1 Federalism refers to a

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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1) Federalism refers to a

A) relationship between the national and state governments.

B) relationship among the state governments.

C) political system in which power is vested in the national government.

D) political system in which power is vested in the state governments.

2) In situations of conflict between state and national law, national law prevails due to

A) federalism.

B) the supremacy clause.

C) the Tenth Amendment.

D) full faith and credit.
3) The new Constitution clearly established the federal government's right to tax in order to

A) avoid the financial problems of the Articles of Confederation.

B) diminish the powers of the state governments.

C) establish a unitary system of government.

D) maintain one of the strengths of the Articles of Confederation.
4) Article I, section 8 gives Congress the power to pass all laws "necessary and proper" to carrying out its enumerated powers. This clause is also known as the

A) enumerated powers clause.

B) reserve powers clause.

C) elastic clause.

D) full faith and credit clause.
5) The clause that ensures that judicial decrees and contracts made in one state will be binding and enforceable in another is called the __________ clause.

A) privileges and immunities

B) full faith and credit

C) bill of attainder

D) supremacy
6) In McCulloch v. Maryland (1816), the Supreme Court ruled that

A) Congress had the power to charter a bank due to the necessary and proper clause.

B) states had the power to tax creations of Congress due to concurrent powers.

C) the commerce clause allowed Congress to charter a bank.

D) the supremacy clause did not apply.
7) The Supreme Court ruled in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) that

A) separate but equal was inherently unconstitutional.

B) the states had very limited police powers under the Tenth Amendment.

C) racial segregation was constitutional.

D) states could not protect the general welfare of their citizens.
8) The nature of federalism was changed forever by

A) Chief Justice Rutledge.

B) the Civil War.

C) Missouri v. Department of Interior.

D) Gibbons v. Ogden.
9) The era of dual federalism ended with the

A) Civil War.

B) Great Depression.

C) Sherman Anti-Trust Act.

D) passage of the 14 to power of (th) Amendment.
10) During the early years of the 'New Deal,' the Supreme Court

A) ruled many programs unconstitutional.

B) continued to enforce the supremacy clause, thus ruling New Deal programs constitutional.

C) cooperated with the administration to combat the depression.

D) worked in favor of programs designed to combat the crisis.
11) In response to the Supreme Court's opposition to many New Deal programs, FDR suggested

A) impeaching the entire Supreme Court.

B) reducing the pay of sitting Supreme Court justices.

C) increasing the number of justices from nine to thirteen.

D) all of the above.
12) Cooperative federalism is characterized by

A) a stronger, more influential national government.

B) stronger state governments.

C) a shift in power from the national to state governments.

D) increasing power of local governments.
13) The first true federal grant program funded

A) roads and bridges.

B) welfare and pension payments.

C) land-grant colleges.

D) all of the above.
14) In 1964, the Johnson administration launched a broad attempt to combat social ills called

A) the New Deal.

B) revenue sharing.

C) categorical grants.

D) the Great Society.
15) The president who was elected to office, at least in part, due to a promise to return power to the states was

A) Richard Nixon.

B) Ronald Reagan.

C) Jimmy Carter.

D) George Bush.
16) Republicans, in 1994, ran for election on a campaign pledge to force a national debate on the role of the national and state governments under the rubric of

A) the Contract with America.

B) cooperative federalism.

C) states' rights.

D) new federalism.
17) Many states in the 1990s were unhappy with their position in the federal system due to

A) unfunded mandates.

B) taxation policies.

C) Republican control of many statehouses.

D) dual federalism.
18) During the 1960s, in an effort to end segregation, the federal government began encroaching on one of the most sacred areas of state regulation in the federal system,

A) the conduct of elections.

B) interstate commerce.

C) criminal law.

D) all of the above.
19) The supremacy clause is found in

A) the Declaration of Independence.

B) the Preamble.

C) Article II.

D) Article VI.
20) The Constitution has a long list of federal powers, but few powers are listed for the states. This is because

A) the Framers thought the federal government was more important and should be more powerful.

B) states were designed to be subordinate to the federal government.

C) there was consensus on what the powers of the federal government should be, but not on the powers of the states.

D) states had all the power at the writing of the Constitution and a list was deemed unnecessary.
21) The Tenth Amendment provides for

A) states' reserve or police powers.

B) implied power.

C) concurrent powers.

D) all of the above.
22) A law declaring an act illegal without a judicial trial is called a(n)

A) bill of attainder.

B) ex post facto law.

C) habeas corpus act.

D) ex officio law.
23) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) addressed the important question of

A) Congressional ability to charter a national bank.

B) the scope of Congressional authority under the commerce clause.

C) taxation powers.

D) the supremacy clause.
24) In 1857, the Supreme Court ruled that slaves were not citizens, but property, in the case,

A) McCulloch v. Maryland.

B) Plessy v. Ferguson.

C) Gibbons v. Ogden.

D) Dred Scott v. Sandford.
25) Programs passed by Congress requiring state compliance that come with no appropriated funds are called

A) unconstitutional.

B) federal block rules.

C) unfunded mandates.

D) unappropriated legislation.

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