1. Richard III example
In Act I scene I Richard does not reveal to anyone the fact that he is trying to take the throne and become king. The way in which he does not tell anyone is by using irony (saying one thing but meaning something completely different) “well struck in years, fair, and not jealous”. When Richard says this he is talking to Brakenbury about the queen but what he had said to Clarence earlier was that it was the queen who is sending him to the Tower and not their brother, the king. I believe that the reason he says this is because it was he who arranged Clarence to be sent to the Tower.
In Act 3 scene 7 Richard and Buckingham are fooling the citizens of London into making Richard king. They do this by making everyone believe that Richard is a holy man. They do this by showing Richard between two bishops and holding a bible. They also have a long conversation where Buckingham has lots of long speeches, this is so that they confuse the citizens into liking Richard. Aswell as this Richard keeps pretending that he does not want to be king and someone else would be better at it then him. At the end of the scene Richard does agree to be king and because of their tricks Richard and Buckingham have convinced the citizens that it is a good idea.
2. Richard III example
Richard uses his language to deceive others and hide his plans to become king by using his language to manipulate people.
In act one scene one from lines 32 to 41, Richard is by himself and telling the audience his plans. Then Clarence, his brother, enters and Richard’s style of languge alters completely. He goes from being a power hungry, cunning manipulator to being charming, concerned and friendly. Richard knows exactly why Clarence is being accompanied by an armed guard (Brakenbury), but conveys “concern” for Clarence. He deceives Clarence into thinking that he is genuinely concerned.
Another example of this, in the same scene, is when Richard is talking to Clarence out of earshot to Brakenbury and he is talking to Clarence about how the king is ruled by his queen and Richard calls the queen “Jealous, o’er-worn widow herself” (line 81). Then Brakenbury interrupts and asks Richard what they were speaking of, and Richard says to him “we speak no treason, man, we say the king is wise and virtuous, and his noble queen well struck in years, fair and not jealous” (lines 90–92). This is of course a lie.
In this scene (Act 1, scene 1), Richard uses his language to deceive other people. Richard uses his language in Act three, scene 7, to hide his plans to become king. Richard has employed Buckingham to persuade everyone to think Richard should become king. Then Buckingham comes to try to “persuade” Richard to be king. But, Richard does not want to look like he wants to be king. So he uses his language to hide the fact he does want to be king. He pretends to refuse the crown, but Buckingham persists.
When Richard finally accepts the throne, Richard uses a masterstroke and after using his language to hide his wanting of the crown, he uses his language to tell Buckingham and the crowd of people, his reluctancy to take the throne and basically tells them if anything goes wrong the blame is on their heads, because he does not want to be king.
In conclusion, Richard manipulates people with his language by lulling them into a false sense of security and completely deceiving them into thinking what he wants them to think
3. Richard III example
In act 1 scene 1 Richard is portrayed to be a deceitful and schemeing person who is relentless in his ambition and passion to hold the crown to be his own. He is both deceiving and false to the other characters as he claws for the sovereignty he believes is rightfully his. This point is supported by the opening scene.
The opening soliloquy is used to give a one to one conversation with the audience, an insight into the plots, plans and actions of this coniving character of Richard III. “Plots have I laid, inductions dangerous, by drunken prophecies…” This extract tells the audience of Richard’s untrustworthy temperment so that we know how false he is.
When clarence enters, we are met with Richards irony with “Brother good day. What is this armed gaurd that waits upon your grace?” This is ironic because we know from the opening soliloquy that Richard has spoken of a ‘G’ prophecy that caused the king to have Clarence arrested. “to set Clarence and the king in deadly hate”. This is one of Richards plots, yet he covers it with the greeting to hide his true intentions of evil.
This is also apparent when Richard, later in the conversation with Clarence, answers “upon what cause?” when we know he knows from his soliloquy that it is because of some mystifying prophecy, which is ironic and also hides the treachery of Richard.
