1: Eq1 – What economic reasons caused Europeans to colonize North America?



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1: EQ1 – What economic reasons caused Europeans to colonize North America?
There were four key European countries that colonized North America. Read about these countries below and then contrast their economic reasons for colonizing on a graphic organizer.
Several European countries followed the trip made by Columbus in search of new trade routes to Asia. They ended up colonizing North America for different economic reasons. Spain colonized America because they were searching for gold and silver. They did find a lot of gold and silver when they conquered the Aztec and Inca Empires.
France colonized North America because of the great amount of furs they found there. The French traded with the Indians for furs that they then took back and sold in Europe because people were willing to pay a lot of money for furs in Europe.
The Dutch (from the Netherlands) started a city in America called New Amsterdam. The English later took over the city and renamed it New York. The Dutch were merchants (businessmen) and wanted to set up a city that would be an international city of business and trade. The fur trade was the first business in New Amsterdam. New York City is still an international trade center today (It was the World Trade Center in New York that the terrorists flew into).
The English colonized North America for several different economic reasons. Basically, they found goods that had a market in Europe. The English that settled New England found timber that was great for building ships. The English that settled the middle colonies of New York and Pennsylvania found good farmland that was great for growing food that could be sold in Europe. Finally, the English that colonized the southern colonies found that area was good for growing cash crops like tobacco.

1: EQ2 – What religious reasons caused Europeans to colonize North America?
There were four key European countries that colonized North America. Read about these countries below and then compare and contrast their religious reasons for colonizing on the graphic organizer you have been provided.
Spain and France had the same religious motivation for colonizing North America. Both Spain and France sent missionaries to North America with the goal of converting the Indians to Catholic Christianity.
Colonists from England like the Puritans wanted to escape persecution they were experiencing in England. The Puritans settled in New England and attempted to create a religious utopia where everyone would live by Puritan rules based on the Bible.
The Dutch (from the Netherlands) were Christians, but they did not come to America for a specific religious reason. However, a thing to remember about the Dutch and religion is that they were very tolerant of other religions. In New Amsterdam (New York), there were both Catholic and Protestant Christians as well as Jews. As time went on, people of many different faiths settled in New Amsterdam. Today, people of many different religions live in New York City.

Name _______________________ History PIN _________________ Date ___________________


1: EQ1 – What economic reasons caused Europeans to colonize North America?



Spain France

The Dutch England
Name _______________________ History PIN _________________ Date ___________________
1: EQ2 – What religious reasons caused Europeans to colonize North America?



Spain France

The Dutch England
Group members ______________________________
1: Colonial Powers Role Play
Directions: Organize a short role play in which you act out your reasons for colonizing North America. In your play, do not say what country you are from, but you may give us clues by using a couple of Spanish words for example. Also, act out your reason for colonizing. Your play should be a few minutes long. You may prepare or bring simple props if you would like. When you are done, the audience will guess where you are from and whether your reason for colonizing was economic or religious. You may want to look in your notes from yesterday or in the following pages from your textbook for help.
OR – You may create a poster showing these things with your group using markers and colored pencils. You will need to have a spokesperson from your group explain your poster to the class.
Your Country

Spain (pp. 20-24) France (pp. 25-26)

The Dutch (pp. 30-32) England (pp. 27-29 and 35-46)

Your Reason for Colonizing
Searching for gold and silver – you will explore, conquer Indians, and mine for silver & gold

Looking for furs to trade – you will seek out Indians to trade with – /tools for furs and then send your furs to Europe to sell

Finding goods that have a market in Europe – timber, food, tobacco

Buying Manhattan from the Indians. Trading Indians for furs and setting up an international city of business and trade.

Converting Indians to Catholic Christianity (you are missionary priests)

Setting up a city where there will be religious tolerance towards all religions



Escaping persecution and setting up a religious utopia


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