1. general 1 section includes



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Section 31 32 19
Specification for Geotextile Used in Soil Stabilization and Layer Separation


1. GENERAL
1.1 SECTION INCLUDES
A. Geotextile to stabilize and reinforce an aggregate cover material (subbase, base, select embankment, etc.) of an unpaved roadway. The stabilization and reinforcement application is appropriate for unpaved roadways constructed over soft subgrade soils with a California Bearing Ratio (CBR) less than 3 (CBR <3) (shear strength less than approximately 90 kPa).
1.2 RELATED SECTIONS
A. Section 02 50 00 - Site Remediation

B. Section 01 89 13 - Site Preparation Performance Requirements

C. Section 31 00 00 - Earthwork

D. Section 32 10 00 - Bases, Ballasts, Pavements, and Appurtenances


1.3 UNIT PRICES
A. Method of Measurement: By the square yard (or square meter - as indicated in contract documents) including seams, overlaps, and wastage.
B. Basis of Payment: By the square yard (or square meter - as indicated in contract documents) installed.
1.4 REFERENCES
A. AASHTO Standards:

1. T088-10-UL - Particle Size Analysis of Soils

2. T090-00-UL - Determining the Plastic Limit and Plasticity Index of Soils

3. T099-10-UL - The Moisture-Density Relations of Soils Using a 5.5lb (2.5 kg) Rammer and a 12in (305 mm) Drop.

4. M288-06 - Geotextile Specification for Highway Applications
B. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM):

1. D123 - Standard Terminology Relating to Textiles

2. D4354 - Practice for Sampling of Geosynthetics for Testing
3. D4355 - Test Method for Deterioration of Geotextiles from Exposure to Ultraviolet Light and Water (Xenon-Arc Type Apparatus)

4. D4439 - Terminology for Geotextiles

5. D4491 - Test Methods for Water Permeability of Geotextiles by Permittivity

6. D4533 - Test Method for Index Trapezoid Tearing Strength of Geotextiles

7. D4595 - Test Method for Tensile Properties of Geotextiles by the Wide-Width Strip Method

8. D4632 - Test Method for Grab Breaking Load and Elongation of Geotextiles

9. D4751 - Test Method for Determining Apparent Opening Size of a Geotextile

10. D4759 - Practice for Determining the Specification Conformance of Geosynthetics

11. D4873 - Guide for Identification, Storage, and Handling of Geotextiles

12. D6241 - Standard Test Method for the Static Puncture Strength of Geotextiles and Geotextile-Related Products Using a 50-mm Probe1


C. Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) - Geosynthetic Design and Construction Guidelines, Publication No. FHWA HI-95-038, April 1998.
D. American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA).
E. Geosynthetic Accreditation Institute (GAl) - Laboratory Accreditation Program (LAP).
F. National Transportation Product Evaluation Program (NTPEP).
G. International Standards Organization (ISO) – 9001:2008

1.5 DEFINITIONS
A. Minimum Average Roll Value (MARV): Property value calculated as typical minus two standard deviations. Statistically, it yields a 97.7 percent degree of confidence that any sample taken during quality assurance testing will exceed value reported.
1.6 SUBMITTALS
A. Submit the following:
1. Certification: The contractor shall provide to the Engineer a certificate stating the name of the manufacturer, product name, style number, and chemical composition of the filaments or yarns and other pertinent information to fully describe the geotextile. The Certification shall state that the furnished geotextile meets MARV requirements of the specification as evaluated under the Manufacturer's quality control program. The Certification shall be attested to by a person having legal authority to bind the Manufacturer. Certifications from Private Label distributors will not be accepted.
2. If an alternate product is submitted full scale performance testing performed by an Independent testing agency shall be provided.
3. Coefficient of Interaction (CI) test results performed by a lab with GRI and/or A2La accreditation should be provided to confirm conformance to the specified value.
4. Manufacturer’s installation Guidelines shall be provided.

