1. Draw a t-chart listing British advantages and French advantages during the French and Indian War French Advantages British Advantages



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Class Notes on the French and Indian War
1. Draw a t-chart listing British advantages and French advantages during the French and Indian War

French Advantages British Advantages
- France controlled access to the interior of North America - Had many more people than the French

that is, the waterways - British colonies located along the

- New France had a single colonial government that could Atlantic coast and were easier to defend

move/act quickly

- France used professional soldiers rather than a military - English colonists were permanent

of volunteer men settlers and were fighting to save their

- The French had the help of loyal Indian tribes such as home and land

The Huron and Algonquin



2. Define the following terms:


  • Prime Ministerhead of government

  • Casualty – those wounded or dead

  • Battle of Quebec – the battle that changed the course of the war. Before this important Battle the French were winning. When the English defeated France at the Battle of Quebec, it was a new beginning for England and the start of the end for France. After taking the capitol city of Quebec, England moved on to capture Montreal which was the business and economic center of New France.



3. List the role of each of the people listed below played in the French and Indian War


  1. George Washington – ordered by the Virginia governor to drive the French out of the Ohio River Valley and failed. Young and inexperienced, George picked a spot to set up fort that was “Charming” instead of strategically sound. The spot was low in a valley which allowed the French to surround them. Additionally, rain poured down and had no where to drain and soaked their gun powder and other supplies. The French named this for Fort Necessity.




  1. Edward Braddock – Led the second attempt to drive the French out of the Ohio River Valley. He too failed as the British in their bright red uniforms became easy to see and ambush




  1. William Pitt – Britain’s Secretary of State who threw large amounts of money into the war for supplies and weapons and the furnishing of more troops




  1. Pontiac – an Ottawa chief angry with the terms of the Treaty of Paris which gave zero land to the Indians. He began and led a 2 year uprising, attacking white settlers in the Ohio River Valley and burning cabins.


4. Name the terms of the Treaty of Paris (the document that formally ended the French and Indian War)


  • France lost all her land claims in North America – EXCEPT New Orleans to the British

  • Spain (who sided with France during the war) had to give up Florida to Britain

  • Since Spain had sided with France during the war, France ended up by giving its claim to all of Louisiana west of the Mississippi River to Spain


BOTTOM LINE….
France lost all land claims in North America

England gains all land east of the Mississippi River except New Orleans

Spain gets New Orleans and all of Louisiana west of the Mississippi River

Explain the Albany Plan of Union


  • Proposed to the colonial governments by Ben Franklin

  • Purpose –to unite the colonies under a single council for defense and protection

  • To get the Iroquois Indians as English allies

  • It was rejected by the colonists for 2 reasons:

  1. The colonists did not want to give up state’s power/rights

  2. Colonists were afraid it would mean more taxes for them



English treatment of the Native vs French treatment of Native Americans:


  • The French were friendly with the Native Americans. They did not set up permanent settlements here. They simply were in North America to trap beaver and take the furs back to France to sell

  • The English on the other hand, did set up permanent settlements. This meant they kept taking land that belonged to the Natives. They wanted the land for its resources. The English kept forcing Native Americans off land that they claimed for England and themselves


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