic Church lose authority after the thirteenth century?
6. State three effects of the Black Death.
7. Give three reasons for the Peasants' Revolts in Europe.
Skills Questions

Use the copy of Figure 5-11 provided to answer the following questions.

1. What four places not on the map did Europe trade with?
2. What city traded with both the Hanseatic League and the Italian city states?
3. What two geographic factors did all Hanseatic league cities share?
4. What geographic characteristic do the cities of London, Caffa, and Visby share?
5. What city was on all major trade routes?

Use the primary source provided to answer the following questions.

6. What qualification did all seamstresses have to possess?
7. What was the minimum period of service as an apprentice or as a journeyman?
8. What two jobs are seamstresses forbidden to do?
9. What three processes must a woman follow if she wishes to become a master?


Use the primary source provided to answer the following questions.
10. By how much did labourers' wages rise after the Black Death?
11. If a serf's labour is valued at 3 pennies per day after the Black Death, calculate the manor's new balance sheet.
12. Describe four ways in which the lord of the manor could compensate for the loss of profit after the Black Death.

(c) 1999 Prentice-Hall Canada, Inc. All rights reserved.

Windows on the Past
1. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 1

2. a

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 2

3. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 3

4. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 4

5. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 5

Time Line
1. b(c)

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 1

2. c(d)

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 2

3. a

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 3

4. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 4

5. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 5

6. d

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 6

Multiple Choice Questions
1. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 1

2. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 2

3. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 3

4. d

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 4

5. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 5

6. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 6

7. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 7

8. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 8

9. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 9

10. d

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 10

11. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 11

12. d

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 12

13. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 13

14. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 14

15. a

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 15

16. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 16

17. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 17

18. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 18

19. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 19

20. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 20

21. a

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 21

22. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 22

23. d

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 23

24. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 24

25. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 25

26. d

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 26

27. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 27

28. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 28

29. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 29

30. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 30

31. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 31

32. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 32

33. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 33

34. d

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 34

35. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 35

36. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 36

37. a

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 37

38. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 38

39. b

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 39

40. a

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 40

41. c

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 41

Short Answer Questions
1. A young boy would live with a knight as a page and learn fighting and hunting skills as well as study literature and the rules of knightly courtesy. Later, at the age of fourteen, the boy could become a squire, or assistant, to the knight and learn fighting skills in battle. Squires were required to purchase a set of armour, which was so expensive it prevented many squires from becoming knights. By the age of 21, a squire could become a knight.

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 1

2. Edward III of England claimed he had the right to be King of France, while French nobles supported a French cousin of the late French ruler. Edward III invaded France, and the war became an attempt by the English to establish control of France.

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 2

3. The purpose of craft guilds was to control the activities of, and number of, people involved in a craft, set standards of production, and eliminate competition. In their operation, craft guilds set standards of production and fair prices for products and provided economic assistance to guild members who needed it.

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 3

4. Trade increased the use of money, diminished the power of feudal lords, increased the power of merchants and skilled tradespeople, increased the size of towns, led to the establishment of legal rights for townspeople, and shifted the basis of power from heredity towards wealth.

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 4

5. More people believed that religion was a personal matter, rather than the subject of Church authority. Church officials were seen as being out of touch with the religious needs of the people. The availability of translated Bibles allowed people to understand Christianity without reference to the Church.

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 5

6. Many parts of Europe were depopulated. The loss of life led to questioning of God's purpose and to the scapegoating of groups, such as Jews. The feudal system was damaged by the loss of labourers and the emergence of wage labourers, who could demand higher wages. New taxes were levied, which angered the peasants.

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 6

7. Peasants wanted better living conditions. Inflation raised the price of food and other goods beyond the peasants' ability to pay. New taxes were considered too high. Peasants felt the need for greater freedom, which nobles were unwilling to grant.

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 7

Skills Questions
1. Iceland/Greenland, India, China, Timbuktu

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 1

2. Bruges

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 2

3. They all had some kind of access to water routes and all were located in either Germany or Scandinavia.

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 3

4. They are all on islands (and they are all on or near a sea).

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 4

5. Bruges

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 5

6. A woman had to be a citizen.

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 6

7. apprenticeÄÄone year; journeymanÄÄone year

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 7

8. tailors' guilds or furriers' guilds

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 8

9. A woman had to pay 5 shillings on application, understand all rules and ordinances, and appear before the overseers (guild officials).

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 9

10. from 1 penny to 3 pennies a day

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 10

11. 140 x 124 x 3 pennies = 52 080 pennies (a reduced loss of 19 920 pennies)

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 11

12. The lord could free the serfs and charge them rent for the land they occupied. The lord could calculate the value of the serfs' labour at the new labourers' rate. The lord could hire fewer labourers, to lower costs. The lord could require serfs to work for a greater number of days a year.

Chapter:5 QUESTION: 12

(c) 1999 Prentice-Hall Canada, Inc. All rights reserved.

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