5. One 1’ x 1’sample shall be provided.


6. Quality Standards: The contractor shall provide to the Engineer the Manufacturer’s Quality Control Plan along with their current A2LA, GAI-LAP, and ISO 9001:2008 certificates.
7. Alternate products must be submitted 15 days prior to bid date to engineer and should include information on five similar projects in size and scope.
1.7 QUALITY ASSURANCE
A. Manufacturer Qualifications:


  1. The geotextile Manufacturer shall have all of the following credentials:




  1. Geosynthetic Accreditation Institute (GAI)- Laboratory Accreditation Program (LAP)




  1. American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA)




  1. ISO 9001:2008 Quality Management System

B. The geotextile manufacturer shall have a GAI-LAP accredited laboratory at the location production capable of performing the ASTM tests as outlined in the specification.


1.8 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
A. Geotextile labeling, shipment, and storage shall follow ASTM D4873. Product labels shall be color-coded to specifically identify each product and clearly show the Manufacturer’s name, style name, and roll number.

B. Each geotextile roll shall be wrapped with a material that will protect the geotextile from damage due to shipment, water, sunlight, and contaminants.


C. During storage, geotextile rolls shall be elevated off the ground and adequately covered to protect them from the following: site construction damage, precipitation, extended ultraviolet radiation including sunlight, chemicals that are strong acids or strong bases, flames including welding sparks, excess temperatures, and any other environmental conditions that may damage the physical property values of the geotextile.

2. PRODUCTS
2.1 MANUFACTURERS
A. TenCateTM Geosynthetics Americas

365 South Holland Drive

Pendergrass, GA, USA 30567

1-800-685-9990

1-706-693-2226

1-706-693-4400, fax

www.mirafi.com
2.2 MATERIALS
A. Geotextile:
1. The geotextile shall be woven from high-tenacity long-chain synthetic polymers composed of at least 95 percent by weight of polyolefins or polyesters. They shall form a stable network such that the filaments or yarns retain their dimensional stability relative to each other, including selvages.

2. The geotextile shall meet the requirements of Table 1. All numeric values in Table 1 except AOS represent MARV in the specified direction. Values for AOS represent maximum average roll values.


TABLE 1 - SUBGRADE STABILIZATION GEOTEXTILE


Property

Test Method

Units

Required Value

Reinforcement Properties

MD

CD

Ultimate Tensile Strength

ASTM D4595

lbs/ft (kN/m)

4800 (70)

4800 (70)

Tensile Strength @ 2% Strain

ASTM D4595

lbs/ft (kN/m)

960 (14)

1320 (19.3)

Tensile Strength @ 5% Strain

ASTM D4595

lbs/ft (kN/m)

2400 (35)

2700 (39.4)

Coefficient of Interaction -Ci (sand)

ASTM D5321

--

0.8

Permittivity

ASTM D4491

sec-1

0.40

Apparent Opening Size

ASTM D4751

U.S. Sieve (mm)

30 (0.6)

Sewn Seam Strength1

ASTM D4884

lbs/ft (kN/m)

3000 (43.8)

Survivability Index Values

MD

CD

Grab Tensile Strength

ASTM D4632

lbs (N)

500 (2225)

475 (2114)

Tear Strength

ASTM D4533

lbs (N)

180 (801)

180 (801)

CBR Puncture Strength

ASTM D6241

lbs (N)

2000 (8900)

Ultraviolet Stability (after 500 hrs)

ASTM D4355

%

80

1 When sewn seams are required. Refer to Section 3 - Execution for overlap / seam requirements.
3. Approved geotextiles are as follows:
Mirafi® HP570
2.3 QUALITY CONTROL
A. Manufacturing Quality Control: Testing shall be performed at an on-site laboratory accredited by GAI-LAP and A2LA for tests required for the geotextile, at frequency meeting or exceeding ASTM D4354.
B. Manufacturer's certifications and testing of quality assurance samples obtained using Procedure B of ASTM D4354. A lot size for conformance or quality assurance sampling shall be considered to be the shipment quantity of the given product or a truckload of the given product, whichever is smaller.


3. EXECUTION
3.1 See Manufacturer’s Installation guidelines provided in the submittal.


END OF SECTION

Mirafi™ is a registered trademark of Nicolon Corporation. Copyright © 2013 Nicolon Corporation. All Rights Reserved.





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