Chapter Ten Study Guide
1. Describe the population of the U.S. when the new government was launched in 1789.
2. What is the role of the presidential cabinet and where did it come from?
3. Why did European monarchs fear the republican United States?
4. What office did the following individuals hold in the new government: Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, & John Jay?
5. The Bill of Rights was intended to protect __________ against the potential tyranny of __________.
6. What was one of the first jobs facing the new government formed under the Constitution?
7. The __________ Amendment might rightly be called the "states' rights" amendment.
8. What did Alexander Hamilton's financial program for the economic development of the United States favor?
9. What did Hamilton believe that his funding and assumption programs would do together?
10. What all did Alexander Hamilton's financial plan for strengthening the economy and bolstering national credit propose?
11. What did Alexander Hamilton believe about a limited national debt?
12. What aspect of Hamilton's financial program received the least support in Congress?
13. Where did Hamilton expect that the revenue to pay the interest on the national debt would come from?
14. Discuss each of the following: implied powers, “necessary and proper” clause, strict construction, 10thAmendment, loose construction, “elastic” clause
15. On what clause of the Constitution was Alexander Hamilton's proposed bank of the United States based?
16. On what did Hamilton's major programs seriously infringed on?
17. What started the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794?
18. Describe both Hamilton’s and Jefferson’s positions on public policy in the 1790s.
19. What did Federalists strongly support?
20. What did Hamilton's financial program rely heavily on for its continued success?
21. To the Jeffersonian Republicans, what was the "ideal" citizen of a republic?
22. What did opposition by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison to the financial plan of Alexander Hamilton result in?
23. What was the political party of the "outs" that provided the "loyal opposition" to the party in power in the 1790s?
24. What was the Franco-American alliance of 1778?
25. When the French Revolution developed into a war with Britain, what was the reaction of George Washington and the American government?
26. Describe Washington's Neutrality Proclamation of 1793.
27. During its first quarter-century as a nation, what was one of the major problems facing America?
28. Describe the following events: (A) XYZ affair, (b) Neutrality Proclamation, (C) Jay's Treaty, (D) Kentucky and Virginia resolutions.
29. How did Britain make neutrality very difficult for the United States during the French and British conflicts of the 1790s?
30. Define: “Mad” Anthony Wayne, Battle of Fallen Timbers, Treaty of Greenville, Citizen Genet
31. What primarily influenced Hamilton's position on the war between Britain and France in 1793?
What did the British promise to do in Jay's Treaty?
What did the United States acquire in the Pinckney Treaty?
What effect did John Jay's 1794 treaty with Britain have on Federalists and Democratic-Republicans?
36. What was one of George Washington's major contributions as president?
37. Describe Washington's Farewell Address in 1796.
38. What was the Republicans’ primary issue in the election campaign of 1796?
39. What did the 1796 presidential campaign focus heavily on?
40. Why did the French grow angry with the United States after 1794?
41. Why did foreign relations between the United States and France deteriorate in the late 1790s?
42. What was the immediate cause of the undeclared war between the US and France?
43. How was the United States finally able to negotiate a peace settlement with France in 1800?
44. Why did President Adams seek a peaceful solution to the undeclared war with France?
45. The Federalist-dominated Congress's Alien Act was aimed at __________, whereas the Sedition Act was primarily aimed at __________.
47. Describe, define, and purpose of the Alien and Sedition Acts:
48. Why were the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions written?
49. What was the compact theory advocated by Jefferson and Madison?
50. According to the Federalists, who had the duty of judging the unconstitutionality of legislation passed by Congress?
51. Who did Federalists advocate rule by?
52. To what groups did Thomas Jefferson appeal to?
53. What did Hamiltonian Federalists advocate?
54. What type of political system did Thomas Jefferson favor?
55. What all did Jeffersonians believe in?
56. How did Thomas Jefferson argue that a landless class of voters could be avoided?