Later in the scene, Richard, after building on the trust with his brother, shifts the blame away from himself to “lady Grey” the kings wife which Clarence believes and also contributes to his suspicions. Both men elaborate on this false accusation, the blame is moved and looked down upon the head of the king and his wife, the plot to set Clarence and the king in hatred had succeeded. Richard’s false and treacherous lies had shielded his plots to gain the crown with this forward step towards it.
In act 3 scene 7 this proclaimed idea that Richard is a false character, using language to hide his intentions is also backed up.
Richard has allowed Buckingham into the plot, and they decide to cover Richards intentions of being crowned.
Richard begins by saying “I do suspect I have done some offence That seems disgraceful…” He refers to his false refusal of the crown and plays dumb to this point. Buckingham also adds to this untrue atmosphere by playing along with this plan to hide Richards lust for the crown.
Richard comment “which fondly you would impose upon me.” which gives the impression that the crown is being forced upon him and that he doesn’t really want it which is not correct, as Richard is obsessive in his aim to get the crown and so in these two scenes it can be concluded that Richard does use language to camoflage his plots and plans to murder and destroy characters, to make way for his path to the crown, to cause people to imbrace him and to bask in the glory and power Richard believes is his to own. The treachery works to cover the act.
4. Richard III example
Richard uses language in many ways to create suspicion about others, to cast the blame to manipulate people and to increase his reputation as a good Christian King.
Firstly he plans against the King and Clarence “To set my brother Clarence and the King in deadly hate against the other” Richard is trying to clear his way to the throne and must do so my gaining the trust of Clarence and appearing innocent. Then after first annoucing his plans to turn them against each other when Clarence enters he uses totally different language “Brother, good day” this implies that he’s happy to see his brother and is frendly and innocent. The tone in which it is said is also friendly and makes him appear as not a threat.
Moreover after gaining Clarence’s trust by appearing innocent and frendly he continues to ask rhetorical questions. “Upon what cause” this suggest that Richard has no idea why Clarence is being sent to the tower and to Clarence it would appear that way too but from his previous speech on his own, we know this is not true and it is Richards fault that Clarence has been sent to the tower.
Furthermore Richard continues to use the advantage he has gained over Clarence further by spreading and casting suspicion on the Queen “‘Tis not the King that sends you to the tower” This further implies that the King is being controlled and it is not he that has sent Clarence to the tower. Richard then takes it one step further “My Lady Grey! his wife Clarence, ‘tis she” this suggest that it is Lady Grey sending him to the tower. This again strengthens the bond between Richard and Clarence.
On the other hand Richard later on uses his language to make him appear like a humble Christian king. Firstly even though he knows the mayor comes to offer him the throne he plays down “I do suspect I have done some offence” this implies that Richard suspects he’s going to be arrested and is in fear of the mayor and his mob. Then to make him appear a Christian King when asked by Buckingham if Richard would want to amend the offence he replies “Else where fore breathe I in a Christian Land” which implies that Richard is a Christian this is backed up by the fact that he stands between two priests with a prayer book in his hands.
Furthermore Richard continually refers to God throughout the rest of his speech “God be thanked, there is no need of me” the tone here put emphasis on the word God to make him appear more holy and the sentence itself makes him appear humble.
Finally Richard uses language well to hide his ambitions to become King We already know that he wants to be King badly but when he’s asked by Buckingham to be King he says he’s unworthy “Being a bark to brook no mighty sea” which suggest he’s unworthy of the Job and the word “bark” in this sentence which means a vessel symbolizes Richards body and himself and the “mighty sea” symbolizes the troubles faced when becoming King.
A little bit of explanation but this student has mainly commented on the obvious ideas about the play (6 marks)
This student has a clear understanding but has not fully developed their discussion (9 marks)
This student has made some very good points about one of the set scenes but then their points are not very good on the other extract (12 marks)
This is a very focussed essay and points are made using quotations to justify the points made. (15 marks)
Comment on these answers