1 The concept of equality is boldly proclaimed in

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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1) The concept of equality is boldly proclaimed in

A) the Preamble to the Constitution.

B) Article I.

C) Article VII.

D) The Declaration of Independence.

2) The positive acts governments take to protect individuals against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by governments or individuals are called

A) civil liberties.

B) civil rights.

C) natural laws.

D) the Bill of Rights.
3) The Constitution has several clauses that are expressly contrary to our modern view of civil rights, including

A) the Three-Fifths Compromise.

B) that the importation of slaves could not be prohibited for 20 years.

C) that voting qualifications were left up to the states.

D) all of the above.
4) The expansion of civil rights to include protection from state governments was achieved through the adoption of the

A) Bill of Rights.

B) Constitution.

C) 14 to power of (th) Amendment.

D) all of the above.
5) The passage of the Constitution that has generated more litigation than any other is

A) Article I, section 8.

B) the commerce clause.

C) the 14 to power of (th) Amendment.

D) the supremacy clause.
6) Abolitionists worked towards

A) ending slavery.

B) abolishing suffrage limits for women.

C) stopping the slave trade.

D) the emancipation of women.
7) The first major civil rights case to be considered by the Supreme Court was/were

A) Dred Scott v. Sandford.

B) Plessy v. Ferguson.

C) Stowe v. U.S.

D) the Civil Rights Cases.
8) Slavery was banned by the __________ Amendment.

A) 12 to power of (th)

B) 13 to power of (th)

C) 14 to power of (th)

D) 15 to power of (th)
9) Laws that denied most legal rights to newly freed slaves and prohibited blacks from voting, sitting on juries, or even appearing in public places after the Civil War were known as

A) Jim Crow laws.

B) nullification rules.

C) abolitionism.

D) Black Codes.
10) Laws enacted by Southern states that resulted in segregation by race were also known as

A) Jim Crow laws.

B) Black Codes.

C) grandfather rules.

D) all of the above.
11) Among the devices used in Southern states to prevent blacks from voting, were

A) poll taxes.

B) literacy tests.

C) grandfather clauses.

D) all of the above.
TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

12) Slavery was a divisive issue ever since slaves were first brought to the New World.

13) The Seneca Falls Convention approved the call to extend the franchise to women.
14) Jim Crow laws were abolished following the Civil War.
15) The suffrage movement was the drive for women's right to vote.
16) Women were granted the right to vote at the same time as African-Americans.
17) The NAACP Legal Defense Fund created a carefully crafted strategy of test cases beginning with graduate and professional education believing that desegregating these would be less threatening to whites.
18) President Truman was the first president to send a friend-of-the-court brief to the Supreme Court supporting the rights of African Americans.
19) The governor of Arkansas prevented integration in the high school with the use of National Guard troops, until federal troops were called in to protect the students and integrate the school in the late 1950s.
20) The SCLC fought for the full implementation of Supreme Court decisions while SNCC had more radical objectives.
21) The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was filibustered in the Senate for eight weeks.
22) The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) extends the protections of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to disabled persons.
23) In 1986, the Supreme Court began to rule against affirmative action cases, arguing that they were unconstitutional.
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

24) The first time Congress ever passed an override of a presidential veto occurred over the

A) Civil Rights Act of 1866.

B) Missouri Compromise.

C) Black Codes.

D) Emancipation Proclamation.

25) The Supreme Court decision that overturned Plessy (1896) in 1954 was called

A) the Sweatt Case.

B) Missouri v. Gaines.

C) McLaurin v. Oklahoma.

D) Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.
26) Among the tactics used by the civil rights movement were

A) sit-ins and boycotts.

B) lawsuits.

C) freedom rides.

D) all of the above.
27) Racial discrimination that results from practice rather than law is called discrimination.

A) de jure.

B) de facto

C) direct

D) practical
28) In 1966, a new women's group was formed that was modeled on the NAACP to prevent discrimination against women. This group was called the

A) American League of Women.

B) National League of Women Voters.

C) National Association for the Advancement of Women.

D) National Organization of Women.
29) Under the U.S. Constitution, American Indians are considered to be

A) equal to other minorities.

B) of similar status to any other ethnic group.

C) citizens of the United States.

D) unique.
30) In Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978), the Supreme Court ruled that

A) schools could take race into account but not by strict numerical quotas.

B) affirmative action was unconstitutional due to the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

C) a public employer may use preferences if there is a prior judicial finding of discrimination.

D) a limited quota system may be constitutional in order to redress past discrimination.

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